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英语练功房

Challenge both your English & minds

 
 
 

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0928b  

2012-09-28 07:50:55|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Oral practice:

http://v.youku.com/v_show/id_XMTgzMzk4NzU2.html

 

                                                       Happy Birthday to Sb1 & Sb2

 

 

Many people wrongly believe that when people reach old age their families place them in nursing homes.They are left in the 1 of strangers for the rest of their lives.Their 2 children visit them only occasionally but more often they do not have any 3 visitors.The truth is that this idea is an unfortunate myth 4 story.In fact family members provide over 80 percent of the care 5  elderly people need.Samuel Prestoon a sociologist studied 6 the American family is changing.He reported that by the time the 7 American couple reaches 40 years of age they have more parents than children. 8 because people today live longer after an illness than people did years 9 family members must provide long term care.More psychologists have found that all caregivers 10 a common characteristic All caregivers believe that they are the best 11 for the job.In other words they all felt that they 12  do the job better than anyone else.Social workers 13 caregivers to find out why they took 14 the responsibility of caring for an elderly relative.Many caregivers believed they had 15 to help their relative.Some stated that helping others 16 them feel more useful.Others hoped that by helping 17 now they would deserve care when they became old and 18 .Caring for the elderly and being taken care of can be a 19  satisfying experience for everyone who might be 20 .

 

1.A.hands B.arms C.bodies D.homes

2.A.growing B.grown C.being grown    D.having grown

3.A.constant B.lasting C.regular        D.normal

4.A.imaginary B.imaginable C.imaginative D.imagery

5.A.that B.this C.those D.these

6.A.when B.how C.what D.where

7.A.common B.ordinary C.standard        D.average

8.A.Further B.However C.Moreover D.Whereas

9.A.before B.ago C.later D.lately

10.A.share B.enjoy C.divide D.consent

11.A.person B.people C.character D.man

12.A.would B.will C.could D.can

13.A.questioned B.interviewed  C.inquired D.interrogate

14.A.in B.up C.on D.off

15.A.admiration B.initiative        C.necessity D.obligation

16. caused B.enabled C.made D.got

17.A.someone  B.anyone C.everyone       D.anybody

18.A.elderly B.dependent C.dependable    D.independent

19.A.similarly B.differently C.mutually D.certainly

20.A.involved B.excluded C.included     D.considered

 

 

The reading passages in Lower English Course were designed to introduce a large number of points associated with vocabulary, grammar and construction that often cause difficulties to students. These have been retained within the structure of this edition together with the practice exercises which formed part of most chapters.
  With the introduction of a considerably modified examination however, a large part of the earlier book has been rewritten so as to ensure adequate preparation for all sections of the new syllabus(大纲). The notes to each chapter have been condensed to essentials to allow additional material to be included together with guidance in pronunciation, special grammatical points and use of prepositions, related in each of these cases to the foregoing comprehension passage.
  
New sections have been added to most chapters, consisting of multiple choice questions based on the comprehension passage, a number of questions of the type that will appear on the Use of English paper and finally considerable practice in spoken English, including conventional usage, conversations, situations to be dealt with orally and discussion topics.
  
The Chapter on spoken English has been adapted to the new “Interview” and “play extract” reading passage with advice and examples included. Other sections deal with the new type of summary and with composition writing, though each of the proposed types of composition is presented separately as part of a chapter.
  
The student undertaking this course should already have a good elementary knowledge of English. When classes have as many as ten weekly lessons most of the material can be dealt with in class, but students in groups which meet for not more than 4-5 hours weekly have to do a good deal of preparation at home with class guidance and checking. A key is available separately and the material is presented clearly enough to enable a student working alone to derive considerable benefit from it.
  

1.Compared with the old edition, this new edition ____.
  A)adds some new sections to most chapters
  
B)introduces more difficulties to students
  
C)remains almost unchanged
  
D)has considerably improved the balance between theory and practice
  
2.According to author, this new edition has been adapted ____.
  
A)because a new syllabus had been introduced
  
B)so that the notes could be included
  
C)because a number of multiple choice questions had to be dealt with orally
  
D)and advice and examples have been condensed
  
3.It can be inferred from the passage that the major component of the textbook is ___.
  
A)additional materials
  
B)practice exercises
  
C)comprehension passages
  D)writing compositions  

4.One of the features of this textbook as mentioned in the last paragraph is that ____.
  A)its users may be beginners of the English language
  
B)it can be used for different course arrangements
  
C)only advanced learners can benefit from it
  D)its learners must spend at least 10 hours on it per week

5.The passage is most likely a part of ___.
  A)a scientific paper
  B)a preface
  C)an interview
  D)a news article

 

A land free from destruction(毁灭,破坏), plus wealth, natural resources, and labor supply ——  all these were important  1       in helping England to become the center for the Industrial Revolution.  2        they were not enough. Something else was needed to start the industrial process. That "something special" was men ——  3       individuals who could invent machines, find new 4       of power, and establish business organizations to reshape society. The men who created the machines of the Industrial Revolution  5      from many backgrounds and many occupations. Many of them were  6        inventors than scientists. A man who is a pure scientist is primarily interested in doing his research  7        .He is not necessarily working  8       that his findings can be used. An inventor or one interested in applied science is all trying to make something that has a concrete use. He may try to solve a problem by  9        the theories  10        science or by experimenting through trial and error. Regardless of his method, he is working to obtain a   11       result: the construction of a harvesting machine, the burning of a light bulb(灯泡), or one of  12       other objectives. Most of the people who  13        the machines of the Industrial Revolution were inventors, not trained scientists. A few were both scientists and inventors. Even those who had little or no training in science might not have made their inventions  14       a groundwork had not been laid by scientists years 15      .

1. A. cases             B. reasons           C. factors                D. situations

 2. A. But                       B. And                C. Besides               D. Even

 3. A. generating        B. effective          C. motivating           D. creative

 4. A. origins             B. sources           C. bases                 D. discoveries

 5. A. came              B. arrived            C. stemmed             D. appeared

 6. A. less                       B. better            C. more                D. worse

 7. A. happily                  B. occasionally    C. reluctantly            D. accurately

 8. A. now                      B. and                 C. all                        D. so

 9. A. planning                B. using               C. idea                    D. means

10. A. of                    B. with                C. to                        D. as

11. A. single               B. sole                 C. specialized           D. specific

12. A. few                       B. those            C. many           D. all

13. A. proposed              B. developed            C. supplied              D. offered

14. A. as                    B. if                  C. because              D. while

15. A. ago                       B. past               C. ahead                  D. before

 

 

 

答案

AACBB

 

答案与解析:
1.A)
adds some new sections to most chapters
对应原文第三段第一句New sections have been added to most chapters.
  

2.A)
because a new syllabus had been introduced
对应原文第二段第一句With the introduction of a
considerably modified examination however, a large part of the earlier book has
been rewritten so as to ensure adequate preparation for all sections of the new
syllabus(
大纲).  

3.C)
comprehension passages.
第二段末尾和第三段第一句都出现了comprehension passages, 第四段出现了reading passage, 种种迹象表明: 本书的主要组成部分是阅读文章.
  
4.B)
it can be used
for different course arrangements.
参考最后一段
.
  
5.B)
a preface,

 

(I) 1~5 CADBA    6-10 CDDBA   11-15 DCBBD

 

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