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英语练功房

Challenge both your English & minds

 
 
 

日志

 
 

1107  

2012-11-07 08:26:51|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Holiday clear up

我们离文明有多远?

    ITTING near the flagpole at Tian’anmen Square, a family took out smelly pieces of chicken and some eggs. When they had finished _______[eat] , they didn’t clear away their mess.

    Hu Rong, _______ student at the Communication University of China, saw this as she waited for the flag-raising ceremony on National Day. She thought it was rude.

    Once again, the Golden Week holiday witnessed the uncivilized (不文明的) behavior of some Chinese tourists. Common bad manners include spitting, talking loudly, jumping queues _______ randomly littering.

    On Oct 1 alone, over 47 tons of garbage _______[collect]  from Tian’anmen Square, according to Xinhua News Agency. The same day, a 3-kilometer-long beach in Sanya, Hainan was covered _______  50 tons of garbage. At the Xixi National Wetland Park in Hangzhou, Zhejiang, tourists climbed up trees to pick fruit.

    Uncivilized behavior is becoming a real _______[embarrass]for China as overseas tourism continues to increase. According to the latest 2012 LivingSocial survey, Chinese tourists were ranked second behind US citizens in a global poll of the worst travelers.

Earlier this month, French Thierry Gillier, the founder of high-end clothing brand Zadig & Voltaire, told Women’s Wear Daily magazine in the US that its new hotel in Paris, France, “won’t be open to Chinese tourists”.

    Many people are looking for peace and quiet with a certain amount of privacy, Gillier was quoted (引用) as saying, indicating Chinese tourists could destroy that.

Gillier has been criticized for _______ are thought to be racist opinions, but there is some truth to his claims.

Indeed, we are not considerate enough, said Yao Xuwen, 17, an exchange student at Har-Ber High School in the US. During her flight to the US, a Chinese man _______[sit]  in front of Yao tilted (倾斜) back his chair. No room was left for her but despite her requests, the man refused to move.

    _______[Self]  and a lack of awareness for public property (财产) might be the main reasons behind such bad behavior, experts say.

   Some people think: I pay for the tour so I can do whatever I want, commentator (评论员) Liao Xiaoqing wrote on Zhejiang Daily. She called on tourists to respect the scenic sites and other people.

     Yao Xuwen agreed. “We should take other people’s feelings into consideration while we enjoy privileges as a traveler,” she said.?

To act as a more sensible (文明的) traveler abroad, Yao suggested_______[research] local customs in advance. For example, she was told that US citizens care a lot about table _______[manner] . Yao has been trying to eat quietly in the US so she doesnt disturb others at her school.?

 

 

Many people think of dirt as being, well, dirty! Parents often tell their children not to play in dirt or to get it on their clothes. And there are good reasons to be wary ─ soil often contains bacteria, parasites and pollutants that can make people sick. With so many risks, it is no surprise that many people find geophagy ─ literally the eating of earth or soil ─ unappetizing.
   Yet, geophagy is actually a relatively common practice in many parts of the world. Since people tend to be very selective about which soils they eat, the practice has also created a thriving industry. In Nigeria, the village of Uzalla annually processes over 500 tons of its prized soil for sale and consumption in markets hundreds of kilometers away. Geophagy also has a long history in the U.S., where some eat clay and ship packages of it to relatives far from home. Soil is also sold as a nutritional supplement, similar to vitamins, in some parts of Asia.
   The fact that the eating of soil is also widespread in the animal kingdom suggests that geophagy may even be a natural process.

Some soils are surprisingly rich in minerals and nutrients such as iron and copper. People can often get more of these nutrients from geophagy than from taking vitamin supplements. This may be why geophagists often claim to like the "sour taste" of dirt and to have cravings for it. It may also explain why geophagy is often most common among pregnant women and nursing mothers.
   In some cases, soil can make dangerous foods safe to consume. People have long known that certain poisonous wild acorns and potatoes become edible when mixed with soil.
Sometimes, soil is even taken as medicine! Many stomach medications contain the clay Kaolin because it absorbs bacteria and toxins that cause diarrhea.
   Unfortunately, geophagy is also practiced to avoid hunger pains when other food is scarce. In poor countries, food can become so expensive that people substitute soil for flour or rice. This is a serious social problem because even mineral-rich soils can't provide a balanced diet.
   Eating dirt may not be key to a healthy diet, but sometimes it may not be so bad after all.

26. What does the underlined word “wary” mean in Paragraph 1?

   A. ignorable  B. cautious  C. indifferent   D. relieved

27. In the 2nd paragraph, many examples about eating soils are listed to demonstrate that _______.

   A. soils are definitely good for our health 

   B. soils are popular with people throughout the world

   C. soils eating is a relatively common practice in many parts of the world

   D. soils are so nutritional that it can take the place of other food

28. It can be known that _______________.

   A. all the soils are richer in minerals than vitamin supplements

  B. some pregnant women and nursing mothers prefer soil-eating for its tastes

  C. soil has a magic power to absorb the poison in all the dangerous foods

  D. even in some rich countries people like to take soil as the main food

29. What’s the author’s attitude towards eating soil?

  A. Critical   B. Appreciative   C. Neutral    D. Supportive

30. What is the purpose of the passage?

  A. To encourage people to eat soils.  B. To introduce the importance of soil.

  C. To clarify the misunderstanding about soil-eating.

  D. To compare the nutrition of soil with that of other food.

 

 

Culture shock is a complex topic, but I'm a simple man with simple perspectives. So my experience of foreign culture boils down to three basic stages: anger, acceptance and appreciation. When I began my life in China I was often filled with frustration and    11   over the way things were. Things were seen as clearly “  12    and I rejected the view of there being other ways of doing things. Afterwards I came to   13   different ways of doing things but still saw my own ways as superior. My views were still heavily colored by   14     and I often accepted situations I felt   15   by simply coining the phrase "That's China,"    16    China was a backward country that simply didn't do things correctly. Finally, however , I came to understand and appreciate the new   17     and ways of doing things , sometimes using them as effectively as the     18   . For example, fish is never    19     with the head in my country, thus my feelings went from “Ugh! I can’t eat this! The fish is    20    at me saying, `You're a   21   man.' Take this off the table,” to “I’ll let my friends enjoy, but I'll just stick with the other dishes,” and to "Would anyone mind if I eat the eyeball?" It is not the same with every westerner, and some take    22    than others to go through the three stages. It all depends on how   23    you are and how tightly you   24   to your own culture. It took a little over a year of living in China before I finally appreciate the new culture. Now, I'm more    25    in China than in my own country.

 

11. A. curiosity         B. fear                   C. purpose              D. anger

12. A. wrong           B. right                   C. wise              D. smooth

13. A. find          B. use               C. accept                D. refuse

14. A. preferences        B. references            C. facts                   D. standards

15. A. necessary         B. important          C. nervous           D. stupid

16. A. mentioning        B. saying                  C . meaning          D. referring

17. A. character         B. personality          C. revolution           D. culture

18. A. locals                B. foreigners            C. researchers          D. citizens

19. A. bought          B.sold               C. served            D. separated

20. A. glancing           B. laughing            C. shouting                D. staring

21. A. kind              B. cruel                 C. brave           D. unique

22. A. more        B. less                    C. further               D. longer

23. A. adaptable            B. considerable         C. dependable          D. enjoyable

24. A. get           B. hold              C. catch                  D. insist

25. A. anxious       B. welcomed               C. comfortable          D. miserable

 

 

 

eating

a

and

was collected

with

 embarrassment

what

sitting

Selfishness

researching

manners

 

26—30BCBCC 

 

11—15. DACAD  16--20CDACD   21---25 BDABC

 

 

 

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