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Challenge both your English & minds





2012-10-29 09:26:44|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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WHAT is the most valuable title for Miami Heat guard Dwyane Wade – being named seven-time NBA All-Star or an Olympic gold medalist?
_______  of the above. Being “a good father” is the most important thing to the 30-year-old, according to Wade’s new book, A Father First: How My Life Became Bigger Than Basketball.
The book was released last month, and is now among the New York Times best sellers list. _______ talks about Wade’s life in and out of basketball and his relationship with his two sons, Zaire, 10, and Zion, 5.
Wade says he was determined to be a good father because of his experience growing up with _______[divorce]  parents on the South Side, Chicago’s poor neighborhoods.
For Wade, breaking the cycle of “babies having babies” –_______ that he says ran in his family and his African-American community – was at first a priority (
需优先考虑的事) and then _______ challenge. He wanted to be the best full-time dad he could be.
As an NBA exception without a tattoo (
纹身), Wade says he wishes to be his kids’ role model and _______ fatherhood helps him mature.
“Living in Miami, and playing in the NBA, everything moves quickly, and my kids slow things down. _______[Become]  a dad matured me. I was already a mature kid, but it has made me grow up a little _______[fast]  so I am ready for the responsibilities of being a father.” he told The USA Today.
They are _______[determine]  to find out the cause of the accident.

MEMBERS of the United Nations have met in New York every year _______ the past 60 years to discuss global issues. This year, their meeting is more _______[press]  than ever.
Delegates (
代表) have turned their attention towards the ongoing crisis in Syria, _______[die]  nuclear weapons, regional (区域的) conflicts and_______  wide range of other challenges.
UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon condemned (
谴责) the crisis in Syria, which has turned into a civil war. The situation grows worse by the day, he said, and is no longer limited_______  that country.
“This is a serious threat (
威胁) _______ international peace and security, which requires Security Council action,” he said.
The war _______ the government and the activists has lasted for 18 months, _______[leave]  nearly 30,000 _______[die] , according to activists.
US President Barack Obama took aim at Iran’s nuclear program from the UN podium (
讲台). He indicated the United States would do what it must _______[stop] Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon.
“Make no mistake,” Obama said. “A nuclear-armed Iran is not a challenge that can be contained.”
Iran says its nuclear program is _______ peaceful purposes and to fill energy shortages, but Western leaders believe Tehran is an armed nuclear power.
Japan’s moves over China’s Diaoyu Islands has aroused strong anger among the 1.3 billion Chinese people. Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi met his Japanese counterpart (
相对的人物), Koichiro Gemba at the debate on Sept 25. He reiterated (重申) China’s position on the islands, which have been Chinese territory _______ ancient times.
“The Chinese side will _______ no means tolerate any unilateral (
单边的) actions by the Japanese side on the Diaoyu Islands. China will continue to take firm measures to safeguard its territorial integrity (完整),” he said.
…..The general debate is part of the General Assembly. _______ the debate, the countries explain their positions on various issues. It is usually held in the second week after the General Assembly opens.





WHEN you enter the last year of high school, do you feel afraid of the national entrance exams you need to take to get into college? How do you deal with the pressure? Why not shoot a micro-movie to help you cope (应对)? That’s ______ my class did last month.
We ______[divide] into groups. Each produced a micro-movie based around one of these themes: dreams, persistence (
毅力), and confidence.
We wanted to use the movies to cheer us ______. Senior 3 year is difficult, but as long as we are persistent and confident, we’re sure to achieve our dreams.
Zheng Yalun (leader of the Confidence team): Our story was about how a fat boy was encouraged to finish 1,000-meter running. The story was simple, but the shooting was difficult. To make the film more convincing, we chose to shoot ______ the sun, which made us have a shower of sweat. Though the job was really tough, all of us enjoyed the fun of getting together to achieve one goal.
Chen Jingwei (leader of the Dreams team): We created a story about an ordinary girl who wanted to be a TV host. She didn’t achieve that dream, but it encouraged her to work hard and brought her ______ worthwhile life.
We want to show that a dream is not a place you must arrive at. For most people, our dreams push us to move ______ and never give up.
Li Yuchen (cameraman): I was responsible for shooting the movie Persistence. The story was actually a mini Olympic Games. We acted ______ Olympic athletes.

Zhu Chen (actor): I acted as Sun Yang in the Persistence team. ______[Give]  that we couldn’t create a real swimming pool, we put a blue sheet on the desk and other students shook the sheet as waves! Another student played well-known South Korean swimmer Park Tae-hwan (朴泰桓).
Two boys wore just vests and shorts, standing in the spotlight in front of many girls. Needless to say it was a funny filming experience.

Gates is also considered one of the world’s ______[generous]  people, as he has donated $28 billion so far to various charitable (慈善的) programs, including funding (资助) researches for vaccines (疫苗) for AIDS, malaria and other______[dead]  diseases. His latest project is to build better toilets for people ______ water or sewage (下水道) systems.
Investment legend Warren Buffett is the second ______[rich] American, with $46 billion. According to Forbes, Buffett’s charitable contribution is worth $17.25 billion.


SEPTEMBER 22 is World Car Free Day. This year, 151 cities in China joined in the campaign to promote an eco-friendly way of living – according to one of the event’s main promoters, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development.
The day encourages people to use their cars______[little] . Guangzhou allowed only 10 percent of vehicles, owned by government departments, to ______[use]. In addition, private cars not ______[involve]  in emergencies were not allowed to go to parts of the downtown area between 7 am and 7 pm.
Other cities encouraged people to take public transportation. In Zhanjiang, Guangdong province, for example, all the buses were free for the whole day.
Tang Kai, chief planner from the ministry, said that the campaign is “a necessary step to
make people use public transportation and protect the environment”.
He said that carbon dioxide emissions (
排放) can be reduced by 140,000 tons if all the vehicles in China would stop ______[run] for one day.



US First Lady Michelle Obama gave a speech at an event on Sept 4. The event was an important _____ leading up to this year’s US national election. Here are two excerpts.
Part 1
Barack knows the American Dream because he’s
lived it... and he wants everyone in this country to have that same opportunity, no matter who we are, or where we’re from, or what we look like, or who we love.
And he believes that when you’ve worked hard, and done well, and walked _____ that doorway of opportunity, you do not slam (
砰地关上) it shut behind you. You reach back, and you give other folks the same chances that helped you succeed.
When people ask me whether being in the White House has changed my husband, I can honestly say that when it comes to his character, and his convictions (
信念), and his heart, Barack Obama is still the same man I fell in love _____ all those years ago.
He’s the same man who started his career by turning down high-paying jobs and instead working in struggling neighborhoods _____ a steel plant had shut down, fighting to rebuild those communities and get folks back to work... Because for Barack, success isn’t about how much money you make, it’s about the difference you make in people’s lives.
He’s the same man who, when our girls were first born, would anxiously check their cribs (
婴儿床) every few minutes to ensure they were still breathing, proudly showing them _____ to everyone we knew.
That’s the man who sits down with me and our girls for dinner nearly every night, _____[patience] answering their questions about issues in the news, and strategizing (
出谋划策) about middle school friendships.
That’s the man I see in those quiet moments late at night, hunched (
弯腰驼背) over his desk, poring (仔细阅读) over the letters people have sent him.
Part 2
…but today, I love my husband even more than I
did four years ago, even more than I did 23 years ago, when we first met.
I love that he’s never forgotten _____ he started.
I love that we can trust Barack to do what he says he’s going to do, even when it’s hard – especially when it’s hard.
I love that for Barack, there is no such thing as “us” and “them”. He doesn’t care _____ you’re a Democrat (
民主党), a Republican (共和党), or none of the above...
And I love that even in the toughest moments, when we’re all sweating it – when we’re worried that the bill won’t pass, and it seems like all is lost – Barack never lets himself
get distracted (分心) by the chatter (喋喋不休) and the noise.



FOR most people, spending a week with the Amish would be like taking a trip back in time. The Amish are a religious Christian community who follows a strict 17th century way of life. Sound peculiar (奇怪的)? It might seem that way, but it’s actually an _____[impress] display of discipline (准则) and dedication (精诚). The community began in Switzerland, but moved to the US _____ they can be found today.
The Amish choose to separate themselves _____ the rest of the world and believe that community is the most important thing. So they reject many modern day technologies that bring too much independence. They do not have electricity or telephones in their houses, _____ do they use cars. Instead, their main method of transportation is horse and buggy (
轻便马车). Because they are a disconnected community, they refuse to vote or undergo military (军队的) service, but some participate in a local or state election if it affects them.
The Amish are still thriving (
繁荣的), but as time has passed more pressures from the outside world have threatened the community. Lack of farmland, taxation and education are just some of the difficult issues. However, it’s really impressive to see the enduring (持久的) spirit of this established way of life, _____ the temptations (诱惑) of the modern world.


THEY say that “seeing is believing”, but when it comes to TV commercials (电视广告), this is not always the case.
The world’s leading mobile phone maker, Nokia, unveiled its latest model Lumia 920 on Sept 5.
The smartphone was supposed to possess an _____[advance]  camera, which let customers shoot better pictures at night and record stabilized (
平稳的) videos.
To show how well these features work, the Finnish company released an ad
showing a man and a woman riding bicycles side by side, _____ the man taking a video of the woman on the phone.
However, several hours later, technology website The Verge uncovered that the video was neither shot with the new product, _____ shot from someone riding a bicycle. Instead, someone in a van (
面包车) next _____ the woman took the video using a professional video camera.
The next day Nokia apologized: “In an effort to demonstrate (
展示) the benefits of optical (视觉的) image stabilization, we produced a video that simulates _____ we will be able to deliver.”
Indeed, what we have seen in ads is more or less a simulation – a practice called “advertising photography”.
McDonald’s video in June explained the “art”. It showed how its burgers get dolled up (
装扮) before going on camera. Like models preparing for a magazine cover shoot, burgers also get styling (造型) in a photography studio.
They are prepared for hours and put together with absolute precision (
精确) _____ they look their best before photo shoots.
Each ingredient, such as onions and sauce, is carefully put into place to make the burger look much juicier, bigger and tastier. Computer software Photoshop is also used to add optical effects.
So don’t feel too surprised _____ you get a burger that never looks like what you see in ads.


























 to stop








were divided







most generous





be used






























work on ,work at.

work at , work on 表示从事于某事情,但work at为一般用语,其深度不如work on.

例如:work at math 学习数学;work on math 致力于数研究;work on some wood cuts 创作一些木刻

1. Mr Zhao, an English teacher, sat up far into the night, ________ a paper on how to teach beginners of English.

A. and worked at         B. and worked on     C. working at        D. working on

解:答案:D. work at为一般用语,其深度不如work on, work at a problemwork on a problem意思不大一样,前者可作学习中的“计算一道题”解,后者可引伸到生活和工作中的“研究或解决一个问题”. work out意为“计算出”.


In IN 1348 the plague or “The Black Deatharrived in Europe from traders coming from Asia and was spread by rats that arrived on trader’s ships. 1348年,一场瘟疫或者通过亚洲商人来到欧洲那些商人商船里的老鼠传播开来

·                                 This, generally accepted and established opinion, was spread out by media and coaching, through the books and magazines, and taught at different presentations, clinics and camps.



·                                 Ohno’s fame was spread to some extent by the telling of his story in books and articles translated into English.


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