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英语练功房

Challenge both your English & minds

 
 
 

日志

 
 

0525  

2016-05-25 07:44:38|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Lessons from Ghana team

0525 - e-pie - 英语练功房

 

 

EDITOR’S note: Here are the texts of four winning speeches given during the 14th China Daily 21st Century ? New Oriental Cup National High School and Primary School English Speaking Competition Grand Final (senior group). All the contestants addressed the topic, “How Can a Person Act Locally and Think Globally?” Read the speeches and decide for yourself what makes them outstanding.

特奥会的经历让我投身慈善活动。

It was a July night in Los Angeles. I had finished my work that day as a volunteer, and was sitting in the second row (
) of the LA Memorial Coliseum, watching the opening ceremony of the 2015 Special Olympics World Games. In his speech, Timothy Shriver, the chairman of the Special Olympics, said something that made butterflies appear in my stomach (心里七上八下) – he said, “They have saved a spot for you.”

As a volunteer, my job earlier that day was to receive the Ghana Delegation (
代表团), make sure they got their lunch and dinner, show them around and finally walk on the red carpet of the opening parade with them. My first impression of the athletes from Ghana was that they were aloof (冷淡的) – you could say they were shy, too, I suppose – sitting in their respective (各自的) seats, sunglasses on, not doing much talking.

I tried to make conversation in English with them – it was hard, but not unachievable. Isaac, who was 18, told me he would like to work in an office someday. Princess, also 18, told me her favorite subject at school was art, and that she wanted to win a medal in the Women’s 200-meter sprint (
短跑) tomorrow. Slowly, our Ghanaian athletes came to life in front of my cellphone camera. In their handmade traditional costumes they struck the coolest poses (摆造型) with me.

When I told Isaac I was two years younger than him, he couldn’t believe it. He put his arm around my shoulders, smiling, saying that I was his younger sister.

The Ghana Delegation was among the smaller ones. Our cries couldn’t rival (
竞争) Great Britain or Germany before us, with their hundreds of delegates; we didn’t have important government officials or celebrities (名人) among us waiting to be interviewed, either. But when the six of us were holding hands, marching down the red carpet, I felt as strong as ever. I held Isaac’s hand high in the air – his grip (紧握) was even tighter, even trembling.

Having taken them to their assigned (
分配的) seats, I was going to say goodbye and leave. When I turned around, Princess was looking at me, pointing at the empty seat between Victoria and her. They had saved a spot for me.

Isaac and I have remained friends on Whatsapp. This friendship with these intellectually (
智力上) disabled athletes urged me to wonder: what can be done to make our society more inclusive (包容的)? How do we get rid of the existing bias (偏见) and raise awareness? That was what inspired a couple of friends and I to found Volunteer Story. Together we played the African Djembe with intellectually disabled children in my city, and performed at fundraisers (资金筹集活动) and charity dinners. We organized one-day trips to the science museum and towns, bringing together the intellectually disabled athletes and students from my school. At the end of the day, when I see the grins (露齿的笑) on everybody’s faces, I see that we have saved a spot, a special place in our heart, for one another.

By Wang Xiwen, 16,

Shanghai Foreign Language School

Comment:

This is an amazing story of friendship and acceptance, ideas that any audience will be interested in. The speaker makes imaginative use of language to talk expressively about her feelings, one of the hardest things to describe. The changes in the attitudes of the Ghanaian athletes and the speaker make for a well-told, heartwarming and satisfying story.

 

 

China has history of wise global thinking

三位历史伟人让我心生敬佩。
Ladies and gentlemen, here’s the conundrum (
难题): How can a person act locally and think globally? Sociologist Roland Robertson called this concept “glocalization” in 1997, meaning widespread influence on societies and individuals, affecting (影响) our mode of thinking and acting.
Thoughts lead to actions. _______ [see] how we can act locally, we first have to know how to think globally. Today, through the tides of history, I bring you three “wise men” to illustrate my thesis.
In 1906, a medical student studying in Japan saw the way the Japanese saw his country, and suddenly discovered the real problems plaguing (
迫害) China. He returned_______   a doctor of the mind, waging a war with a pen and paper – he was the bell-ringer who woke everyone up, Lu Xun. It was a global perspective (观点) on the local situation that allowed him to revise his approach to heal his wounded motherland.
But Lu Xun was far from alone. In fact, 20 years before he first turned to the pen, the Hundred Days’ Reform (
百日维新) led by Liang Qichao ended, influencing Chinese politics greatly and importing foreign models such as the constitutional monarchy (君主立宪制). Liang treated China with Western thought, and this _______ [pioneer] example in applying foreign thought to local problems proved beneficial to China _______ the long run.
The reform failed due to aristocratic (
贵族的) interference (干涉), but its failure has taught us to accept wider perspectives and fresh thoughts while considering local features and limitations. This is also why Sun Yat-Sen, the forerunner of democratic (民主的) revolution and father of the Republic of China, succeeded where Liang failed. Liang’s reform was too ambitious and radical (激进的), ignoring many local problems and interests. Yat-Sen’s constitution (宪法), however, succeeded because it, while using features from the US and French constitutions, adapted by proposing (提议) five branches instead of three: legislative (立法机关), executive (行政部门), judicial (司法部门), examination and control, the latter two being time-tested elements of Chinese political infrastructure (基础建设). Sun thus applied global thought according to local situations, and ultimately (最终) created a system that worked for much longer than Liang’s.
These_______ [giant]  showed us that, after changing our perspective and introducing new thought, we can now use global thinking to treat local problems, therefore thinking globally and acting locally.

By Tu Xiaorui, 15,
High School Affiliated to Southwest University

Comment:
Backing up your argument with historical examples is always a persuasive way of making your point. The speaker shows great knowledge of China’s history, giving many examples of positive ways in which it has used global thinking to improve its people’s lives. The example of the “wise men” is effectively introduced and structures the speech well to engage [
吸引或引起(注意、兴趣等);引起的注意(或兴趣、好感等);抓牢]the audience.

 

 

 

Keep on trying

AS the saying goes, “If at first you don’t succeed, try, try again.” This is never truer than when you’re trying to master English.
Lai Shixiong, 68, believes that constant practice and hard work are the keys to mastering English. As the president of the Ivy League Analytical English magazine based in Taiwan, Lai was chosen as one of the judges at the finals of the 14th China Daily “21st Century?New Oriental Cup” National High School and Primary School English Speaking Competition. The grand final was held at Beijing Foreign Studies University on March 20.
Like many non-native speakers, Lai failed when he started learning English. When he was in high school, he once got the unbelievably low mark of seven out of 100 in an English test. He almost gave up on English, but then he graduated from high school and enrolled (
入学) in a military (军队的) school, where he met a classmate who excelled (擅长) in English.
Amazed by his classmate’s American accent, Lai decided to start learning English from scratch (
从头开始). As he put it, “I saw myself as an infant (婴儿) who had just begun to learn a language.” To correct his pronunciation, Lai practiced phonetic symbols (音标) hundreds of time every day using vinyl records (黑胶唱片).
Now that he was able to pronounce words based on American English phonetic symbols, he began to practice dialogues. Instead of complaining about the English-speaking atmosphere, Lai created a positive learning atmosphere on his own. “I just talked to myself as if I were in a dialogue,” he said. “I was basically talking to the air.”
However, talking to himself also meant that Lai wouldn’t hear English expressions from others. That was when dictionaries came to his rescue. Unlike many who just look up vocabulary and pronunciations, Lai looked at details (
细节) – definitions (定义), usages and example sentences. For instance, when he looked up the word “lack” in the Merriam-Webster Dictionary, one definition was “to be short of”. He then learned a new phrase: “be short of”. “By checking every single part of the entry (词条), you learn not only the vocabulary itself, but plenty of useful small words,” Lai said.
Reading and listening to English news is another good way to keep abreast of (
了解……的最新进展) new expressions. “The English news can teach us how to describe new things in our daily lives,” Lai said.
When he found it easy enough to speak English, Lai thought of two ways to improve his skills. He used English to describe everything he saw. To kill time, he even translated speeches when he went to class meetings at the military school. “Based on my own experience, there is no shortcut (
捷径) to mastering a language. You have to practice,” Lai said.
After all, Rome wasn’t built in a day.

No. 006

I shared one of the lifeboats with the chief engineer, Tom Fenton. I don’t ___1___ the exact circumstances, but the storm continued into the second night. In some ___2___, we were able to avoid being thrown into the ___3___. Then, as quickly as it had come, the ___4___ passed. The wind died down and the stormy sea became ___5___; the clouds drifted away, and the ___6___ came out in the clear sky above. We didn’t know where we were or what would happen to us—but it was a marvelous(不可思议的) feeling, just being ___7___. All night the little boat ___8___ in the open sea while Tom and I ___9___ soundly. We were both exhausted. The next morning, I was awakened by brilliant sunshine. ___10___ the bright sun made it impossible to see, but as my ___11___ became used to the light, I was able to look around. There was nothing but the deep blue ___12___ of the Pacific in all directions. The other lifeboats were gone.

___13___ the danger of the storm was over, I began to ___14___ our other problems. All our supplies were ___15___. We had no food, no fresh water, and we were somewhere in the South Pacific, ___16___ hundreds of miles from land. Perhaps we would drift here in the quiet ___17___ for weeks. It was a frightening thought. My ___18___ was still sleeping. I was about to ___19___ him up when I saw something in the distance. ___20___ away from the sun toward the west, I thought I saw the blue shape of land in the distance.

1. A. remember         B. affect                   C. puzzle                  D. see

2. A. distance            B. way                      C. trouble                 D. shape

3. A. dream               B. deck                     C. sea                       D. lifeboat

4. A. sea                   B. excitement            C. earthquake            D. storm

5. A. quiet                B. unusual                 C. rough                   D. helpful

6. A. sun                   B. stars                     C. planes                  D. captain

7. A. familiar            B. puzzled                 C. meaningful           D. alive

8. A. sank                 B. rescued                 C. drifted                  D. repay

9. A. slept                 B. talked                   C. worked                 D. ate

10. A. Ever since       B. Step by step          C. At first                 D. Up and down

11. A. companions     B. shoulder               C. waist                    D. eyes

12. A. shape              B. water                    C. lifeboats               D. sky

13. A. Now that         B. However               C. As if                    D. Whether

14. A. deal with         B. worry about          C. throw off              D. take back

15. A. important        B. hopeful                 C. gone                    D. advanced

16. A. possibly          B. badly                    C. further                 D. most

17. A. ocean              B. island                   C. forest                   D. river

18. A. wife               B. doctor                  C. patient                  D. companion

19. A. wake              B. send                     C. take                     D. fix

20. A. Keeping          B. Running               C. Getting                 D. Looking

 

 

 

 

 

To see

as

pioneering

 in

giants

 

 

【答案与解析】本文讲述我和Fenton在大海中漂流,毫无目的,也没有援助的可能,最后却突然发现有陆地的影子。

1. A根据文章语境,可知是我回忆的一次经历,所以推断本句话意思是我记不清楚具体的情形

2. B暴风雨持续到第二天晚上,从某方面来说,我们能够免于被卷入大海。

3. CAll night the little boat ___8___ in the open sea while Tom and I ___9___ soundly 可知,我们整晚漂泊在海上

4. Dthe storm continued into the second night 可知正如它来得快一样,暴风雨过去了。

5. AThe wind died down可知暴风雨过后,汹涌的大海变得平静下来。

6. B从句子All night the little boat ___8___ in the open sea可以看出描写的是夜晚的事情,所以推断乌云散尽,星星出现了

7. D在波涛汹涌的大海中我与 Tom 同乘一个救生艇,不知道在哪儿,也不知道会发生什么事,所以推断只是感到还活着

8. C根据意思整晚漂泊在大海中drift“漂泊、漂流

9. A由后文 We were both exhausted. The next morning, I was awakened by brilliant sunshine 可知我们非常疲惫,睡着了,而且睡得很沉。

10. C由句子当我的眼睛适应了光,我能够向四周望去,推测起初耀眼的阳光使得我无法看清

11. D解析见 10 题。

12. B我们漂泊在太平洋中,所以能看到的只有太平洋中的蓝色水域。

13. A根据意思由于暴风雨的危险已经过去,所以我开始为其他事情担忧。

14. B由后文可知吃的没有了,所以为此担忧,也就是开始为别的事情担忧。

15. CWe had no food, no fresh water可知我们的事物供应中断了

16. A由句子we were somewhere in the South Pacific可知作者不能准确猜测目前的位置,所以判断与陆地的距离只是一种猜测,也就是一种可能的距离。

17. AThere was nothing but the deep blue ___12___ of the Pacific in all directions 可知目前我们还在太平洋,可能会在这漂泊几个星期

18. DI shared one of the lifeboats with the chief engineer, Tom Fenton 可知我与Tom Fenton在一起,所以称他为同伴

19. A由句子My __18__was still sleeping 可知我想唤醒他

20. D能看到远方陆地的蓝色轮廓,是遥望的结果,所以用look

No. 006

I shared one of the lifeboats with the chief engineer, Tom Fenton. I don’t ___1___ the exact circumstances, but the storm continued into the second night. In some ___2___, we were able to avoid being thrown into the ___3___. Then, as quickly as it had come, the ___4___ passed. The wind died down and the stormy sea became ___5___; the clouds drifted away, and the ___6___ came out in the clear sky above. We didn’t know where we were or what would happen to us—but it was a marvelous(不可思议的) feeling, just being ___7___. All night the little boat ___8___ in the open sea while Tom and I ___9___ soundly. We were both exhausted. The next morning, I was awakened by brilliant sunshine. ___10___ the bright sun made it impossible to see, but as my ___11___ became used to the light, I was able to look around. There was nothing but the deep blue ___12___ of the Pacific in all directions. The other lifeboats were gone.

___13___ the danger of the storm was over, I began to ___14___ our other problems. All our supplies were ___15___. We had no food, no fresh water, and we were somewhere in the South Pacific, ___16___ hundreds of miles from land. Perhaps we would drift here in the quiet ___17___ for weeks. It was a frightening thought. My ___18___ was still sleeping. I was about to ___19___ him up when I saw something in the distance. ___20___ away from the sun toward the west, I thought I saw the blue shape of land in the distance.

1. A. remember         B. affect                   C. puzzle                  D. see

2. A. distance            B. way                      C. trouble                 D. shape

3. A. dream               B. deck                     C. sea                       D. lifeboat

4. A. sea                   B. excitement            C. earthquake            D. storm

5. A. quiet                B. unusual                 C. rough                   D. helpful

6. A. sun                   B. stars                     C. planes                  D. captain

7. A. familiar            B. puzzled                 C. meaningful           D. alive

8. A. sank                 B. rescued                 C. drifted                  D. repay

9. A. slept                 B. talked                   C. worked                 D. ate

10. A. Ever since       B. Step by step          C. At first                 D. Up and down

11. A. companions     B. shoulder               C. waist                    D. eyes

12. A. shape              B. water                    C. lifeboats               D. sky

13. A. Now that         B. However               C. As if                    D. Whether

14. A. deal with         B. worry about          C. throw off              D. take back

15. A. important        B. hopeful                 C. gone                    D. advanced

16. A. possibly          B. badly                    C. further                 D. most

17. A. ocean              B. island                   C. forest                   D. river

18. A. wife               B. doctor                  C. patient                  D. companion

19. A. wake              B. send                     C. take                     D. fix

20. A. Keeping          B. Running               C. Getting                 D. Looking

 

 

 

 

 

 

【答案与解析】本文讲述我和Fenton在大海中漂流,毫无目的,也没有援助的可能,最后却突然发现有陆地的影子。

1. A根据文章语境,可知是我回忆的一次经历,所以推断本句话意思是我记不清楚具体的情形

2. B暴风雨持续到第二天晚上,从某方面来说,我们能够免于被卷入大海。

3. CAll night the little boat ___8___ in the open sea while Tom and I ___9___ soundly 可知,我们整晚漂泊在海上

4. Dthe storm continued into the second night 可知正如它来得快一样,暴风雨过去了。

5. AThe wind died down可知暴风雨过后,汹涌的大海变得平静下来。

6. B从句子All night the little boat ___8___ in the open sea可以看出描写的是夜晚的事情,所以推断乌云散尽,星星出现了

7. D在波涛汹涌的大海中我与 Tom 同乘一个救生艇,不知道在哪儿,也不知道会发生什么事,所以推断只是感到还活着

8. C根据意思整晚漂泊在大海中drift“漂泊、漂流

9. A由后文 We were both exhausted. The next morning, I was awakened by brilliant sunshine 可知我们非常疲惫,睡着了,而且睡得很沉。

10. C由句子当我的眼睛适应了光,我能够向四周望去,推测起初耀眼的阳光使得我无法看清

11. D解析见 10 题。

12. B我们漂泊在太平洋中,所以能看到的只有太平洋中的蓝色水域。

13. A根据意思由于暴风雨的危险已经过去,所以我开始为其他事情担忧。

14. B由后文可知吃的没有了,所以为此担忧,也就是开始为别的事情担忧。

15. CWe had no food, no fresh water可知我们的事物供应中断了

16. A由句子we were somewhere in the South Pacific可知作者不能准确猜测目前的位置,所以判断与陆地的距离只是一种猜测,也就是一种可能的距离。

17. AThere was nothing but the deep blue ___12___ of the Pacific in all directions 可知目前我们还在太平洋,可能会在这漂泊几个星期

18. DI shared one of the lifeboats with the chief engineer, Tom Fenton 可知我与Tom Fenton在一起,所以称他为同伴

19. A由句子My __18__was still sleeping 可知我想唤醒他

20. D能看到远方陆地的蓝色轮廓,是遥望的结果,所以用look

 

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