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Challenge both your English & minds





2008-08-06 10:42:45|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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  1 Although many people tend to live under the illusion that traditional technology and methods are still playing extremely important role in people's life, an increasing evidences show that it is less useful __________ many people think.  尽管许多人保持着传统观念,认为传统技术方法在人们生活中仍发挥着重要作用,但是越来越多的证据显示它并没有人们想象的有用。

2.(1)It was such a good film ______ I saw it yesterday.   (2)Don’t talk about such things _______ you don’t understand.

3(1)They were made _______[ know] the decision.   (2)The decision has been made ______[ know] to them.

Make Guzheng known to the world!=Make the world know Guzheng=Guzheng is made known to the world.

4."Preparations should be made to deal with any emergency and prevent trading _______ being harmed by rumors or hackers' attack," Shang Fulin, chairman of China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC), said.

5. Continuous support should be given to the _______[enter] of longer-term investment, including enterprise annuity, insurance firms' premiums and social security funds, into the stock market, he said. This can help improve the investor structure and cut the risks posed by short-term speculations[投机].

6.Shang said greater efforts should be made to improve the corporate bond market, for ______ can help raise capital through different means.

7. Additional steps will be taken in the second half of the year ______[ encourage ]more companies to issue bonds[债券], he said.

8. _______[Address] the three-day national conference on securities and futures in Beijing, Shang said maintaining a stable market is a long-term objective.

9. More than 30,000 drivers and front seat passengers are killed _______seriously injured each year. At the speed of only 30 miles per hour it is the same as falling from a third-floor windows. Wearing a seat belt saves lives; it reduces your chance of death or serious injury _______ more than half.

10. It will not be up to the drivers to make sure you wear your belt. But it will be the driver’s responsibility to make sure that children under 14 do not ride in the front _______ they are wearing a seat belt of some kind.

11.Since its creation, Lake Mead’s clear water has drawn boaters , _____[swim] and fishermen ______the thousand.

12.Scientists estimate that there is _____ 50% chance that Lake Mead could _____dry by 2010.

13.T.J. Ware was caught______[steal] a year ago.He was thought to be a bird _____ a boken wing that would _____fly as high.

14.It is one of those gifts that you are _____[bear] with that makes him so special, rather than his ______[athlete] ability.

15.The wheels were made of wood and were ____ the same size.

16.Meanwhile the front wheels became larger and larger _____ makers realized that the larger the wheel ,the ____[far]one could travel with one round.

17.(1)_____[ Stand] on the stone, you will see farther.   (2)______ [ Stand]on the stone, and you will see farther.

18.(1)The day we looked forward to _______[ come] at last.   (2)We are looking forward to _______[ see] you again.

19.(1)The streets are brightly _______[light] up.  (2)The ________ [light]candle in the room gave poor light.

20.It is a case of the grass not _____[be]any greener on the other side.

21.The report by career network site LinkNe.com.au found that after taking into account working hours, staff morale, industry, wages, image, charity support and career progression, the majority of the 2000 people ______[survey] believed their company didn’t quite reach the stand of an ideal company.

22. Employers must realize that Australian workplace is an environment of low unemployment so they need to provide better working environments _____ they will risk _____[loose]staff.”

23.Gnerally speaking , staff morale and _______[near] to home are the factors _______[consider]when determining the ideal companies.

24.There are all sorts of ways where employees can be ________[success] in obtaining this but if attempts _________[continue] fall on deaf ears then voting with your feet is the best way to improve the situation as there are plenty of good employers out there.

25. While making faces in front of strangers might frighten some, those who ______[attend] the class thought it the perfect way to fight against busy New York lifestyles. ”Working in New York is very ______[stress],” Kathy said” It is a perfect way to end the week.”

26.Hagen recommends facial yoga for those ______[want] to find out outer and ______ beauty ,saying “The emotional aspect is just as important as physiological.”

27. The research shows the powerful effects that working women have _____ their nation’s economies and societies.

28.Though being difficult at the beginning, we should be aware that exercise is a long-term investment that might benefit us even more than our _______[anticipate].

29. In this way, not only will our longevity be greatly _______[length], the improvement and maintenance of health could also lead to a happier life.

30.The artist uses this unique metaphor in order to endow us with the concept that, to _______[habit] exercise_______[be]  like to deposit money bit by bit in the bank.

31..(1)I ______[ hope/ insist/ wish/ expect] that he work out the problem himself.  (2)I ______[ hope / need / want /wish ] you will write me back soon.

32.—Excuse me for coming in without _______[ask].  That’s all right .

33.However, you do not have to wear a seat belt if you reversing your vehicle; or you are making a local delivery or collection using a special vehicle; or if you have a valid medical certificate which excuses you _______ wearing it. Make sure these circumstances apply to you before you decide not to wear you seat belt. Remember you may be taken to court _______ not doing so, and you may be fined if you cannot prove to the court that you have been excused from wearing it.

34.We spend half of our time, energy, and thoughts _______[regret]the mistakes we have _______ in our past _______we spend the other half _______[worry]about the future.

35.”Today ,well lived, _______[make] every yesterday a dream of _______[happy], and every tomorrow a vision of hope”. Make today well _______[live].

36.Rain forests are filled with amazing _______[create].

37.---It is so hot these days.     ---Yeah, there’s _______[be]a sudden rise in _______over the past few days.

38. The _______[close] of the large factory make many people _______[employ].

39. So precious_______ time that we can't afford to waste it.  时间是如此珍贵,我们不能浪费它。

40.Rich as our country _______, the qualities of our living are by no means satisfactory.  虽然我们的国家很富有,但是我们的生活质量却令人很不满意。

 41.(1)The workers ______[build] a new hospital since the end of last year.   (2)The workers ________[build] a new hospital by the end of last year.

42.(1)The population of China is larger than ______ of the United States.

 (2)A room made of stone is ______[ comfortable] to live in than _______ made of wood.

43._____[have]I lived when dinosaurs were alive, I might have been their lunch.

44. Narratives need to have rich details so that _____reader  is seeing, hearing, smelling and touching. The reader should experience the story, not simply read ______. Here is a few tips _______[improve]your narrative writing.

45.The passage uses “I” to make the writing sound more ______[real].

46.There is much chance _____ he will win the match.

It is _____[ very /well/rather] worth the sum of money.

They are _____ the same age, but they are ____different height.

The police had the pictures _____[large] in an attempt to identify the thief.

____ they will go there tomorrow remains unknown.

____he is an honest boy is known to all.

I was ____[thank] for his support that he gave me when I nearly lost heart.

His repeated _____[absent] from school is worrying.

To work as a translator, you need ____[fluent] in at least one foreign language.

our foreign trade has ______[enlarge/ expand / extend] greatly in recent years.

_______[While/ As / When/ Since ] the grandparents love the children, they are strict with them.

Do you know a doctor's ______[fare/ price/ expense/ fee ]for a visit?

We recalled old days _____we studied and played together _____ the supper.

The man moved closer ,____[low] his voice.

They watched him _____[close] in case he should escape.

He came here ____ the purpose of visiting her.

Open your mouth___[wide/ widely]

His ______[compete] improved after he _______[work]for one year.

The new President is not ______[compete] to carry out economic reform.

My parents, who were used to living in the countryside, had trouble _______[adjust] to ______[live]in a small apartment.

All the staff should _____[keep / turn/ take/get/]to all of our regulations.

I can take you to the cinema _______[provide]that you have finished the assignment by six.

People find it difficult to learn _______ foreign language well in ______ of a native language environment.

He was at the bottom of South America _____ things went wrong.

He called his girlfriend _______satellite phone and told her he had very ______ to eat and was starving.

The more books we read, the more ______[learn] we become. 我们书读得越多,我们越有学问。

Listening to music ______[able] us to feel relaxed.  听音乐能使我们放松。

.(1)Be careful, ______[not make] many mistakes in your composition.  (2)Be careful _______[not make] many mistakes in your composition.

_______ has been proved that food produced in poor sanitary condition can greatly affect people’s health and happiness.

However, we find the condition of their workplace is quite disgusting, with flies _______[circle] and a hogpen nearby.

She heard a terrible noise______ brought her heart into mouth.

I have no idea _____[whether /if ]she will come.

I am thinking about _____[whether /if ]I hurt her feelings.

His life takes an unexpected _____[beginning, move, end, turn]when he buys a universal remote to control his TV and stereo. The remote turns out to be much more universal than he _____[imagined/expected].*

The new buses are different from the old_____. They run _____diesel and electric power, which will help keep the air_____[clean].

My considerate husband is willing to assist me _____household chores.

We will do all we can _____[assist]you in pulling through.

He can walk only with the _____[assist]of a waling stick.

He rescued the boy _____ drowning when he happened to pass the river bank.

I am going to the cinema this afternoon. The film _____[finish] quite early, so we are going to the bookstore after that.

By the time he gets home, his aunt _____[leave]for London to attend a conference .

Did you tell Julia about the result?----- Oh , no , I forgot . I _____[call]her now.

What do you think you _______ [do]at this time next year?

We must try our best to find new forms of _____[power/ energy/ strength/force] to _____the demand of the people.

This is a secret between us two. So you shouldn’t _____[give/put/keep/turn]it away.

All plants need space to grow. So I don’t think _____space _____these young trees is sufficient.

Who will get promoted? ---- _____[No one / None]. Our manager won’t go because he has already rejected the offer of the headquarters.

The hotel _____[receive] foreign athletes for _____29th Olympic Games _____[furnish] by the end of next month.

Before you _____the medicine, it is necessary for you to read the _____on the bottle carefully.

They haven’t seen each other for ages.----- That’s right. That’s why they are talking so happily _____the linchtime.



151. On no account can we ignore the value of knowledge.


  152. It is time the authorities concerned took proper steps to solve the traffic problems.


  153. Those who violate traffic regulations should be punished.


154. Since the examination is around the corner, I am compelled to give up doing sports.



89.(1)—You cooked us a wonderful meal, Mrs. White. —_______.


A. No, just so B. Thank you very muchC. Not at all D. I don’t think so


(2)—I wonder if you have a double room for tonight. —________. —OK, thanks anyway.


A. One moment, please. I’ll see if there are any flights.


B. Sure. Please fill out this form for us.


C. Sorry. I’m afraid we have no one at this time.


D. How long are you planning to stay here, sir?


90.(1)I usually go to office by bicycle _____ it rains.


(2)Your room upstairs is comfortable to live in _______ the furniture in it looks older.


A. except B. except when C. except for D. except that


91.(1)Be careful, _______ many mistakes in your composition.


(2)Be careful _______ many mistakes in your composition.


A. don’t make B. not make C. not making D. not to make



Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.

Normally a student must attend a certain number of courses in order to graduate, and each course which he ______[attend] gives him a credit which he may count towards a degree. In many American universities the total work for a degree consists of thirty-six courses each  ______[last] for one semester. A typical course consists of three classes per week for fifteen weeks; while attending a university a student will probably attend four or five courses during each semester. Normally a student would expect to take four years attending two semesters each year. It is possible to spread the period of work for the degree over a longer period. It is also possible for a student to move between  ______ university and another during his degree course, ______ this is not in fact done as a regular practice.

For every course that he follows a student is given a grade, which is recorded, and the record is available for the student to show to prospective employers. All this imposes a constant pressure and strain of work, but in spite of this some students still find time for great activity in student affairs. Elections to positions in student organizations arouse much enthusiasm. The effective word of maintaining discipline is usually performed by students who advise the academic authorities. Any student who is thought to have broken the rules, for example, by cheating ______[have] to appear before a student court. With the enormous numbers of students, the operation of the system does involve a certain amount of activity. A student who has held one of these positions of authority is much respected and it will be  ______ benefit to him later in his career.

26.   Normally a student would at least attend ________ classes each week.

A) 36

B) 20

C) 12

D) 15B

27.   According to the first paragraph an American student is allowed ________.

A) to live in a different university

B) to take a particular course in a different university

C) to live at home and drive to classes

D) to get two degrees from two different universitiesB

28.   American university students are usually under pressure of work because ________.

A) their academic performance will affect their future careers

B) they are heavily involved in student affairs

C) they have to observe university discipline

D) they want to run for positions of authorityA

29.   Some students are enthusiastic for positions in student organizations probably because ________.

A) they hate the constant pressure strain of their study

B) they will then be able to stay longer in the university

C) such positions help them get better jobs

D) such positions are usually well paidC

30.   The student organizations seem, to be effective in ________.

A) dealing with the academic affairs of the university

B) ensuring that the students observe university regulations

C) evaluating students’ performance by bringing them before a court

D) keeping up the students’ enthusiasm for social activitiesB



In the picture, we are amazed to find that the god of death is sitting maliciously on a bus whose driver _______[瞌睡] while driving. It clearly tells us that in the domain of transportation, there are ________[hide] dangers everywhere should we become careless.

  Traffic accidents have long been a problem since the invention of automobiles, and are becoming an increasingly severe problem because of the boom of population, as well as the mass production of all forms of automobiles. There are more reasons for this _______[问题]. Firstly, many truck drivers are forced to drive days and nights with little rest simply because their employers desire more profit. Secondly, a lot of citizens drive after drinking alcohol, reacting slowly when encountering emergency. Thirdly, quite a number of young people enjoy acceleration, but their ______[limit] driving skills frequently lead to tragedies.

  Judging from the analysis above, we may safely come to the conclusion that the daunting problem demands effective counter-measures. Most importantly, the government needs to implement sufficiently relevant laws and regulations in order to strengthen inspection. In addition, all residents should be aware of the hidden dangers in transportation and insist in keeping alert whenever _______[drive].










Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.

Do you find getting up in the morning so difficult that it’s painful? This might be called laziness, but Dr. Kleitman has a new explanation. He has proved that everyone has a daily energy cycle.

During the hours when you labor through your work you may say that you’re “hot”. That’s true. The time of day when you feel most energetic is when your cycle of body temperature is at its peak. For some people the peak comes during the afternoon. For others it comes in the afternoon or evening. No one has discovered why this is so, but it leads to such familiar monologues (自言自语) as: “Get up, John! You’ll be late for work again!” The possible explanation to the trouble is that John is at his temperature-and-energy peak in the evening. Much family quarrelling ends when husbands and wives realize what these energy cycles mean, and which cycle each member of the family has. You can’t change your energy cycle, but you can learn to make your life fit it better. Habit can help, Dr. Kleitman believes. Maybe you’re sleepy in the evening but feel you must stay up late anyway. Counteract (对抗) your cycle to some extent by habitually staying up later than you want to. If our energy is low in the morning but you have an important job to do early in the day, rise before your usual hour. This won’t change your cycle, but you’ll get up steam (鼓起干劲) and work better at your low point.

Get off to a slow start which saves your energy. Get up with a leisurely yawn and stretch. Sit on the edge of the bed a minute before putting your feet on the floor. Avoid the troublesome search for clean clothes by laying them out the night before. Whenever possible, do routine work in the afternoon and save tasks requiring more energy or concentration for your sharper hours.

31.   If a person finds getting up early a problem, most probably ________.

A) he is a lazy person

B) he refuses to follow his own energy cycle

C) he is not sure when his energy is low

D) he is at his peak in the afternoon or eveningD

32.   Which of the following may lead to family quarrels according to the passage?

A) Unawareness of energy cycles.

B) Familiar monologues.

C) A change in a family member’s energy cycle.

D) Attempts to control the energy cycle of other family members.A

33.   If one wants to work more efficiently at his low point in the morning, he should ________.

A) change his energy cycle

B) overcome his laziness

C) get up earlier than usual

D) go to bed earlierC

34.   You are advised to rise with a yawn and stretch because it will ________.

A) help to keep your energy for the day’s work

B) help you to control your temper early in the day

C) enable you to concentrate on your routine work

D) keep your energy cycle under control all dayA

35.   Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE?

A) Getting off to work wit a minimum effort helps save one’s energy.

B) Dr. Kleitman explains why people reach their peaks at different hours of day.

C) Habit helps a person adapt to his own energy cycle.

D) Children have energy cycles, too.B


 89.BC 90.BD












26.  C

27.  B

28.  A

29.  C

30.  B


dozed off






31.  D

32.  A

33.  C

34.  A

35.  B




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