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英语练功房

Challenge both your English & minds

 
 
 

日志

 
 

0323  

2013-03-23 08:41:37|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Personal interviewing (面试) is most effective when all the people to be interviewed are located in a relatively small geographical area. Otherwise, the time and expense spent in traveling from one person to another makes this type of interviewing economically impractical. Personal interviewing is usually used when the information needed is too complex to be gathered by another technique. For example, a problem being studied may require the interviewer to probe beyond the more superficial answers that might be obtained with another method.

 

It is sometimes assumed that personal interviewing is the most accurate of all survey research techniques. Although personal interviewing may be accurate in many cases, human errors may prevent a researcher from obtaining valid results.

37. Sometimes a researcher cannot get valid results because _________.

  A. the information needed is too complex to be gathered

  B. personal interviewing is the most accurate of all survey research techniques

  C. personal interviewing is not as effective as other research techniques

  D. both interviewer and interviewee may make mistakes during the interviewing

 

Questions perceived by the interviewee(应试者) as an invasion of privacy or threatening in any way will probably produce false or partially true answers. Also, since the interviewer(面试者)must interpret the respondent’s statements, a certain amount of information loss results even though the respondent may be answering truthfully.

38. In the second paragraph, the phrase “an invasion of privacy” most probably means _________.

  A. an unpleasant conversation

  B. a challenge to interviewee’s professional skills

  C. an interference with interviewee’s personal affairs

  D. an interference with interviewee’s hobby

 

  In spite of the problems, at least two major advantages are provided by this research technique. First, the alert interviewer can generally tell if the respondent is being truthful or if he or she is giving superficial or untrue responses. Second, the interviewer can rephrase questions, give more explanation, or probe more deeply if the initial questions do not produce the information desired. As a result, the information gleaned should be more accurate than that provided by interviews where no one is present to clarify questions or to interpret answers.

  

  39. In the first sentence of the last paragraph, the pronoun “this” refers to _________.

  A. survey B. question

  C. answering D. personal interviewing

  40. According to the last paragraph, one of the advantages of the personal interviewing is _________.

  A. the interviewer can ask the interviewee questions again in different ways

  B. the interviewer can ask the interviewee some personal questions

  C. the initial question does not produce the information desired

  D. no one is present to clarify questions

 

 

 

Public buses running on Beijing’s streets are more eye-catching compared with their former dull color.   66   , five or six years ago, when many other Chinese cities began to   67    their public buses with   68    advertisements, Beijing remained unmoved, allegedly  69    of consideration for maintaining the stately grace of the capital.

But Beijing’s ‘lofty posture’ did not   70   long under the pressure of the market economy. Since 1993, most public buses have been  71      with brightly colored ads, many featuring    72     images.

Public transportation companies were the first group 73    from the move. The No. 300 Bus alone has annually   74      4 million yuan of ad earnings to its company. At the same time, business people are happy to find a comparatively cheap,  75     widely influential, advertising medium.

Advertising on buses, a form quickly accepted by Beijing residents, adds a new    76   line to the city, instead of    77    the capital’s image.

The Chinese attitude towards advertisements has changed greatly.  78  from sight for a long period, commercial ads reappeared in 1979, but they were     79    .

Today, however, advertisements are    80    entering daily life. More and more urban residents are becoming accustomed to    81     shopping information in this way.    82   recent years, the Beijing TV Station     83      an advertising program, TV Market. The diverse,    84     forms and practical contents have enabled it to gain high ratings.

Advertising is no longer considered non-essential. It is now a major part of the tertiary sector,      85     special government attention.

 

66. Therefore          B. However         C. So             D. While

67.  A. A. decorate           B. draw            C. perform         D. confirm

68. A. bright             B. gloomy          C. colorful         D. free

69. A. because            B. part             C. regardless       D. out

70. A. last               B. extend           C. carry           D. detach

71. A. wrapped up        B. made up          C. taken up        D. given up

72. A. optimistic          B. striking          C. deluxe          D. fake

73. A. entertaining        B. handicapping      C. benefiting       D. judging

74. A turned out          B. turned in          C. turned back     D. turned over

75. A. yet               B. so                C. for            D. or

76. A. sight              B. scene             C. scenery        D. scenic

77. A. making            B. damaging         C. revealing       D. disappearing

78. A. Vanished           B. Vanishing         C. To vanish      D. Having vanished

79. A. welcomed          B. praised           C. considered     D. cold-shouldered

80. A. decreasingly        B. increasingly       C. mainly         D. importantly

81. A. acquire            B. be acquired        C. acquiring       D. being acquired

82. A. In                B. From             C. On             D. Around

83. A. carried            B. launched          C. appeared        D. freighted

84. A. live               B. alive             C. lively           D. alike

85. A. receive            B. receives           C. received         D. receiving

 

 

 

 

 

Recently, I celebrated another birthday. As I look back at how quickly time passes, I am amazed at how much can change in a matter of a year. I think we go through cycles of change -- when the complete unexpected throws you off your equilibrium --giving you the opportunity to reassess and recalibrate.
不久前我庆祝了又一个生日。回首往事,时间确如白驹过隙,一年之中可以发生怎样的变化啊!我觉得我们在经历变化循环。当完全出乎意料的事情打破你的旧平衡,就是给你机会重新估价自己并校正方向。
This past year was one of those cycles for me -- and slowly but surely the pieces that were thrown up in the air are falling into place. At a time of reflection, I'd like to share with you some of the things I have learned.
对我来说,过去的一年是那些循环中的一环,慢慢地却确信无疑地被抛起然后回落的过程。反思之余,希望能与你分享我的一些心得。


1. The difference between happy people and unhappy people is their level of gratitude.
快乐的人与不快乐的人的不同,在于他们对生活抱有多少感激。

If you observe anyone who is miserable, you will notice they are never satisfied and constantly blaming their history, luck or other people for their struggles. If you observe happy people, they are full of gratitude.
在观察痛苦感伤的人时,你会发现他们总是不满足于现状并且不停地抱怨自己的过去、运气或别人的竞争。在观察快乐的人时,你会发现他们满怀感激。

Instead of focusing on what they don't have to achieve  -- they choose to focus on solutions to create the life they want. Even when these people are triggered by a bad turn of events, after reacting with sadness/frustration/stress/anger -- they get back to their baseline of happiness in due time.
他们集中精力寻找创造他们想要的生活的途径,而不是为一些无关紧要的事情劳心伤神。甚至当受到负面冲击而爆发,在伤心/挫折/紧张/生气之后,他们会适时地回到幸福底线。

Studies show that you can actually rewire your brain for happiness by practicing gratitude on a daily basis. Gratitude is a choice. Happiness is an attitude. How you will live your days is a choice that is completely within your control.
研究显示,每天下意识地让自己感激,你就能调整你的大脑对幸福的感知。感激是一种选择,幸福是一种态度。如何度过每一天完全在于你自己。

 

 

The $ 11 billion self – help industry is built on the idea that you should turn negative thoughts like “ I never do anything right” into positive ones like “I can succeed.” But was positive thinking advocate Norman Vincent Peale right? Is there power in positive thinking?

Researchers in Canada just published a study in the journal Psychological Science that says trying to get people to think more positively can actually have the opposite effect: it can simply highlight how unhappy they are.

The study's authors, Joanne Wood and John Lee of the University of Waterloo and Elaine Perunovic of the University of New Brunswick, begin by citing older research showing that when people get feedback which they believe is overly positive, they actually feel worse, not better. If you tell your dim friend that he has the potential of an Einstein, you're just underlining his faults. In one 1990s experiment, a team including psychologist Joel Cooper of Princeton asked participants to write essays opposing funding for the disabled. When the essayists were later praised for their sympathy, they felt even worse about what they had written.

In this experiment, Wood, Lee and Perunovic measured 68 students' self-esteem. The participants were then asked to write down their thoughts and feelings for four minutes. Every 15 seconds, one group of students heard a bell. When it rang, they were supposed to tell themselves, "I am lovable."

Those with low self-esteem didn't feel better after the forced self-affirmation. In fact, their moods turned significantly darker than those of members of the control group, who weren't urged to think positive thoughts.

The paper provides support for newer forms of psychotherapy (心理治疗) that urge people to accept their negative thoughts and feelings rather than fight them. In the fighting, we not only often fail but can make things worse. Meditation (静思) techniques, in contrast, can teach people to put their shortcomings into a larger, more realistic perspective. Call it the power of negative thinking.

 

1.What do we learn from the first paragraph about the self-help industry?

       AIt is a highly profitable industry.

       BIt is based on the concept of positive thinking.

       CIt was established by Norman Vincent Peale.

       DIt has yielded positive results.

2.What is the finding of the Canadian researchers?

       AEncouraging positive thinking may do more harm than good.

       BThere can be no simple therapy for psychological problems.

       CUnhappy people cannot think positively.

       DThe power of positive thinking is limited.

3.What does the author mean by "you're just underlining his faults" in the third paragraph?

       AYou are not taking his mistakes seriously enough.

       BYou are pointing out the errors he has committed.

       CYou are emphasizing the fact that he is not intelligent.

       DYou are trying to make him feel better about his faults.

4.It can be inferred from the experiment of Wood, Lee and Perunovic that        .

       Ait is important for people to continually keep their self - esteem

       Bself – affirmation can bring a positive change to one’s mood

       Cforcing a person to think positive thoughts may lower their self - esteem

       Dpeople with low self – esteem seldom write down their true feelings

 

Dear son,

The day that you see me old, have patience and try to understand me.

    If, when I speak to you, I repeat the same things thousand and one times, do not   36   me, listen to me. When you were   37  , I had to read to you thousand and one times the same story until you get to sleep.

    When I do not want to have a   38  , neither shame me nor scold me. Remember when I had to  39   you with thousand excuses I invented   40   you wanted to take a bath.

    When you see my   41   on new technologies, give me the necessary time and do not look 42   me with your mocking smile. I taught you   43   to do so many things —to eat well, to dress well, and to face life.

     When   44   I lose the memory or the thread of our conversation , let me  have the necessary time to remember ; and if I cannot do it , do not become nervous,   45   the most important thing is not my conversation but   46   to be with you and to have you listening to me .

47   I do not want to eat, do not force me. I know well when I need to and when not.

    When my   48   legs do not allow me walk, give me your hand, the same way I   49 when you gave your first   50.

    And when some day I say to you that I do not want to live any more, and that I want to die, do not get angry. Some day you will understand. Try to understand that my age is not lived but     51  . Some day you will discover that,   52   my mistakes, I always wanted the   53   thing for you and that I tried to prepare the way for you .You must not feel sad , angry or helpless   for seeing me near you. You must be   54   to me , try to understand me and to help me as I did it when you started living . Help me to walk , help me to end my way with love and patience . I will 55   you by a smile and by the love I have had always for you .

I love you, son.

Your father

 

36.   A. annoy                      B. blame                       C. interrupt                   D. cheat 

37.   A. young                      B. small                        C. curious                    D. sick   

38.   A. shower                    B. walk                        C. talk                         D. rest   

39.   A. scold                       B. leave                        C. chase                       D. forgive

40.   A. now that                  B. in that                      C. in order that              D. in case that

41.   A. complaint                 B. ignorance                 C preference                 D. knowledge

42.   A. after                        B. up                            C. for                           D. at      

43.   A. why                         B. when                       C. what                        D. how  

44.   A. for the moment         B. in a moment              C. at one moment   D. at the moment

45.   A. as                            B. until                         C. but                          D. while 

46.   A. exactly                     B. mostly                      C. awfully                    D. surely

47.   A. If only                            B. If necessary                     C. If anything               D. If ever

48.   A. tired                         B. long                         C. energetic                  D. graceful

49.   A. do                           B. did                           C. give                         D. gave  

50.   A. words                      B. steps                        C. orders                      D. smiles

51.   A. stressed                   B. suffered                   C. survived                   D. slowed

52.   A. besides                     B. among                      C. despite                            D. from  

53.   A. worst                       B. most                        C. good                        D. best   

54.   A. next                         B. cruel                        C. polite                       D. blind  

55.   A. remember                 B. pay                          C. owe                         D. kiss   

 

 

 

 

阅读:BACC

36-40CBACC   41-45BDDCA    46-50DDABB  51-55CCDAB

 

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