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英语练功房

Challenge both your English & minds

 
 
 

日志

 
 

1024  

2012-10-24 07:53:40|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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 The rocket engine, with its steady roar like that of a waterfall or a thunderstorm, is an impressive symbol of the new space age.Rocket engines have 1 powerful enough to shoot astronauts 2 the earth's gravitational pull and 3 them on the moon.We have now become space 4.

  Impressive and complex 5 it may appear, the rocket, which was 6 in China over 800 years 7 , is a relatively simple device.Fuel that is 8 in the rocket engine changes 9 gas.The hot and rapidly 10 gas must escape, but it can do so only 11 an opening that 12 backward.As the gas is 13 with great force, it 14 the rocket in the 15 direction.Like the kick of a gun 16 it is fired, it 17 the laws of nature 18 by Sir Isaac Newton when he discovered that“ 19 every action, there is 20 equal and opposite reaction.”

 

1.A.shown    B.been C.appeared      D.proved

2.A.against    B.despite   C.beyond      D.from

3.A.send  B.land  C.take  D.carry

4.A.travelers  B.astronauts      C.researchers  D.explorers

5.A.that   B.so    C.as    D.sometimes

6.A.made B.discovered   C.developed      D.invented

7.A.in advance    B.before    C.earlier      D.ago

8.A.round     B.contained     C.stored      D.burned

9.A.as     B.into  C.for   D.the

10.A.heating  B.escaping C.expanding      D.conducting

11.A.in    B.at     C.by    D.through

12.A.turns     B.goes C.faces      D.directs

13.A.transmitted  B.dispersed      C.erected  D.radiated

14.A.attracts  B.leads      C.pulls      D.pushes

15.A.same     B.other      C.opposite      D.wrong

16.A.that B.when      C.if      D.although

17.A.states    B.proves   C.follows      D.breaks

18.A.described   B.discussed      C.considered  D.made

19.A.like  B.as     C.with D.for

20.A.no   B.an    C.another  D.the

 

 

 

 

In the debates about how a particular piece of land is to be used, the priorities often conflict. What should you do, for example, if you find out that under the fertile fields of a farming community there is a thick bed of coal which can be strip mined? Strip mining rips up top soil and vegetation. But mining may create jobs, bring money to the towns businesses. Those who approve of strip mining say that the coal is needed, and they point out that it is quicker and cheaper to get coal from the surface than to go deep into the earth to get it by standard mining techniques. On the other hand, it takes nature 500 years to create an inch of top soil. As the countryside fills up, people are becoming more becoming more aware of the need for open space. Nearly every proposal for a new power plant, highway, or airport draws fierce opposition. Everyone wants the big, land-eating “ uglies ” to be in someone else’s backyard. Minneapolis and St.Paul, Minnesota, for example, have been debating about the site of a future airport for years. Yet if a new airport is needed, it will have to go somewhere. 
     How do we find our way out of the land-used problem? One way might be to reexamine our values, to think in new directions. Does everyone have to have a car with its need for highways and parking lots? What about developing mass transit systems that use less land? Do suburbs have to sprawl? Can they be designed so they use less space? Do we have to have more energy? If we do, do we really have to strip-mine coal to provide it? 
     However difficult they may be to arrive at, choices will have to be made if we want to preserve the beauty and usefulness of the land. For there is at least one point on which all of us can agree: The land does have its limits.

1. The word “priorities” in the sentence means ____. 
A) the various needs 
B) the most important goal 
C) the number one necessity 
D) the first thing to be considered

2. “… , people are becoming more need for open space. ” tells us that ____. 
A) people are thinking to develop their living space into the sky 
B) people noticed the need for unoccupied land 
C) people are struggling to get more land from the space
 
D) people are becoming more active on the space issue

3. How do we find our way out of the land use problems? 
A) One way might be to reexamine our values, to think in new directions. 
B) Everyone has to have a car with its need for highways and parking lots. 
C) We have to have more energy. We need strip
mine coal to provide it. 
D) We may develop mass transit systems which use less land.

4. “ Everyone wants the big, land-eating ‘ uglies to be in someone else s backyard. ” shows that ____. 
A) people don t want more big projects 
B) people don t want to live in the neighborhood of the big projects 
C) people regard the large construction projects are “ uglies ” 
D) people don t like the undesirable building projects

5. The main idea of this article is ____. 
A) The Limits of Land 
B) Land 
C) Land and Our Life Styles 
D) Land and Space

 

 

Sometimes, we tried to do one thing, but met with another thing instead: something fortunate we never would have expectedThat   1   to the Myers family on a visit to Madison

The Myers family,   2   their nicest wedding attire (盛装), decided to take a family photo in front of the Wisconsin State Capitol buildingMr Myers put down his bag, found a nice sunny   3   in front of the building, told his wife and kids where to   4  , set his camera on a wall and pressed the timer buttonHe   5   to get into the pictureThree ...two ...one ...snap! A perfect shot! The surroundings matched them so well

Then MrMyers went to get his bag from where he’d left it, only to find the bag was goneInside were his cash, his credit cards, keys ...MrMyers ran around the building, but he didn’t see anyone with his bagMrMyers glanced at all the fellows around, hoping to  46   something on their facesThen a fellow in red caught his   7  The guy seemed to  8   MrMyers’ eyesWhat’s more, he looked a little   9 But how could MrMyers   10   that he was the thief?

Then a good   11   struck him at onceHe quickly   12   his camera and looked at his photo carefully again, zooming (调焦) in this time: Sure enough, there was the thief, caught in the act on the leftMrMyers shouted   13 , “He is the thief!” But as he   14  , the fellow in red was missingHe showed the photo to police officersAfter a few minutes, they found the thief and recovered the   15   bag

If they had moved a little to their left, the thief wouldn’t have been photographedIf the timer had been set just a second later, the camera might have only caught a blur of the fleeing manEverything had lined up so perfectly

 

1Ameant         Bhappened                              Cled                              Dpassed

2Adressed in   Bglanced at                              Cshowed off                                  Dcovered with

3Adistrict       Bhouse                              Cpark                              Dspot

4Astand          Brest                              Cstay                              Dlie

5Awaited         Brushed                              Cstopped                              Ddecided

6Atell              Brecognize                              Ctest                              Dread

7Amind           Barm                              Cattention                              Dbreath

8Aavoid          Bopen                              Cattract                              Dcast

9Asad             Bnervous                              Ccurious                              Dworried

10Adream       Bbelieve                              Cprove                              Dguess

11Aexplanation                              Bopinion                              Cexcuse                              Didea

12Aturned on  Bpaid for                              Cpassed by                               Dasked about

13Acalmly       Bexcitedly                              Ccoldly                              Dslowly

14Ajumped out                               Bwoke up                              Cwalked out                              Dlooked up

15Abeautiful    Bstolen                              Cexpensive                              Dbroken

 

 

 

 

 

 

语法填空 (10小题,每小题15分,满分15)

  At 3:42 a.m. everything began to shake. It seemed ___16___  the world was ____17___ an end! Eleven kilometers directly below the city the greatest earthquake of the 20th century began. It was heard in Beijing, ____18___ is one hundred kilometers away. One - third of the nation felt it. ___19___ huge crack that was  eight kilometers long and thirty meters wide  cut __20____ houses, roads and canals. Steam burst from ____21____ (hole) in the ground. Hard hills of rock became rivers of dirt. In fifteen terrible seconds a large city lay ___22___  ruins . Two-thirds of the people died or ____23___(injure) during the earthquake.  Thousands of families  were  killed  and many children were left ___24___ parents. The number of people ___ 25____ were killed or injured reached more than 400,000.

 

1.  The new colleague___to have worked in several big corporations before he joined our company.
A. confesses  B. declares  C claims D. confirms

2.  During the reading lesson, the teacher asked students to read a few___ from the novel.
A. pieces B. essays C fragments  D. extracts

3.  During the summer holiday season it is difficult to find a(n) ___ room in the hotels here.
A. empty B. vacant C.free D. deserted

4.  The old couple will never ___the loss of their son.
A. get over B. get away C get off D. get across

5.  Scientific research results can now be quickly___ to factory production.
A. used B. applied C tried D. practiced

6. Sometimes a bus ____ gets on the bus to check the tickets.
A. agent  B. officer C. conductor     D. inspector

7. He made a quick ____ from his illness.
A. relief   B. recovery  C. survival  D. relaxation

8.
____ the stress of examinations are over, we can all relax.
A. While B. Even though  C. Now that   D. For

9. My cousin Nancy is often in a poisonous mood; I suppose it’s because she is ____ child.
A. one B. a lone C. a single   D. an only

10. ____ the factors already referred to, people sometimes feel insecure because their motives are misunderstood by others.
A.But for B. Except for C. Apart from D. Except that

 

 

答案与解析:

 


1.D
 
此题考查根据上下文推测单词意思的能力。 
应是首先要考虑的事情,而不是 A “多种需要 B “最重要的目的,或 C “第一需要

 

2.B  
此题考查句意理解。应该注意到未被占用的土地的重要性,而不是向天空发展或向空间要地等。

 

3.A  
我们该如何解决土地利用的问题呢 ? 此题考查对文章倒数第二段的理解,见该段第二句话。 应是更新价值观念,换一种新的思维方式。 B C D 都不符合题意。

 

4.B  
每个人都希望别人的后园有大片的难看的东西表明……此题考查难句的意思。人们都不愿意与大型建筑物为邻。

 

5.A  
此题考查文章主旨。本文主要讲述的是土地的极限,而不是泛泛谈论土地、生活方式或空间等。

 

 

1—5 BADAB   6—10 DCABC   11—15 DABDB

 

 

16.that  17. at 18.which  19.A   20. across 

21. holes  22.in 23. were injured  24. without 25. who

 

 

1.C
那位新同事声称他在进入我们公司之前在好几家大公司工作过。本题为动词词义辨析题。confess意为承认declare意为宣布claim意为宣称,声称confirm意为确认,证实。根据句意,选项C为正确答案。2.D
在阅读课上,老师要求学生读小说的摘录。本题为名词词义辨析题。piece张,件essays论文fragments碎片,片断extracts摘录,选录。根据句意,选项D为正确答案。

3.B
在暑假期间,旅馆里面是很难找到一间空房子的。本题为形容词词义辨析题。empty空的,强调房间里无物体;vacant意为空着的,无人住的free免费的;空闲的deserted荒废的,(因被弃)无人住的。根据句意,选项B为正确答案。

4.A
这一对老夫妇永远不能从失去儿子的痛苦中恢复过来。本题为动词短语词义辨析题。get over意为痊愈,恢复,指恢复健康、快乐等;get away意为逃走,常与from连用;get off意为“(使)不受惩罚,开脱,常与with连用;get across意为使人了解,使人明白。根据句意,选项A为正确答案。

5.B
现在的科学研究成果可以被很快地应用于工业生产中。本题考查对考固定搭配的掌握。apply to意为应用到,句中to是介词,CD项都不能与介词to搭配; be used to+名词/动名词,意为习惯于……”,不符合句意。故选项B为正确答案。

6.C
有时,公共汽车检票员上车查票。bus conductor意为公共汽车售票员agent意为代理人,中介人officer意为军官,官员inspector意为检查员,视察员

7.B
他很快恢复了健康。recovery意为恢复,复苏,后接介词from;relief意为宽慰,安心relaxation意为放松survival意为生存

8.C
既然考试的紧张已经过去,我们现在可以放松了。now that意为既然;由于,用于新的事情的发生,接一般现
在时的句子。while意为虽然even though意为即使for意为因为,不能用于句首。

9.D
我表妹南希的情绪经常很糟,我想这是因为她是独生子的缘故。表示独生子的时候,只能说an only child。

10.C
除了已经提及的因素外,有时人们感到不安全是因为他们的动机被他人误解。apart from是包含在内的除了excepr forexcept that是不包含在内的除了;but for意为要不是

 

 

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