注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

英语练功房

Challenge both your English & minds

 
 
 

日志

 
 

0202  

2013-02-02 07:53:27|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

 

 

A translator must have an excellent, up-to-date knowledge of his source languages.He must fill facility in the handling of his target language, which will be his mother tongue or language of habitual __1__, and a knowledge and understanding of the latest subject-matter in his field of specialization. This is, as it were, his professional __2__. In addition to this, it is __3__ that he should have an enquiring mind, wide interests, a good memory and the ability to __4__ quickly the basic principles of new developments.
He should be willing to work __5__ his own, often at high speeds, but should be humble enough to __6__ other people because his own __7__ does not always prove adequate to the task in hand. He should be able to type fairly quickly and __8__ and, if he is working mainly for publication, should have more than a nodding __9__ with printing techniques and proof-reading.
If he is working basically as an information translator, let us say, for an industrial firms, he should have the flexibility of mind to enable him to __10__ rapidly from one source language to __11__, as well as from one subject-matter to another, since this ability is frequently __12__ of him in such work. Bearing in __13__ the nature of the translator's work, i.e. the processing of the written word, it is, strictly speaking, __14__ that he should be able to speak the languages he is __15__ with.
If he does speak them, it is an __16__ rather than a hindrance, but this skill is in many ways a luxury that he can do away with. It is, __17__, desirable that he should have an __18__ idea about the pronunciation of his source languages, even if this is restricted to knowing how proper names and place names are pronounced. The same __19__ to an ability to write his source languages. If he can, well and good; if he cannot, it does not __20__.

 

 

______1.[A]application               [B]use                          [C]utility                         [D]usage

______2.[A]equipment               [B]language                [C]performance           [D]facility

______3.[A]wise                         [B]unique                     [C]desirable                 [D]effective

______4.[A]input                         [B]grasp                       [C]seek                          [D]expand

______5.[A]on                             [B]in                               [C]for                             [D]by

______6.[A]learn                        [B]imitate                      [C]conduct                    [D]consult

______7.[A]profession              [B]intelligence              [C]knowledge              [D]style

______8.[A]steadily                   [B]accurately                 [C]regularly                  [D]reasonably

______9.[A]familiarity                [B]acquaintance           [C]knowledge              [D]skill

______10.[A]change                 [B]transform                  [C]turn                           [D]switch

______11.[A]another                 [B]other                          [C]one                           [D]all

______12.[A]lacked                   [B]required                   [C]faced                          [D]confronted

______13.[A]brain                      [B]thought                     [C]mind                          [D]memory

______14.[A]essential              [B]unnecessary           [C]advantageous          [D]useless

______15.[A]doing                     [B]dealing                     [C]deciding                    [D]working

______16.[A]idea                       [B]advice                       [C]advantage                 [D]accordance

______17.[A]however                [B]accordingly              [C]consequently            [D]thus

______18.[A]adjacent               [B]ambiguous              [C]artificial                       [D]approximate

______19.[A]refers                    [B]comes                       [C]applies                      [D]amounts

______20.[A]matter                   [B]mind                          [C]harm                           [D]work

上海交通大学附属中学2010-2011学年度第一学期

 The Caledonian Market in London is a clearing house of the junk (旧货、废弃

) of the universe. Here, rubbish is a commodity and rubbish picking is a sport. Somebody, somewhere, wanted these things, perhaps just to look at. You learn here the incredible obscurity of human needs and desires. People grope (摸索), with fascinated curiosity, among the turnedout debris (废墟) of thousands of attic rooms. Junk pours in twice a week, year in and year out. The Market is the penultimate (倒数第二的) resting place of banished vases, musical instruments that will not play, sewing machines that will not sew, paralyzed perambulator, epileptic bicycles and numerous other articles from which all morale and hope have long departed. There are stories of fortunes being picked up in the Market. Once seven hundred gold sovereigns were found in a secret drawer of a crazy old bureau. And book buyers have discovered valuable editions of Milton and Dickens and Carlyla. There is nothing one can not buy in the Market.

1. The title below that best expresses the idea of this passage is ____.

A) Why People Buy What They Do

B) Reflections on A Famous Junk Market

C) The Cause for Fascinated Curiosity

D) What Happens to Attic Debris

2. The articles for sale in the Caledonian Market ____.

A) are wanted to look at

B) are collected about 100 times a year

C) reveal your obscure needs and desires

D) bring fortune to the buyers

3. From the style of this passage one might assume that it was taken from

____.

A) a report on marketing

B) a guide book

C) directions for a stage setting

D) an information essay

 

 

 

 

 

 

You may think there is only sand in the desert of the world, __1__ it is not true. In the desert, as we know, there is a little __2__, but it is not __3__ for most plants. Still we can see some plants __4__ in the desert.

There is __5__ in some places in the desert. We __6__ these places oases. In the oases, there are villages and towns. People grow __7__ kinds of crops in the fields there.

People __8__ live outside the oases. They have camels, sheep and other animals. These animals depend __9__ the desert plants for their food and do not need __10__ water.

The __11__ are useful to the desert people in many ways. They eat the meat and drink the milk of the animals. They use the camels for carrying water, food, tents and something else.

The people of the desert have to keep moving from place to place. They must always look  12   grass or desert plants for their animals. When there is no more food for their animals, they move to __13__ place. The desert people are __14__. No man in the desert would ever refuse __15__ the people in trouble and give them food and water.

 

1. A. and         B. but             C. or                      D. so

2. A. rain         B. rains                 C. wind               D. winds

3. A. good B. good enough    C. enough good     D. enough

4. A. live         B. to live               C. lives                D. lived

5. A. stones     B. plants               C. wood              D. water

6. A. say         B. tell              C. call            D. find

7. A. every B. all               C. a                      D. one

8. A. also        B. too             C. either              D. still

9. A. with        B. in                     C. on             D. by

10. A. a little    B. few             C. much              D. any

11. A. water        B. plants               C. crops         D. animals

12. A. at          B. for              C. up                 D. after

13. A. other     B. the other           C. the others        D. another

14. A. well B. friend               C. friendly           D. carefully

15. A. help B. helps                C. helping      D. to help

 

Once upon a time, a rich man wanted to make a trip (旅行) to another town. He tried not only to take things to sell but also to take money to   1   things with. He   2   to take ten servants with him. They would   3   the things to sell and the food to   4   on their trip. Before they started, a little boy ran up to   5   and asked to   6   with them.

      The rich man said to the little boy, “Well,   7   may go with us.   8   you are the smallest, the thinnest and the weakest of all my   9  , you can’t carry a   10   load (担子). You must   11   the lightest one to carry.” The boy thanked his master and chose the biggest load to carry. That was bread.

“You are   12  .” said his master, “That is the biggest and the heaviest one.” The boy said   13   and lifted the load gladly.

      On the trip they walked for days and at last they got to the town. All the servants were tired   14   the little servant. Do you know   15  ? Most of the bread was eaten during the trip and a little was left when they arrived at the town.

1. A. eat                B. buy            C. change            D. get

2. A. decided        B. liked                 C. hoped              D. tried

3. A. take              B. bring                C. carry                D. borrow

4. A. cook       B. eat              C. buy                 D. drink

5. A. them                             B. the servants (仆人)    

C. the road                               D. the rich man            

6. A. stop             B. stay            C. go             D. talk

7. A. you              B. he               C. I                     D. they

8. A. Since      B. If                     C. Because          D. But

9. A. family           B. guests               C. servants           D. things

10. A. heavy         B. light            C. small               D. difficult

11. A. eat              B. choose             C. pick up       D. understand

12. A. brave          B. right                 C. clever               D. foolish

13. A. sorry          B. nothing       C. angrily             D. good-bye

14. A. besides       B. of                     C. except              D. with

15. A. who      B. him             C. that                 D. why

 

 

答案与解析:

1.B

下列哪一个标题最能概括文章的中心?本题考查对文章主旨的把握。这篇短文主要反映的是伦敦旧货市场兴旺发达的情况,那么它的标题也应该是反映这一情况的主题。B)一个著名的旧货市场的写照,这个答 案正确。A)为什么人们买他们要买的东西,这个标题不能表达本文的主题思想。C)痴迷好奇心的原因。到旧货市场去逛一逛,买买东西,是一种娱乐或者是消遣,到那里去猎奇并不是旧货 市场兴旺发达的主要原因,也不能反映主题。D)顶楼的垃圾发生了什么?这一项所反映的也是局部情况,不能反映主题。

2.B

Caledonican Market上出售的货物…… 此题考查根据材料中某些事实进行推断的能力。在Caledonian Market出售的物品每周有两次到货,这一情况可从下面一段文字里反映出来:Junk pours in twice a week, year in and year out. A)用来观赏。这些各式各样的物品主要用来出售而不是观赏,如文章所述:Somebody, somewhere, wanted these things, perhaps just to look at.(某地某人需要这些东西,或许只是看看而已。)这种说法不全面,不合题意。B)每年收集50次,每星期两次,一年就是100次。这一说法符合要求,故为正确答 案。C)反映了模糊不清的需要和愿望。这种说法不对,物品没有情感,不会有要求和愿望,只有人才有需求与希望,如:You learn here the incredible obscurity of human needs and desires.(你会了解到人们的需求,多令人难以置信和模糊不清。)D)给买主带来财富。事实上,在旧货市场买东西不一定会给所有买主带来财富,只是偶尔有发财的机会,这种情况极少。

3.D

根据文章的风格,可以断定此文选自此题考查对文章风格准确把握的能力。这篇短文给读者提供了一条关于英国伦敦最大的旧货市场的信息,对这个旧货市场作者有描述,有评论,也有推荐。如文章的最后一句话: There is nothing one can not buy in the Market.(在这个市场里没有人们买不到的东西。) 这就为人们提供了一个信息:你需要买什么,那里就有什么。故 D为正确答案。

 

 

 

 

 

 

答案简析

1. B。空白部分两句构成转折关系,故选择并列连词but

2. A。沙漠中风多雨少,rain一词为不可数名词,其复数形式rains表示雨水多,故应选rain

3. D。这里讲沙漠中的一点点雨水,并不能满足大多数植物生长的需要,故选择enough

4. Asee sb. do sth.意为看见某人做某事,这里应用省去to 的动词不定式。

5. D。沙漠之所以出现绿洲的根本原因是有了水,故选water

6. Ccall 在这里意为……称为……为正确选项。

7. Bevery, aone 后面都应该接可数名词单数,不能放在kinds 前面。all kinds of 意为各种各样的

8. A。表示时,too 一般放在肯定句末,either放在否定句末,also 放在句中,在此为正确选项,而still 不合题意。

9. C。固定说法depend on意为依靠凭借

10. C。一些动物能在沙漠中生存下来,说明了他们适应了这里雨水稀少的气候,不其他动物那样需要太多的水,故选择much

11. D。通读本段不难发现,本段承上文接着讲述动物的用途,故选animals

12. B。固定说法look for 意思为寻找

13. Dother 后接可数名词时应用复数形式;the other 后接可数名词单数时表示两者中的另一个,不合文意。

14. C。根据下文沙漠里的人从不会拒绝帮助别人,说明他们彼此友好。

15. D。固定搭配refuse to do sth.意为拒绝干某事

                             答案简析

1. B。这位富人不仅带了东西去卖,而且带钱去东西。解这道题时要注意将句中and前后的内容进行比较。

2. A。根据他的想法,他决定要带十个仆人。这件事完全可以由他自己决定,所以没有必要希望带……”努力带……”,故CD不合题意。

3. Ccarry在句中意为携带、运送take 意为带走bring意为带来。本句意为他们将运送要卖的东西和在路上要吃的食物。下文的第1011两题所在的句子也有提示。

4. B。参照第3题。

5. D。一个小男孩来找这位富人,要求和他们一起走,故选 the rich man

6. C。参照第5题。

7. A。富人同意小男孩随行。

8. D。此句和上文是转折关系,意为但是你是我的仆人中最小的、最瘦的、最弱的一个,你不能挑重担,故选but

9. C。参照第8题。

10. A。参照第8题。

11. B。此句意为你要选择挑最轻的担子“pick up”意为捡起不合文意,故选choose

12. D。主人看到这个小仆人选择了最重的担子,感到他很愚蠢故选foolish

13. B。听了主人的话,小男孩什么也没说,而是高兴地挑起了担

子。     

14. C。由于小男孩的聪明,除了他自己,其他仆人都累坏了。

15. DDo you know why? 用在文章最后用来引出原因,告诉读者其中的奥妙。

 

  评论这张
 
阅读(393)| 评论(1)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

在LOFTER的更多文章

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017