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英语练功房

Challenge both your English & minds

 
 
 

日志

 
 

0209  

2012-02-09 11:56:01|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Daily witty words[填上所缺的词]

 Happiness is not about being immortal _______ having food or rights in one's hand. It's about having each tiny wish come true, or having something to eat when you are hungry or having someone's love when you need love.向幸福出发吧,简单即美,点滴也是幸福。

   

Quiz before Class

    As is obviously revealed in the bar chart above, over the past seven years (1998—2010), the proportion of free blood donation in clinical blood collection_______[climb] and rocketed_______ over seventy percent in 2004, _______ is a welcome development to our whole society.

    The_______[imply] meaning of the bar chart above can be illustrated _______ follows. To begin with, the increasing percentage indicates that great changes have taken place in terms of people’s spiritual civilization. Most people want to make contribution to our society_______ one way or another is a way to realize self-value. The spirit of selflessness is more pervasive than ever before. What’s more, the statistics betray that modern people, especially the young, have a better understanding of medical knowledge. Most people have abandoned their old idea _______ blood donation is most harmful to human body. In one word, our spiritual progress and rich medical knowledge have resulted in such a positive result.

    In my view, effective measures should _______[ take] to encourage free blood donation. First of all, a nation-vide education campaign should be launched to spread the _______[necessary] and knowledge of free blood donation. Besides, organizations should be set up to protect those who donate blood. Only in this way can we create _______ harmonious and healthy society.

 

 

Oceanography has been defined as "The application of a11 sciences to the study of the sea". 

Before the nineteenth century scientists_______ an interest in the sea were few and far between. Certainly Newton considered some theoretical aspects of it in his _______[write], but he was reluctant to go to sea to further his work. 

  For most people the sea was remote, and _______ the exception of early intercontinental travelers or others who earned _______ living from the sea, there was little reason _______[ ask] many questions about it, let alone to ask _______ lay beneath the surface. The first time that the question "What is at the bottom of the oceans?" had to_______[ answer] with any commercial consequence was when the laying of a telegraph cable from Europe to America was proposed. The engineer had to know the depth profile of the route to estimate the length of cable _______ had to be manufactured. 

  It was_______ Maury of the US Navy_______ the Atlantic Telegraph Company turned, in l853, for information on this matter. In the 1840s, Maury had been responsible for encouraging voyages during which soundings (测深) were taken to investigate the depths of the North Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Later, some of his findings aroused much popular interest in his book The Physical Geography of the Sea. 

  The cable _______[ lay], but not until 1866 was the connection made permanent and reliable. At the early attempts, the cable failed and when it was taken out for repairs it was found to be covered in living growths, a fact _______ defied contemporary scientific opinion_______ there was no life in the deeper parts of the sea. 

  Within a few years oceanography was under way. In 1872 Thomson led a scientific expedition(考察), which lasted for four years and brought home thousands of samples from the sea. Their classification and analysis occupied scientists for years and led to a five-volume report, the last volume being published in l895. 

 

 

 

高二上学期末统考英语试题

   答案:

1—5 ADCDC    6—10 BCBCA  

11—15 DDABA

26—30 ACDBC   31—35 DBACA 

36—40 CBACD   41—45 BADCB 

46—50 BDFAE

 

 

完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)2011年全国卷改编

 

There are times when people are so tired that they fall asleep almost anywhere. We can see there is a lot of sleeping on the bus or train on the __21____home from work in the evenings. A man will be__22____the newspaper, and seconds later it __23___ as if he is trying to ___24__it. Or he will fall asleep on the shoulder of the stranger___25__ next to him.___26___ place where unplanned short sleep __27__ is in the lecture hall where a student will start snoring(打鼾)so ___28____that the professor has to ask another student to___29___ the sleeper awake. A more embarrassing(尴尬)situation occurs when a student starts falling into sleep and the ___30___ of  the head pushes the arm off the___31___, and the movement carries the__32___ of the body along. The student wakes up on the floor with no___33___ of getting there. The worst time to fall asleep is when __34___ . Police reports are full of ___35___ that occur when people fall into sleep and go__36_____ the road. If the drivers are ___37____ , they are not seriously hurt. One woman's car, ___38____ , went into the river. She woke up in four feet of __39____ and thought it was raining. When people are really ___40_____nothing will stop them from falling asleep -- no matter where they are.

 

21.A. way            B. track              C. path            D. road

22.A. buying          B. folding            C. delivering        D. reading

23.A. acts             B. shows             C. appears         D. sounds

24.A. open            B. eat                C. find            D. finish

25.A. lying            B. waiting            C. talking          D. sitting

26.A. Next             B.Every             C. Another         D. One

27.A. goes on           B.ends up           C.lasts             D. returns

28.A. bravely           B. happily           C. loudly          D. carelessly

29.A. leave             B. shake             C. keep           D. watch

30.A. size              B. shape              C. weight         D. strength

31.A. cushion           B.desk               C. shoulder       D. book

32.A. action            B. position            C. rest           D. side

33.A. memory          B. reason             C. question       D. purpose

34.A. thinking          B. working            C. walking       D. driving

35.A. changes           B. events             C. ideas          D. accidents

36.A. up               B. off                 C. along         D. down

37.A. lucky             B. awake             C. calm          D. strong

38.A. in time            B. at first             C. as usual       D. for example

39.A. dust              B. water              C. grass         D. bush

40.A. tired              B. drunk             C. lonely         D. lazy

 

21-25 ADCBD  26-30 CACBC   31-35 BCADD   36-40 BADBA

 

 

 

Directions: For this part you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled The Celebration of Western Festivals. You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below.

1. 现在国内有不少人喜欢过西方的某些节日

2. 产生这种现象的原因

3. 这种现象可能带来的影响

The Celebration of Western Festivals

No one can have failed to notice the fact that an increasing number of Chinese are fond of celebrating some Western festivals today. For instance, on Valentine’s Day, many people give flowers or chocolate to the one they love. Another case in point is Christmas. It seems that people around the country now love to celebrate the festival.

A number of factors account for the phenomenon mentioned above, but the following might be the critical ones. In the first place, due to the policy of reform and opening-up, Chinese people tend to know more about Western culture and be influenced by it. Secondly, some businessmen wish to make money by encouraging people to celebrate those Western festivals. Last but not least, as traditional Chinese festival lose their attraction, many people tend to find joy in Western festivals.

     Though we need not criticize people celebrating Western festivals, nor can we stop them, we have to beware of the danger behind it. While enjoying the atmosphere brought by those Western customs, we might well lose our own tradition and identity.

 

 

Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.
     The Carnegie Foundation report says that many colleges have tried to be “all things to all people”. In doing so, they have increasingly catered to a narrow
minded careerism while failing to cultivate a global vision among their students.
The current crisis, it contends, does not derive from a legitimate[
合理的] desire to put learning to productive ends. The problem is that in too many academic fields, the work has no context; skills, rather than being means, have become ends. Students are offered a variety of options and allowed to pick their way to a degree. In short, driven by careerism, “the nation’s colleges and universities are more successful in providing credentials(文凭)than in providing a quality education for their students.” The report concludes that the special challenge confronting the undergraduate college is one of shaping an “integrated core” of common learning. Such a core would introduce students “to essential knowledge, to connections across the disciplines, and in the end, to application of knowledge to life beyond the campus.”
    Although the key to a good college is a high
quality faculty, the Carnegie study found that most colleges do very little to encourage good teaching. In fact, they do much to undermine it. As one professor observed: “Teaching is important, we are told, and yet faculty know that research and publication matter most.” Not surprisingly, over the last twenty years colleges and universities have failed to graduate half of their four year degree candidates. Faculty members who dedicate themselves to teaching soon discover that they will not be granted tenure(终身任期), promotion, or substantial salary increases. Yet 70 percent of all faculty say their interests lie more in teaching than in research. Additionally, a frequent complaint among young scholars is that “There is pressure to publish, although there is virtually no interest among administrators or colleagues in the content of the publications.”
26.When a college tries to be “all things to all people”(lines 2, Para.
), it aims to ____.
A) satisfy the needs of all kinds of students simultaneously

B) focus on training students in various skills

C) encourage all sorts of people to attend college

D) make learning serve academic rather than productive ends

27.The word “core”(lines 15, 1st paragraph) might mean____.

A) aim
 
B) unit

C) center

D) course

28.One of the reasons for the current crisis in American colleges and universities is that ____.

A) a narrow vocationalism has come to dominate many colleges

B) students don’t have enough freedom in choosing what they want to learn

C) skills are being taught as a means to an end

D) students are not interested in learning

29.American colleges and universities failed to graduate half of their four
year degree candidates because ____.
A) most of them lack high
quality faculties
B) students are becoming more and more lazy

C) there are not enough incentives for students to study hard

D) they attach greater importance to research and publication than to teaching

30.It can be inferred from the passage that high
quality college education calls for ____.
A) high quality faculties

B) a commitment to students and effective teaching

C) the cultivation of students’ interest in learning

D) dedication to research in frontier areas of knowledge


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Passage Two
内容概要:本文讲述的是美国大学的教育危机。卡内基基金会的报告表明一种狭隘的职业教育观在大学里盛行。在大学里,培养学生的各种技能成为了教育的目的,而学生的综合素质教育却被忽视。大学提供很多选择便于学生拿到学位。还有,在大学里的教学人员往往不是出于兴趣,而是迫于压力,他们把重点放在了学术研究和文章的出版,而不是教学。
26.
【答案】B
【译文】当一所大学想成为所有学生的万能钥匙时,其目的是把教育重心放在了训练学生的各种技能上面。
【试题分析】意图理解题。
【详细解答】从第一段中,我们知道一种狭隘的职业教育观在大学里盛行,技能成为了教育的最终目的。从此句“…skills, rather than being means, have become ends.”可知选项B符合题意。
27.
【答案】C
【译文】单词“core”的意思可能是什么。
【试题分析】词义判断题。
【详细解答】选项A是目的,目标;B是单位,单元;C是中心,核心;D是课程;依据文章,可知C合乎句意。
28.
【答案】A
【译文】目前美国大学产生危机的一个原因是一种狭隘的职业观在大学里盛行。
【试题分析】综合分析判断题。
【详细解答】从文章中第二句“…they have increasingly catered toa narrow-minded careerism while failing to cultivate a global vision…”,可知选项A正确。
29.
【答案】D
【译文】美国大学里本科生人数的一半都不能毕业的原因是美国大学更看重学术研究和文章的发表,而不是教学。
【试题分析】细节题。
【详细解答】从最后一段中此句“Teaching is important, we are told,
and yet faculty know that research and publication matter most.”
可知,虽然被告知教学重要,但是老师们都清楚,最要紧的是研究和出版。然后文章紧接着说毫不奇怪,过半人数的本科生不能毕业了。

30.【答案】B
【译文】从文章中可以推论出:高质量的大学教育既需要来自学生方面的努力,也需要来自教师的高效率教学。
【试题分析】推论题。
【详细解答】选项A高素质的教学人员,以及选项C培养学生学习的兴趣都不全面,选项D致力于学科前的研究也不对,因为在文章的最后一段中,作者实际上批判的就是大学里过分注重研究,忽视了教学。选项B是正确的。

 

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