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英语练功房

Challenge both your English & minds

 
 
 

日志

 
 

0911  

2008-09-11 08:29:14|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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23. (1) Is this hotel _____ you said we were to stay in your letter?

(2) Is this the hotel _____ you said we were to stay in your letter?

A. that            B. where           C. the one           D. in which

24. (1) Please tell me the way you thought of ______ the garden.

(2) Have you thought of _____ the garden? **

A. take care of     B. to take care of    C. taking care of   D. how to take care of

25. (1) A fast-food restaurant is the place, _______, just as the name suggests, eating is performed quickly.

(2) A fast-food restaurant is the place, _______ you can eat quickly.

(3) A fast-food restaurant is the place, _______ can perform you food quickly.

A. which           B. where           C. there             D. what

 

“... We are not about to enter the Information Age but instead are rather well into it.” Present predictions are that by 1990, about thirty million jobs in the United States, or about thirty percent of the job market, will be computer-related. In 1980, only twenty-one percent of all United States high schools owned one or more computers for student use. In the fall of 1985, a new survey revealed that half of United States secondary schools have fifteen or more computers for student use. And now educational experts, administrators, and even the general public are demanding that all students become “computer literate (慢点…的).” “By the year 2000 knowledge of computers will be necessary in over eighty percent of all occupations. Soon those people not educated in computer use will be compared to those who are print illiterate today.”

What is “computer literacy”? The term itself seems to imply soon extent of “knowing” about computers, but knowing what. The current opinion seems to be that this should include a general knowledge of what computers are, plus a little of their history and something of how they operate.

Therefore, it is vital that educators everywhere take a careful look not only at what is being done, but also at what should be done in the field of computer education. Today most adults are capable of utilising a motor vehicle without the slightest knowledge of how the internal-combustion engine works. We effectively use all types of electrical equipment without being able to tell their histories or to explain how they work. Business people for years have made good use of typewriters and adding machines, yet few have ever known how to repair them. Why, then, attempt to teach computers by teaching how or why they work?

Rather, we first must concentrate on teaching the effective use of the computer as the tool is.

“Knowing how to use a computer is what’s going to be important, we don’t talk about ‘automobile literacy. ‘ We just get in our cars and drive them.”

31.   In 1990, the number of jobs having nothing to do with computers in the United States will be reduced to ________.

A) 79 million

B) 30 million

C) 70 million

D) 100 millionC

32.   The expression “Print illiterate” (Para. 1, Line 16) refers to ________.

A) one who has never learnt printing

B) one who is not computer literate

C) one who has never learnt to read

D) one who is not able to use a typewriterC

33.   The first paragraph is mainly about ________.

A) recent predictions of computer-related jobs

B) the wide use of computers in schools

C) the urgency of computer education

D) public interest in computersC

34.   According to the author, the effective way to spread the use of computers is to teach ________.

A) what computers are

B) how to use computers

C) where computers can be used

D) how computers workB

35.   Which of the following statements is FALSE?

A) What to teach about computers should be reconsidered.

B) Those who are not educated in computer use will find it difficult to get a job.

C) Human society has already entered the Information Age.

D) Those who want to use computers should know how computers operate.D

 

  

There was one true shark st0ry that Jack could never f0rget. It happened during the Second W0rld War. A British 1   , called the Nova Scotia, was going from the Red Sea to Durban in South Africa. It was   2   m0re than a thousand South African soldiers and Italian prisoners of war. There was no, 3    warship, because the danger of enemy attack seemed   4   It was a long way from Europe.  5 ,a German submarine(潜艇) had  6   the Indian Ocean. It was waiting outside Durban when the Nova Scotia appeared.

     The submarine sent the Nova Scotia to the   7   of the sea. Many men were   8  at once. Many others were badly hurt. and they died after a few minutes. But hundreds were   9   . They were not greatly  10   . The sea was  11   and warm. They thought: "A ship will find us in the m0rning. We’ll soon be saved. "A ship did find them, but it saved only 183 men. The  12   had taken the rest.

     Thirty - five years later, Jack spoke to one of these men. "I was on a raft(筏子) ", the man said." There. were men all  13   me in the water. They were swimming, 0r  14   on to pieces of wood. Suddenly I heard a   15  . It came from a man who was a few hundred meters away from me, He threw his arms   16   the air. Then he disappeared below the water. He   17  came up again, That was the   18   . The sharks had   19   the blood of the dead and the dying men. There seemed to be hundreds

of them. Man after man gave a terrible shout and then disappeared. I even saw sharks attack men on the rafts.   20   jumped fight out of the water.

   

1. A. officer         B. official            C. ship             D. boat

     2. A. controlling     B. 0rganizing         C. carrying          D. containing

     3. A. protecting      B. fighting            C. guarding          D. preventing

     4. A. limited        B. small              C. unable           D. little

     5. A. So            B. Theref0re          C. However         D. Instead

     6. A, arrived        B. got                C. been             D. reached

     7. A. bottom        B. depth              C. water            D. surface

     8. A. killed         B. murdered           C. gone             D. wounded

     9. A. awaken        B. suffering           C. alive             D. floating

     10. A. disappointing  B. anxious            C. w0rried           D. eager

     11. A. still          B. calm               C. quiet             D. smooth

     12. A. sharks        B. men                C. ship             D. water

     13. A. over          B. round              C. on               D. below

     14. A. catching       B. grasping           C. seizing            D. holding

     15. A. shout         B. murmur             C. voice            D. whistle

     16. A. to            B. through            C. in               D. with

     17. A. even          B. never              C. seldom           D. still

     18. A. result        B. beginning          C. scene            D. situation

     19. A. tasted        B. smelled            C. eaten            D. drunk

     20. A. I             B. The men            C. They             D. We

 

 

 

Traditional wisdom has it that slow and careful work yields perfect results. But nowadays many companies force workers to finish their tasks as fast as they can, even by _______[long] the working hours. As is shown in the picture, workers in a construction site have to keep on working until midnight.

       Such a practice is very harmful. First, it cannot ensure the quality of the project. Overworking makes workers feel exhausted, some of _______ might be absent-minded and fail to fulfill their tasks with adequate energy. Second, workers are not provided with satisfying working conditions. In the picture we find no lights or other facilities for lighting, and the workers work by the moonlight and thus are very likely to have accident. Thirdly, it goes against China’s Labor Code which prohibits employers _______ forcing workers to work more than eight hours per day without overtime pay.

       Therefore, we have every reason to take immediate measures _______ this negative practice. The government should strictly enforce the Labor Code, as well as _______ workers’ rights into serious consideration. Working conditions should also be improved so as to prevent workers’ getting physical injuries or harm. Only by these means _______ we avoid producing poor-quality products and maintain worker health.

 

译文:

    老人们经常说,慢工出细活。但是现在很多公司都迫使工人尽快完成他们的任务,即使是通过延长工作时间来完成。就像这幅图中所显示的那样,一个建筑工地的工人们不得不工作到深夜。

    这种做法是非常有害的。首先,这不能保证工程的质量。过度的工作量使工人们精疲力竭,他们可能变得工作时心不在焉、无法用足够的精力来完成任务。第二,工人们也没有得到令人满意的工作环境。在图中还没任何灯光和其他照明设施,工人们就着月光工作,因此很容易发生危险。第三,这种做法也违反了中国的《劳动法》,该法律禁止雇主迫使工人工作超过八小时而不支付加班费。

    因此,我们有足够的理由尽快采取措施来治理这种不好的做法。一方面,政府应该严格执行《劳动法》,并认真考虑工人们的权利。另一方面,应该通过改进工作环境防止对工人们造成身体上的伤害。只有通过这些方式,我们才能防止造成低质量的工程,并保持工人们的健康。

 

 

 

 

23.

b

b d

  24. b

    /CD

25. BBA

 

31.  C

32.  C

33.  C

34.  B

35.  D

 

35.KEY: 1 -5CCAAC        6 -10DAACC         11 - 15 BABDA   16 - 20 CBDBC

lengthening

whom

from

against

take

can

 

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