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英语练功房

Challenge both your English & minds

 
 
 

日志

 
 

0228  

2012-02-28 08:30:52|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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41.    We had a party last month, and it was a lot of fun, so let's have ______ one this month.

(A) another                                                      (C) the other

(B) more                                                         (D) other

42.    It was difficult to guess what her _____ to the news would be.

(A) impression                                                        (C) comment

(B) reaction                                                     (D) opinion

43.    I decided to go to the library as soon as I _____.

(A) finish what I did                                                (C) would finish what I was doing

(B) finished what I did                                      (D) finished what I was doing

44.    There were some ______ flowers on the table.

(A) artificial                                                     (C) false

(B) unnatural                                                    (D) unreal

45.    We are interested in the weather because it _____ us so directly ---- what we wear, what we do, and even how we feel.

(A) benefits                                                     (C) guides

(B) affects                                                              (D) effects

46.    Will all those _____ the proposal raise their hands?

(A) in relation to                                              (C) in excess of

(B) in contrast to                                              (D) in favor of

47.    Children are very curious ______.

(A) at heart                                                      (C) on purpose

(B) in person                                                   (D) by nature

48.    The match was cancelled because most of the members _____ a match without a standard court.[ 标准篮球场地]

(A) objected to having                                     (C) objected to have

(B) were objected to have                                      (D) were objected to having

49.    The teacher doesn't permit _____ in class.

(A) smoke                                                              (C) smoking

(B) to smoke                                                   (D) to have a smoke

50.    I like watching TV _____ to the cinema.

(A) more than to go                                                (C) more than going

(B) than going                                                  (D) rather than to go

 

 

On Thanksgiving weekend of his senior year, Wozniak visited the University of Colorado. It was closed _______ the holiday, but he found an engineering student who took him _______ a tour of the labs. He _______[beg]  his father to let him go there, even though the out-of-state tuition was more than the family could _______[easy]  afford. They struck a deal: He would be allowed _______[go]  for one year, but then he would transfer to De Anza Community College back home. After arriving at Colorado in the fall of 1969, he spent so much time playing pranks (such as producing reams of printouts saying “Fuck Nixon”) that he failed a couple of his courses and was put on probation. In addition, he created a program to calculate Fibonacci numbers that burned up so much computer time the university threatened to bill him for the cost. So he readily lived up to his bargain with his parents and transferred to De Anza.

After a pleasant year at De Anza, Wozniak took time off to make some money. He found work at a company that made computers for the California Motor Vehicle Department, and a coworker made him a wonderful offer: He would provide some spare chips so Wozniak could make one of the computers he had been sketching on paper. Wozniak decided to use as few chips as possible, both as a personal challenge _______ because he did not want to take advantage of his colleague’s largesse.

Much of the work was done in the garage of a friend just _______ the corner, Bill Fernandez, who was still at Homestead High. To lubricate their efforts, they drank large amounts of Cragmont cream soda, riding their bikes to the Sunnyvale Safeway to return the bottles, collect the deposits, and buy more. “That’s how we started referring to it as the Cream Soda Computer,” Wozniak recalled. It was basically a calculator capable of multiplying numbers entered by a set of switches and displaying the results in binary code with little lights.

When it was finished, Fernandez told Wozniak there was someone at Homestead High he should meet. “His name is Steve. He likes to do pranks like you do, and he’s also into building electronics like you are.” It may have been the most significant meeting in a Silicon Valley garage since Hewlett went into Packard’s thirty-two years earlier. “Steve and I just sat on the sidewalk in front of Bill’s house for the longest time, just sharing stories—mostly about pranks we’d pulled, and also _______ kind of electronic designs we’d done,” Wozniak recalled. “We had so much in common. Typically, it was really hard for me to explain to people what kind of design stuff I worked on, but Steve got it right away. And I liked him. He was kind of _______[skin]  and wiry and full of energy.” Jobs was also impressed. “Woz was the first person I’d met who knew more electronics than I did,” he once said, stretching his own expertise. “I liked him right away. I was a little more mature than my years, and he was a little less mature than his, so it evened out. Woz was very bright, but emotionally he was my age.”

 

髙中第四年感恩节的周末,沃兹拜访了科罗拉多大学。学校放假了,但他找到了一个工程系的学生,那个人带着他参观了实验室。沃兹尼亚克请求父亲送他去那里读书,尽管州外学生的学费并不是他们轻易拿得出的。他们达成了一个协议:沃兹可以去科罗拉多大学读一年,但一年之后必须转回离家较近的迪安扎(DeAnza)社区学院。1969年秋天抵达科罗拉多之后,沃兹把大把的时间用在了恶作剧上(包括印发大量写着“去你妈的尼克松”的传单),以至于未能通过一些课程的考试,被学校留校察看。此外,他编写了一个程序,不停地计算斐波那契数列,占用了大量的计算机运行时间,学校威胁要他承担费用。为了不让父母知道这些事,他转学到了迪安扎。

    在迪安扎愉快地度过了一年后,沃兹尼亚克决定休学去赚钱。他在一家为交通部门生产计算机的公司里找到了工作,一名同事还给了他丰厚的馈赠:将一些多余的芯片提供给沃兹,让他将一直停留在图纸上的计算机变成现实。沃兹尼亚克决定使用尽可能少的芯片,一方面作为对自己的挑战,另一方面也是因为不想利用同事的慷慨。

    沃兹的大多数工作都是在附近一个朋友家的车库中完成的,此人就是当时还在家园高中读书的比尔?费尔南德斯(BillFernandez)。为了 让工作顺利完成,他们喝了很多克雷格蒙特奶油苏打水,然后骑着自行车去森尼韦尔的西夫韦超市退还瓶子,换到钱后再买更多汽水。“正是

因为这个我们才把它叫做奶油苏打水电脑。”沃兹尼亚克说。这其实是一台可以做乘法的计算器,通过一系列开关将数字输入,然后用小灯显 示的二进制码呈现结果。

    1970年秋天,奶油苏打水电脑完工后,费尔南德斯告诉沃兹尼亚克,他应该见见家园高中的一个人。“他叫史蒂夫,跟你一样喜欢恶作剧 ,也跟你一样喜欢电子学。”这应该是继32年前休利特走进帕卡德的车库之后,硅谷历史上意义最重大的一次车库会面。“史蒂夫和我就在比 尔家门前的人行道上坐了很久,分享彼此的故事——大多是关于我们搞的恶作剧,还有各自做过的电子设计,”沃兹回忆说,“我们有如此多

的共同点。一般来说,我很难向别人解释清楚我做的设计,但史蒂夫一下子就听明白了。我喜欢他。他痩巴巴的,但是充满了活力。”乔布斯 也印象深刻。“沃兹是我见过的第一个比我还懂电子学的人,”他从专业的角度这么说,“我立刻就喜欢上他了。我比自己的真实年龄要显得 更成熟,而沃兹正相反,我们拉平了。沃兹非常聪明,但情商方面却像是我这个年龄的人。”

 

 

 

 

There is a popular belief among parents that schools are no longer interested in spelling. No school I have taught in has ever ignored spelling or considered it unimportant as a basic skill. There are, however, vastly different ideas about how to teach it, or how much priority (优先) it must be given over general language development and writing ability. The problem is, how to encourage a child to express himself freely and confidently in writing without holding him back with the complexities of spelling?

  If spelling becomes the only focal point of his teacher's interest, clearly a bright child will be likely to "play safe". He will tend to write only words within his spelling range, choosing to avoid adventurous language. That's why teachers often encourage the early use of dictionaries and pay attention to content rather than technical ability.

  I was once shocked to read on the bottom of a sensitive piece of writing about a personal experience: "This work is terrible! There are far too many spelling errors and your writing is illegible (难以辨认)" It may have been a sharp criticism of the pupil's technical abilities in writing, but it was also a sad reflection on the teacher who had omitted to read the essay, which contained some beautiful expressions of the child's deep feelings. The teacher was not wrong to draw attention to the errors, but if his priorities had centred on the child's ideas, an expression of his disappointment with the presentation would have given the pupil more motivation to seek improvement.

 

51.    Teachers differ in their opinions about ____ .

(A) the difficulties in teaching spelling

(B)  the role of spelling in general language development

(C) the complexities of the basic writing skills

(D) the necessity of teaching spelling

52.    The expression "play safe" probably means "____".

(A) to write carefully

(B)  to do as teachers say

(C) to use dictionaries frequently

(D) to avoid using words one is not sure of

53.    Teachers encourage the use of dictionaries so that ____.

(A) students will be able to express their ideas more freely

(B)  teachers will have less trouble in correcting mistakes

(C) students will have more confidence in writing

(D) students will learn to be independent of teachers

54.    The writer seems to think that the teacher's judgement on that sensitive piece of writing is ____.

(A) reasonable

(B)  unfair

(C) foolish

(D) careless

55.    The major point discussed in the passage is ____ .

(A) the importance of developing writing skills

(B)  the complexities of spelling

(C) the correct way of making compositions

(D) the relationship between spelling and the content of a composition

 

 

 

41. A      42. B      43. D     44. A      45. B      46. D     47. D     48. A      49. C     50. C

 

 

for

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skinny

 

 

BDABD

 

 

 

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