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英语练功房

Challenge both your English & minds

 
 
 

日志

 
 

1017  

2012-10-17 07:36:19|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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There are about fifteen hundred languages in the world.

But only a few of them are very ___1   . English is one of these. Many, many people use it, not only in England and the U. S. A, but in other parts of the world. About 200, 000, 000 speak it as their own language. It is difficult to say how many people are learning it as a __2_  language. Many millions are trying to do so.

Is it easy or difficult to learn English? Different people may have different ___3    Have you ever __4     ads of this kind in the newspapers or magazines?

“Learn English in six month, or your ___5__ back ...” “Easy and funny? Our records and tapes ___6__ you master your English in a month. From the first day your ___7__ will be excellent. Just send...” Of course, it never ___8__ quite like this.

The only language that seems easy to learn is the mother tongue. We should remember that we all learned our own language well when we were ___9__. If we could learn English in the same way, it would not seem so difficult. ___10__ what a small child does. He listens to what people say. He tries what he hears. When he is using the language, talking in it, and ___11_ in it all the time, just imagine how much ___12__ that gets!

So it is hard to say that learning English is easy, because a good command of English ___13__ upon a lot of practice. And practice needs great effort and ___14__ much time. Good teachers, records, tapes, books, and dictionaries will ___15   . But they cannot do the student’s work for him.

 

1. A. difficult           B. important              C. necessary              D. easy

2. A. native             B. foreign                 C. useful                       D. mother

3. A. questions         B. problems              C. ideas                    D. answers

4. A. found               B. watched                C. noticed           D. known

5. A. knowledge        B. time                C. money                 D. English

6. A. make               B. help                C. let                 D. allow

7. A. spelling          B. grammar             C. English             D. pronunciation

8. A. happened             B. know                C. seemed           D. felt

9. A. students               B. children                   C. babies                       D. grown-ups

10. A. Imagine                   B. Mind                 C. Do                D. Think of

11. using                 B. thinking                C. trying                      D. practicing

12 A. time                 B. money                   C. language               D. practice

13 A. depends              B. tries                   C. has                  D. takes

14 A. uses              B. takes                          C. gets             D. costs

15A. do                B. work                    C. help                D. master

 

 

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  When I was a kid, I used to spend hours listening to Adam Carolla and Dr. Drew Pinsky on their Sunday night radio show Loveline. I listened so often that I began to use one of their well-known phrases—“good times”—in my daily conversations. Scientists have a name for this phenomenon: behavioral mimicry.

You’ve probably experienced this before: after spending enough time with another person, you might start to pick up on his or her behavior or speech habits. You might even start to develop your friend’s habits without realizing it. There is a large body of literature concerning this sort of phenomenon, and it regularly happens for everything from body postures to accents to drink patterns. For example, one study found that young adults were more likely to drink their drink directly after their same-sex drinking partners, than for the two individuals to drink at their own paces.

And the effect isn’t limited to real-life face-to-face activities. Another study found that the same you-drink-then-I-drink pattern held even when watching a movie! In other words, people were more likely to take a drink of their drinks in a theater after watching the actors on the screen enjoy a drink. At least I don’t feel so strange anymore, having picked up on Adam Carolla’s “good times”.

New research published today in the journal PLOS ONE indicates that the same sort of behavioral mimicry is responsible for social eating, at least among university-age women of normal weight. That’s right: the young women were more likely to adjust their eating according to the eating pace of their same-sex dining companion.

As with most experiments, these results raise a whole new set of questions. Still, the finding that behavioral mimicry may at least partly account for eating behavior is important, and has real effects on health. The researchers note that “as long as people don’t fully recognize such important influences on intake, it will be difficult to make healthy food choices and keep a healthy diet, especially when people are exposed to the eating behavior of others”.

 

31. The author takes his own example of using “good times” to _________.

A. express his love for radio shows

B. prove the popularity of the show

C. show the influence of the hosts’ words

D. introduce the topic of the passage

32. The underlined word “mimicry” in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to _________.

A. copying

B. adjusting

C. recognition

D. observation

33. Which of the following is NOT an example of behavioral mimicry?

A. A boy eats his popcorn after watching the actor eat.

B. A boy buys a Nike shirt when he finds his desk-mate has one.

C. A girl unconsciously sits straight just as others do.

D. A girl takes on the Yorkshire accent after a month’s stay.

34. It can be inferred from the last paragraph that _________.

A. behavioral mimicry is beneficial to our health

B. behavioral mimicry decides our eating behavior

C. there are doubts on the research results

D. there are people always exposed to bad eating habits

35. What is probably the author’s purpose of writing this passage?

A. To draw readers’ attention to popular radio shows.

B. To introduce behavioral mimicry and its influence.

C. To appeal to readers not to fall into others’ habits.

D. To advocate healthy food choices among readers.

 

More than forty thousand readers told us that they looked for in close friendships, what they expected 61 friends, what they were willing to give in 62, and how satisfied they were 63 the quality of their friendships. The 64 give little comfort to social critics. 
  Friendship 65 to be a unique form of 66 bonding. Unlike marriage or the ties that 67 parents and children, it is not defined or regulated by 68. Unlike other social roles that we are expected to 69—as citizens, employees, members of professional societies and 70 organizations—it has its own principle, which is to promote 71 of warmth, trust, love, and affection 72 two people. 
  The survey on friendship appeared in the March 73 of Psychology Today. The findings 74 that issues of trust and betrayal(背叛)are 75 to friendship. They also suggest that our readers do not 76 for friends only among those who are 77 like them, but find many 78 differ in race, religion, and ethnic(种族的)background. Arguably the most important 79 that emerges from the data, 80, is not something that we found—but what we did not.

 

61.A.on B. ofC. toD. for

  62.A.addition B. replyC. turnD. return

  63.A.about B. ofC. withD. by

  64.A.results B. effectsC. expectationsD. consequences

  65.A.feels B. leadsC. soundsD. appears

  66.A.human B. mankindC. individualD. civil

  67.A.bind B. attachC. controlD. attract

  68.A.discipline B. lawC. ruleD. regulation

  69.A.keep B. doC. showD. play

  70.A.all B. anyC. otherD. those

  71.A.friendship B. interestsC. feelingsD. impressions

  72.A.between B. onC. inD. for

  73.A.print B. issueC. publicationD. copy

  74.A.secure B. assureC. confirmD. resolve

  75.A.neutral B. mainC. nuclearD. central

  76.A.ask B. callC. appealD. look

  77.A.most B. moreC. leastD. less

  78.A.people B. whoC. whatD. friends

  79.A.conclusion B. summaryC. decisionD. claim

  80.A.moreover B. howeverC. stillD. yet

 

 



答案与解析:

31—35 DABCB



  61.B此题考查介词用法。expect sth. of sth.表示从……上期望获得……。因此,选择of

 


  62.D此题考查介词词组固定搭配。in return表示……作为回报。从友谊中索取,自然同时要给予回报。

 


  63.C此题考查介词用法。介词with有时可表达原因,如:I’m trembling with cold.(我冷得发抖。)这里的用法也是异曲同工。

 


  64.C此题呼应前文。前文中多次提到人们对于友谊的期望,所以这里也要选expectation
 65.D
此题考查固定搭配。appear to be表示似乎”;lead to表示导致……的结果,其他几个选项无此搭配。所以,选择appear符合题意。
 
 66.C
此题考查上下文理解。译文为:友谊似乎是人与人之间相互联系的特殊纽带。表示个人与个人之间,用individual 
 67.A
此题考查词汇。ties能发出的动作是bind(绑定),故选A。其他选项的意思分别是:B附着,联系;C.控制;D.吸引。
  68.B此题考查上下文理解。婚姻关系、父母与儿女的关系有一个共同之处:它们都有法律依据,都受到法律保护;而友谊却并非如此。故选law

 

  69.D此处考查固定搭配。play the role of表示扮演……的角色。因此,选play

 


 70.C
此题考查上下文理解。作者历数了市民、职员、职业社团成员等角色后,还加上其他的组织机构。故选C 
 71.C
后文提到的warmth(温暖)trust(信任)love()affection(温情)都是feeling(感觉、感受)。因此,选择feelings 
 72.A
表示人与人之间between 
 73.B
此题考查词义辨析。原文中Psychology指的是一份杂志,作者援用该杂志三月那一期刊登的调查报告来描述友谊。issue“(杂志或报刊)的期,故应选此项。 
 74.C
此题考查词义辨析。四个选项意思分别是:A使……安全;B使确定;C确认;D解决。从文意可判断,选择CB的用法一般是:assure sb. of sth.assure sb. that 
75.D
作者通过这个调查发现,对友谊来说,信任和背叛是判定友谊是否存在的关键。这里的central表达的是重要、关键的意思。 
76.D
此题考查固定搭配look for(寻找) 
77.A
此题考查上下文理解。一般来说,应寻找与自己十分相似的人做朋友。因此,这里选择most 
78.B
这里考查定语从句的关系代词。要做对此题,关键是对many的理解。此处,many是名词,指代很多人,后跟一定语从句,指人的关系代词则为who。译文为:读者找朋友的范围不仅局限于和自己很像的人,而且还包括不同肤色、宗教和种族背景的人。 
79.A
此处考查词义辨析。从数据得出的应该是结论,故选conclusion。其他选项意思是:B总结;C.决定;D.主张。 
80.B
这里考查上下文衔接。译文为:从数据中得出的最重要的结论不是我们已经发现的,而是我们尚未发现的。这和前文形成意义上的转折,选择however

 

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