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英语练功房

Challenge both your English & minds

 
 
 

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0320  

2012-03-20 08:36:05|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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【范文精读】

 

 "When people succeed, it is because of hard work. Luck has nothing to do with success." Do you agree or disagree with the quotation above? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your position.

选词填空

A unexpected  B enables  C encounter  D the odds  E simply  F surest

 

 

The Role of Luck in Success

 

It has been said that when people succeed, it is because of hard work and that luck has nothing to do with success. Although I believe that hard work is very important and is the ______ way to success for most people, I must disagree with this statement. It cannot be denied that luck often plays an important role in success. For example, many important discoveries have been made by accident. There have been many cases of researchers and inventors making major breakthroughs while they were actually trying to solve another problem or create a different device. Furthermore, there is something to be said for ______ being in the right place at the right time-perhaps meeting someone by chance who can offer a good job or rare opportunity. And of course, there are the rare examples of gamblers and lottery winners who beat ______ and achieve sudden and ______ success.

While the influence of luck cannot be ignored, this is not to say that one should depend on it and ignore the value of hard work. If one is willing to work hard, I believe that success will eventually be achieved, with or without the added benefit of luck. Moreover, hard work is often an essential ingredient of luck because it ______ one to take advantage of a lucky ______. If the scientist has not worked hard to develop his knowledge and skills, he may not recognize that lucky breakthrough when it comes along. Therefore, my suggestion is not to count on luck to bring you success. Instead, work hard and keep your eyes open for that lucky opportunity.

 

运气在成功里所扮演的角色

有人说一个人会成功是因为努力,而运气和成功则是一点关系也没有。虽然我相信努力很重要,而且对大部分的人来说,努力是成功最可靠的方法,可是我不得不反对这种说法。能否成功,运气扮演着一个很重要的角色,这是不可否认的事实。例如,很多重要的发现都是在偶然情况下发生的。有很多实例表明,有重大突破的研究人员和发明家,原本是要试图解决其他问题或是发明别的仪器。而且,仅仅是天时地利这方面也有一些关系--也许是偶然碰到能提供好的工作和珍贵机会的人。当然也有极少数赌徒和彩票得主得到突如其来、意想不到的成功。   

 

尽管运气的影响力不容忽视,但也不表示人就应该完全靠运气,而忽视努力的价值。如果一个人愿意努力,不论有没有运气额外的帮助,我相信终究还是会成功。此外,因为努力能让人充分利用幸运的机会,所以努力通常也是运气的必要因素。如果科学家没有努力培养自己的知识和技巧,那么当某个幸运的突破出现时,他可能也看不出来。因此,我建议大家不要指望运气能带来成功。相反地,应该努力,并随时注意不要错过任何好机会。

 

语法练习

 

18. I appreciate ______ to your home.

(A) to be invited                                      (C) having invited

(B) to have invited                                   (D) being invited

19. I hope my teacher will take my recent illness into _____ when judging my examination.

(A) regard                                               (C) account

(B) counting                                            (D) observation

20. You _____ all those calculations! We have a computer to do that sort of thing.

(A) needn't have done                            (C) shouldn't have done

(B) must not have done                                 (D) can not have done

21. Important people don't often have much free time as their work _____ all their time.

(A) takes away                                        (C) takes up

(B) takes over                                         (D) takes in

22. When I was very young, I was terribly frightened of school, but I soon ____ it.

(A) got off                                              (C) got away

(B) got across                                       (D) got over

 

Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:

   A breakthrough (突破) in the provision of energy from the sun for the European Economic Community (EEC) could be brought forward by up to two decades, if a modest increase could be provided in the EEC's research effort in this field, according to the senior EEC scientists engaged in experiments in solar energy at EEC's scientific laboratories at Ispra, near Milan.

   The senior West German scientist in charge of the Community's solar energy programme, Mr. Joachim Gretz, told journalists that at present levels of research spending it was most unlikely that solar energy would provide as much as three per cent of the Community's energy requirements even after the year 2000. But he said that with a modest increase in the present sums, devoted by the EEC to this work it was possible that the breakthrough could be achieved by the end of the next decade.

   Mr. Gretz calculates that if solar energy only provided three per cent of the EEC's needs, this could still produce a saving of about a billion pounds in the present bill for imported energy each year. And he believes that with the possibility of utilizing more advanced technology in this field it might be possible to satisfy a much bigger share of the Community's future energy needs.

   At present the EEC spends about $2.6 millions a year on solar research at Ispra, one of the EEC's official joint research centres, and another $3 millions a year in indirect research with universities and other independent bodies.

 

23. The phrase "be brought forward" (Line 2, Para. 1) most probably means "______".

(A) be expected                                            (C) be advanced

(B) be completed                                          (D) be introduced

24. Some scientists believe that a breakthrough in the use of solar energy depends on ______.

(A) sufficient funding                                    (C) advanced technology

(B) further experiments                                       (D) well-equipped laboratories

25. According to Mr. Gretz, the present sum of money will enable the scientists to provide _____.

(A)    more than 3% of the EEC's needs after the year 2000

(B)    only 3% of the EEC's needs before the year 2000

(C)    less than 3% of the EEC's needs before the year 2000

(D)    3% of the EEC's needs after the year 2000

26. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? ______

(A)    The EEC spends one billion pounds on imported energy each year.

(B)    At the present level of research spending, it is difficult to make any significant progress in the provision of energy from the sun.

(C)    The desired breakthrough could be obtained by the end of the next decade if investment were increased.

(D)    The total yearly spending of the EEC on solar energy research amounted to almost 6 million.

27. The application of advanced technology to research in solar energy ______.

(A)    would lead to a big increase in research funding

(B)    would make it unnecessary to import oil

(C)    would make it possible to meet the future energy needs of the EEC

(D)    would provide a much greater proportion of the Community's future energy needs

 

 

FEDABC

DCACD

26―――29CACAD

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