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英语练功房

Challenge both your English & minds

 
 
 

日志

 
 

0328  

2013-03-28 14:32:21|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Does a drink a day keep heart attacks away? Over the past 20 years, numerous studies have found that moderate alcohol consumption--say, one or two beers, glasses of wine or cocktails daily-- helps to prevent coronary heart disease. Last week a report in the New England Journal of Medicine added strong new evidence in support of that theory. More important, the work provided the first solid indication of how alcohol works to protect the heart.

   In the study, researchers from Boston's Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School compared the drinking habits of 340 men and women who had suffered recent heart attacks with those of healthy people of the same age and sex. The scientists found that people who sip one to three drinks a day are about half as likely to suffer heart attacks as nondrinkers are. The apparent source of the protection: those who drank alcohol had higher blood levels of high-density lipoproteins (脂蛋白), the so-called good cholesterol (胆固醇), which is known to repel heart disease.

    As evidence has mounted, some doctors have begun recommending a daily drink for patients of heart diseases. But most physicians are not ready to recommend a regular happy hour for everyone. The risks of teetotalling are nothing compared with the dangers of too much alcohol, including high blood pressure, strokes and liver troubles--not to mention violent behaviour and traffic accidents. Moreover, some studies suggest that even moderate drinking may increase the incidence of breast and colon (结肠) cancer. Until there is evidence that the benefits of a daily dose of alcohol outweigh the risks, most people won't be able to take a doctor's prescription to the neighbourhood bar or liquor store. 

69. The medical article quoted in the passage demonstrates ______

A. the way in which alcohol can help the heart                      

B. how a couple of cocktails daily can stop heart problems     

C. why alcoholic drinks are dangerous to one's health

D. that reports on the advantages of alcohol were misfounded

70. Experiments showed that nondrinkers had ______.

A. larger amounts of good cholesterol

B. smaller amounts of good cholesterol

C. higher blood pressure

D. lower blood pressure

71. According to the passage, moderate drinking ______.

A. is recommended by most doctors for heart patients  

B. should be allowed on prescription

C.  is still not medically advisable

D. is not related to liver problems

72. The main theme of this passage is ______.

A. the change in recent drinking habits

B. the connection between cancer and alcohol

C. whether moderate drinkers outlive nondrinkers

D. whether alcohol may be good for your health

 

 

 It happened at a weekend in the 1970’s. Mum gave me two tickets for a film, telling me she was too busy to go together with me with the__16__(end)housework. She told me to keep the money if I could sell the extra ticket. I was very happy. At that time, a ticket cost only 20fen.But to me, a little girl of twelve,20fen seemed quite a lot. I reached the cinema __.17__(hurry).Holding the ticket in my hand, I began to look for a buyer. Just then a handsome young man,__18__noticed me and the ticket, came towards me with a big smile, “You've got__19__extra ticket' ""yes," I nodded" That's great .Say how much?""20fen"
"Oh,"he thought for a while and then took out a ten-yuan note__20__his wallet. 
"I'm terribly sorry,__21__I've only got this note." Seeing I was confused, he added, "Then how about waiting for a while__22__I have changed it in the cinema’s store? 
"Without much thinking, I agreed .Then we went to the cinema together. He walked very fast. I could hardly keep up with__23__.Soon he disappeared in the Men's .I stood there __24__(puzzle).Suddenly I realized the handsome young fellow__25__(cheat) me. 
Before long I found that he'd sold the ticket to a little boy. He earned 20 fen, but lost his honor!

 

2011年高考英语浙江卷完形填空部分原文节选于读者文摘(Reader'sDigest)澳大利亚版

 

Although I love my life, it hasn’t been a lot of fun as I’ve been ill for 28 years.

Music has always been a great love of mine and, in my 20s, when my   21   was more manageable , I   22   ten years as a professional singer in restaurants, playing and singing folk songs.   23    that was years ago and times have changed.   24    I live with mother on a country farm.

Two years ago, I decided that I would need to have some kind of extra work to   25   my disability pension (残疾抚恤金).   26   I needed to sleep in the afternoons,  I was limited in my   27   . I decided that I would consider  28     to singing in restaurants.

My family are all musicians, so I was   29  when I went into our local music store. I explained that I wanted to sing again but using recorded karaoke music. I knew that discs were very expensive and I really didn’t have a lot of   30    to get started. And 31   you find only three to four songs out of ten on a disc that you can   32   use.

When I told the owner of the shop about my   33   ; he gave me a long thoughtful    34   . “This means a lot to you, doesn’t it?” he said. “Come with me.”

He led me   35   the crowded shop and to a bench with a large professional karaoke box on it. He placed his large hand  36   on his treasure and said, “I have 800 karaoke songs in here. You can take your  37   and I’ll record them for you. That should get you started.”

I   38   . Thanking him, I made a time with him to listen to all the songs and choose   39  that I could sing. I have come full circle with his help.

His   40  still warms my heart and makes me do just that bit extra, when I have the chance.

 

 

21. A. loneliness        B. sadness             C. tiredness              D. sickness

22. A. set             B. enjoyed                 C. kept                      D. shared

23. A. Gladly             B. Eventually                  C. Unfortunately        D. Surprisingly

24. A. Now                B. Then                     C. Sometime             D. Meanwhile

25. A. add up to        B. make up for            C. get rid of               D. take advantage of

26. A. If                    B. As                        C. Though                D. Before

27. A. movement            B. condition             C. choices                 D. positions

28. A. reaching out     B. living up              C. getting on              D. going back

29. A. recognized            B. interviewed          C. found              D. invited

30. A. money             B. time                      C. energy             D. knowledge

31. A. thus                B. once                     C. seldom                 D. often

32. A. actually            B. hardly            C. nearly              D. formerly

33. A. job                  B. family              C. idea                     D. offer

34. A. face                 B. view                      C. look                      D. sight

35. A. over                B. along                     C. towards                D. through

36. A. unhappily        B. lovingly               C. pitifully                 D. gratefully

37. A. pick                B. turn                       C. role                       D. step

38. A. had to cry        B. ought to cry            C. should have cried D. could have cried

39. A. more              B. the ones              C. few                       D. the rest

40. A. courage           B. devotion            C. kindness               D. trust

 

 

 

 

这是深一模的语法题
 
答案
endless
hurriedlywhoanfrombutbefore/until/tillhimpuzzled
had cheated

Joanne  09:28:24
想问问22题,后面用的是I have changed, 这样学生可能很难想到用before.   I have changed改成I change

 

 

【点评】

2011年高考英语浙江卷完形填空部分原文节选于读者文摘(Reader'sDigest)澳大利亚版,考题略有删节,并替换掉原文中超过高考范围的词汇,采取同义词替换的手段使原文表述通畅。所选文章延续历年出题模式,以记叙文为题材,选取作者在生命中不平凡的阶段受到陌生人帮助的事实,歌颂和赞扬人间真情和助人的美德。

【解析】

21题,属于上文提示法,首句中出现ill,此选项应是ill的同义表达,故选D.sickness

  22题,属于上文提示法,上句出现病情可以manageable,所以作者应该是享受那段过去的美好时光,故选B.enjoyed。此选项在2009年全国一卷完形填空部分第41题出现过,且也为正确选项。

  23题,属于下文解释法,下文出现发生改变,结合首句作者生病,可推出作者表达的是不幸的情绪,故选C.unfortunately。此选项为高考完形填空中的的高频选项。

  24题,属于转折对比法,上文出现yearsagochanged,因此推出此题应回归现实,故选A.now。此选项在2009年浙江卷完形填空部分第37题出现过,且也为正确选项。

  25题,属于固定搭配法,addupto总计,makeupfor弥补,补偿,getridof处理,摆脱,takeadvantageof利用,此题应选B.makeupfor。此选项考生不应陌生,2009年浙江卷完形填空部分第21D选项曾出现过此词,可见背历年考题中的选项部分的重要性。

  26题,属于逻辑关系法,此法多用于句子与句子之间,解决连词的问题。此题因为作者下午需要睡觉,所以受到限制。故选B.As

  27题,属于上文解释法,第三段首句提到作者打算做某事,但由于病情,下午需要睡觉,所以选择受限,故选C.choices

  28题,属于前后照应法,上文提到过几年之前唱歌的事实,此处再次出现要去唱歌,故选D.goingback

  29题,属于中文代入法,全家都是音乐家,所以走进音像店会被认出,故选A.recognized

  30题,属于AandB法,这是并列结构,要求前后词性与词义要相似,几乎在每年的高考完形中都会考查这个知识点。本题and之前说东西很贵,之后理应推出没有足够的钱,故选A.money

  31题,属于反义多一对,即四个选项中有一组反义词,答案多在这组反义词中出现。此题CD构成反义结构,根据文章信息,故选D.often

  32题,属于中文代入法,实际上一张光盘里的十首歌也只有三/四首可以用,故选A.actually

  33题,属于上文提示法,上文中作者有提到过想再次唱歌的这个想法,故选C.idea

  34题,属于同义辨析法,此考查点多在四级考试完形填空部分中出现,在2008年高考英语浙江卷第26题也曾考查过,当年的难度系数约为0.32。此题中的B.view强调的是眺望风景,C.look强调看的眼神,D.sight强调视力,本文店主深深地看了作者,属于眼神之间的交流,故选C.look

  35题,属于固定搭配法,店主带领作者穿过拥挤的店铺,从空间穿过,故选D.through

  36题,属于感情色彩法,此法多用于解决形容词或副词。下文出现treasure,因此可以推出店主对自己的宝物爱不释手,心爱地触摸,故选B.lovingly

  37题,属于固定搭配法,takeyourpick,美国俚语,随你挑选的意思,故选A.pick

  38题,属于语法识别法,近几年高考完形填空部分逐步淡化语法点考查,一般只会涉及一道。C.shouldhavecried,本应该做的事情而没有做,放在原文中过于牵强,而本题是作者受到店主的感激,非常感动,本可以哭但没有哭,故选D.couldhavecried

  39题,属于寻找重复法,31题与32题之前曾出现onlythreetofoursongs...canuse,对应...couldsing,故选B.theones

  40题,属于主旨概况法,即所选选项要与原文中心相一致。本文详细描述店主对作者的帮助,店主的善举感动作者,故选C.kindness

 



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