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英语练功房

Challenge both your English & minds

 
 
 

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0419  

2016-04-19 10:29:19|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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选修8 Unit 1 A land of diversity-Reading
  CALIFORNIA
  California is the third________[ large] state in the USA but has the largest population. It also has the distinction of being the most multicultural state in the USA, ________[attract] people from all over the world. The customs and languages of the ________[immigrate] live on in their new home. This diversity of culture is not surprising when you know the history of California.
  NATIVE AMERCANS
  Exactly when the first people arrived in ________we now know as California, no one really knows. However, ________ is likely that Native Americans ________[live] in California at least fifteen thousand years ago. Scientists believe that these settlers crossed the Bering Strait in the Arctic to America________ means of a land bridge which existed in prehistoric times. In the 16th century, after the ________[arrive] of the Europeans, the native people suffered greatly. Thousands were killed or forced into slavery. In addition, many died from the diseases brought by the ________[Europe]. However, some survived these terrible times, and today there are more Native Americans living in California than in any other state.
  THE SPANISH
  In the 18th century California was ruled by Spain. Spanish soldiers first arrived in South America in the early 16th century, when they fought ________ the native people and took their land. Two centuries later, the Spanish ________[ settle] in most parts of South America and along the northwest coast of________ we now call the United States. Of the first Spanish to go to California, the majority________[be]religious men, ________ ministry was to teach the Catholic religion to the natives. In 1821, the people of Mexico gained their________[ independent] from Spain. California then became part of Mexico. In 1846 the United States declared war ________ Mexico, and after the war won by the USA, Mexico had to give California to the USA. However, there is still a strong Spanish influence in the state. That is why today over 40 of Californians speak Spanish as ________ first or second language.
  RUSSIANS
  In the early 1800s, Russian hunters, who had originally gone to Alaska, began settling in California. Today there are about 25,000 Russian-Americans living in and around San Francisco.
  GOLD MINERS
  In 1848, not long after the American-Mexican war, gold ________[ discover] in California. The dream of becoming rich quickly attracted people from all over the world. The nearest, and therefore the first to arrive, were South Americans and people from the United States. Then adventurers from Europe and Asia soon followed. In fact, few achieved their dream of becoming rich. Some died or returned home, but most remained in California to make a life________themselves ________ great hardship. They settled in the new towns or________ farms. By the time California elected to become the thirty-first federal state of the USA in 1850, it was already________ multicultural society.
  LATER A RRIVALS
  Although Chinese immigrants began to arrive during the Gold Rush Period, it was the building of the rail network from the west to the east coast that brought even________[ large] numbers to California in the 1860s. Today, Chinese-Americans live in all parts of California, although a large percentage have chosen to stay in the "Chinatowns" of Los Angeles and San Francisco.
  Other immigrants such as Italians, mainly fishermen but also wine makers, arrived in California in ________late 19th century. In 1911 immigrants from Denmark established a town of their own, which today still keeps up their Danish culture. By the 1920s the film industry was well established in Hollywood, California. The industry boom attracted Europeans including many Jewish people. Today California has the second largest Jewish population in the United States.
  Japanese farmers began arriving in California at the beginning of the 20th century, and since the 1980s a lot more________[ settle] there. People from Africa[ live] in California since the 1800s, when they moved north from Mexico. However, even more arrived ________1942 and 1945 to work in the ship and aircraft industries.
  MOST RECENT ARRIVALS
  In more recent decades, California has become home________ more people from Asia, including Koreans, Cambodians, Vietnamese and Laotians. Since its beginning in the 1970s, the computer industry has attracted Indians and Pakistanis to California.
  THE FUTURE
People from different parts of the world, attracted by the climate and the lifestyle, still immigrate to California. ________is believed that before long the mix of nationalities will be so great that there will be no distinct major racial or cultural groups, but simply a ________[mix]of many races and cultures.





35.Study in America    Nannan’s father runs an enterprise near the Ming Tombs selling batteries and drills to the Daqing Oilfield. Hoping to get the qualification to help govern it, Nannan made much _1____(prepare) and then left her motherland with _2____ visa to study in America. _____3_____ her destination, she settled in an inn recommended by the travel agent.
As far as Nannan was concerned, she always kept it up in China. But she had to acknowledge it was not easy to adjust herself to the new academic requirements, _4______ were not parallel with China’s. ____5____ she was occupied with lectures and seminars day in and day out, the essays she drafted were still contradicted by her tutors. As for her routine life, she felt that it was hard to fit____6__, too. For example, she found English idioms difficult___7_____(understand). And it was out of the question to eat delicious Chinese foods though many optional cafeterias served abundant substitutes. In addition, she had to wait in a queue early for the minibus that took her to school and it was usually so cold that she felt numb.__8____ bothered her most was that she received no apology when her sleeping ___9____(disturbed) by a barking dog in a shopkeeper’s cage.Luckily, with her parents comforting her by videophone, she became autonomous soon and eventually got her bachelor’s degree___10_____ (success).
















 35.Keys: 1.preparation  2.her  3.Having reached  4.which  5.Though  
6.in  7.to understand 8.What  9.was disturbed  10.successfully

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