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英语练功房

Challenge both your English & minds

 
 
 

日志

 
 

0824  

2012-08-24 07:53:49|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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1,Because  of  the             emphasis  placed  on  classroom  work .the  instructor  will  report  your absences  to adviser

A,large  B,strong  C,hard  D,high 

2,I   would  appreciate             it  a secret.

A,your  keeping   B,that  you keep

C,you  to  keep    D,that  you will  keep

3,It's  already  5 o'clock  now,Don't  you think  it's  about  time        ?

A,we  are  going  home  B,we go home

C,we  went home       D,we can go home

4,Before  he left  for his  vacation  he  went  to  the  bank to              some  money.

A,pull   B,pick  C,gain  D,draw

5,By  the  end  of  the  year  all  but  two people               .

A,have  left  B, will  leave  C,will  be leaving

D,will  have  left

 

We lived in a house with a yard surrounded by a rock wall. Last summer, I found a little unknown plant in the yard, we decided to let it continue growing until we could  1  what it was.

The mysterious plant appeared to be a sunflower, so I decided to take care of it. One day, as I pull rocks from the area to get to the weeds, I noticed something  2  .The sunflowers had not  3  where I saw the stalk(茎)began. It  4  had begun under a big rock and grown under and around it to reach the  5  .

Thats when I  6  that if a tiny little sunflower didnt let a big rock stand in its  7  of developing, we too have the capability of doing the same thing.  8  our environment begins to see that we believe in ourselves like that little sunflower, we can  9  the same nutrient as well.

  10  ,we need to believe in ourselves knowing we have the capabilities in  11  our desires. Like the sunflower, it knew it had the capability to overcome its obstacle(障碍)because it  12  in the universal truth and ha d  13  that it would succeed.

Stand tall like the sunflower and be  14  of who and what you are and the environment will begin to support you. You will find a way to go under or  15  your big obstacle in order to reach your desires.

 

1.A.watch out             B.work out  C.give out                D.figure out

2.A.wonderful             B.secret    C.valuable                D.unusual

3.A.passed                B.started   C.stopped                 D.broken

4.A.aimlessly              B.naturally  C. especially              D.actually

5.A.air                   B.top      C .sun                    D.wall

6.A.realized               B.doubted  C. expected                D.noticed

7.A.place                 B.way      C.course                 D.process

8.A.Although             B.Since      C.Unless                 D.Once

9.A.seek                 B.dig        C.gain                   D.attract

10.A.First                B.Generally  C.Finally                 D.Eventually

11.A.setting              B. controlling  C.achieving               D.directing

12.A.lay                 B.trusted     C.grew                  D.rooted

13.A.faith                B.energy     C.hope                   D.courage

14.A.proud                B.fond      C.careful                 D. aware

15.A.beneath              B.over      C. above                  D. around

 

 

 

The Worker's Role in Management

  Traditionally, it has been the worker's role to work and management's role to mange. Managers have planned and directed the firm's operation with little thought consulting the labor force. Managers have rarely felt compelled to obtain the worker's opinions or to explain their decisions to their employees. At most, companies have provided "suggestion boxes" in which workers could place ideas for improving procedures. In recent years, however, many management specialists have been arguing that workers are more than sellers of labor-they have a vital stake in the company and many be able to make significant contributions to its management. Furthermore, major company decisions profoundly affect workers and their dependents. This is particularly true of plant closings, which may put thousands on the unemployment lines. Should workers, then, play a stronger role in management?

  Workers should have a role in management. At the very least, the labor force should be informed of major policy decisions. (A common complaint among rank-and-file workers is the lack of information about company policies and actions.) Between 1980 and 1985 about five million workers were the victims of plant closings and permanent layoffs, often with no warning. At least 90 day's notice ought to be given in such instances so that workers have time to adjust. Management should consult workers before closing a plant, because the workers might be able to suggest ways of improving productivity and reducing costs and might be willing to make concessions that will keep the plant operating.

  It should become a general practice to include workers in some managerial decision making. There ought to be representatives of the workers on the firm's board of directors or other major policymaking groups. If rank-and-file workers are given a voice in the planning and management of the work flow, they will help to make improvement, their morale will rise, and their productivity will increase. As a further incentive, they must be given a share in the company's profits. This can be done through employee stockownership plans, bonuses, or rewards for efficiency and productivity. Finally, when a plant can no longer operate at a profit, the workers should be given the opportunity to purchase the plant and run it themselves.

 

 

1. Traditional workers showed no interest in management.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. No mentioned

  2. In recent years many management specialists have been arguing for the worker's role in management with two major reasons.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. No mentioned

  3. Since policy decisions are business secrets of a firm, workers should not be informed of them.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. No mentioned

  4. Before closing, a plant should put up a notice and keep it for 90 days.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. No mentioned

  5. The workers' participation in management might save a plant from closing down.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. No mentioned

  6. One of the advantages of involving workers in making a decision is that the interpersonal relationship between workers and managers can be improved.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. No mentioned

  7. An efficient and productive worker should be rewarded with anything but shares of his plant.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. No mentioned

 

1. The young man promised to his parents, “I would never ____ again.”

A. let you down B. let you out C. let you in D. let you by

2. I will never forget the ten years _____we both spent in the little village.

A. when B. during which C. which D. in which

3. He is __________ student that he  performed well in the nationwide examinations.

A. so a diligent B. such a diligent

C. so much diligent D. such very diligent4. The manager of the company sent me a fax saying that he would visit us ______ next spring.

A. some time B. sometime C. sometimes D. some times

5. It is ______ that over one million Americans now live below the

poverty line.

A. judged  B. estimated C. calculated D. considered

6.A study shows that students living in non-smoking dorms are less likely to ___ the habit of smoking.

A turn up B pick up C make up D draw up

 

 

 

 

Design of all the new tools and implements is based on careful experiments with electronic instruments. First, a human “guinea pig” is tested using a regular tool. Measurements are taken of the amount of work done, and the buildup of heat in the body. Twisted joints and stretched muscles can not perform as well, it has been found, as joints and muscles in their normal positions. The same person is then tested again, using a tool designed according to the suggestions made by Dr. Tichauer. All these tests have shown the great improvement of the new designs over the old.

One of the electronic instruments used by Dr. Tichauer, the myograph (肌动记器), makes visible through electrical signals the work done by human muscle.

Another machine measures any dangerous features of tools, thus proving information upon which to base a new design. One conclusion of tests made with this machine is that a tripod stepladder is more stable and safer to use than one with four legs.

This work has attracted the attention of efficiency experts and time-and-motion-study engineer, but its value goes far beyond that. Dr. Tichauer’s first thought is for the health of the tool user. With the repeated use of the same tool all day long on production lines and in other jobs, even light manual work can put a heavy stress on one small area of the body. In time, such stress can cause a disabling disease. Furthermore, muscle fatigue is a serious safety hazard.

Efficiency is the by-product of comfort, Dr. Tichauer believes, and his new designs for traditional tools have proved his point.

 

 

 

1. What are involved in the design of a new tool according to the passage?

A) Electronic instruments and a regular tool.

B) A human “guinea pig” and a regular tool.

C) Electronic instruments and a human “guinea pig”.

D) Electronic instruments, a human “guinea pig” and a regular tool.

 

2. From the passage we know that joints and muscles perform best when __________________.

A)     they are twisted and stretched

B)      they are in their normal positions

C)     they are tested with a human “guinea pig”

D)     they are tested with electronic instruments

 

3. A “myograph” (Para. 2, Line 1) is an electronic instrument that ________________.

A) is able to design new tools

B) measures the amount of energy used

C) enable people to see the muscular movements

D) visualizes electrical signals

 

4. It can be inferred from the passage that ________________.

A)     a stepladder used to have four legs.

B)      it is dangerous to use tools

C)     a tripod is safer in a tool design

D)     workers are safer on production lines

 

5. Dr. Tichauer started his experiments initially to _________________.

A)     improve efficiency

B)      increase production

C)     reduce work load

D)                improve comfort

 

Stevenson and his family went to Scotland for a holiday. One rainy morning, he took his wife and his son Lloyd out for a long walk over the hills. They had been  1  this for several days before the weather suddenly took a turn for the worse. Kept indoors by the heavy rain, Lloyd felt the days  2  .To keep the boy happy, Robert asked the boy to do some  3  .

One morning, the boy came to Robert with a beautiful map of an island. Robert  4  that the boy had drawn a large cross in the middle of  5  .“What’s that?” he asked. “That’s the  6  treasure,” said the boy. Robert suddenly  7  something of an adventure story in the boy’s  8  .While the rain was pouring, Robert sat down by the fire to write a story .He would make the  9  a twelve-year-old boy, just like Lloyd. But who would be the pirate(海盗)?

Robert had a good friend named Henley, who walked around with the  10  of a wooden leg. Robert had always wanted to  11  such a man in a story.  12  Long John Silver, the pirate with a wooden leg, was  13  .

So, thanks to a  14  September in Scotland, a friend with a wooden leg, and the imagination of a twelve year old boy, we have one of the greatest  15  stories in the English language.

 

1.A.attempting           B. missing      C. planning            D. enjoying

2.A.quiet                B. dull         C. busy                D. cold

3.A.cleaning             B. writing      C. drawing             D. exercising

4.A.doubted              B. noticed      C. decided              D. recognized

5.A.the sea               B. the house    C. Scotland             D. the island

6.A.forgotten             B. buried      C. discovered            D. unexpected

7.A.saw                  B. drew       C. made                 D. learned

8.A.book                 B. reply       C. picture                D. mind

9.A.star                  B. hero       C. writer                 D .child

10.A.help                B. problem    C. use                   D. bottom

11.A.praise               B. produce     C. include               D. accept

12.A.Yet                 B. Also       C .But                  D. Thus

13.A.read                B. born        C. hired                 D. written

14.A.rainy               B. sunny        C. cool                D. windy

15.A.news               B. love         C. real life             D. adventure

 

 

 

 

 

 

答案

 

1.A   let sb. down 让某人失望;let sb. out 让某人出去;let sb. in让某人进来;let sb. by  没有这个搭配。

 

2.C 在这里which是指ten years,在从句中是spent的宾语,要充当从句中的一个成分,所以必须用关系代词which

 

3.B  such a/ an +形容词+单数可数名词; so +形容词+a/an+单数名词。

4.B sometime 在某一时候, 曾经, 有一天;some time 一些时间;sometimes 有时;some times 多次。

5.B It is estimated that  据估计。

6.B pick up 学到;获得。

 

 

 

 

 

1. D) 由第一段的前两句综合所有的细节。

2. B) 见第一段的第四句。

3. C) 本题考察利用上下文理解生词的能力。单词myograph所在的第二段说,这种仪器make visible through electrical signals the work done by human muscle,与C)基本是同样的意思。

4. A) 由第三段的第一句中的“…a new design”可知,第二句中提到的a tripod laddera new design,相比之下,四条腿的梯子就是an old design了,也就是说,过去的stepladder是四条腿的。

5. D) 本题考察寻找细节。线索位于倒数第二段的第二句话。句子中的“Dr. Tichauers first thought”对应于题干中的initially,后面的句子都是说明为了舒适;本题的另一线索是最后一段的第一句,Efficiency is the by-product of comfort,由此可知,Dr. Tichauer最初关心的是comfort

 

 

 

 

1-5 DBCBD   6-10 BACBA   11-15 CDBAD

 

 

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