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英语练功房

Challenge both your English & minds

 
 
 

日志

 
 

0521  

2008-05-21 13:20:41|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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conflicts over sth

in conflict with......相冲突[有抵触, 有矛盾]

 

be out of control

beyond one’s control

be faced with

face the music

great quantities of

increase by

increase to

insist on doing sth

insist that sb should do

refer to

at risk

result in

result from

warn sb of sth

fall apart

fall behind

get sth acrosst to

get down to doing sth

 

 

apart from

be on fire

keep/lose contact with

calm down

find one’s way

make sure of sth

more or less

sort of

stick up

pay sb a visit =pay a visit to sb

throw off

throw up

 

 

 

Unit 23 Lesson 3 War memories

Do Chuc is a forty-eight-year-old Vietnamese farmer _______ two daughters and an aunt were killed by American soldiers in My Lai that day. He and his family _______ (eat) breakfast _______ the American soldiers entered the village and ordered them from their homes. _______ with other villagers they were marched a few hundred metres into the village square _______ they were told to sit. “Still we had _______ reason to be afraid.” Chuc remembers. “Everyone was calm. We’d seen it all _______.” Then, in surprise he watched as the soldiers set _______ a machine gun. The calm ended. The people began weeping and begging. One man showed his identification papers to a soldier, but the American simply said, “Sorry.” Then the shooting started. Chuc was wounded in _______ leg and almost unconscious, but he was covered by a pile of dead bodies and thus saved. _______ waiting an hour. He fled the village.

We were on the frontier and on Christmas morning we stuck up a board _______ “A Merry Christmas” on it. The enemy had stuck up a _______ one. Two of our men then threw their equipment _______ and climbed out of the trench with their hands above their _______ as our representatives. Two of the Germans did the same. They greeted each other and shook hands. Then _______ all got out of the trench. Bill (our officer) tried to prevent it _______ it was too late so he and the other officers climbed out _______. We and the Germans walked through the mud and met in the middle of no-man’s-land.

We spent all day with one another. Some of them could speak English. By the look of them, their trenches were in as bad a state as _______ own. One of their men, _______ (speak) in English, remarked that he _______ (work) in England for some years and that he was fed up to the neck _______ this war and would be glad when it was _______. We told him he wasn’t the only one _______ was fed up with it. The German officer asked Bill _______ we would like a couple of barrels of beer and they brought them over to us. Bill distributed the beer _______ us and we consumed the lot. The officers came to _______ understanding that we would celebrate Christmas in _______ _______ midnight.

Just _______ midnight we all decided not to start firing before they _______. We’d formed a bond and during the whole of Boxing Day we _______ fired a shot _______ they the same; each side seemed _________ (wait) for the other to set the ball rolling. One of their men shouted across in English and asked _______ we had enjoyed the beer. We replied that we were very grateful and spent the whole day _______ (chat) with them. That evening we were replaced by _______soldiers.

I got a phone call _______ the chief nurse, _______(say), “You’ve got a patient there that is going to get an award. Make sure that the ward looks good.” This really turned me _______ to begin with: “let’s clean up the ward _______ we’ve got VIPs coming in.” Well, the VIPs happened to be a general and a group of about twelve people. This patient still had fresh scars from his first visit to us and this time he’d had both his legs _______ (blow) off – he was all of about twenty years old. When he was waking up _______ the surgeon had finished putting bandages on _______ was left of his legs, he whispered: “Don’t you remember me, ma’am:” I said, “Oh yeah!” _______ really I didn’t because there were so _______ of them. The general was coming to give him the_______ because he happened to be number twenty thousand to come through this hospital. They had this little ceremony, saluted him, _______ then gave him a Purple Heart and a watch. As the general handed him the watch, “from the army, to show our appreciation,” the kid more or less threw the watch back _______ him. He said something _______, “I can’t accept this, sir; it’s not going to help me walk.” After this little incident, I went over and took him in my _______. If I remember _______ (correct), I started sobbing and I think he _________ (cry) too. I really admired him _______ that. I swear that it was the _______ time I let somebody see what I felt. It _______ a lot for him to do that, and it sort of said _______ this war was all about to be.

Me and an acquaintance _________ (wakj) behind an English pub once, going back to our base, and we saw one of our planes come over heading westwards _______ an American base just across the valley. One of its engines was _______ fire and we saw it hit the ground. We didn’t know _______ it still had its bombs aboard or if it was coming back from Germany, _______ we didn’t dare go _______ it. I tried to phone the American base, but I couldn’t get _______. The line just didn’t work. A _______ (hand) of fire fighters came, _______ nobody dared to go near the plane _______ it was on fire and we couldn’t find _______ if it still had its bombs and tanks _______ of petrol. We were scared the whole thing would go up _______ fireworks and take us with it. The crew couldn’t get _______ and we could hear the men screaming and shouting and there was _______ we could do because of the bombs. They died, five or them. Then we found out later they had just been out for a training session.

 

二、完型填空

Bedtime stories are one of the delights of early childhood. But according to Dr. Julie Spreadbury from Queensland University, parents should not   1   up reading to their children  2  they enter primary school. She says listening to, reading and discussing the stories help children's  3  .

My  4   indicates that once children can read themselves, most parent stop reading   5   them,” Dr. Spreadbury says.

  6   may be at the end of year 1,which is far too   7  .”

Dr. Spreadbury says   8   reading not only gives children a good start at school. But brings parents and children closer.

This makes it   9   for them to open up and talk to parents about things that worrying them, or things they are   10   in their everyday life.”

1. A. speed          B. keep                C. give      D. hold

2. A. after           B. until                C. if                    D. unless

3. A. thinking                                 B. comprehension

C. relaxation                               D. development

4. A. theory        B. research          C. story      D. decision

5. A. about           B. from               C. to          D. through

6. A. Some         B. Most              C. They      D. That

7. A. difficult      B. early               C. much     D. informal

8. A. daily                    B. healthy            C. fast        D. bedtime

9. A. easier         B. funnier            C. rarer       D. clearer

10. A. reading     B. promising       C. celebrating      D. receiving

 

语法填空:

The wedding ring of a pregnant woman saved her life when it turned a bullet aside that would have hit her   1   the head during a robbery in Brazil.
      2   woman, 32, was working in a chemist’s on Thursday in Monte Alegre   3   an armed man shot her at close range, the reports said on Tuesday. She immediately raised her hands   4   (protect) her face and head. Police said   5   was later found that the bullet had bounced off her wedding ring and saved her life. However,   6   shot brushed the woman, causing minor injuries, police added. Two customers were not   7  lucky. The 17-and 11-year-old girls were shot and killed. The pregnant woman   8   (take) to hospital where doctors said she and her baby,   9   is due to be born in a month, were in good health.

After the funerals of the girls who were killed in the robbery, residents of Monte Alegre went onto the streets to show their fear and    10   (angry) for Brazil's rising crime rate.

 

【答案解析】内容概要:本文讲述睡觉前给小孩阅读故事 (bedtime stories) 对于孩子的好处。Spreadbury博士认为:孩子即使上了小学,也不应该停止这种睡觉前的阅读。

1、选C。既然有好处,当然不能“放弃”。

2、选A。根据文章主题句Bedtime stories are one of the delights of early

childhood,可知儿童进入小学后睡前阅读故事仍然有很多好处。

3、选Ddevelopment在此处是指“发展、发育”之意。

4、选B。短文中空格后的动词indicate的意思是"表明"(相当于动词show),常与其

搭配的是表示"研究""研究结果""调查"等词语。

5、选C。根据上文第一空中的to sb 短语。

6、选Dthat 代指上文提到的内容,即most parents stop reading to them

7、选B。根据文章意思,小孩一岁就停止阅读“太早了”(too early)。

8、选D。根据第一句中的bedtime stories 可以确定答案。

9、选A。根据上文中提到的睡前阅读使父母和儿童更加接近,因而选easier (容易)

10、选Ccelebrating 表示“庆祝”,与上文中的……….about things that are worrying them相对比。

语法填空:

1. in 子弹击中人的身体部位应用in.

2. The 第一段中提到了一位怀孕的妇女,故第二次提到应加the.

3. when  be doing…when…正在干……这时(突然)为固定句型。

4. to protect 此处应为“抬起手来”的目的。

5. it 根据句子结构,真正主语为that-,故这里用形式主语it表示。

6. another  根据前文一颗子弹打中妇女的头,这里表示另外一颗。

7.as/so 此为省略句,原句为:as/so lucky as her.

8. was taken 此处应为被动关系,“被送往医院抢救”。

9. who 此处为非限制性定语从句,先行词为her baby,在从句中作主语。

10. anger  show one’s anger for表示对……的愤怒,应用名词形式。

 

 

The old man awoke just before sunrise, as he often did. He was walking by the ocean's edge to  1  the new day. As he moved through the morning dawn, he  2  on a faint, far away motion.

He saw a youth, bending and reaching and flailing arms, dancing on the beach, no  3  that he was in  4  of the perfect day soon to begin. As he  5  , he realized that the youth was not dancing to the bay, but rather bending to looking through  6  was left by the night's  7  , stopping now and then to  8  up starfish and then standing, to throw it back into the  9  .

He asked the youth the  10  of the effort. "The tide has washed the starfish onto the beach and they cannot  11  to the sea by themselves," the youth replied. "When the sun rises, they will die,  12  I put them back into the sea."

As the youth made his  13  , the old man looked at the vast expanse of beach, stretching in both  14  beyond eyesight. Starfish littered the shore in  15  beyond calculation.

The hopelessness of the youth's plan became  16  and the old man countered, "But there are  17  starfish on this beach than you can ever save before the sun is  18  . Surely you cannot expect to make a(n)  19  ."

The youth paused briefly to consider the words, bent to pick up a starfish and threw it as far as  20  . Turning to the man, he said, "I made a difference to that one."

1.A. accept            B. inspect                     C. inspire                      D. greet

2.A. focused         B. insisted              C. carried                            D. stepped

3.A. wonder          B. doubt                      C. way                         D. problem

4.A. congratulation B. memory            C. celebration               D. search

5.A. approached    B. left                    C. thought                    D. remained

6.A. that                B. what                C. which                      D. where

7.A. coldness         B. darkness            C. tide                         D. steam

8.A. set                 B. hold                  C. take                         D. pick

9.A. river               B. pond                 C. lake                         D. sea

10.A. cause           B. excuse                     C. purpose                   D. idea

11.A. swim            B. return               C. fly                           D. dive

12.A. unless          B. if                      C. until                         D. though

13.A. decision        B. conclusion         C. instruction                D. explanation

14.A. directions     B. arms                 C. length                      D. methods

15.A. piles             B. need                  C. numbers                  D. danger

16.A. worried        B. anxious             C. eager                       D. clear

17.A. more           B. many                C. much                       D. some

18.A. down           B. up                    C. away                       D. on

19.A. sense            B. effort                C. difference                D. effect

20.A. probable              B. likely                 C. necessary                 D. possible

1. D。老人日出前在海边散步,目的是为了“迎接”新的一天。greet向……问候。

2. Afocus on注意力集中在……上。insist on坚持;carry on继续;stepped on踩在……上。从后面的“远处的”判断要选A

3. Bno doubt毫无疑问。老人看到一个年轻人在海边“跳舞”,所以他就断定年轻人是为了庆祝新的一天的开始。

4. Cin celebration of 庆祝……。in memory of纪念……,不合语义。

5. A。根据上文的“远处的”和下面年轻人的动作判断,老人只有“走近”才能看清楚。

6. Bwhat引导的句子作介词through的宾语,相当于the things that

7. C。根据beachwas left判断,此处应该是“潮水”。下文the tide washed处有提示。

8. D。由then standingthrow it back判断,它需要先“捡起来”。pick up捡起。

9. D。由于他们是在海边,自然是扔到“海里”。

10. C。根据年轻人下面的回答推测,老人问的是他这样做的“目的”。

11. B。海星被海水冲到了海滩上,自己“回不到”海里。由于是在海滩上,所以不能用swim

12. A。根据语义判断,下文表示条件,所以用unless,意为“如果我不把它们扔回海里”。

13. D。上文提到老人问他为什么这样做,下文很明显年轻人要做出“解释”。

14. A。由于是海岸,所以只能是向两个“方向”延伸。

15. C。该题难度较大,看似in needin danger都能选,但仔细分析后面的beyond calculation,可以看出指的是海星的“数目”。

16. D。如此众多的海星在海滩上,单凭一个人的努力是无法完成的,因此年轻人的计划无法实现也就变得“很明显”了。

17. A。根据下文的than判断,此处应用more

18. B。上文提到just before sunrise,所以此处指“太阳升起”。

19. Cmake a difference固定短语,从下文的I made a difference to that one可以看出。

20. Das…as possible尽可能的……。

 

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