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英语练功房

Challenge both your English & minds

 
 
 

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2012-10-26 07:46:31|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Anna Douglas was 72 years old when she started writing her newspaper column. She had been a school teacher before she retired(退休),but she needed to keep  36   . She was even willing to work without pay. She then offered her  37  with a business that helped other businesses find jobs for old people. Every day she  38   other old folks like her. By talking with themshe  39   two things. Old people had abilities that were not  40   .  But old people also had some   41   . She found a new purpose for herself then. 

Through the yearsshe   42   to write stories about people for national magazines. There was now a new  43    Old people like herself. She began to write a newspaper column called“Sixty Plus” which was about   44   old . She writes about the problems of old peopleespecially their problems with being  45   . 

Anna Douglas uses her   46   ability to see the truth behind a problem. She understands  47   problems begin. For exampleone of her   48   said that his grandchildren  49   the houses as soon as he came to visit. Mrs Douglas  50   some ways for him to understand his grandchildren. 

“It's important to know  51   about your grandchildren's world”says Mrs Douglas. “That means questioning and listeningand   52   is not what old people do best. Say good things to them and about them”she continues. “Never try to   53   your grandchildren or other young people. Never   54   your opinion. Don't tell them what they should do.   55   they have been taught they should have respect for old people. The old should respect them as well. ”

 

36. A. free         B. rich         C. powerful         D. busy

37. A. service      B. money        C. students         D. books

38. A. observed     B. met          C. comforted        D. answered

39. A. recognized   B. followed     C. enjoyed          D. demanded

40. A. studied      B. agreed       C. gave             D. used

41. A. mistakes     B. problems     C. questions        D. characters

42. A. had          B. ought        C. was              D. used

43. A. subject      B. life         C. way              D. plan

44. A. getting      B. respecting   C. employing        D. supporting

45. A. unknown     B. refused      C. misunderstood    D. discouraged

46. A. thinking    B. working      C. writing          D. leading

47. A. that        B. when         C. why              D. whether

48. A. visitors    B. readers      C. listeners        D. friends

49. A. got         B. entered      C. left             D. passed

50. A. invented    B. chose        C. suggested        D. imagined

51. A. everything  B. something    C. anything         D. nothing

52. A. listening   B. speaking     C. pleasing         D. advising

53. A. praise      B. scold        C. trouble          D. encourage

54. A. speak out   B. give up      C. get back         D. stick to

55. A. Commonly    B. Surprisingly C. Happily          D. Naturally

 

 

Sometimes, we tried to do one thing, but met with another thing instead: something fortunate we never would have expectedThat   1   to the Myers family on a visit to Madison

The Myers family,   2   their nicest wedding attire (盛装), decided to take a family photo in front of the Wisconsin State Capitol buildingMr Myers put down his bag, found a nice sunny   3   in front of the building, told his wife and kids where to   4  , set his camera on a wall and pressed the timer buttonHe   5   to get into the pictureThree ...two ...one ...snap! A perfect shot! The surroundings matched them so well

Then MrMyers went to get his bag from where he’d left it, only to find the bag was goneInside were his cash, his credit cards, keys ...MrMyers ran around the building, but he didn’t see anyone with his bagMrMyers glanced at all the fellows around, hoping to  46   something on their facesThen a fellow in red caught his   7  The guy seemed to  8   MrMyers’ eyesWhat’s more, he looked a little   9 But how could MrMyers   10   that he was the thief?

Then a good   11   struck him at onceHe quickly   12   his camera and looked at his photo carefully again, zooming (调焦) in this time: Sure enough, there was the thief, caught in the act on the leftMrMyers shouted   13 , “He is the thief!” But as he   14  , the fellow in red was missingHe showed the photo to police officersAfter a few minutes, they found the thief and recovered the   15   bag

If they had moved a little to their left, the thief wouldn’t have been photographedIf the timer had been set just a second later, the camera might have only caught a blur of the fleeing manEverything had lined up so perfectly

 

1Ameant         Bhappened                              Cled                              Dpassed

2Adressed in   Bglanced at                              Cshowed off                                  Dcovered with

3Adistrict       Bhouse                              Cpark                              Dspot

4Astand          Brest                              Cstay                              Dlie

5Awaited         Brushed                              Cstopped                              Ddecided

6Atell              Brecognize                              Ctest                              Dread

7Amind           Barm                              Cattention                              Dbreath

8Aavoid          Bopen                              Cattract                              Dcast

9Asad             Bnervous                              Ccurious                              Dworried

10Adream       Bbelieve                              Cprove                              Dguess

11Aexplanation                              Bopinion                              Cexcuse                              Didea

12Aturned on  Bpaid for                              Cpassed by                               Dasked about

13Acalmly       Bexcitedly                              Ccoldly                              Dslowly

14Ajumped out                               Bwoke up                              Cwalked out                              Dlooked up

15Abeautiful    Bstolen                              Cexpensive                              Dbroken

 

 

 

 

 

At 3:42 a.m. everything began to shake. It seemed ___16___  the world was ____17___ an end! Eleven kilometers directly below the city the greatest earthquake of the 20th century began. It was heard in Beijing, ____18___ is one hundred kilometers away. One - third of the nation felt it. ___19___ huge crack that was  eight kilometers long and thirty meters wide  cut __20____ houses, roads and canals. Steam burst from ____21____ (hole) in the ground. Hard hills of rock became rivers of dirt. In fifteen terrible seconds a large city lay ___22___  ruins . Two-thirds of the people died or ____23___(injure) during the earthquake.  Thousands of families  were  killed  and many children were left ___24___ parents. The number of people ___ 25____ were killed or injured reached more than 400,000.

 

16.that  17. at 18.which  19.A   20. across 

21. holes  22.in 23. were injured  24. without 25. who

 

belowunder
  below(介词和副词)和under(介词)两者的含义都是lower than(低于),有时可以互换使用,但under可以表示contact(接触):
  She put the letter under the pillow
  她把信放在枕头下。
  The ice crackled under his feet
  冰在他的脚下劈啪作响。
  below通常表示在两个表面之间有一定的间隔:
  They live below us
  他们住我们楼下。(例如,我们住在第五层,他们住在四层。)

Many people seem to think that science fiction is typified by the Bug-eyed Monster,embodying every feature that most people find repulsive.This is unfortunate because it degrades a worthwhile literary endeavor. Instead, the basic interest of science fiction lies in the relation between man and his technology and between man and the universe. Science fiction is a literature of change and a literature of the future, and the aspects of human life that it considers make it well worth reading and studying for no other literary form does quite the same things. What is science fiction? To begin, the following definition should be helpful: science fiction is a literary subgenre which postulates(为前提) a change (for human beings) from conditions as we know them and follows the implications of these changes to a conclusion.
    The first point that science fiction is a literary sub genre-is a very important one, but one which is often overlooked or ignored in most discussions of science fiction. Specifically, science fiction is either a short story or a novel. There are only a few dramas which could be called science fiction, the body of poetry that might be labeled science fiction is only slightly larger. To say that science fiction is a subgenre of prose fiction is to say that it has all the basic characteristics and serves the same basic functions in much the same way as prose fiction in general, that is, it shares a great deal with all other novels .
     Everything that can be said about prose fiction, in general, applies to science fiction. Every piece of science fiction, whether short story or novel, must have a narrator, a story, a plot, the themes of science fiction are concerned with interpreting man’s nature and experience in relation to the world around him. Themes in science fiction are constructed and presented in exactly the same ways that themes are dealt with in any other kind of fiction. They are the result to a particular combination of a narrator, story, plot, character, setting, and language. In short, the reasons for reading and enjoying science fiction, and the ways of studying and analyzing it, are basically the same as they would be for any other story or novel.

1.From the first paragraph, we can infer that science fiction has been most popular in the 20th century because ____.
A) with the growth of literacy, the size of the reading public has increased

B) competition from television has created a demand for more exciting fiction

C) science fiction is easier to understand than other kinds of fiction

D) the increased importance of technology has given science fiction an increased relevance

2.According to the definition in the passage, a fictional work that places human beings in a prehistoric world inhabited by dinosaurs____.
A) cannot be called science fiction because it does not deal with the future

B) cannot be called science fiction because it doesn
t deal with technology
C) can be called science fiction because it deals with man
s relation to the world  
D) can be called science fiction because it places people in an environment different from the one we know

3. Science fiction is called a literary subgenre because____.
A) it is not important enough to be a literary genre

B) it cannot be made into a dramatic presentation

C) it shares characteristics with other types of prose fiction

D) it has its limits

4.One implication of the final sentence in the passage is that____.
A) the reader should turn next to commentaries on general fiction

B) there is no reason for any reader not to like science fiction

C) the reader should compare other novels and stories to science fiction

D) those who can appreciate prose fiction can appreciate science fiction

5.An appropriate title for this passage would be____.
A) Man and the Universe

B) Toward a Definition of Science Fiction

C) A Type of Prose Fiction

D) The Bug-Eyed Monster
 

 

 

 

As a physician who travels quite a lot, I spend a lot of time on planes listening for that dreaded “Is there a doctor on board?” announcement. I’ve been 71 only once   for a woman who had merely fainted. But the 72 made me quite curious about how 73 this kind of thing happens I wondered what I would do if 74 with a real midair medical emergency-without access 75 a hospital staff and the usual emergency equipment. So 76 the New England Journal of Medicine last week 77 a study about in flight medical events. I read it 78 interest.

The study estimated that there are a(n) 79 of 30 in-flight medical emergencies on U.S. flights every day. Most of them are not 80;fainting and dizziness are the most frequent complaints. 81 13% of themroughly four a dayare serious enough to 82 a pilot to change course. The most common of the serious emergencies 83 heart trouble. strokes, and difficulty breathing.

Let’s face it: plane rides are 84.For starters, cabin pressures at high altitudes are set at roughly 85 they would be if you lived at 5,000 to 8,000 feet above sea level. Most people can tolerate these pressures pretty 86 ,but passengers with heart disease 87 experience chest pains as result of the reduced amount of oxygen flowing through their blood. 88 common in-flight problem is deep venous thrombosis the so-called economy class syndrome (综合症).89 happens, dont panic. Things are getting better on the in-flight-emergency front. Thanks to more recent legislation, flights with at 90 one attendant are starting to install emergency medical kits to treat heart attacks.

71 A)called   C)Informed B)addressed   D)surveyed

72 A)Accident    C)incident B)condition    D)disaster

73  A)soon C)many B)long    D)often

74  A)confronted    C)identified B)treatedD)provided

75  A)for C)by  B)to  D)through

76 A)before    C)when B)since D)while

77 A)collected   C)discovered   B)conducted    D)published

78A)by    C)with    B)of    D)in

79    A)amount   C)sum   B)average    D)number

80    A)significant    C)common   B)heavyD)serious

81 A)For C)But    B)On  D)So

82 A)require C)engage    B)inspire  D)command

83  A)include  C)imply  B)confine  D)contain

84 A)enjoyable    C)tedious   B)stimulatingD)stressful

85 A)whoC)which   B)whatD)that

86 A)harshlyC)easily    B)reluctantly    D)casually

87 A)ought to C)used to B)may D)need

88  A)Any   C)Other    B)One    D)Another

89A)Whatever C)Whenever    C)Whichever D)Wherever

90A)mostC)least    B)worstD)best

 

 

答案与解析:

1.D
。本题为细节推理题。见第一段的第三句话,“Instead, the basic interest ...relation between man and his technology ... the universe.”科幻小说的根本兴趣在于人与科技、人与宇宙的关系。依此推理,科幻小说之所以在二十世纪(相对与之前)最受欢迎是由于科技在二十世纪愈显重要。所以D为正确答案。A由于文化水平的提高,读者的规模扩大;B电视的竞争要求更富有刺激性的小说;C科幻小说比其他形式的小说更容易读懂;文中都未提到,为错误答案。

2.D。本题为细节推理题。见第一段最后一句,“science fiction ...postulates a change (for human beings) from conditions as we know them and...”科幻小说的是以变化为前提的由此可推断出,将人类置于全新环境的小说可以成为科幻小说,所以D为正确答案。A不能称为科幻小说,因为它没有涉及到未来,B不能成为科幻小说,因为没有涉及到科技;从文中的定义可知科幻小说不一定要涉及到未来和科技; C可以被成为科幻小说,因为涉及到人类与世界之间的关系;所有的小说都涉及到这个主题,所以不正确。

3.C。本题为细节推理题。 见第二段最后一句,“To say that science fiction is a sub-genre...shares a great deal with all other novels and short stories.”科幻小说是文学的一种从属流派,因为它同其他小说一样,基本的特点和功能大致相同。由此可知,正确答案为CA科幻小说不够重要,显然不对;B科幻小说不能以戏剧的形式表演,D科幻小说有局限性,都与原文旨意不符,为错误答案。

4.D。本题为细节推理题。文章最后一句话“In short, the reasons ... any other story or novel”阅读和欣赏科幻小说的原因,以及学习和分析科幻小说的方式,基本上同其他类型的小说是相同的。由此可推断出能够欣赏小说的人同样能够欣赏科幻小说, 所以正确答案为DA读者应该求助于一般小说的评论;B)任何读者都没有理由不喜欢科幻小说;C读者应该将科幻小说同其他小说进行比较;都与原文不符,为错误答案。

5.B。本题为主旨概括题。文章主要讨论的是科幻小说的定义,所以B为正确答案。A人与宇宙; C小说的一种;D突眼怪物;与文章主旨不符,为错误答案。

 

答案与解析
71 A ) called 72 A) accident 73 D) often 74 A) confronted 75 B) to 76 C) when 77 D) published 78 C) with 79 B) average 80 D) serious 81 C) But 82 A ) require 83 A ) include 84 D) stressful 85 B ) what 86 C) easily 87 B) may 88 D) Another 89 A ) Whatever 90 C) least

 

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