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英语练功房

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0823b  

2012-08-23 08:00:24|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/cndy/2012-08/21/content_15691221.htm

 

 

0823b - e-pie - 英语练功房

 

 

 

http://www.bjreview.com.cn/special/2012-08/22/content_477690.htm

 

 

Today, most countries in the world have canals.Many countries have built canals near the coast, and parallel 1 the coast.Even in the twentieth century, goods can be moved more cheaply by boat than by any other 2 of transport.These 3 make it possible for boats to travel  4 ports along the coast without being 5 to the dangers of the open.Some canals, such as the Suez and the Panama, save ships weeks of time by making their 6 a thousand miles shorter.Other canals permit boats to reach cities that are not 7 on the coast, still other canals

 8 lands where  there is too much water, help to 9 fields where there is not enough water, and 10 water power for factories and mills. The size of a canal 11 on the kind of boats going through it.The canal must be wide enough to permit two of the largest boats using it to 12 each other easily.It must be deep enough to leave about two feet of water 13 the keel of the largest boat using the canal.When the planet Mars was first 14 through a telescope, people saw that the round disk of the planet was crises-crossed by a 15 of strange blue-green lines. These were called“canals” 16 they looked the same as canals on earth 17 are viewed from an airplane. However, scientists are now 18 that the Martian phenomena are really not canals. The photographs 19 from space-ships have helped us to 20 the truth about the Martia“canals”.    

1.A.off  B.with  C.to D.by

2.A.way B.means C.method D.approach

3.A.waterways B.waterfronts C.channels D.paths

4.A.among B.between C.in D.to

5.A.revealed B.exposed C.opened D.shown

6.A.trip B.journey C.voyage D.route

7.A.lain B.stationed C.set D.located

8.A.escape B.drain C.dry D.leak

9.A.water B.wet C.soak D.irrigate

10.A.furnish  B.afford C.offer D.give

11.A.focuses B.bases  C.depends D.takes

12.A.cross B.pass C.move D.advance

13.A.down B.below C.beneath D.off

14.A.studied B.researched C.surveyed D.observed

15.A.few B.number C.deal D.supply

16.A.although B.because C.so D.if

17.A.that B.where C.when D.as

18.A.exact B.definite C.certain D.decisive

19.A.held B.taken C.got D.developed

20.A.find B.expose C.uncover D.discover

 

1.The film's director Billy Corben presents the explicit footage together with interviews in an effort to uncover the truth.

BBC: The buzz at Sundance

2.Co-host of Discovery Channel's "MythBusters, " he's the energetic half of a duo who builds elaborate experiments designed to uncover the truth behind popular myths and legends.

WSJ: The Workshop of Model Maker Adam Savage

 

3.Out of that negotiation process emerged a pact to uncover the truth, the better to build a bright future for our children and grandchildren, without regard to race, culture, religion or language.

BBC: Mandela addresses truth report ceremony

 

4.Or is she determined to uncover the truth behind an assassination plot and exonerate herself?

VOA: standard.2010.07.26

 

 

 

 

1,Because  of  the             emphasis  placed  on  classroom  work .the  instructor  will  report  your absences  to adviser

A,large  B,strong  C,hard  D,high 

2,I   would  appreciate             it  a secret.

A,your  keeping   B,that  you keep

C,you  to  keep    D,that  you will  keep

3,It's  already  5 o'clock  now,Don't  you think  it's  about  time        ?

A,we  are  going  home  B,we go home

C,we  went home       D,we can go home

4,Before  he left  for his  vacation  he  went  to  the  bank to              some  money.

A,pull   B,pick  C,gain  D,draw

5,By  the  end  of  the  year  all  but  two people               .

A,have  left  B, will  leave  C,will  be leaving

D,will  have  left

 

We lived in a house with a yard surrounded by a rock wall. Last summer, I found a little unknown plant in the yard, we decided to let it continue growing until we could  1  what it was.

The mysterious plant appeared to be a sunflower, so I decided to take care of it. One day, as I pull rocks from the area to get to the weeds, I noticed something  2  .The sunflowers had not  3  where I saw the stalk(茎)began. It  4  had begun under a big rock and grown under and around it to reach the  5  .

Thats when I  6  that if a tiny little sunflower didnt let a big rock stand in its  7  of developing, we too have the capability of doing the same thing.  8  our environment begins to see that we believe in ourselves like that little sunflower, we can  9  the same nutrient as well.

  10  ,we need to believe in ourselves knowing we have the capabilities in  11  our desires. Like the sunflower, it knew it had the capability to overcome its obstacle(障碍)because it  12  in the universal truth and ha d  13  that it would succeed.

Stand tall like the sunflower and be  14  of who and what you are and the environment will begin to support you. You will find a way to go under or  15  your big obstacle in order to reach your desires.

 

1.A.watch out             B.work out  C.give out                D.figure out

2.A.wonderful             B.secret    C.valuable                D.unusual

3.A.passed                B.started   C.stopped                 D.broken

4.A.aimlessly              B.naturally  C. especially              D.actually

5.A.air                   B.top      C .sun                    D.wall

6.A.realized               B.doubted  C. expected                D.noticed

7.A.place                 B.way      C.course                 D.process

8.A.Although             B.Since      C.Unless                 D.Once

9.A.seek                 B.dig        C.gain                   D.attract

10.A.First                B.Generally  C.Finally                 D.Eventually

11.A.setting              B. controlling  C.achieving               D.directing

12.A.lay                 B.trusted     C.grew                  D.rooted

13.A.faith                B.energy     C.hope                   D.courage

14.A.proud                B.fond      C.careful                 D. aware

15.A.beneath              B.over      C. above                  D. around

 

 

 

 

The Worker's Role in Management

  Traditionally, it has been the worker's role to work and management's role to mange. Managers have planned and directed the firm's operation with little thought consulting the labor force. Managers have rarely felt compelled to obtain the worker's opinions or to explain their decisions to their employees. At most, companies have provided "suggestion boxes" in which workers could place ideas for improving procedures. In recent years, however, many management specialists have been arguing that workers are more than sellers of labor-they have a vital stake in the company and many be able to make significant contributions to its management. Furthermore, major company decisions profoundly affect workers and their dependents. This is particularly true of plant closings, which may put thousands on the unemployment lines. Should workers, then, play a stronger role in management?

  Workers should have a role in management. At the very least, the labor force should be informed of major policy decisions. (A common complaint among rank-and-file workers is the lack of information about company policies and actions.) Between 1980 and 1985 about five million workers were the victims of plant closings and permanent layoffs, often with no warning. At least 90 day's notice ought to be given in such instances so that workers have time to adjust. Management should consult workers before closing a plant, because the workers might be able to suggest ways of improving productivity and reducing costs and might be willing to make concessions that will keep the plant operating.

  It should become a general practice to include workers in some managerial decision making. There ought to be representatives of the workers on the firm's board of directors or other major policymaking groups. If rank-and-file workers are given a voice in the planning and management of the work flow, they will help to make improvement, their morale will rise, and their productivity will increase. As a further incentive, they must be given a share in the company's profits. This can be done through employee stockownership plans, bonuses, or rewards for efficiency and productivity. Finally, when a plant can no longer operate at a profit, the workers should be given the opportunity to purchase the plant and run it themselves.

  1. Traditional workers showed no interest in management.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. No mentioned

  2. In recent years many management specialists have been arguing for the worker's role in management with two major reasons.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. No mentioned

  3. Since policy decisions are business secrets of a firm, workers should not be informed of them.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. No mentioned

  4. Before closing, a plant should put up a notice and keep it for 90 days.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. No mentioned

  5. The workers' participation in management might save a plant from closing down.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. No mentioned

  6. One of the advantages of involving workers in making a decision is that the interpersonal relationship between workers and managers can be improved.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. No mentioned

  7. An efficient and productive worker should be rewarded with anything but shares of his plant.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. No mentioned

 

 

答案与解析:

1.B,2.A,3.C,4.D,5.D

(A) 1-5 DDBDC   6-10 ABDCA   11-15 CBAAD

 

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