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for example, such as和 like的区别  

2013-05-03 09:49:27|  分类: 语法难点 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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       such as like表示列举时是的区别是什么?优化设计上有这样几个题:
      1.I like drinks, such as / like tea and soda.
        2.There are several people interested, like Mr Jones and Mr Simpson.
      3.The old man has been to many European countries, such as France,England and Germany.
     
2题还可以用such as 吗?
     
3题还可以用like 吗?

答:

1.I like drinks, such as / like tea and soda.

多数情况下,表示举例时,两者区别不大。再如:

Try to avoid fatty foods such as/ like cakes and biscuits.

2.There are several people interested, like Mr Jones and Mr Simpson.

由于like本意是...一样因此更加强调情景的相似性,重在例证本句信息重心在于“ Mr Jones and Mr Simpson”对某一问题感兴趣。有可能,下文专门介绍Mr Jones and Mr Simpson对某一问题的研究情况。再如:

Things like glass, paper, and plastic can all be recycled.(强调情景的相似性,而非列举事物)

It also moved those who, like me, are too young to have lived through the war.

请看英文对like的用法描述:

You can use like to introduce an example of the set of things or people that you have just mentioned.

从红字部分可以看出like的例证功能。

3.The old man has been to many European countries, such as France,England and Germany.

such as重在列举。本句无意强调 France,England and Germany是欧洲国家。有可能,下文讲这个老人如何如何了解欧洲。

请看英文对such as的用法描述:

You can use such as to introduce a reference to the person or thing that has just been mentioned.

应该说,上述分析过于细化,或者说,过于咬文嚼字。粗略说来,二者多数情况下可以互换。

 


for example
例如讲时,一般只以同类事物或人中的一个为例,作插入语,用逗号隔开,可置于句首、句中或句末
For example
air is invisible. 例如,空气是看不见的。
He
for exampleis a good student. 例如,他就是个好学生。
such as
也作为例如讲,用来列举同类人或事物中的几个例子。
Some of the European languages come from Latin
such as FrenchItalian and Spanish.
有些欧洲语言来源于拉丁语,例如,法语、意大利语和西班牙语。
Boys such as John and James are very friendly.
像约翰和詹姆斯这样的男孩都很友好。
 

 

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