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英语练功房

Challenge both your English & minds

 
 
 

日志

 
 

0604  

2012-06-04 10:03:23|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Children model themselves largely on their parents.They do so mainly through identification. Children identify 1 a parent when they believe they have the qualities and feelings that are 2 of that parent.The things parents do and sayand the 3 they do and say to themtherefore strongly influence a child's 4 .However, parents must consistently behave like the type of 5  they want their child to become.
  A parent's actions 6  affect the self
image that a child forms 7 identification. Children who see mainly positive qualities in their 8 will likely learn to see themselves in a positive way.Children who observe chiefly 9 qualities in their parents will have difficulty 10 positive qualities in themselves.Children may 11 their self-imagehowever, as they become increasingly 12 by peers groups standards before they reach 13 .
  Isolated events, 13 dramatic ones
do not necessarily have a permanent 14 on a child's behavior.Children interpret such events according to their established attitudes and previous training.Children who know they are loved can, 15 , accept the divorce of their parent's or a parents early 16 .But if children feel unloved, they may interpret such events 17 a sign of rejection or punishment.
  
In the same way, all children are not influenced 18 by toys and games, reading matter, and television programs. 19 in the case of a dramatic change in family relations, the 20 of an activity or experience depends on how the child interprets it.


1.A.to B.with C.around D.for
2.A.informed B.characteristic C.conceived D.indicative
3.A.gesture B.expression C.way D.extent
4.A.behavior B.words C.mood D.reactions
5.A.person B.humans C.creatures D.adult
6.A.in turn B.nevertheless C.also D.as a result
7.A.before B.besides C.with D.through
8.A.eyes B.parents C.peers D.behaviors
9.A.negative B.cheerful C.various D.complex
10.A.see B.seeing C.to see D.to seeing
11.A.modify B.copy C.give up D.continue
12.A.mature B.influenced C.unique D.independent
13.A.not B.besides C.even D.finally
14.A.idea B.wonder C.stamp D.effect
15.A.luckily B.for example C.at most D.theoretically
16.A.death B.rewards C.adviceD.teaching
17.A.as B.being C.of D.for
18.A.even B.at all C.alike D.as a whole
19.A.Oh B.Alas C.Right D.As
20.A.result B.effect C.scale D.cause


 

 

modify ['m?difai]

vt.

1. 改变,更改,修改;改造;改装:

The industrial revolution modified the whole structure of English society.

工业革命改变了英国社会的整体结构。

We had to slightly modify the original design.

我们不得不对原来的设计稍加修改。

2. 减轻;缓和;降低:

You'd better modify your tone.

你最好缓和一下你的口气。

She won't modify her demands.

她是不会降低要求的。

 

alike [?'laik]

adj.

having the same or similar characteristics

all politicians are alike they looked utterly alike friends are generally alike in background and taste

adv.

1. equally

parents and teachers alike demanded reforms

2. in a like manner

they walk alike

 

 

 

答案与解析:
1.B
identify
with连用,意为“把……和……联系起来”。
2.B
文中的意思是“……代表他父母特点的品质和情感”。Inform“通知”;conceive“想象”;indicative“指示的”;characteristic“特点、特性”。
3.C
这里way是指父母的行为方式。gesture手势,expression表情,extent范围,这三项与上行文不符。
4.A
这里是说父母的行为方式对孩子的行为影响强烈。behavior行为,words语言,mood心情,reactions反应,均不符合题意。
5.A
这里是说父母必须始终如一地表现出想让他们的孩子成为的那种类型的人。human指人类,creatures指生物,adult指成年人。
6.C
前面是说父母的言行会强烈地影响孩子的行为,这里是说父母的言行还影响孩子的自我形象,所以用连词also.in turn依次;nevertheless然而;as a result结果。
7.D
这里是说孩子通过鉴别身份形成自我形象,因此选择through.
8.B
根据下文:children who observe chiefly negative qualities in their parents…,可以看出答案。

9.A
由上句positive可以推测出此处要选其反义词negative.
10.B
have difficulty
indoing sth.“做……有困难”,固定用法。

11.A
however可以看出,这句话的意思是对前面“子女的自我形象要受到父母的言行影响”的转折。modify“修改、修饰”;give up“放弃”。copycontinue不符合文义。
12.B
influenced
“受影响的”;mature“成熟的”;unique“惟一的”;independent“独立的”。句后用by…作介词短语,故此处需要一个过去分词。
13.C
这里是说“孤立的事件,甚至是富有戏剧性的事,都不一定会对孩子的行为产生永久的影响”。
14.D
have an effect on
“对……产生影响”,固定搭配。
15.B
逗号后面的一句是对前句的解释,是举例说明,故选for example.
16.A
这里or与连接的两个词都应是意义相似的令人不愉快的事,选项中与divorce相对应的词只有
death.
17.A
interpret
as搭配,意为“把……理解为”。

18.C
这句是说“并不是所有的孩子同样地都受到玩具、游戏、读物、电视节目的影响。alike”同样地“,意思最接近。
19.D
as
“正如……”;AB项选择是感叹词,后面多用逗号。Right在意思上不合适。
20.B
本句意为:家庭关系的突然变化或某种经历对孩子的影响取决于他们对这些事如何理解。result“结果”;effect“影响”;scale“刻度”;cause“原因”。

 

 

 

Space is a dangerous place. not only because of meteors(流星) but also because of rays from the sun and other stars.The atmosphere again acts 1 our protective blanket on 2 .Light gets through, and this is essential 3 plants to make the food which we 4 .Heat, 5 , makes our environments tolerable and some ultraviolet rays(紫外线的) penetrate the 6 .Cosmic(宇宙的) rays of various kinds come 7 the air from outer space but 8 quantities of radiation from the sun are screened off. 9 men leave the atmosphere they are 10 to this radiation, 11 their spacesuits or the walls of their spacecraft, if they are inside, 12 prevent a lot of radiation damage.Radiation is the greatest known danger to explorers in 13 .Doses of radiation are measured in 14 called"rems (雷目)".We all 15 radiation here on earth from the sun from cosmic rays and from radioactive minerals.The"16 "dose of radiation that we receive each year is about two millirems; it 17 according to where you live, and this is a very rough estimate.Scientists have reason to think 18 a man can 19 far more radiation 20 without being damaged the figure of 60 rems has been agreed.  

 

1.A.for B.with C.on D.as
2.A.stars B.sun C.earth D.space
3.A.with B.from C.under   D.for
4.A.use B.live C.eat D.get
5.A.again B.also C.besides D.too
6.A.environment B.space C.atmosphere D.earth
7.A.across B.to C.from D.through
8.A.valid B.enormous C.various D.proper
9.A.As soon as B.As well as C.As much as D.As possible as
10.A.shown B.exposed C.faced D.covered
11.A.but B.because C.so D.so  that
12.A.get B.make C.have D.do
13.A.earth B.atmosphere C.space D.environment
14.A.pieces B.units C.parts D.elements
15.A.receive B.accept C.bring D.catch
16.A.conventional B.common C.general    D.normal
17.A.shifts B.converts C.modifies D.varies
18.A.what B.which C.that D.why
19.A.put up with B.keep up with C.come up with  D.catch up with
20.A.from B.than C.as D.away

 

 

 
答案与解析:
1.D
act as“充当、起……作用act for“代表、代理act on“按照。本句意为大气层起到保护伞的作用。  
2.C
见上题分析。  
3.D
be essential for“
……来说是首要的、基础的,固定搭配。  
4.C
只有eat与先行词food和定语从句which we…搭配。  
5.D
本句意为:热不仅使我们的生产环境温度适宜,而且紫外线也能穿透大气。also一般紧跟动词;besides一般用在句前;too可用在句中,用逗号隔开。  
6.C
根据上题所讲,penetrate这个动词后面应接atmosphere“大气这个名词。  
7.D
这里的come through相当于penetrate,穿透。come across“偶遇come to“来到come from“来自。本句意为:各类来自外部空间的宇宙射线穿透大气层……,故选come through.  
8.B
Valid
有效的;various各种各样的;proper合适的。在四个选项中只有enormous表示大量的意思。  
9.A
as soon as“
只要as well as“……之外as much as“……一样多as possible as“尽可能的。  
10.B
be exposed to“
暴露于show“展示face“面对。  
11.A
本句前半句的意思是:人们一离开大气层就会接触射线;后半句意思是:他们的太空服和太空船会阻止射线造成的损害。前后应该是转折关系,故用but  
12.D
Do +
动词原型的结构表示强调谓语动词。  
13.C
radiationexplorers可推测,应选space(太空)。本句意为射线是探险者在太空遇见的已知的最大危险。  
14.B
unit“
单位、单元element“元素part“部分piece“碎片本句意为:射线的多少可以以雷目这个测量单位测量。  
15.A
receive
表示客观收到;accept表示主观接受。我们受到的辐射并非主观接受。  
16.D
conventional“
传统的common“共同的、普通的general“一般的、总体的normal“正常的。本句意为:我们每年接受的正常辐射量……,故选normal.
17.D

shift“
移动convert“转换modify“修改vary“变化。根据句意,所处地点不同,所受辐射量也不一样……,故选varies.  
18.C
本句应填入引导宾语从句的代词,而从句不缺少主语和宾语,因而不选择whatwhich,又加之主句是陈述语气,故选择that.  
19.A
put up with“
忍受,固定搭配。keep up withcatch up with意为跟上,come up with意为提出。  
20.B
more
radiation)后应加than.

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