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英语练功房

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0115  

2013-01-15 09:27:25|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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On Excessive Packaging

  Nowadays the phenomena of excessive packaging of goods are prevailing in our society: clothes swathed in tissue paper, placed in cardboard box and finally wrapped in well-designed plastic bags, imported bottles of grape wine packed in wooden boxes, fruits put in hand-woven baskets, to name but a few.

  There are several causes of excessive packaging. The first reason is that a large number of companies believe that they can attract customers attention and stimulate their purchasing desire by over-packaging their goods, thus gaining more profits. On the other hand, quite a number of consumers mistakenly hold that the more delicate the package is, the better the quality will be, thus encouraging excessive packaging.

  In my point of view, excessive packaging has disastrous consequences, including the loss of precious resources, excessive consumption of water and energy, and unnecessary extraction of scarce land for landfill.

To solve the problem, its necessary to take the following measures. First, laws and regulations must be made to restrict excessive packaging of companies. In addition, we need to raise consumers awareness that excessive packaging doesnt equal to high quality and advocate packaging recycling.

 

 

 

 

Several recent studies have found that being randomly (随机地) assigned to a roommate of another race can lead to increased tolerance but also to a greater likelihood (可能性) of conflict.

    Recent reports found that lodging with a student of a different race may decrease prejudice and compel students to engage in more ethnically diverse friendships.

    An Ohio State University study also found that black students living with a white roommate saw higher academic success throughout their college careers. Researchers believe this may be caused by social pressure.

    In a New York Times article, Sam Roakye-the only black student on his freshman year floor-said that "if you're surrounded by whites, you have something to prove."

    Researchers also observed problems resulting from pairing interracial students in residences.

    According to two recent studies, randomly assigned roommates of different race are more likely to experience conflicts so strained that one roommate will move out.

    An Indiana University study found that interracial roommates were three times as likely as two white roommates to no longer live together by the end of the semester.

 

Grace Kao, a professor at Penn said she was not surprised by the findings. "This may be the first time that some of these students have interacted, and lived, with someone of a different race," she said.

    At Penn, students are not asked to indicate race when applying for housing.

    "One of the great things about freshman housing is that, with some exceptions, the process throws you together randomly," said Undergraduate Assembly chairman Alec Webley. "This is the definition of integration."

    "I've experienced roommate conflicts between interracial students that have both broken down stereotypes and reinforced stereotypes," said one Penn resident advisor (RA). The RA of two years added that while some conflicts "provided more multicultural acceptance and melding (融合)," there were also "jarring cultural confrontations."

    The RA said that these conflicts have also occurred among roommates of the same race.

    Kao said she cautions against forming any generalizations based on any one of the studies, noting that more background characteristics of the students need to be studies and explained.

57. What can we learn from some recent studies?

 A) Conflicts between studies of different races are unavoidable.

 B) Students of different races are prejudiced against each other.

 C) Interracial lodging does more harm than good.

 D) Interracial lodging may have diverse outcomes.

58. What does Sam Boakye's remark mean?

 A) White students tend to look down upon their black peers.

 B) Black students can compete with their white peers academically.

 C) Black students feel somewhat embarrassed among white peers during the freshman year.

 D) Being surrounded by white peers motivates a black student to work harder to succeed.

59. What does the Indians Univerisity study show?

 A) Interracial roommates are more likely to fall out.

 B) Few white students like sharing a room with a black peer.

 C) Roommates of different races just don't get along.

 D) Assigning students' lodging randomly is not a good policy.

60. What does Alec Webley consider to be the "definition of integration"?

 A) Students of different races are required to share room.

 B) Interracial lodging is arranged by the school for freshmen.

 C) Lodging is assigned to students of different races without exception.

 D) The school randomly assigns roommates without regard to race.

61. What does Grace Kao say about interracial lodging?

 A) It is unscientific to make generalizations about it without further study.

 B) Schools should be cautious when making decisions about student lodging.

 C) Students' racial background should be considered before lodging is assigned.

 D) Experienced resident advisors should be assigned to handle the problems.


 

 

 

 

 

Recently, I experienced a wonderful lesson that little things still mean a lot. I live on the Big Island of Hawaii. About a month ago, when I started my car and I  1  down at the roadside, a piece of paper caught my eye. I picked it up and  2  it carefully.

The form turned out to be a  3  from the State Motor Vehicle Division, documenting the owners’  4  of their vehicle’s registration fees. Quickly, I put myself in their  5  and figuredno one would throw this out,  6  if it was current.

Although the form had been blown here, where in the busy, 7  parking lot would I find the owner? So I checked the date and noted the name of the  8  , who must be in our town. I thought that the best and easiest step to  9  was to put the form in an envelope addressed to the couple and  10  it by post. So I did it.

On the weekend, a  11  couple called at my house and brought me a big  12 . They said they had panicked and searched for the receipt(收据)   13  everywhere before giving up. Without it they would  14  $8, 000. It felt great to know I’d helped someone  15  a major trouble by doing something which at first glance seemed minor.

 

1. A. glanced              B. went                    C. broke                  D. set

2. A. read                    B. cleaned            C. touched           D. saw

3. A. report                  B. decision            C. message          D. receipt

4. A. development              B. payment              C. permission           D. plan

5. A. clothes              B. hat                     C. shoes                   D. shirt

6. A. especially              B. occasionally         C. usually                 D. generally

7. A. lonely               B. narrow             C. empty             D. crowded

8. A. guest                  B. owner                    C. partner            D. host

9. A. have                      B. get                 C. take                 D. bring

10. A. sell                 B. mail                    C. carry             D. fly

11. A. worried                  B. disappointed         C. lucky              D. happy

12. A. surprise            B. form                  C. gift                 D. joy

13. A. quickly             B. slowly                   C. curiously              D. madly

14. A. drop               B. earn                     C. lose                    D. get

15. A. avoid                 B. meet                 C. overcome             D. defeat

 

 

 

Passage One
57. D. Interracial lodging may have diverse outcomes.
58. D. Being surrounded by white peers motivates a black student to work harder to succeed.
59. A. Interracial roommates are more likely to fall out.
60. D. The school randomly assigns roommates without regard to race.
61. A. It is unscientific to make generalizations about it without further study.

 

完型 1-5 AADBC 6-10 ADBCB 11-15 DCDCA 

 

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