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英语练功房

Challenge both your English & minds

 
 
 

日志

 
 

0401b  

2013-04-01 08:10:26|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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A good student is always equal to one who gets good grades. But is that all that a good student is? What is a   1  good student? Is he someone who is the teacher's pet? Someone who tops every test? Someone who has the smarts? A good student is all this and more, because, you see, it’s not just about books and repetitive  2  .

Being a good student takes much more than that. There are certain  3  that make him a good student. That is  4  what we shall be looking into – the qualities of a good student. There will help you  5  what a good student is and what are the qualities that one needs in order to become one.

A good student has great   6  skills. He has the ability to plan and organize not only his actions but his  7  as well, for being well organized allows a person to be prepared for all the situations that are to   8  . That could not have been   9  if he had taken up the studies at the last minute.

Knowledge is a key  10  that defines(定义)a student. Possessing knowledge that is not only limited to books but also   11  things about current affairs and other things allows him to draw from all that he possesses and use it in his studies.

There is nothing that comes without hard work and that is exactly what a good student has to possess. A   12  student is not someone who will turn away from work, or try to find   13  to get the work done  14  or for the sake of finishing it. Instead, he is someone who will do his work   15   and put in all his efforts without compromising on quality.

 

1Aspecially      Bnearly      Cmainly         Dreally

2Aperforming  Blearning      Ccounting      Dguessing

3Achoices       Bactivities      Cqualities       Dviewpoints

4Asimply         Bmerely      Ccompletely   Dexactly

5Aunderstand  Bpredict      Cassume        Dsettle

6Aphysical      Borganizational      Cmental         Dtraditional

7Athoughts      Bperformances      Cconducts     Ddirections

8Ashare           Bmanage      Cfollow         Dfind

9Avaluable       Bworthy      Cvital             Dpossible

10Aview          Brole      Caspect         Deffect

11Aincludes     Bconcludes      Caffects         Dmatches

12Agood-looking      Bhard-working      Ccool-headed      Dwarm-hearted

13Aplaces        Broads      Ctools           Dways

14Afast            Bcarefully      Cwell             Dbadly

15Aroughly      Beventually      Csincerely      Dcarelessly

 

 

 

 

Human wants seem endless. When a starving man gets a meal, he begins to think about an overcoat; when an executive gets a new sports car, visions of country clubs and pleasure beats dance into view.

 

The many wants of mankind might be regarded as making up several levels. When there is money enough to satisfy one level of wants, another level appears. The first and most basic level of wants involves food. Once this want is satisfied, a second level of wants appears clothing and some sort of shelter. By the end of World War II these wants were satisfied for a great majority of Americans. Then a third level appeared. It included such items as automobiles and new houses.

 

By 1957 or 1958 this third level of wants was fairly well satisfied. Then in the late 1950s a fourth level of wants appeared: the "life-enriching" level. While the other levels involve physical satisfactionthe feeding, comfort, safety, and transportation of the human bodythis level stresses mental needs for recognition, achievement, and happiness. It includes a variety of goods and services, many of which could be called "luxury" items. Among them are vacation trips, the best medical and dental care, and entertainment. Also included here are fancy foods and the latest styles in clothing.

 

On the fourth level, a greater percentage of consumer spending goes to services, while on the first three levels more is spent on goods. Will consumers raise their sights to a fifth level of wants as their income increases, or will they continue to demand luxuries and personal services on the fourth level?

 

A fifth level probably would involve wants that can be achieved best by community action. Consumers may be spending more on taxes to pay for government action against disease, ignorance, crime and prejudice. After filling our stomachs, our clothes closets, our garages, our teeth, and our minds, we now may seek to ensure the health, safety, and leisure to enjoy more fully the good things on the first four levels.

 

Notes

 

dental a. 牙齿的,牙科的

 

garage n. 汽车间,修车厂;车库

 

31. According to the passage, man will begin to think about such needs as housing and clothing only when _______.

 

A. he has saved up enough money

 

B. he has grown dissatisfied with his simple shelter

 

C. he has satisfied his hunger

 

D. he has learned to build houses

 

32. It can be inferred from the passage that by the end of World War II most Americans _______.

 

A. were very rich

 

B. lived in poverty

 

C. had the good things on the first three levels

 

D. did not own automobiles

 

33. Which of the following is NOT related to "physical satisfaction"? _______.

 

A. A successful career.

 

B. A cozy home.

 

C. A good service.

 

D. A family car.

 

34. What is the main concern of man on the fourth level? _______.

 

A. The more goods the better.

 

B. The more mental satisfaction the better.

 

C. The more "luxury" items the better.

 

D. The more earnings the better.

 

35. The author is inclined to think that a fifth level _______.

 

A. would be little better than the fourth level

 

B. may be a lot more desirable than the first four

 

C. can be the last and most satisfying level

 

D. will become attainable provided the government takes actions

 

参考答案:

 

 

1. 答案为D。考查学生甄别副词的搭配能力。

2. 答案为B。考查学生在上下文语境中中把握好(动)名词的语用能力。

3. 答案为C。考查学生在上下文语境(重现)中准确运用名词的能力。

4. 答案为D。考查学生在上下文语境(重现)中准确运用副词的能力(见最后一段第一句)。

5. 答案为A。考查学生根据上下文语境正确把握谓语动词意义的能力。

6. 答案为B。考查学生根据上文语境(重现)把握形容词意义的能力。

7. 答案为A。考查学生根据上文语境把握名词意义及用法的能力。

8. 答案为C。考查学生根据上下文语境准确选择谓语动词的能力。

9. 答案为D。考查学生对上下文语境中形容词的运用能力。

10. 答案为C。考查学生根据上下文语境,准确选用名词的能力。

11. 答案为A。考查学生根据上下文语境,准确选用谓语动词的能力。

12. 答案为B。考查学生根据上文语境(重现)正确选用形容词并把握其准确含义的能力。

13. 答案为D。考查学生在上下文语境中把握好名词的语用能力。

14. 答案为A。考查学生根据上下文语境把握副词意义及用法的能力。

15. 答案为C。考查学生根据上下文语境正确把握副词意义的能力。

 

 

3135 CDABB

 

 

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