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2012-11-15 10:19:43|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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16 others   17 What      18 interruption       19 less         20 myself 

21 truly   22 an           23 but                24 were affected   25 from

 

 

In the past decade the popularity of rock climbing has greatly increasedand so has the number of injuries.It has been estimated that rock climbing is now enjoyed by more than 9 million people in the US each year.Study findings revealed a 65 percent increase in the number of patients that were treated in US emergency departments for rock climbing­related injuries between 1991 and 2008.

The studypublished in the online issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicinefound that about 40,000 patients were treated in US emergency departments for rock climbing­related injuries between 1991 and 2008.The most common types of rock climbing­related injuries were fractures (骨折) and sprains (扭伤)The ankle was the most common body part to be injured (40 percent)Climbers in the study ranged in age from 2 to 74with an average age of 26.The study also found that women took up a quarter of the injuries.

Falls were the primary reason for injury with over three­quarters of the injuries occurring as the result of a fall.The severity of fall­related injuries had a lot to do with the height of the fall.Patients who were injured after falling from a height over 20 feet were 10 times more likely to be treated than patients who were injured falling from 20 feet or lower.

“We found that the climbers who fell from heights higher than 20 feet took up 70 percent of the patients treated for a rock climbing­related injury” explained the study author Lara McKenziePhDdirector at the Center for Injury Research and Policy at Nationwide Hospital.“This trendcombined with the fact that rock climbers have a higher hospitalization rate than other sports and recreational injuriesdemonstrates the need to increase injury prevention efforts for climbers.”

 

 

When women do become managers, do they bring a different style and different skills to the job? Are they better, or worse, managers than men? Are women more highly motivated and __1__ than male managers?

Some research __2__ the idea that women bring different attitudes and skills to management jobs, such as greater __3__, an emphasis on affiliation and attachment, and a __4__ to bring emotional factors to bear __5__ making workplace decisions. These differences are __6_ to carry advantages for companies, __7__ they expand the range of techniques that can be used to __8__ the company manage its workforce __9__.

A study commissioned by the International Women's Forum __10__ a management style used by some women managers (and also by some men) that __11__ from the command-and-control style __12__ used by male managers. Using this "interactive leadership" approach, "women __13__ participation, share power and information, __14__ other people's self-worth, and get others excited about their work. All these __15__ reflect their belief that allowing __16__ to contribute and to feel __17__ and important is a win-win __18__-good for the employees and the organization." The study's director __19__ that "interactive leadership may emerge __20__ the management style of choice for many organizations."

 

1. A) confronted B) commanded C) confined D) committed

2. A) supports B) argues C) opposes D) despises

3. A) combination B) cooperativeness C) coherence D) correlation

4. A) willingness B) loyalty C) sensitivity D) virtue

5. A) by B) in C) at D) with

6. A) disclosed B) watched C) revised D) seen

7. A) therefore B) whereas C) because D) nonetheless

8. A) help B) enable C) support D) direct

9. A) evidently B) precisely C) aggressively D) effectively

10. A) developed B) invented C) discovered D) located

11. A) derives B) differs C) descends D) detaches

12. A) inherently B) traditionally C) conditionally D) occasionally

13. A) encourage B) dismiss C) disapprove D) engage

14. A) enhance B) enlarge C) ignore D) degrade

15. A) themes B) subjects C) researches D) things

16. A) managers B) women C) employees D) males

17. A) faithful B) powerful C) skillful D) thoughtful

18. A) situation B) status C) circumstance D) position

19. A) predicted B) proclaimed C) defied D) diagnosed

20. A) into B) from C) as D) for

 

 

 

  

Public image refers to how a company is viewed by its customers, suppliers, and stockholders, by the financial community, by the communities 1  it operates, and by federal and local governments. Public image is controllable 2  considerable extent, just as the product, price, place, and promotional efforts are.

A firm's public image plays a vital role in the 3   of the firm and its products to employees, customers, and to such outsiders 4  stockholders, suppliers, creditors, government officials, as well as 5  special groups. With some things it is impossible to 6 all the diverse publics: for example, a new highly automated plant may meet the approval of creditors and stockholders, 7 it will undoubtedly find 8 from employees who see their jobs 9 .On the other hand, high quality products and service standards should bring almost complete approval, 10 low quality products and 11 claims would be widely looked down upon.

A firm's public image, if it is good, should be treasured and protected. It is a valuable 12 that usually is built up over a long and satisfying relationship of a firm with publics. If a firm has learned a quality image, this is not easily 13 or imitated by competitors. Such an image may enable a firm to 14  higher prices, to win the best distributors and dealers, to attract the best employees, to expect the most 15 creditor relationships and lowest borrowing costs. It should also allow the firm's stock to command higher price-earnings 16 than other firms in the same industry with such a good reputation and public image.

A number of factors affect the public image of a corporation. 17 include physical 18  , contacts of outsiders 19  company employees, product quality and dependability, prices 20 to competitors, customer service, the kind of advertising and the media and programs used, and the use of public relations and publicity.

 

1. A) which            B) what               C) where          D) whom

2. A) in                  B) within             C) on                D) to

3. A) attraction      B) attachment     C) affection      D) generalization

4. A) and               B) with                C) as                 D) for

5. A) converse       B) diverse            C) reverse          D) universe

6. A) satisfy           B) treat                C) amuse          D) entertain

7. A) so                 B) then                C) thus              D) but

8. A) support        B) identification    C) compliment  D) resistance

9. A) ensured        B) promoted        C) threatened    D) unemployed

10. A) because      B) while                C) though        D) when

11. A) false           B) fake                 C) artificial        D) counterfeit

12. A) fortune       B) asset                C) possession   D) property

13. A) countered   B) defeated         C) repelled        D) compelled

14. A) pay             B) get                  C) order            D) charge

15. A) favorite       B) prosperous      C) favorable      D) prospective

16. A) rate             B) ratio               C) ration            D) interest

17. A) These          B) They                C) That             D) It

18. A) appliances   B) equipment      C) devices         D) facilities

19. A) on               B) with                C) in                 D) along

20. A) relative        B) related            C) reliable         D) reconcilable

 

   

   

In recent years, more and more foreigners are involved in the teaching programs of the United States. Both the advantages and the disadvantages __71__ using faculty (教师[总称]) from foreign countries __72__ teaching positions have to be __73__, of course. It can be said that foreign __74__ that makes the faculty member from abroad an asset (财富) also __75__ problems of adjustment, both for the university and for the individual.

        The foreign research scholar usually isolates __76__ in the laboratory as a means of protection; __77__, what he needs is to be fitted __78__ a highly organized university system quite different from __79__ at home. He is faced in his daily work __80__ differences in philosophy, arrangements of courses and methods of teaching. Both the visiting professor and his students __81__ background in each other’s cultures. Some __82__ of what is already in the minds of American students is __83__ by the foreign professor. While helping him to __84__ himself to his new environment, the university must also __85__ certain adjustments in order to __86__ full advantage of what the newcomer can __87__. It isn’t always known how to make __88__ use of foreign faculty, especially at smaller colleges. This is thought to be a __89__ where further study is called __90__. The findings of such a study will be of value to colleges and universities with foreign faculty.

    71.     A) with  B) for  C) of  D) at   

    72.     A) in  B) on  C) for  D) within   

    73.     A) thought  B) measured  C) balanced  D) considered   

    74.     A) situation  B) circumstance  C) background D) condition   

    75.     A) carries  B) creates  C) emerges  D) solves   

    76.     A) himself  B) oneself  C) him  D) one   

    77.     A) otherwise  B) moreover  C) however  D) also   

    78.     A) into  B) by  C) to  D) with   

    79.     A) those  B) which  C) what  D) that   

    80.     A) toward  B) with  C) to  D) at   

    81.     A) have  B) possess  C) need  D) lack   

    82.     A) concept  B) feeling  C) plan  D) intelligence   

    83.     A) ordered  B) asked  C) insisted  D) required   

    84.     A) place  B) adapt  C) put  D) direct   

    85.     A) remain  B) keep  C) make  D) cause   

    86.     A) take  B) make  C) do  D) be   

    87.     A) show  B) afford  C) express  D) offer   

    88.     A) powerful  B) creative  C) imaginary  D) advanced   

    89.     A) scope  B) range  C) field  D) district   

    90.     A) on  B) for  C) upon  D) at

 

 

   

 

   

    C A D C B  A C A D B  D A D B C  A D B C B

 
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