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英语练功房

Challenge both your English & minds

 
 
 

日志

 
 

0218  

2013-02-18 09:05:52|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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0218 - e-pie - 英语练功房

 

                                Hongbao places financial burden on New Year celebrations

 

Pu, 27, who works in Beijing earning a ________[month]  income of 4,500 yuan ($720), has drained his savings by returning to his home in Penglai, a county in Shandong province, for Chinese Lunar New Year.

"Instead of racking my brain for gift ideas, I choose_______[give] money. It's much_______ [easy]," said Pu, who refused to give his full name.

At Spring Festival, it is a tradition for families and friends to get together and give younger generations cash _______[seal] in a red envelope, known as hongbao.

However, this custom, _______ is supposed to add happiness and festive flavor_______  the holiday, has placed a heavy burden _______ Pu and his peers.

Pu's family members all reside in rural areas. _______ the only college diploma holder and only person who works in a big city, he is the pride of his family and is assumed to be richer than many of his family members.

"I gave my parents 4,000 yuan _______ total and my cousin's kids 600 yuan each," said Pu. "A few years ago 200 yuan would suffice, _______ now giving 200 yuan is kind of losing face and my relatives would think I am mean."

Pu attributed the rise _______ hongbao _______high inflation. "Two hundred yuan cannot buy nice clothes," he said. "Everything is rising _______ my salary."

Unhappiness in the happy season is also rising. _______[spent]  the whole year working at an accounting firm in Shanghai earning 6,000 yuan a month, Sun Xiaofei gave away almost half of her annual income during Spring Festival.

 

 

Check the answers:

 

 

Brrriiinnng. The alarm clock announces the start of another busy weekday in the morning. You jump out of bed, rush into the shower, into your clothes and out the door with hardly a moment to think. A stressful journey to work gets your blood pressure climbing. Once at the office, you glance through the newspaper with depressing stories or reports of disasters. In that sort of mood, who can get down to work, particularly some creative, original problem-solving work?

The way most of us spend our mornings is exactly opposite to the conditions that/which promote flexible, open-minded thinking. Imaginative ideas are most likely to come to us when we’re unfocused. If you are one of those energetic morning people, your most inventive time comes in the early evening when you are relaxed. Sleepy people’s lack of focus leads to an increase in creative problem solving. By not giving yourself time to tune into your wandering mind, you’re missing out on the surprising solutions it may offer.

The trip you take to work doesn’t help, either. The stress slows down the speed with which signals travel between neurons (神经细胞), making inspirations less likely to occur. And while we all should read a lot about what’s going on in the world, it would not make you feel good for sure, so put that news website or newspaper aside until after the day’s work is done.

So what would our mornings look like if we wanted to start them with a full capacity for creative problem solving? We’d set the alarm a few minutes early and lie awake in bed, following our thoughts where they lead. We’d stand a little longer under the warm water of the shower, stopping thinking about tasks in favor of a few more minutes of relaxation. We’d take some deep breaths on our way to work, instead of complaining about heavy traffic. And once in the office—after we get a cup of coffee—we’d click on links not to the news of the day but to the funniest videos the web has to offer. 

 

67. According to the author, we are more creative when we are _______.

A. focused

B. relaxed

C. awake

D. busy

 

68. What does the author imply about newspapers?

A. They are solution providers.

B. They are a source of inspiration.

C. They are normally full of bad news.

D. They are more educational than websites.

69. By “tune into your wandering mind” (in Para. 2), the author means “_______”.

A. wander into the wild

   B. listen to a beautiful tune

   C. switch to the traffic channel

   D. stop concentrating on anything

70. The author writes the last paragraph in order to _______.

   A. offer practical suggestions

B. summarize past experiences

   C. advocate diverse ways of life

D. establish a routine for the future

 

 

Everybody dances. If you have 1 swerved to avoid stepping on a crack in the sidewalk, you have danced. If you have ever kneeled to pray, you have danced. For these actions have figured importantly 2 the history of dance. Dance goes 3 to the beginning of civilization----- 4 the tribe.----where native danced to get 5 they wanted. Primitive dance was 6 all practical, not the social dancing we know today. Natives approached dance with 7 seriousness as a way to help the tribe in the crucial process 8 survival. Dance was believed to be the 9 direct way to repel locusts, to 10 rain to fall, to insure that a male heir would be born, and 11 guarantee victory in a forthcoming battles.

  Primitive 12 was generally done by many people moving in the same manner and direction. 13 all dances had leaders, solo dances 14 rare. Much use was made of 15 part of the body. And so 16 were these tribe dances that , if a native 17 miss a single step, he would be put to death 18 the spot.

Fortunately, the same rigid 19 that governed the lives of these people do not apply in the 20 relaxed settings of today’s dance.

 

1.  A) ever     B) before     C) never     D) after

  2.  A) about     B) in         C) for        D)around

  3.  A)forward    B)back          C)up        D)down

  4.  A)at        B)for           C)of        D)to

  5.  A)when      B)why           C)which      D)what

  6.  A)about      B)above          C)under      D)over

  7.  A)little     B) less          C)great      D)lease

  8.  A)to         B)over            C)of         D)at

  9.  A)most        B)first          C)least      D)last

  10.  A)cause       B)happen           C)try      D)make

  11.  A)for         B)of               C)to        D)at

  12.  A)food        B)dance             C)spells       D)harvest

   13.  A)Since      B)Despite          C)Thus         D)Although

  14.  A)are        B)was             C) were          D)is

  15.  A)only       B)every            C)then          D)some

  16.  A)comic      B)boring           C)solemn         D)tiring

  17.  A)would       B)should          C)might       D)could

  18.  A)in          B)at             C)on           D)around

  19.  A)sticks       B)messages      C)reviews       D) rules

  20.  A)less          B)more         C)least         D)most

 

 

0218 - e-pie - 英语练功房

 

I hear many parents complaining that their teen-age children are rebelling, I wish it were so. At your age you ought to be growing away from your parents. You should be learning to stand on your own two feet.

But take a good look at the present rebellion. It seems that teenagers are all taking the same way of showing that they disagree with their parents.86Instead of striking out boldly on their own, most of them are clutching atattempting to seize one anothers hands for reassurance.

    They claim they want to dress as they please. But they all wear the same clothes. They set off in new directions in music. But somehow they all end up crowded round listening to the same record. Their reason for thinking or acting in thus-and-such a way is that the crowd is doing it. They have come out of their cocoon(蚕茧)--- into a larger cocoon.

     It has become harder and harder for a teen-ager to stand up against the popularity wave and to go his or her own way. Industry firmly carved out a teen-age market. These days every teen-ager can learn from the advertisements what a teen-ager should have and be. And many of today’s parents have come to award high marks for the popularity of their children. All this adds up to a great barrier for the teen-ager who wants to find his or her own path.

     But the barrier is worth climbing over. The path is worth following. You may want to listen to classical music instead of going to a party. You may want to collect rocks when everyone else is collecting records. You may have some thoughts that you don't care to share at once with your classmates. Well, go to it. Find yourself. Be yourself. Popularity will come-with the people who respect you for who you are. That's the only kind of popularity that really counts.

16. The authors purpose writing this passage is to tell ____.

A) readers how to be popular in with around

B) teen-agers how to learn to decide things for themselves

C) parents how to control and guide their children

D) people how to understand and respect each other

17. According to the author, many teen-agers think they are brave enough to act on their own, but, in fact, most of them ____.

A) have much difficulty understanding each other

B) lack confidence

C) dare not cope with problems single-handed

D) are very much afraid of getting lost

18. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?

A) There is no popularity that really counts.

B) What many parents are doing is in fact hindering their children from finding their own paths.

C) It is not necessarily bad for a teen-ager to disagree with his or her classmates.

D) Most teen-agers claim that they want to do what they like to, but they are actually doing the same.

19. The author thinks of advertisements as ____.

A) convincing         B) influential        C) instructive        D) authoritative

20. During the teen-age years, one should learn to ____.

A) differ from others in as many ways as possible

B) get into the right season and become popular

C) find one's real self

D) rebel against parents and the popularity waves

 

0218 - e-pie - 英语练功房

 

 

I had a friend who visited me from out of town and I wanted to show him the CN Tower. It was one of the tallest structures on the earth. So I thought it would offer a(n)   36   sight.

We were standing in line for 45minutes to enjoy the    37    up to the watch point. When we got there, we went around the   38     of the tower and saw the hard wire fence  39      to the structure serving as a barrier. We went back inside to look for the glass floor that provided a direct view   40     . As soon as both of us  41     , we stopped before walking onto it. We found that our legs began to   42   . I stopped for a minute considering the step, taking several seconds to   43     the edge before moving.

And then I had a thought in my mind:“It is far   44     compared to any other floor in this building. There is no real danger to me it’s    45    an illusion. Look at all the people standing on it, and think about those who have stood on it before.I began to  46     that step onto the glass floor. I didn’t look down   47     not for a few minutes.

I walked on the    48    and looked around and thought about how   49    the experience was. I even found myself jumping up and down. There was no  50    , and it was certainly an illusion.

I considered how many things in our lives we  51     and exactly how many of them are actually illusions. I thought about all the things we   52     ourselves from doing because we have   53    ourselves into thinking there’s risk. I thought about all the things that I still have yet to do that appeared  54    . I was glad to discover that although fear isn’t a stranger to me, my desire to live a life without    55    has a much stronger pull.

 

36Aexpressive      Bimpressive      Cfrightening     Dbeneficial

37Abus              Bladder      Ccar                 Delevator

38Aoutside        Btop      Ccenter            Dsurface

39Aconnected      Bsurrounded    Creferred      Dcombined

40Aaround        Bup      Cdown             Dout

41Aunderstood      Bapproached   Ctalked      Dreturned

42Awave           Bmove      Ctremble          Dwander

43Alook over    Bthink over      Clook up         Dthink up

44Atighter         Btaller      Cweaker          Dstronger

45Ahappily       Bsimply      Cgreatly           Drelatively

46Atake             Bchoose      Cdecide           Dpick

47Aat most       Bat least      Cat last           Dat best

48Afence           Bfloor      Cedge               Dtower

49Agrateful       Buseful      Cwonderful      Dhelpful

50Adeath           Bwarn      Ctrouble          Ddanger  

51Ahandle         Bignore      Cfear                Dhide

52Ablock          Bprotect      Chelp               Dseparate

53Aforced         Badvised      Centered          Dled

54Aamazing      Bworrying      Cexciting      Dinteresting

55Acost            Bdoubt      Cregret             Dwaste

 

 

 

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 BCABC

我听到很多家长抱怨说他们十几岁的孩子特犟。我倒希望你们犟。到你们这个年龄,你们应该离开父母的呵护而成长。你们应该学会独立。但是好好看看现在的犟。似乎十几岁的孩子还是在走老路,要表现出他们与父母的意见相左。他们中大多数人不是勇敢地闯自己的路,而是为了放心而相互紧牵着手。

他们声称想随心所欲的穿衣服。但他们穿的却都相同。他们开始钟情新的音乐,但不知怎么最后还是挤作一团听同一唱片。他们如此这般地思考问题和采取行动,其出发点就是大伙这么做。他们从自己小的封闭空间里走了出来,可是又走进了大一点的空间把自己封闭起来。

十几岁的人要抵住大众化浪潮而走自己的路是越来越难了。工业已经为十几岁的人牢牢地开辟了一个市场。现如今,每个十几岁的人都能从广告中了解到一个十几岁的人应该拥有什么,应该是什么样的人。而且现在很多做父母的开始对孩子的从众行为赞赏有加。这些对想走自己的路的十几岁的人来说形成了巨大的障碍。

但这个障碍值得去跨越,自己想走的路值得去走。你也许想听古典音乐而不想去参加聚会;其他人都在收集唱片时,你可能想收集石头;或许你有一些想法不介意马上与你的同学共享。那么好,去做吧。找到自我,成就自我。你会受到人们的尊敬,人们尊敬你就因为你与众不同。这是惟一真正重要的流行做法。

 

 BCABC

 

16           在这篇短文里,作者想要告诉               

A.读者如何受周围的人的欢迎B.青少年如何学会决定自己的事情

C.父母如何控制和引导他们的孩子D.人们如何相互理解和尊重

答案:B  文章几处出现了“stand on your own two feet, to go his or her own way, to find his or her own path.

17  作者看来,许多少年认为自己很勇敢,可以独立行动,而事实上,他们大多数人          

A.相互理解有许多困难 B.太年轻做不到 C.不敢单个解决问题

D.非常害怕迷失自己 答案:C  见第一段最后一句。

18.下列哪一句文中没有表述?

A.流行的东西没有真正的价值

B.事实上,许多父母所做的事阻拦他们的孩子寻求自己的道路

C.对少年而言,与他(她)的同学不一致,不一定是坏事

D.大多数少年声称他们要做自己喜欢的事,实际上,他们做的是相同的事

答案:A  与文章最后两句矛盾

答案B见第三段最后两句;答案C见最后一段第二、三句;答案D见第二段前两句。排除BCD

19.作者如何看待广告?

A.令人信服的B.有益的C.有影响的D.权威的

答案:B  见第三段第三句。

20.在十几岁的时候,一个人应该学会           

A.尽可能在许多方面与人不同B.适应时尚成为受欢迎的人

C.找到真我D.背叛父母和流行潮

答案:C  最后一段“Find yourself . Be yourself..people who respect you for who you are.

完形填空

36 – 40 BDA AC   41 – 45 BCADB   46 – 50 ABBCD   51-55 CADBC

 

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