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英语练功房

Challenge both your English & minds

 
 
 

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0509  

2013-05-09 12:05:09|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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0509 - e-pie - 英语练功房

 

0509 - e-pie - 英语练功房

 

 

Deeply rooted in 5,000 years of history, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been playing an important role in Chinese people's lives. Differing from the western medicine, TCM has its own theories and methods of staying healthy. The origins of traditional Chinese medicine can be traced to Shen Nong Shi, a mythological figure from about 5,000 years ago, who sampled hundreds of herbs for use as medicines. The formal history of TCM starts about 2,500 years ago with the Yellow Emperor's Inner Classic, the first written account of its practice.

 

It is reported that an issue HAPPENED in Zhejiang Province.

A collective appeal by a group of villagers to the government of Zhenhai district in Ningbo, Zhejiang, to   50   the building of a chemical plant in Their village Was not triggered by the project itself, but by the villagers'   51   at the lack of  information provided, an article in the Beijing News says.

The plant will produce paraxylene (PX), a highly polluting petrochemical that can   52   cause cancer. Research suggests there is not enough evidence to link the substance to cancer.

A(n)    53   petrochemical factory in Zhenhai, which was built in 1975, processes 21 million tons of crude oil each year. The new PX plant will process 15 million Tons of crude oil every year, according to the Newspaper.

At first sight, the villagers'    54   partly originated from the plan proposed by the local government to    55   their losses and to relocate them. The land will be used for purposes relating to the project.

   56  , the article says that the project actually mainly aroused the villagers' anger due to the local government not talking with them    57   about both compensation and    58    .

It goes on to say that although    59    had all the relevant details, the villagers were left    60   when they requested information concerning their health and future.

The article suggests that the local government draw lessons from the incident and establish effective communication    61   in order to respect the right of villagers to    62    such information.

After receiving the information they    63    , the villagers would be more certain about their future and their suspicions could be    64    , the article concludes.

50. A.   protect       B.   persevere  C.       predict D.   prevent

51. A.   enjoyment       B.   anger   C.       passion       D.   laziness

52. A.   definitely   B.   specially     C.       probably    D.   potentially

53. A.   past     B.   deserted    C.       existing       D.   closed

54. A.   concern      B.   excitement       C.   dissatisfaction D.   delight

55. A.   make out   B.   make for    C.       make up for     D.   make of

56. A.   Therefore  B.   However    C.       Briefly  D.   Moreover

57. A.   impatiently       B.       effectively C.   negatively  D.       vividly

58. A.   relocation  B.   health  C.       pollution    D.   production

59. A.   manufacturers       B.       authorities C.   plants   D.   the public

60. A.   in the dark B.   at the bottom       C.   around the corner       D.   beyond description

61. A.   channels    B.   canals  C.       tunnels       D.   events

62. A.   convey       B.   present     C.       access  D.   eliminate

63. A.   owned B.   doubted     C.       owed   D.   required

64. A.   removed    B.   enhanced  C.       existed D.   proved

50?54 DBDCC     55?59 CBBAB   60?64 AACDA

 

Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.

Another cultural aspect of nonverbal communication is one that you might not think about: space. Every person perceives himself to have a sort of invisible shield surrounding his physical body. When someone comes too close, he feels uncomfortable. When he bumps onto someone, he feels obligated to apologize. But the size of a person’s “comfort zone” depends on his cultural ethnic origin. For example, in casual conversation, many Americans stand about four feet apart. In other words, they like to keep each other “at arm?s length”,people in Latin or Arab cultures, in contrast, stand very close to each other, and touch each other often. If someone from one of those cultures stands too close to an American while in conversation, the American may feel uncomfortable and back away.

When Americans are talking, they expect others to respond to what they are saying. To Americans, polite conversationalists empathize by displaying expressions of excitement or disgust, shock or sadness. People with a “poker face”, whose emotions are hidden by a deadpan expression, are looked upon with suspicion. Americans also indicate their attentiveness in a conversation by raising their eyebrows, nodding, smiling politely and maintaining good eye contact. Whereas some cultures view direct eye contact as impolite or threatening, Americans see it as a sign of genuineness and honesty. If a person doesn’t look you in the eye, American might say, you should question his motives—or assume that he doesn’t like you. Yet with all the concern for eye contact, Americans still consider staring—especially at strangers—to be rude.

21. What the author discussed in the previous section is most probably about_____ .

A) classification of nonverbal communication

B) the reasons why people should think about space

C) the relationship between communication and space

D) some other cultural aspects of nonverbal communication

22. How far people keep to each other while talking is closely associated with their_____ .

A) origin B) culture C) custom D) nationality

23. When an Italian talks to an Arabian on informal occasions,_____.

A) he stands about four feet away

B) “comfort zone” does not exist

C) keeping close enough is preferred

D) communication barriers may emerge

24. A “poker face” (Line 3,Para. 2) refers to a face which is_____ .

A) attentive B) emotional C) suspicious D) expressionless

25. In a conversation between friends, Americans regard it as sincere and truthful to_____ .

A) maintain direct eye contact

B) hide emotions with a deadpan expression

C) display excitement or disgust, shock or sadness

D) raise their eyebrows,nod and smile politely

Google Inc. introduced plans in June to offer 3-D maps of major cities and other new features for its popular Google Maps and Google Earth services.

New features include the ability to _____50_____ portions of Google Maps onto phones and other _____51_____ devices, with detailed data, so users can find their way around _____52_____ areas even if they don’t have an active Internet connection.

Perhaps the most _____53_____ new feature was the detailed three-dimensional images that Google plans to offer for major cities in coming months.

Google product manager Peter Birch explained that the company is using _____54_____ to obtain detailed images of every street and building in an area, from different _____55_____, which are then compiled into images that appear to show height, depth and even architectural details of buildings and streets, _____56_____ landscape features such as trees.

“We are trying to create the effect that you are flying _____57_____ the city, almost as if you were in your own personal helicopter,” said Birch.

Compiling those images _____58_____ extensive photographing and processing of images, however. _____59_____ Birch promised to have images _____60_____ for several major cities in coming months, he and other Google officials did not offer a detailed timetable.

Industry blogs have reported that Apple is preparing to _____61_____ its own maps and navigation service, including 3-D images. Analysts say the _____62_____ is part of a larger race between the two tech giants to offer services that keep users _____63_____ and allow each company to deliver advertising or other products targeted to specific locations and other data on ____64______ interests.

 

 

50. A. buy            B. download          C. use                   D. apply

51. A. expensive       B. useful             C. portable               D. cheap

52. A. familiar         B. unfamiliar          C. quiet                 D. busy

53. A. interesting       B. impressive          C. ridiculous            D. surprising

54. A. computers       B. cameras            C. phones              D. planes

55. A. angles          B. parts               C. sides                 D. areas

56. A. except          B. except for            C. including           D. as well as

57. A. over            B. below               C. through            D. in

58. A. spends          B. costs               C. obtains              D. requires

59. A. When          B. As                  C. While               D. As long as

60. A. sold           B. available             C. accessible            D. vivid

61. A. introduce       B. make                C. draw                D. sell

62. A. image           B. competition         C. service                D. map

63. A. busy           B. convenient          C. attractive             D. engaged

64. A. children’s       B. users’               C. managers’           D. students’

 

 

这是一篇关于非言语交际的说明文。

本文在第一段谈及非言语交际的另外一种因素,即距离。文章提到,美国人在非正式场合交流时,一般保持臂长的距离,拉丁或阿拉伯文化背景的人则靠得较近,甚至常常互相触摸。第二段讨论了言语交际时表情的使用,美国人把保持眼神接触看作是真诚和诚实的表示,但同时指出盯着陌生人看被认为是粗鲁的。

21.D) 推论题 题目的意思是:在先前的章节中作者最有可能讨论了什么。依据文章的第一句选择答案:非言语交际的另外一个文化方面是你可能想不到的:交际距离,既然是另外一个文化方面(another cultural aspect),说明在前面章节中讨论了其他的文化方面,所以本题答案是D

22. B) 细节理解题 问的是人们谈话时彼此保持的距离与什么密切相关,参看第一段第五句“But the size of a person’s ‘comfort zone’ depends on his cultural ethnic origin.(一个人舒服距离的大小取决于他的来自什么民族文化)“cultural ethnic origin”连在一起理解为来自什么民族文化,而不是指A)“出生;起源C)“习俗D)“国籍

23. C) 细节推断题 题目要求判断意大利人与阿拉伯人在非正式交流时的情况。第一段倒数第二句提到拉丁或阿拉伯文化背景的人靠得非常近,甚至常常互相触摸。意大利属于拉丁文化,所以C)“喜欢保持较近的距离符合句意。

24. D) 词汇理解题 a “poker face”后的定语从句“whose emotions are hidden by a deadpan expression(其情感被没有表情所掩盖),但deadpan可能是生词,那就退回去看上一句:美国人为了表示强调会显示出各种表情,本句应该理解为那么什么样的人会招致怀疑,应该是没有表情,答案为D项。

25. A) 细节理解题 第二段提到“Whereas some cultures view direct eye contact as impolite or threatening,Americans see it as a sign of genuineness and honesty”,“genuineness and honesty”与题干中的“sincere and truthful”是同义,答案是A

 

50-64  BCBBD         ADADC      BABDB

 

 

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