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英语练功房

Challenge both your English & minds

 
 
 

日志

 
 

0222  

2012-02-22 07:40:47|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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在形如“It is (was)+形容词(或过去分词+that……”结构中,使用某些表示愿望、建议、请求、命令、可能、适当、较好、迫切、紧近、重要等形容词后的主语从句谓语也用虚拟语气。其表达形式为should +动词原形或省略should直接用动词原形(美国英语中省去should
常用的形容词:* natural (自然的), appropriate (适当的),advisable (合适的), preferable (更可取的), better (更好的)* necessary (必须的), important (重要的), imperative (急需的), urgent (急迫的), essential (本质的), vital (必不可少的)* probable (很可能的), possible (可能的)* desirable (极好的)advisable(合理的),compulsory(必须的),crucial(紧急的),desirable(理想的),essential(必要的),imperative(迫切的),incredible(惊人的),necessary(必要的),possible(可能的),strange(奇怪的),urgent(紧迫的)。
常用的过去分词(Past Participle):* required (需要的), demanded (要求), requested (被请求的), desired (要求)* suggested (建议), recommended (推荐)* orderd (命令)
1. It is necessary that we (should
可省略,下同)have a walk now.(necessary, should + have) (表示有需要去散步)
2.It was necessary that we (should) make everything ready ahead of time.(necessary, should + make) (
表示有必要事先做好准备)
3. It is required that nobody (should) smoke here.(required, should + smoke) (
表示要求不要在此抽烟)
4. It is important that every pupil (should) be able to understand therule of school.(important, should + be) (
表示重要的是学生都能了解校规)
5. It’s important that we (should) take good care of the patient.(important, should + take) (
表示重要的是照顾好病人)
6. It is natural that she should do so. (
形容词natural, should+动词原形do)
7.It is essential that these application forms be sent back as early as possible
.这些申请表应尽早地寄回,这是很重要的。
8.It is vital that enough money be collected to fund the project
.重要的是募集足够的钱,为这个项目提供资金。
9.It is desired that we
shouldget everything ready this evening.希望我们今晚一切都准备就绪。
注:在上述所列形容词后面用that引出的宾语从句中,谓语动词也要用虚拟语气。
10.I don’t think it advisable that Tom be assigned to the job since he has no experience
.汤姆缺乏经验,指派他做这项工作我认为是不恰当的。
二、在It is +名词+that…的主语从句中的虚拟语气
It is +名词+that的主语从句中,常用虚拟语气,表示建议、命令、请求、道歉、怀疑、惊奇等。这类名词
有:advice decision desire demand ideamotion orderpity preference proposalrecommendation requirementresolutionshamesuggestionsurprisewishwonder等。
It is my proposal that he be sent to study further abroad.我建议派他去国外进一步学习。

56. The engine _____ smoke and steam.

A) gives up                                            C) gives away

B) gives in                                        D) gives off

57. The manager promised to keep me _____ of how our business was going on.

A) to be informed                                   C) informed

B) on informing                                      D) informing

58. Don't _____ this news to the public until we give you the go-ahead.

    A) release                                                 C) relate

B) relieve                                               D) retain

59. She never laughed, _____ lost her temper.

A) or she ever did                                   C) or did she ever

B) nor did she ever                                       D) nor she ever did

60. The goals _____ he had fought all his life no longer seemed important to him.

A) after which                                       C) with which

B) for which                                         D) at which

 

A

Our neighbour’s son was getting married at an out-of-town church, and my husband and I were invited. We immediately rushed out to a store, and I bought a nice pink dress with a jacket. The dress was a little tight, but I had a month to go before the June 30 wedding and I would lose a few pounds.

June 29 came and, of course, I hadn’t lost a single pound; in fact I had gained two. But I figured a nice new girdle (紧身内衣) would cure everything. So on our way out of the city we stopped once again at the store. I ran in and told the clerk I needed a large-size girdle. The shop assistant found the box with the described girdle marked “LG”, and asked if I would like to try it on. “Oh, no, a large one will fit just right. I needn’t try it on.”

The next morning was rather hot, so I waited to get dressed until about 45 minutes before time to go. I opened the box only to find a new girdle in a small size. Since it was too late to find another one and the dress wouldn’t fit right without a girdle, a fight broke out in the hotel room between me and the girdle. Have you ever tried to shake 20 pounds of potatoes into a five-pound bag? That’s it. Finally my husband, laughing like crazy, got hold of each side and shook me down into it. At once I put on the pink dress, which didn’t match my red face well, and was ready to go.

Finally we got to the church. I heard one of the people say that they were having a High Mass. I turned to my husband and asked, “What is a High Mass?” He shrugged his shoulders.

Unfortunately, I learned that this particular mass would last one hour, twenty-two minutes and eight and one half seconds --- the priest (神父) was going to bless everything except my girdle.

 

26. The author most probably bought a nice pink dress with a jacket _____.

A. 4 weeks later   B. 4 weeks earlier   C. a fortnight earlier   D. a fortnight later

27. What had the author wanted to do with the tight dress?

A. To make herself thinner.     B. To buy a large-size girdle.

C. To put on some weight.      D. To shake herself into it.

28. Which of the following statements about the author is TRUE according to the story?

A. She was very lucky to buy a girdle to go with for her dress.

B. She had no choice but to put on the dress without a girdle.

C. She complained to the shop assistant about her carelessness.

D. She managed to put on the girdle with her husband’s help.

29. The purpose of this passage is _____.

A. to show a husband’s selfless love

B. to share an interesting experience

C. to describe a changeable girdle

D. to tell us how to keep calm in trouble

30. What would be the best title for the passage?

A. A Funny Wedding    B. A Wise Decision  

C. A Tight Situation     D. A Fierce Fight

 

CHAPTER TWO

ODD COUPLE

 The Two Steves

 

While a student in McCollum’s class, Jobs became friends with a graduate _____ was the teacher’s all-time favorite and a school legend for his wizardry in the class. Stephen Wozniak, _____ younger brother had been _____ a swim team with Jobs, was almost five years older than Jobs and far more _____[knowledge] about electronics. But emotionally and socially he was still a high school geek.

Like Jobs, Wozniak learned a lot at his father’s knee. But their lessons were different. Paul Jobs was a high school dropout _____, when fixing up cars, knew how to turn[赚到;挣得] a tidy profit by striking the right deal on parts. Francis Wozniak, known as Jerry, was a brilliant engineering graduate from Cal Tech, _____ he had quarterbacked the football team, _____ became a rocket scientist at Lockheed. He exalted engineering and looked down _____ those in business, marketing, and sales. “I remember him telling me that engineering was the highest level of importance you could reach in the world,” Steve Wozniak later recalled. “It takes society to a new level.”

One of Steve Wozniak’s first memories was going to his father’s workplace on a weekend and being shown electronic parts, with his dad “putting them on a table with me so I got to play with them.” He watched _____ fascination as his father tried to get a waveform line on a video screen to stay flat so he could show that one of his circuit designs was working properly. “I could see that whatever my dad was doing, it was important and good.” Woz, as he was known even then, would ask about the resistors and transistors lying around the house, and his father would pull out a blackboard to illustrate what they did. “He would explain what a resistor was by going all the way back to atoms and electrons. He explained how resistors worked when I was in second grade, not by equations but by having me picture it.”

Woz’s father taught him something else that became ingrained in his childlike, socially awkward personality: Never lie. “My dad believed in honesty. Extreme honesty. That’s the biggest thing he taught me. I never lie, even _____ this day.” (The only partial exception was in the service of a good practical joke.) In addition, he imbued his son with an aversion to extreme ambition, _____ set Woz apart from Jobs. At an Apple product launch event in 2010, forty years after they met, Woz reflected on their differences. “My father told me, ‘You always want to be in the middle,’” he said. “I didn’t want to be up with the high-level people like Steve. My dad was an engineer, and that’s _____ I wanted to be. I was way too shy ever to be a business leader like Steve.”

By fourth grade Wozniak became, _____ he put it, one of the “electronics kids.” He had an easier time making eye contact with a transistor than with a girl, and he developed the chunky and stooped look of a guy who spends most of his time hunched over circuit boards. At the same age _____ Jobs was puzzling over a carbon microphone that his dad couldn’t explain, Wozniak was using transistors to build an intercom system _____[feature] amplifiers, relays, lights, and buzzers that connected the kids’ bedrooms of six houses in the neighborhood. And at an age when Jobs was building Heathkits, Wozniak was assembling a transmitter and receiver from Hallicrafters, the most sophisticated radios available.

 

第二章 奇特的一对

两个史蒂夫 沃兹

 

还在麦科勒姆班上的时候,乔布斯碰巧与一个本校的毕业生成了朋友,此人就是斯蒂芬·沃兹尼亚克(StephenWozniak)①。沃兹尼亚克一直是老师最喜欢的学生,并因为在班上展现出的杰出才能而成为全校的传奇人物。他的弟弟曾经和乔布斯一起参加过游泳队,而他本人比乔布斯大了将近5岁,对电子学的了解也远超乔布斯。但从情商以及社交方面的能力来说,他依然是个高中生极客。

和乔布斯一样,沃兹尼亚克也从父亲那里学到了很多。但两人学到的东西是不同的。乔布斯的父亲是个高中辍学生,他在修理汽车的过程

中学会了如何通过买卖零部件赚取可观的利润;而人称“杰里”的沃兹尼亚克的父亲弗朗西斯·沃兹尼亚克(FrancisWozniak),是加州理工学院工程系的杰出毕业生,还是校橄榄球队的四分卫,他十分崇尚工程学并且瞧不起那些从事商业、市场或销售的人。他后来成为了洛克希德公司的火箭专家,设计导弹制导系统。“我记得他告诉我,工程学是世界上最重要的,”史蒂夫·沃兹尼亚克后来回忆说,“工程学将社会带入了一个新的层级。”

    沃兹尼亚克最早的记忆之一,就是在一个周末去了父亲工作的地方,看到了一些电子部件,父亲“把我跟这些部件一起摆在桌上,这样我就可以拿着玩了”。父亲试着让显示器上的一条波形保持平直,以证明自己设计的电路能够正常工作,而沃兹在一旁看得入了迷。“我能看到,爸爸做的任何事情都是重要的,而且他做得很棒。”那个时候的沃兹就会问父亲各种问题,都是关于屋子里随处可见的电阻晶体管的,父亲就会拿出一块黑板,给他解释这些部件是干什么的。“他会从原子和电子开始讲起,给我解释电阻是干什么的。我上小学二年级的时候他就给我解释阻是怎么工作的了,不是用方程式,而是用很具体形象的方式。”

    沃兹的父亲还教给了他其他一些东西:绝不撒谎,这深深扎根于他那单纯、不善社交的个性之中。“我父亲信奉诚实,极端的诚实。那是

他教我的最重要的事情,我从没有撒过谎,到今天也是这样。”(仅有的例外就是他恶作剧的时候。)除此之外,这位父亲还给儿子灌输了对于极大野心的厌恶,这一点沃兹与乔布斯不同。他们结交40年以后,2010年,在一场苹果公司的产品发布活动上,沃兹回顾了他们之间的这种差异。“我爸爸跟我说,你总是想做一个中庸的人。”他说,“我不想成为一个像史蒂夫那样的高端人物。我爸爸是个工程师,那也是我想做

的。我太腼腆了,永远不可能成为像史蒂夫那样的商业领袖。”

    到了四年级,沃兹尼亚克成为了他自称为“电子小孩”的一类人。对他来说,盯着一只晶体管要比跟一个姑娘眉来眼去来得容易,他就以

矮矮胖胖、有点儿驼背的形象示众,大多数时间他都埋头于电路板中。在乔布斯还在为了一个连他父亲都解释不清的碳精话筒而迷惑的年纪,沃兹尼亚克已经在使用晶体管搭建对讲系统了,这个系统带有放大器、继电器、灯和蜂鸣器,连接了相邻的6座房子中孩子们的卧室。乔布斯还在玩希斯工具盒的时候,沃兹尼亚克已经在组装来自世界上最先进的无线电制造商哈里克拉夫特(Hallicmfters)的发射器和接收器了,他还和父亲一起获得了业余无线电执照。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

56. D      57. C      58. A       59. B       60. B

 

 

26~30 BADBC

 

 

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