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英语练功房

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0407  

2013-04-06 17:55:40|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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0407 - e-pie - 英语练功房

 

 

0407 - e-pie - 英语练功房

 

All live poultry markets in Shanghai will be closed from Saturday after H7N9 bird flu virus was found in pigeon samples from a farm product market in the Songjiang district, the municipal government announced on Friday.

Early on Friday morning, 20,536 birds were slaughtered at the Huhuai wholesale market, where the infected pigeons were found the day before.

To date, the city has reported six cases of H7N9 bird flu, and four people have died from the virus. The other two, an adult and a 4-year-old boy, remain in a hospital.

So far, 16 H7N9 cases have been confirmed in China. Aside from the Shanghai cases, six are in Jiangsu, three in Zhejiang and one in Anhui provinces. Two people died in Zhejiang.

The latest fatality was a 64-year-old farmer who died in Huzhou, Zhejiang, provincial officials said.

Shanghai's two surviving patients "are getting better", Wu Fan, chief of the city's Center for Disease Control and Prevention, said at a news conference on Friday. "Not all H7N9 cases lead to severe illness."

Wu suggested that people with a fever and runny nose who suspect they have the virus seek immediate treatment at hospitals. The most recent victim waited for one week after being infected to see a doctor, he added.

Of the 119 people who have had close contact with H7N9 patients in Shanghai, only one developed a cough, runny nose and sore throat, but that person tested negative for H7N9, Xu Jianguang, director of the Health and Family Planning Commission of Shanghai, said at the Shanghai news conference on Friday.

 

 

 

 

This is our country, America. The country where everyone is supposed to have a shot at financial success. The country of dreams and ambition. Yet, caused by the endless pursuit of individual profit, our country is a mess. And we owe it all to capitalism.

         We live in a society where people are forced to live without health coverage. A country where the poor can hardly feed themselves while the rich decide which one of their 10 homes to stay at for the night. All of these sad things arise out of capitalism.

     Sadly, our country values little more than money. It motivates our decisions and even influences entire political parties. We have gotten to the point in society where a human life comes secondary to our financial security. Any rational society would value life above all else and realize that health is a basic human right. Yet in our world, money comes first.

I never once have claimed to be an economist and have no interest in debating the financial advantages of any economic system. Yet socialism surely looks better than what we have.

If we lived in a socialist society, we would be a country without such an unfair wealth distribution. We would value friendship over business and we would treat one another as humans. Most importantly, however, is that money would stop controlling our lives and we could act how humans should act.

    Capitalism has created an “every man for himself” existence. Everything is a battle for limited resources and fuels. We have become so accustomed to the life value that we will do whatever we have to look out for ourselves. Yet is this really the kind of life we want?

We have become so illusioned. We are tired of the misdirection. All economic systems have their issues, but I feel like ours is turning our country into something it shouldn’t be. The good of man falls secondary to money. In our world, it is all about dollars and cents, which, unfortunately for most, makes no sense.

51. In the author’s opinion, the root cause of the present situation in his country is __________.

A. money     B. people’s value     C. social unfairness     D. social system 

52. According to the passage, which is NOT the characteristic of capitalism?

A. individualism                B. endless pursuit of wealth  

C. humanism                     D. great gap between the rich and the poor

53. How does the author feel about his country?

A. concerned               B. angry            C. skeptical      D. hopeless   

54. Which of the following would the author agree with?

A. Life should be placed at the top of our considerations.

B. Socialism is perfect.

C. Health is equally important as wealth.

D. The pursuit for wealth should be restricted.  

55. Which of the following might be the best title of the passage?

A. How to Save America                    B. Capitalism Is in Trouble

C. Why Is America in Trouble            D. America Is in Trouble  

 

 

If you are worried about things and are under a lot of stress at work or school, then you are probably not sleeping well. Worry can keep you awake, tossing and _26_ in bed until the early hours of the morning when you eventually _27_ asleep. When you wake up, you don’t feel _28_, but tired and Worn out and 29 to face a new day
  Dr Henry Winkle, in a recent newspaper article _30_ Stress and Sleep, _31_ that stress and lack of sleep are directly _32_. Dr. Winkle says ,“The more we worry, the _33_ we sleep, the more we are unable to deal with _34_. If we can find a way to get a good night’s sleep,” he _35_ , “we can often find the 36 to deal with what’s worrying us
  
So, what is a good night’s sleep? Research shows that the amount of sleep which people need in order to keep healthy _37_ a lot. Seven hours is about the average amount, _38_ strangely enough, sleeping longer often gives you a headache _39_ of making you feel more refreshed.
  Dr. Winkle believes that preparing for sleeping is important. People who work late should try to give themselves a short _40_ and do something restful before going to bed. This could be watching TV or listening to music. Doing some exercise _41_ in the day should help you to feel physically as well as _42_ tired. A bedtime drink can also help, but coffee or tea should be avoided as they contain caffeine(咖啡因) and will keep you _43_ .“When you put the light _44_,” Dr. Winkle says, “concentrate on relaxing your muscles, working slowly up from your feet, and you’11 be asleep 45 you know it.”

 

  26. [A]turning   [B]rolling   [C]twisting   [D]rotating
  27. [A]find   [B]feel   [C]drop  
[D]fall
  28. [A]relieved   [B]renewed   [C]refreshed  
[D]released
  29. [A]impossible   [B]unable   [C]powerless   
[D]incapable
  30. [A]titled   [B]labeled   [C]entitled  
[D]named
  31. [A]implies   [B]suggests   [C]proposes  
[D]indicates
  32. [A]related   [B]tied   [C]combined  
[D]put together
  33. [A]more   [B]less   [C]shorter   
[D]later
  34. [A]nervousness   [B]anxiety   [C]stress   
[D]tension
  35. [A]enhances   [B]attaches   [C]inserts  
[D]adds
  36. [A]power   [B]energy   [C]vigor  
[D]force
  37. [A]varies   [B]differs   [C]alters  
[D]contrasts
  38. [A]nevertheless   [B]since   [C]though  
[D] however
  39. [A]because   [B]spite   [C]despite  
[D]instead
  40. [A]pause   [B]break   [C]vacation   
[D]interruption
  41. [A]earlier   [B]early   [C]previously  
[D]sooner
  42. [A]spiritually   [B]consciously   [C]mentally   
[D]emotionally
  43. [A]asleep   [B]awake   [C]alert   
[D]active
  44. [A]out   [B]on   [C]away  
[D]off
  45. [A]as soon as   [B]when   [C]before   [D]after

 

        

 51—55 DCAAC

 

参考译文

  如果你正为某些事情担心或是在工作上、学业中承受着很大的压力,你极有可能睡得不好。忧虑使你无法入睡,你在床上辗转反侧,直到清晨时分才能睡得着觉。醒来的时候,你并不觉得精神焕发神清气爽,而是精疲力竭,无法迎接新一天的来临。
  近期的报纸上刊登了一篇亨利·温可尔博士的文章,题目是《压力与睡眠》。温可尔博士认为压力和睡眠不足有直接的联系。他说:我们越是忧心忡忡,睡得就越少,也就越没有办法对抗忧虑。他还补充说:如果能找到使自己睡个好觉的方法,我们就能有足够的精力解决我们的问题。
  那么,究竟什么是良好的睡眠呢?研究表明,保持健康需要的睡眠数量是因人而异的。7小时是平均数。然而令人不解的是,延长睡眠时间,非但不能让人精神焕发,反而会引起头痛。

  温可尔博士认为睡前的准备工作是很重要的。工作到很晚的人临睡前应该稍稍休息一下,做点有助于放松的事,可以看看电视或听听音乐。早晨做运动也会使人在身体上和精神上有疲劳感。睡前喝点饮料也有助于睡眠,但不要喝茶或咖啡,因为它们含有的咖啡因会使你无法入眠。温可尔博士指出:关灯之后,你就该集中精神放松你的肌肉。慢慢地从脚开始放松,就会不知不觉地进入梦乡了。”  

  答案及解析

  26A【解析】本题考查词语搭配。toss and turn是固定用法,表示辗转反侧
  27D【解析】考查词语搭配。fall asleep意为入睡,是固定用法,符合题意。
  28C【解析】本题考查词语辨析和对文意的理解。Arelieve意为减轻,安慰Brenew意为恢复,重建Crefresh意为恢复精力Drelease意为释放。根据题意,人睡觉醒来应该觉得神清气爽,所以选择C
  29B【解析】此题考查词义辨析。Bunable意为没有能力的,常与to搭配,人做主语。
  30C【解析】此题考查词义辨析和对文意的理解。表示文章等的标题是…”,一般用entitle,为固定用法。
  31D【解析】此题考查词义辨析。Aimply意为暗示BsuggestCpropose均为建议;只有Dindicate意为表明,明确指出符合文意。
  32A【解析】这里的意思是压力和缺乏睡眠有关系。表示关系的选项是Arelate
  33B【解析】第一段已经提到,如果人承受很大的压力就睡不好,忧虑使你无法入睡。由此可知,越忧虑,睡的越少,the more..., the more…是固定搭配,意为,越…”
  34C【解析】此题考查对细节的理解。这一段第一句话已提到亨利博士的文章讲的是压力与睡眠的关系,前文中出现了stress and sleep,根据此细节可推断出此处应选C
  35D【解析】此题考查对文意的理解。文中此处是说博士又补充了一点Dadd意为补充
  36B【解析】这里的意思是说只有保证好的睡眠,我们才能有精力去解决所忧虑的问题,此处指的是人的体力,只有Benergy有此意。
  37A【解析】此题考查词义辨析。这里指的是人们睡眠的数量各不相同,varydiffer都有不同的意思。但前者强调各式各样的,种类的多样性而后者强调事物本质上根本的不同。
  38C【解析】此题考查关联词的用法。此处意思是说,一般人们会认为睡得越多人越精神,但恰恰相反,睡多了会使人头疼,这里是转折的意思,所以选择C
  39D【解析】此题考查对上下文的理解。此句的意思是睡多了会使人头疼而不是更加体力充沛,要选择表转折的选项。
  40B【解析】此题考查词义辨析。Bbreak是此意,意为短暂休息Apause意为中止Cvacation意为假期Dinterruption意为打扰
  41B【解析】此题考查对文意的理解。early意为早早地
  42C【解析】此题考查词语搭配。physically and mentally是副词短语的固定搭配,表示身心地
  43B【解析】茶和咖啡因含咖啡因会使人清醒,Bawake意为清醒的
  44A【解析】此题考查动词词组搭配。put out意为熄灭put on意为穿上put away意为收起来put off意为推迟
  45C【解析】这句话的意思是在不知不觉中你就睡着了,即在你知I晓之前就已入睡了。

 

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