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英语练功房

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0417d  

2012-04-17 08:53:15|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Read and Recite

Happy children earn more money as adults

童年快乐 长大赚钱多?

 导读:钱可能买不来快乐,不过若有个快乐的童年,长大后成为富翁的机会会更大。最新研究表明:童年时越快乐,长大后赚钱越多。

 Money may not buy you happiness, but having a happy childhood can make you lots of money.

钱可能买不来快乐,不过若有个快乐的童年,长大后成为富翁的机会会更大。

A study has found that children with a sunny disposition go on to earn more as adults, even if their parents were not educated or high earners. And within the same family, it is the happiest siblings who tend to earn the most.

一项研究表明:童年性格开朗的小孩,长大以后赚钱更多;无论其出生在富贵还是清贫人家。并且,在同一个家族中,最快乐的孩子长大以后赚的最多。

It will come as no surprise to self-made billionaire Sir Richard Branson, who has said in the past he was ‘extremely lucky’ to have had such a happy childhood with ‘wonderful, understanding’ parents.

这项研究结果对白手起家的亿万富翁Richard Branson爵士(维京集团创始人)来说毫不意外。他自己曾说过,童年的自己是个非常幸运的孩子,因为他有一对善解人意的父母。

The study examined the happiness levels of 90,000 children and young adults in the U.S., and compared the data to their levels of income as adults. Even when other factors were taken into account, the economists carrying out the study found that happiness levels when young clearly determined higher earnings in later life.

该研究测试了美国9万个青少年的快乐程度,并与他们成年后的收入相比较。虽然研究里也含有其他影响因素,但经济学家们发现,年少时的快乐指数显著地决定了成年的收入水平。

Fill in the blanks

Rule of law highlighted in handling Bo's case

BEIJING - Chinese central authorities' decision to investigate Bo 's serious discipline violations ______[win] wide support for safeguarding the rule of law as well as the purity of the Party.

The Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee announced a decision Tuesday to suspend Bo's membership of the CPC Central Committee Political Bureau and the CPC Central Committee as he is suspected _____ being involved in serious discipline violations, and the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of the CPC would file the case for investigation.

Chinese police also set up a team to reinvestigate the death of British citizen Neil Heywood in Chongqing on November 15, 2011, _____ was alleged by Wang , Chongqing's former police chief who entered, without authorization, the US general consulate in Chengdu on February 6 and stayed there.

According to the reinvestigation results, _____[exist]  evidence indicated that Heywood died of homicide, of which  gu Kailai, Bo's wife, and Zhang Xiaojun, an orderly at Bo's home, are highly suspected. The two have been handed over to the judicial departments.

People from different sectors of the Chinese society have since expressed through various channels their support for the CPC Central Committee's decisions, which they said were transparent and based on facts and laws.

The decisions also demonstrate the CPC Central Committee's clear stance, firm resolution and strong confidence in safeguarding _____ purity of the Party and the rule of law, they said.

The decisions also signal that anyone who violates disciplines or laws will be probed and punished and there are no privileged members in front of Party disciplines _____ privileged citizens in front of laws.

 

41. A word processor is much better than a typewriter in that it enables you to enter and _______your text more easily .

A) register            B) edit         C) propose          D) discharge

 

42. We don’t know why so many people in that region like to wear dresses of such ______colors .

A) low           B) humble          C) mild              D) dull

 

43. The news has just ______ that the president is going to visit China next month .

A) come down        B) come up         C) come out          D) come about

 

44. The ______ that exists among nations could certainly be lessened if misunderstanding and mistrust were removed .

A) tension            B) strain            C) stress              D) intensity

 

45. The other day , Mum and I went to St. James’s Hospital , and they did lots and lots of tests on me , most of them _____ and frightening .

A) cheerful           B) horrible        C) hostile            D) friendly

 

 

 

Reading comprehension

 

    Scientists say they have discovered hints of alien life on the Saturn's moon. The discovery of a sort of life was announced after researchers at the US space agency,NASA,analyzed data from spacecraft Cassini,which pointed to,the existence of methane-based form of life on Saturn's biggest moon.

   Scientists have reportedly discovered clues showing primitive alien beings are"breathing" in Titan's dense atmosphere filled with hydrogen.

 They argue that hydrogen gets absorbed before hitting Titan's planet-like surface covered with methane lakes and rivers. This,they say,points to the existence of some"bugs" consuming the hydrogen at the surface of the moon less than half the size of the Earth.

   "We suggested hydrogen consumption because it's the obvious gas for life to consume on Titan,similar to the way we consume oxygen on Earth,"says NASA scientist Chris McKay."If these signs do turn out to be a sign of life,it would be doubly exciting because it would represent a second form of life independent from water-based life on Earth."

    To date,scientists have not yet detected this form of life anywhere,though there are liquid- water-based microorganisms on Earth that grow well on methane or produce it as a waste product. On Titan, where temperatures are around 90 Kelvin(minus 290 degrees Farenheit),a methanebased organism would have to use a substance that is liquid as its medium for living processes, but not water itself. Water is frozen solid on Titan's surface and much too cold to support life as we know it.

 Scientists had expected the Sun's interactions with chemicals in the atmosphere to produce a coating of acetylene on Titan's surface. But Cassini detected no acetylene on the surface.

     The absence of detectable acetylene on the Titan's surface can very well have a non-biological explanation,said Mark Allen,a principal investigator of the NASA Titan team.

     "Scientific conservatism suggests that a biological explanation should be the last choice after all non-biological explanations are addressed,"Allen said. "We have a lot of work to do to rule out possible non-biological explanations. It is more likely that a chemical process,without biology,can explain these results."

 

 

1 .What have scientists found about Saturn?

A They have found a new moon orbiting Saturn.

B They have found methane-based life on Saturn.

C They have found methane-based life on Titan.

D They have found earthlike life on a Saturn's moon.

2. What do scientists say about Titan?

A There are life clues there.

B There is acetylene there.

C Water on Titan exists in the form of ice.

D Rivers and lakes there contain life formls.

3. To date,scientists have not yet detected this form of life.(paragraph 5)What does"this form

of life" refer to?

A Water-based life.

B Methane-based life.

C Liquid-water-based microorganisms.

D Gas-based life.

4. What can be inferred from what Allen said?

A Scientists have different arguments over whether there is life on Titan.

B Scientists all agree that there is life on Titan.

C Scientists all suggest that a biological explanation is reasonable.

D Scientists all agree that a non-biological chemical reaction is a possible explanation.

5. Which of the following can replace the title of this passage?

A Earthlike Living Beings Found on Titan.

B Finding of One More Moon of Saturn.

C Titan,a New Satellite Found.

D A different Life Form, a Possibility.

 

 

 

has won

of

which

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the

nor

 

 

41-45 BDCAB

 

答案与解析:

1. C 短文的第一段提供了答案。该段告诉读者,科学家在土星的卫星土卫六( Titan )上发现了生命的迹象,这些生命的存在是以甲烷为基础的。

2.A根据第二段“Scientists have reportedly discovered clues showing primitive alien beings are

'breathing' in Titan's dense atmosphere filled with hydrogen.”,说明土卫六(Titan)有生命迹象。因此A是答案。

3. B this form of life 指的是土卫六( Titan )上以甲烷为生命基础呼吸氢气的生物,即该文讨论的主题。

4.A科学家至今对土卫六是否存在生物有不同的观点和解释。Allen 说要做出土卫六上有生

物的结论,首先必须对Titan 上没有生物的观点做出回应;要排除土卫六上可能没有生物的观点,我们还须付出努力。所以只有A是正确选择。

5.D该短文的主题是,科学家在土卫六(Titan)上发现了一种与地球生物不同的生命形式的迹象,即以甲烷为生命基础呼吸氢气的生物,但科学家还未能最后验证这一发现。第四段中的一个句子能够揭示该短文的主题:“If these signs do turn out to be a sign of life, it would bedoubly exciting because it would represent a second form of life independent from water-based life on Earth.”

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