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2009-02-01 09:23:47|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Birth defects soar due to pollution

By Chen Jia (China Daily)

 

Every 30 seconds, a baby is born with physical defects in China, all thanks to the country's degrading environment, an official of the National Population and Family Planning Commission (NPFPC) has said.

"The number of newborns with birth defects is constantly increasing in both urban and rural areas," Jiang Fan, vice-minister of the NPFPC said at a conference in Beijing recently. "And the rather alarming increase has forced us to kick off a high-level prevention plan."

She said that "more than half" of the pregnancies in the country had benefited from the commission's scientific guidance since 2007.

A free pre-pregnant examination program has covered eight provinces with the highest rate of birth defects, she said, refusing to divulge further details.

"The government must take measures to prevent birth defects," Li Bin, minister of the NPFPC said.

According to Hu Yali, a professor at the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University, environmental pollution accounts for "10 percent of the causes" of physical defects in Chinese infants.

"Our research shows that chemical waste pollution has been the main factor to influence the health of pregnant women and their babies in some areas," she was quoted as having said by Takungpao.com.

China's coal-rich Shanxi province, a center of noxious emissions from large-scale chemical industries, has recorded the highest rate of birth defects, NPFPC said.

"The problem of birth defects is related to environmental pollution, especially in eight main coal zones," said An Huanxiao, the director of Shanxi provincial family planning agency.

Researchers also linked the high rate of birth defects in the country to air pollution.

If pregnant women are exposed to air pollution, it increases the risk of giving birth to under-weight infants, said a study conducted by Yale University.

 

 

46. (1) He is a strict but kind-hearted father, _______ the children respect but are afraid of.

A. /          B. that        C. for whom         D. one whom

(2)My most famous relative of all, _______ who really left his mark on America, was Rob Sussel, my great-grandfather.

A. one   B. the one  C. he    D. someone

(3) He is a good man, _____ you can trust on all your life.

A. a   B. one   C. that one   D. which

47. (1) Mr. Smith is _______ a good teacher _______ we all respect.

(2) Mr. Smith is _______ a good teacher _______ we all respect him.

A. such, that         B. such, as       C. so, that             D. so, as

(3) I want to buy _____ book _____ he bought yesterday.

A. the same, that  B. the same, as  C. the same, like  D. the same, that

(4) He is _____ teacher _____ the headmaster praised at the meeting in public.

A. the same, that  B. the same, as  C. the same, like  D. the same, that

 

US economy shrinks at 3.8% pace in fourth quarter 2008

 

WASHINGTON -- The US economy shrank ______ an annual rate of 3.8 percent in the fourth quarter of last year, the ______[weak] quarterly showing since the first quarter of 1982, the Commerce Department reported Friday.

The fourth-quarter pace was much worse than the 0.5 percent decline logged in the third quarter but slightly ______ than the 5.4 percent decrease economists expected.

For all of 2008, the US economy grew ______ just 1.3 percent, down from a 2 percent gain in 2007 and marking the slowest growth since the last recession in 2001.

The 3.8 percent drop in the fourth quarter primarily reflected negative contributions from exports, consumption, equipment and software, and residential ______[fix] investment, the Commerce Department said.

 

 

Cigarettes: Gift of death to family, with love

Li Pingping, a Shanghai resident, is well aware of the harmful affects ______smoking. She still thought two cartons of cigarette packs were the best gift to give to her father for the New Year.

"When you have to pick up gifts for elders during festivals or occasions, cigarettes are ______ safe choice," she said before______[board]  a three-hour flight to her hometown Chongqing, situated in Southwest China.

It's almost like a tradition in China to give away cigarette packets as gifts to friends and relatives as a sign of respect and love. The practice has ______ long stood in the way of the government's efforts to curb the killer habit.

According to government statistics, about 350 million people in China smoke and 1 million die of smoking ______[relate] diseases in the country every year.

 

 

46. DBB 47. BABA

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