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英语练功房

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2013-02-01 09:29:25|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Carrying Faggots to Put Out a Fire
In the last years of the Warring States period, the State of Qin attacked the State of Wei ____16_____ a large scale repeatedly and occupied large areas of land. In 273 B.B., the Qin army launched another attack upon the State of Wei. The king of the State of Wei summoned ____17_____officials, and asked with a ____18_____ (worry) look if anyone could propose a way to defeat the Qin army. Most of the officials persuaded the king to sue for peace, at the cost of giving away to the State of Qin the large area of land. However, Su Dai, a counselor, did not agree. "Once there was a man ____19_____ house was on fire. People told him to put out the fire with water, but he would not listen. ____20_____, he carried a faggot to put out the fire, only to make the fire ____21_____ (fierce). That was ____22_____ he didn't know that, instead of putting out the fire, faggots could only make it burning more vigorously. Isn't it equal to ____23_____ (carry) faggots to put out a fire if you agree to sue for peace at the cost of the land of the State of Wei?" Though Su Dai's argument was very convincing, the king accepted the ____24_____ (suggest) of those officials and gave away to the State of Qin a large area of the land of the State of Wei. ____25_____ might be expected, the Qin army attacked the State of Wei on a large scale in 225 B.C. The State of Wei was finally destroyed by the State of Qin.



A translator must have an excellent, up-to-date knowledge of his source languages.He must fill facility in the handling of his target language, which will be his mother tongue or language of habitual __1__, and a knowledge and understanding of the latest subject-matter in his field of specialization. This is, as it were, his professional __2__. In addition to this, it is __3__ that he should have an enquiring mind, wide interests, a good memory and the ability to __4__ quickly the basic principles of new developments.
He should be willing to work __5__ his own, often at high speeds, but should be humble enough to __6__ other people because his own __7__ does not always prove adequate to the task in hand. He should be able to type fairly quickly and __8__ and, if he is working mainly for publication, should have more than a nodding __9__ with printing techniques and proof-reading.
If he is working basically as an information translator, let us say, for an industrial firms, he should have the flexibility of mind to enable him to __10__ rapidly from one source language to __11__, as well as from one subject-matter to another, since this ability is frequently __12__ of him in such work. Bearing in __13__ the nature of the translator's work, i.e. the processing of the written word, it is, strictly speaking, __14__ that he should be able to speak the languages he is __15__ with.
If he does speak them, it is an __16__ rather than a hindrance, but this skill is in many ways a luxury that he can do away with. It is, __17__, desirable that he should have an __18__ idea about the pronunciation of his source languages, even if this is restricted to knowing how proper names and place names are pronounced. The same __19__ to an ability to write his source languages. If he can, well and good; if he cannot, it does not __20__.

 

 

______1.[A]application               [B]use                          [C]utility                         [D]usage

______2.[A]equipment               [B]language                [C]performance           [D]facility

______3.[A]wise                         [B]unique                     [C]desirable                 [D]effective

______4.[A]input                         [B]grasp                       [C]seek                          [D]expand

______5.[A]on                             [B]in                               [C]for                             [D]by

______6.[A]learn                        [B]imitate                      [C]conduct                    [D]consult

______7.[A]profession              [B]intelligence              [C]knowledge              [D]style

______8.[A]steadily                   [B]accurately                 [C]regularly                  [D]reasonably

______9.[A]familiarity                [B]acquaintance           [C]knowledge              [D]skill

______10.[A]change                 [B]transform                  [C]turn                           [D]switch

______11.[A]another                 [B]other                          [C]one                           [D]all

______12.[A]lacked                   [B]required                   [C]faced                          [D]confronted

______13.[A]brain                      [B]thought                     [C]mind                          [D]memory

______14.[A]essential              [B]unnecessary           [C]advantageous          [D]useless

______15.[A]doing                     [B]dealing                     [C]deciding                    [D]working

______16.[A]idea                       [B]advice                       [C]advantage                 [D]accordance

______17.[A]however                [B]accordingly              [C]consequently            [D]thus

______18.[A]adjacent               [B]ambiguous              [C]artificial                       [D]approximate

______19.[A]refers                    [B]comes                       [C]applies                      [D]amounts

______20.[A]matter                   [B]mind                          [C]harm                           [D]work

 

 

 

语填空31. on        32. his         33. worried       34.  whose             35.   Instead

36. fiercer     37.  because  38. carrying    39.  suggestion           40. As

 

答案:1-5 DACBA     6-10 DCBBD      11-15 ABCBB     16-20 CADCA

 

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