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Challenge both your English & minds





2012-09-28 08:39:18|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Many people wrongly believe that when people reach old age their families place them in nursing homes.They are left in the 1 of strangers for the rest of their lives.Their 2 children visit them only occasionally but more often they do not have any 3 visitors.The truth is that this idea is an unfortunate myth 4 story.In fact family members provide over 80 percent of the care 5  elderly people need.Samuel Prestoon a sociologist studied 6 the American family is changing.He reported that by the time the 7 American couple reaches 40 years of age they have more parents than children. 8 because people today live longer after an illness than people did years 9 family members must provide long term care.More psychologists have found that all caregivers 10 a common characteristic All caregivers believe that they are the best 11 for the job.In other words they all felt that they 12  do the job better than anyone else.Social workers 13 caregivers to find out why they took 14 the responsibility of caring for an elderly relative.Many caregivers believed they had 15 to help their relative.Some stated that helping others 16 them feel more useful.Others hoped that by helping 17 now they would deserve care when they became old and 18 .Caring for the elderly and being taken care of can be a 19  satisfying experience for everyone who might be 20 .


1.A.hands B.arms C.bodies D.homes

2.A.growing B.grown C.being grown    D.having grown

3.A.constant B.lasting C.regular        D.normal

4.A.imaginary B.imaginable C.imaginative D.imagery

5.A.that B.this C.those D.these

6.A.when B.how C.what D.where

7.A.common B.ordinary C.standard        D.average

8.A.Further B.However C.Moreover D.Whereas

9.A.before B.ago C.later D.lately

10.A.share B.enjoy C.divide D.consent

11.A.person B.people C.character D.man

12.A.would B.will C.could D.can

13.A.questioned B.interviewed  C.inquired D.interrogate

14.A.in B.up C.on D.off

15.A.admiration B.initiative        C.necessity D.obligation

16.A.caused B.enabled C.made D.got

17.A.someone  B.anyone C.everyone       D.anybody

18.A.elderly B.dependent C.dependable    D.independent

19.A.similarly B.differently C.mutually D.certainly

20.A.involved B.excluded C.included     D.considered


The reading passages in Lower English Course were designed to introduce a large number of points associated with vocabulary, grammar and construction that often cause difficulties to students. These have been retained within the structure of this edition together with the practice exercises which formed part of most chapters.
  With the introduction of a considerably modified examination however, a large part of the earlier book has been rewritten so as to ensure adequate preparation for all sections of the new syllabus(大纲). The notes to each chapter have been condensed to essentials to allow additional material to be included together with guidance in pronunciation, special grammatical points and use of prepositions, related in each of these cases to the foregoing comprehension passage.
New sections have been added to most chapters, consisting of multiple choice questions based on the comprehension passage, a number of questions of the type that will appear on the Use of English paper and finally considerable practice in spoken English, including conventional usage, conversations, situations to be dealt with orally and discussion topics.
The Chapter on spoken English has been adapted to the new “Interview” and “play extract” reading passage with advice and examples included. Other sections deal with the new type of summary and with composition writing, though each of the proposed types of composition is presented separately as part of a chapter.
The student undertaking this course should already have a good elementary knowledge of English. When classes have as many as ten weekly lessons most of the material can be dealt with in class, but students in groups which meet for not more than 4-5 hours weekly have to do a good deal of preparation at home with class guidance and checking. A key is available separately and the material is presented clearly enough to enable a student working alone to derive considerable benefit from it.

1.Compared with the old edition, this new edition ____.
  A)adds some new sections to most chapters
  B)introduces more difficulties to students
C)remains almost unchanged
D)has considerably improved the balance between theory and practice
2.According to author, this new edition has been adapted ____.
  A)because a new syllabus had been introduced

  B)so that the notes could be included
C)because a number of multiple choice questions had to be dealt with orally
D)and advice and examples have been condensed
3.It can be inferred from the passage that the major component of the textbook is ___.
A)additional materials
B)practice exercises
  C)comprehension passages

  D)writing compositions  
4.One of the features of this textbook as mentioned in the last paragraph is that ____.
  A)its users may be beginners of the English language
  B)it can be used for different course arrangements

  C)only advanced learners can benefit from it
  D)its learners must spend at least 10 hours on it per week

5.The passage is most likely a part of ___.
  A)a scientific paper
  B)a preface
  C)an interview
  D)a news article


 It looked like a typical business meeting.  Six men, neatly dressed in white shirts and ties   filed into the boardroom of a small Jakarta company and sat down at a long table. But instead of consulting   files or hearing reports, they closed their eyes and  began to meditate, consulting the spirits of ancient  Javanese kings. Mysticism touches almost every aspect of life in Indonesia and business is no exception. One   of the meditators said his weekly meditation sessions are aimed mainly at bringing the peace of mind that makes for good decision-making. But the insight gained  from mystic communication with spirits of wise kings  has also helped boost the profits of his five companies. 
    Mysticism and profits have come together since the 13th century introduction of Islam to Indonesia by Indian Moslem merchants. Those devout traders, called ‘Wali Ullah’ or ‘those close to God, ’ energetically spread both trade and religion by adapting their appeals  to the native mysticism of Java. Legends attribute magic  power of foreknowledge to the Wali Ullah. These powers were believed to be gained through meditation and fasting. 
    Businessman Hadisiko said his group fasts and meditates all night every Thursday to become closer to God and to  contact the spirits of the great men of the past. ‘If we want to employ someone at the managerial level, we  meditate together and often the message comes that this  man can’t hole onto money or he is untrustworthy. Or
 maybe the spirits will tell us he should be hired.’ Hadiziko hastened to add that his companies also hold modern personnel management systems and that formal qualifications are essential for a candidate even  to be considered. Perspective investments also are considered through mystic meditation. ‘With the mind relaxed and open, it is easier to be objective in judging the risk of a new venture. Meditation and contact with  the wisdom of the old leaders sharpens your own insight and intuition. Then you have to apply that intuition to the information you have and work hard to be successful. ’ 
    Mystic meditation helped reverse a business slide his companies experienced in the mid-1980. Operating with  normal business procedures, he lost more than $ 3 millions in that year alone. Meditation brought back his peace of mind. Putting the right persons in the right jobs and gaining confidence in his business decisions were the keys to a turning around that has brought expansion and profitability. The mysticism in Handspike’s   boardroom is part of a growing movement in Indonesia called Kebatinan – the ‘search for the inner self.’One of his managers, Yusuf Soemado, who studied business administration at Harvard     University,compared the idea of mystic management to westernsystem of positive thinking. ‘Willpower and subconscious mind are recognized as important 
 factors in business. Such approaches as psycho-cybernetics, Carnegie’s think and growth rates, or the power of positive thinking are western attempts to tap the same higher intelligence that we contact through meditation,’ he said.




1.What is the most important factor in their doing business? 
[A] Mysticism. 
[C] Meditation. 
[D] Investment. 
2.Whom do they consult? 
[A] The spirits of ancient Javanese kings. 
Wali Ullah. 
[C] Old Kings. 
[D] Carnegie. 
3.Why did Hadisike hasten to add ‘his companies also hold modern  
personnel management systems…’? 
[A] He thought Mysticism was not so good as expected. 
To show they too focused on qualifications. 
[C] To show they hired qualified persons. 
[D] To show the possibility of combination of the scientific  
 management with religion. 
4.According to the passage, the function of the meditation is 
[A] to gain profit from the god. 
to gain peace of mind to make decision. 
[C] to gain foreknowledge. 
[D] to gain objective conclusion. 
5.What does ‘operating with normal business procedures’ refer to? 
[A] Adopting the western way of doing business. 
Ordinary way of doing business without meditation and fasting. 
[C] Contact with God. 
[D] Putting right persons in the right jobs.


A land free from destruction(毁灭,破坏), plus wealth, natural resources, and labor supply ——  all these were important  1       in helping England to become the center for the Industrial Revolution.  2        they were not enough. Something else was needed to start the industrial process. That "something special" was men ——  3       individuals who could invent machines, find new 4       of power, and establish business organizations to reshape society. The men who created the machines of the Industrial Revolution  5      from many backgrounds and many occupations. Many of them were  6        inventors than scientists. A man who is a pure scientist is primarily interested in doing his research  7        .He is not necessarily working  8       that his findings can be used. An inventor or one interested in applied science is all trying to make something that has a concrete use. He may try to solve a problem by  9        the theories  10        science or by experimenting through trial and error. Regardless of his method, he is working to obtain a   11       result: the construction of a harvesting machine, the burning of a light bulb(灯泡), or one of  12       other objectives. Most of the people who  13        the machines of the Industrial Revolution were inventors, not trained scientists. A few were both scientists and inventors. Even those who had little or no training in science might not have made their inventions  14       a groundwork had not been laid by scientists years 15      .

1. A. cases             B. reasons           C. factors                D. situations

 2. A. But                       B. And                C. Besides               D. Even

 3. A. generating        B. effective          C. motivating           D. creative

 4. A. origins             B. sources           C. bases                 D. discoveries

 5. A. came              B. arrived            C. stemmed             D. appeared

 6. A. less                       B. better            C. more                D. worse

 7. A. happily                  B. occasionally    C. reluctantly            D. accurately

 8. A. now                      B. and                 C. all                        D. so

 9. A. planning                B. using               C. idea                    D. means

10. A. of                    B. with                C. to                        D. as

11. A. single               B. sole                 C. specialized           D. specific

12. A. few                       B. those            C. many           D. all

13. A. proposed              B. developed            C. supplied              D. offered

14. A. as                    B. if                  C. because              D. while

15. A. ago                       B. past               C. ahead                  D. before





1.C 沉思。这在第一断已有说明。

A. 神秘主义。是个总的概念,笼罩生活各方面。而不是具体的做法和重要因素。 B. 宗教。 D. 投资。

2.A 爪哇古代帝王之精灵。答案在第一段。

B. Wali Ullah是指印度穆斯林商人。这些虔诚的商人叫做Wali Ullah或者成为接近主的人。传说神话也把先知的力量归功于Wali UllahC. 老帝王。D. 卡耐基,1835-1919是生于苏格兰的美国钢铁工业家和慈善家。他有一套管理企业的办法,称为卡耐基思想(管理法)。

3.B 他们也重视资历、才能。这在第三段中第二行起,商人 Hadisiko讲话清楚说明如果我们要雇佣管理人员,我们就一起沉思,常常会有这种信息来临:这个人不能管理钱财或者他不可靠。也可能神灵告诉我们应当雇佣他。接着他匆忙补充说他的公司也采用现代人事管理系统,即要考虑雇佣的人员最根本的条件仍是正式资历

A. 他认为神秘主义不像想象中那么好。C. 表明他们雇佣人才。上下文说明,他所以补充是说明他们也重视资格。D. 表明科学管理和宗教结合的可能性。Hadisike语中没有这种意思。但不能说他们雇佣人才不管宗教。

4.B 得到冷静头脑来决策。这在第三段后半部分讲到。远景的投资也是通过神秘的沉思加以考虑。有着放松和开放的头脑,易于客观地判断新投资的风险。沉思和过去领袖的接触会是你的洞察力和感官变得敏锐。第一段第五行其中一位沉思者说每星期的沉思会主要目标是带来一个平静的头脑,作出好决策。

A. 从上帝那里得到利润。 C. 取得先知。不对,先知的能力归于Wali UllahD. 得到客观的结论。文内只提到,头脑放松容易客观地判断投资风险与否,并不是客观的结论。

5.B 没有沉思和斋戒的常规作生意。见第三段中,神秘的沉思帮助扭转公司生意滑坡而正常买卖步骤,这一年就损失了300万美元。这两句对比的话说明B项内容。

A. 采用西方买卖方式(交易方式)。文内没有点明正常就是西方方式。C. 和上帝接触。D. 知人善任。


(I) 1~5 CADBA    6-10 CDDBA   11-15 DCBBD


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