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英语练功房

Challenge both your English & minds

 
 
 

日志

 
 

0423  

2012-04-23 08:34:55|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Read &Recite

世界各地熄灯响应"地球一小时"

 Europe's best known landmarks - including the Eiffel Tower, Big Ben and Rome's Colosseum - fell dark Saturday, following Sydney's Opera House and Beijing's Forbidden City in joining a global climate change protest, as lights were switched off across the world to mark the Earth Hour event.

In the United States, the lights went out at the Empire State Building in New York, the National Cathedral in Washington, and the Coca-Cola headquarters in Atlanta.

Millions were expected to turn off lights and appliances for an hour from 8:30 pm in a gesture to highlight environmental concerns and to call for a binding pact to cut greenhouse gas emissions. This year's was the fourth annual Earth Hour, organized by the World Wildlife Fund.

 上周六,世界各地纷纷熄灯响应“地球一小时”、抵御全球气候变化的活动。悉尼歌剧院、北京故宫,以及埃菲尔铁塔、大本钟和罗马圆形大剧场等欧洲著名地标建筑相继熄灯。

 

美国纽约的帝国大厦、华盛顿的国家大教堂、亚特兰大的可口可乐公司总部等建筑也在当晚熄灭了灯光。

 

“地球一小时”活动于上周六晚830分开始,当晚预计有数百万人关掉电灯和电器一小时以示响应。该活动旨在加强人们的环保意识,并呼吁制定一个减少温室气体排放的有约束力协议。今年是世界自然基金会第四次举办“地球一小时”活动。

 

 

  

杨澜TED演讲:重塑中国的年轻一代

选词填空

hilarious

clue

perspectives

witness

parallel

summoned

 

The night before I was heading for Scotland, I was invited to host the final of "China's Got Talent" show in Shanghai with the 80,000 live audience in the stadium. Guess who was the performing guest? Susan Boyle. And I told her, "I'm going to Scotland the next day." She sang beautifully, and she even managed to say a few words in Chinese: 送你葱 So it's not like "hello" or "thank you," that ordinary stuff. It means "green onion for free." Why did she say that? Because it was a line from our Chinese _______Susan Boyle -- a 50-some year-old woman, a vegetable vendor in Shanghai, who loves singing Western opera, but she didn't understand any English or French or Italian, so she managed to fill in the lyrics with vegetable names in Chinese. (Laughter) And the last sentence of Nessun Dorma that she was singing in the stadium was "green onion for free." So [as] Susan Boyle was saying that, 80,000 live audience sang together. That was_______ .

 

So I guess both Susan Boyle and this vegetable vendor in Shanghai belonged to otherness. They were the least expected to be successful in the business called entertainment, yet their courage and talent brought them through. And a show and a platform gave them the stage to realize their dreams. Well, being different is not that difficult. We are all different from different _______. But I think being different is good, because you present a different point of view. You may have the chance to make a difference.

 

My generation has been very fortunate to _______and participate in the historic transformation of China that has made so many changes in the past 20, 30 years. I remember that in the year of 1990, when I was graduating from college, I was applying for a job in the sales department of the first five-star hotel in Beijing, Great Wall Sheraton -- it's still there. So after being interrogated by this Japanese manager for a half an hour, he finally said, "So, Miss Yang, do you have any questions to ask me?" I _______ my courage and poise and said, "Yes, but could you let me know, what actually do you sell?" I didn't have a _______ what a sales department was about in a five-star hotel. That was the first day I set my foot in a five-star hotel.

 

来苏格兰(做TED讲演)的前夜,我被邀请去上海做中国达人秀决赛的评委。在装有八万现场观众的演播厅里,在台上的表演嘉宾居然是(来自苏格兰的,因参加英国达人秀走红的)苏珊大妈(Susan Boyle)。我告诉她,我明天就要启程去苏格兰。她唱得很动听,还对观众说了几句中文,她并没有说简单的你好或者谢谢,她说的是——“送你葱。为什么?这句话其实来源于中国版的苏珊大妈”——一位五十岁的以卖菜为生,却对西方歌剧有出奇爱好的上海中年妇女(蔡洪平)。这位中国的苏珊大妈并不懂英文,法语或意大利文,所以她将歌剧中的词汇都换做中文中的蔬菜名,并且演唱出来。在她口中,歌剧《图兰朵》的最后一句便是“Song Ni Cong”。当真正的英国苏珊大妈唱出这一句中文的《图兰朵》时,全场的八万观众也一起高声歌唱,场面的确有些滑稽。

我想Susan Boyle和这位上海的买菜农妇的确属于人群中的少数。她们是最不可能在演艺界成功的,而她们的勇气和才华让她们成功了,这个节目和舞台给予了她们一个实现个人梦想的机会。这样看来,与众不同好像没有那么难。从不同的方面审视,我们每个人都是不同的。但是我想,与众不同是一件好事,因为你代表了不一样的观点,你拥有了做改变的机会。

我这一代中国人很幸运的目睹并且参与了中国在过去二三十年中经历的巨变。我记得1990年,当我刚大学毕业时,我申请了当时北京的第一家五星级酒店——长城喜来登酒店的销售部门的工作。这家酒店现在仍在北京。当我被一位日本籍经理面试了一个半小时之后,他问到,小姐,你有什么想问我的吗?,我屏住呼吸,问道是的,你能告诉我,具体我需要销售些什么吗?当时的我,对五星级酒店的销售部门没有任何概念,事实上,那是我第一次进到一家五星级酒店。

 

 

56. Showing some sense of humor can be a(n) _______ way to deal with some stressful situation

A) effective                              B) efficient

C) favorable                              D) favorite

57. The situation described in the report ______ terrible, but it may not happen

A) inclines                               B) maintains

C) sounds                                D) remains

58. The company is trying every means to ______ the wholesale price of its products

A) pull down                             B) put down

C) set down                              D) bring down

59. The mayor ______ the police officer a medal of honor for his heroic deed in rescuing the earthquake victims

A) rewarded                             B) awarded

C) credited                              D) prized

60. The native Canadians lived in _______ with nature, for they respected nature as a provider of life

A) coordination                          B)   acquaintance

C) contact                              D)   harmony

 

 

   Tear em apart!  Kill the fool! Murder the referee ( 裁判)!”

These are common remarks one may hear at various sporting events. At the time they are made, they may seem innocent enough. But let’s not kid ourselves. They have been known to influence behavior in such a way as to lead to real bloodshed. Volumes have been written about the way words affect us .It has been shown that words having certain connotations (含义)  may cause us to react in ways quite foreign to what we consider to be our usual humanistic behavior . I see the term opponent as one of those words . Perhaps the time has come to delete it from sports terms.

The dictionary meaning of the term “opponent “is “adversary “:“enemy “; “one who opposes your interests.” “Thus, when a player meets an opponent, he or she may tend to treat that opponent as an enemy. At such times, winning may dominate one’s intellect, and every action, no matter how gross, may be considered justifiable. I recall an incident in a handball game when a referee refused a player’s request for a time out for a glove change because he did not considered then wet enough. The player proceeded to rub his gloves across his wet T-shirt and then exclaimed. “Are they wet enough now?”

In the heat of battle, players have been observed to throw themselves across the court without considering the consequences that such a move might have on anyone in their way. I have also witnessed a player reacting to his opponent’s intentional and illegal blocking by deliberately hitting him with the ball as hard as he could during the course of play. Off the court, they are good friends. Does that make any sense? It certainly gives proof of a court attitude which departs from normal behavior.

Therefore, I believe it is time we elevated(提升)the game to the level where it belongs thereby setting an example to the rest of the sporting world . Replacing the term opponent with associate could be an ideal way to start.

The dictionary meaning of the term “associate “ is “colleague” ; “friend” ; “companion.” Reflect a moment! You may soon see and possibly feel the difference in your reaction to the term “associate” rather than “opponent.”

26. Which of the following statements best expresses the author’s view?

A) Aggressive behavior in sports can have serious consequences

B) The words people use can influence their behavior

C) Unpleasant words in sports are often used by foreign athletes

D) Unfair judgments by referees will lead to violence on the sports field

27. Harsh words are spoken during games because the players _______

A) are too eager to win

B) are usually short-tempered and easily offended

C) cannot afford to be polite in fierce competition

D) treat their rivals as enemies

28. What did the handball player do when he was not allowed a time out to change his gloves?

A) He refused to continue the game

B) He angrily hit the referee with a ball

C) He claimed that the referee was unfair

D) He wet his gloves by rubbing them across his T-shirt

29. According to the passage, players, in a game , may _______

A) deliberately throw the ball at anyone illegally blocking their way

B) keep on screaming and shouting throughout the game

C) lie down on the ground as an act of protest

D) kick the ball across the court with force

30. The author hopes to have the current situation in sports improved by _______

A) calling on players to use clean language on the court

B) raising the referee’s sense of responsibility

C) changing the attitude of players on the sports field

D) regulating the relationship between players and referees

 

 

 

 

 

 

parallel

hilarious

perspectives

witness

summoned

clue

 

56 A effective  57 C sounds  58 D bring down  59 B awarded  60 D harmony

 

 

26 B 27 D  28 D 29 A  30 c

 

  26.【B】这是一道综合推断题,要求考生综合运用已知信息对作者的观点态度做出总结性的判断。问题是“下面哪一句话能最好地表达作者的态度?”作者在第一段就已经指出“It has been shown that words having certain connotations may cause us to react in ways quite foreign to what we consider to be our usual humanistic behavior.”纵观全文可以看到作者一直是支持这个观点,并以体育比赛为例提出应该修改体育比赛的用词,以消除体育比赛中的暴力。因此B“人们用到的词语会影响他们的行为”符合题意。全文似乎体育比赛占了很大篇幅,但是应该看到这只是作者用来支持自己论点的一个大的例子。不是文章的最终结论。选项A“体育中的好斗行为会引发严重后果”;C“体育中令人不愉快的言辞经常被外国运动员用到”;D“裁判的不公平会导致运动场的暴力事件”。姑且不论它们是否符合原文,单就它们都只是谈到例子中的细节,就可以排除。实际上从原文可以看到选项C、D原文根本没有提及。

  27.【D】这是一道细节推理题。文章开头提到了一些常见的粗话,并指出这些讲粗话的行为是因为某些词的含义的误导。第三段以一个特殊的词“opponent”为例,分析了体育比赛中不当行为的原因是因为“opponent”一词的含义是“敌人”、“对手”,因此“当一名选手遇到他的对手,他会把他看成是敌人。”因此D项“把他们的对手当成敌人”正确。选项A“太想赢了”也是由于“敌人”一词的误导产生的想法,不是说粗话的原因。B“通常脾气不好,容易发火”跟原文内容不符。C“在激烈的竞争中无法保持礼貌”也是原文不曾提及的内容。

  28.【D】这是一道细节题,题干问“当那名手球运动员没有被允许暂停去更换手套,他是怎么做的?”答题依据为第三段末尾。选项D“他把手套在自己的T恤上蹭来蹭去”是原文的复制。A“他拒绝继续比赛”;B“他怒气冲冲地用球砸裁判”;C“他叫嚷说裁判不公平”。这三个选项都与原文不符。

  29.【A】这是一道细节题,答案可在第四段找到:在白热化的赛场上,运动员可能横冲直撞,可能有人用球去砸别的球员,只因为对方挡人犯规。选项A“故意用球去砸任何一个犯规阻挡他的队员”原文提到,可选。B“不停地在比赛中尖叫、大喊”;C“躺在地上以示抗议”;D“使劲地把球踢到球场另一头”。虽然这三个选项中的行为在生活中都很常见,但是在做阅读理解的时候不能以自己的常识或者生活经验来判断,而应该紧扣原文。

  30.【C】这是一道细节推论题。作者提议用 “associate”一词来替换 “opponent”一词,是因为前者的含义会使运动员改变他们的态度,不再把对手看成是“敌人”,而是“同事”、“朋友”。选项C“改变运动员在赛场的态度”正是表达了这个意思。A“呼吁运动员在赛场上语言文明”,语言文明只是他们改变态度后的另一个可能的结果。B“提高裁判的责任感”,未提及。D“规范选手和裁判的关系”,未提及。

 

  award, reward, prize
三者的含义基本相同,但在不同语境中表达的含义有所差别。

award
指正式地或官方地颁发,授予,给予;也可以指法庭裁决给予。它指一种官方的奖励行为,往往鼓励在工作中达到成就或所提出的要求而进行一种奖励。强调荣誉而不在乎奖品的大小或奖金的多少。

award奖品是因优点奖励或授予的东西,如:
The school principal awarded a prize in history to the best student.
学校校长将历史奖授予最出色的学生。

award 还可指XX
比如金球奖就是“Golden Globe Award”,不能说“Golden Globe Prize”

reward“
报答,报偿,奖赏,多指对某人的工作或服务等的报答。如:
The fireman received a reward for saving the child's life.
因救了小孩的命,消防员提到一笔奖金。

prize “
奖赏,奖金,奖品,多指在各类竞赛、竞争或抽彩中所赢得的奖。这种奖赏有的凭能力获得,有的凭运气获得。如:
Hundreds of prizes can be won in our newspaper competition.
参加我们报纸的竞赛可以赢得数以百计的奖品。

如:the Nobel prize 诺贝尔奖。

 

 

 

award (give after careful consideration, esp. officially)经仔细考虑后正式的给予,授予(奖品等);作名词时表示奖品,奖金

A medal was awarded to him for his good conduct. 他因品行优良被授予奖章。

He was awarded first prize. 他获得了一等奖。

They awarded scholarship to the best students. 他们把奖学金授予最好的学生。

 

reward(give as a return for sth. done)因做某事给予回报,酬劳,奖赏;作名词表示报酬,奖励,报答

They rewarded her for her help. 他们答谢他的帮助。

Anyone who finds it will be rewarded. 凡找到它的人都将获得酬谢。

He was given $800 as a reward for his bravery. 他因表现勇敢而得到800美元的赏金。

 

注意:在结构上,award后可接双宾语;award sb. sth(通常为奖金或奖状)reward后只接一个宾语,通常以人或人的行为为宾语,句型是reward sb. with sth.

They awarded her the Nobel Prize. 他们授予他诺贝尔奖。

He rewarded her with money for her heroic deeds. 他为她的英雄行为而给她奖金。

Her efforts were rewarded with success in career. 她的努力使她获得了事业的成功。

 

prize 作名词奖品,奖金”Offered or given as a prize:作为奖品提供或给予的:

作动词珍视,珍藏;估价,评价

We prize honor above money.

我们珍视荣誉甚于金钱。

The boy's robot toy was his most prized possession.

那男孩的玩具机器人是他最珍惜的东西。

作形容词得奖的,作为奖品的

a prize novel得奖小说a prize cup.奖杯

短语:

be awarded a prize for ……而获奖

win /carry off a prize获奖

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