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英语练功房

Challenge both your English & minds

 
 
 

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2012-11-20 09:17:38|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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1120 - e-pie - 英语练功房

 

 

1120 - e-pie - 英语练功房

 

1120 - e-pie - 英语练功房

 

       Feminist sociolinguists(社会语言学家),over the course of the last few decades,have conducted studies that they believe support the conclusion that women are routinely discriminated against in Endlish-speaking society.They point to the words used to describe women,as well as the words used to describe society as a whole,as indications that the English language ,and therefore the English-speaking culture,is slanted towards the advantage of males.
  The words used to describe women are used as instrument by feminist sociolinguists to denote an inherent sexism in the English language.Word pairs such as master and mistress and sir and madam,they claim ,epitomize such sexism.All of the words in question once held positive connotations but,while the masculine (男性的)forms have retained their respectable associations,the feminine forms have undergone pejoration and now imply sexual promiscuity(混杂) and other negative characteristics.Feminist researchers assume that such pejoration indicate that the status of women in English-speaking society is relatively low.
  These researchers also find fault with the use of masculine words to describe unisex entities .For example ,they feel that there is nothing inherently mainly about mankind, the best man for the job,or the common man.Similarly,the use of such constructions as the “the average students is worried about his grades” indicate to these researchers an inherent sexism in English that is reflective of the cultures in which they are produced .
  Carolyn Jacobson ,author of Non-sexist Language has proposed a solution to this conundrum(难题).She advocates the elimination of all sexed words in favor of gender-neutral terms.No longer should we refer to actors and actresses or waiters and waitresses, as such dichotomies(男女有别) allow for the possibility of negative connotations being associated with the feminine designation.Likewise,she believes that phrases such as mankind should give way to human kind and that the use of the masculine pronoun as the default should be abandoned in favor of neutral constructions. Thus, when sexism is eliminated from the English language ,the culture will be more amenable to the deliverance of women as well .
  1. The primary purpose of this passage is to_____
  A compare and contrast ideology in various cultures
  B prove a commonly held belief to be wrong
  C describe a problem and a possible solution
  D analyze the historical origins of a modern situation
  2 According to the passage,gender-neutral constructions should be advocated because_____
  A the elimination of sexism in the English language will precede the elimination of sexism in the culture
  B they are more grammatically sound than sexed structures
  C unisex terms are less awkward in casual speech
  D sex-specific terms always carry negative connotations
  3 The author refers to mankind ,the best man for the job,and the common man in order to_____
  A demonstrate the superiority of males in English-speaking society
  B provide an example of speech that is slanted towards the advantage of males
  C list the characteristics of the feminist socialinguist movement
  D discount the notion that the English language discriminates against women
  4 The word“pejoration” most probably means_____
  A negative connotation
  B positive connotation
  C sexual characteristic
  D respectable characteristic
  5 In favor of gender-neutral terms,which of the following words can be used to describe unisex entities?
  A mankind
  B chairperson
  C superman
  D dragon lady

 

1120 - e-pie - 英语练功房

 

 

1120 - e-pie - 英语练功房

  

 

 

Internet users will have to register using their real names before indulging in online games starting Sunday as part of a nationwide campaign to protect minors and improve management of the virtual gaming industry, authorities said.

The Ministry of Culture had ___1____ the regulation in late June.   

The regulation, which will take effect on Aug 1, applies ___2____  all multiplayer role-playing and social networking games.

But both ardent game players and experts believe the policy will have___3____  impact on the industry.

Major online game operators in China, including Shanda and Tencent Games, said they had already implemented the real name registration policy some months ago and the move has not had an effect on their____4___.

Many also question the effectiveness of the policy, as it will fail to protect minors in the absence of a credible identity recognition system.

"Minors might as well borrow or even buy ID cards online if they really want to play games. So the new rule cannot really keep them ____5___," said Hu Dong, an avid gamer from Shanghai.

Li Li, deputy director of the Shanghai Information Law Association, ___6____. He said it was meaningless to promote real name registration____7___  an effective national identification system, ___8____  should ideally include other credible information of the players, such as their bank accounts, in order to be really effective.

"Without such a___9____, the move will only increase costs for the operators and bring them greater risks," said Li.

The Shanghai version of the regulation has made more detailed rules in a bid to protect ___10____  from virtual warfare

Online game vendors, for instance, are required to indicate at prominent positions of their websites whether or not the games are suitable for minors, who are ___11___ 18 years old

If unsuitable for minors, game operators should install a technical system prohibiting them ___12____  starting the games.

For those games rendered appropriate for minors, there should be no misleading information___13____ and a time limit should be in place to prevent kids from getting addicted to the games, according to the regulation.

"If everyone can use their real ID cards to register, then the policy would be good for both minors and adults," said Wu Hao, 22, a Shanghai resident who has been playing online games for more than a decade.

"Now many online games that contain violence have been modified to appear less __14__  to minors, but we as adults don't like that a screening system is necessary ___15____ we all can enjoy the games," he said.

 

1.     A. issued         B. delivered         C. announced      D. decided

2.     A. in          B. to              C. at             D. on

3.     A. great       B. much           C. little           D. a lot of   4.     A. games    B. customers      C. operation      D. business

5.     A. away     B. aside      C. down          D. off

6.     A. disagreed        B. agreed         C. refused     D. reputed

7.     A. with      B. in         C. within         D. without

8.     A. which      B. that        C. what           D. who

9.     A. base       B. basis        C. basement             D. based

10.  A. people     B. adults        C. girls                 D. minors

11.  A. over       B. about        C. under                D. at

12.  A. from     B. away        C. with                 D. in

13.  A. involving       B. involved      C. to involve    D. being involved

14.  A. interesting      B. amazing       C. frightening     D. exciting

15.  A. so that     B. and        C. because        D. that

 

 

 http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/cndy/2010-07/31/content_11075306.htm

答案与解析:

 


  1. C主旨题。文章第一、二、三段描述问题,第四段提供解决方案。
  2. A推论题。文章第一段、三段最后一句分别指明了语言文化的联系。
  3. B 细节理解题。题目中所举的例子为“an example of
speech”

  4. A猜测词义题。根据该词的下文“ … and now imply sexual promiscuity and other
negative characteristics”
可以做出判断。
  5. B词义判断题。该词可不分性别地使用,而其他三词都有明确的性别指向。

 

 

1-5ABCDD  6-10 BDABD  11-15CABCA

 

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