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英语练功房

Challenge both your English & minds

 
 
 

日志

 
 

0409  

2008-04-09 07:52:46|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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   It is a good idea to try to imitate (模仿)English words whenever you're listening to anything in English, such as watching TV, seeing a movie. You should also   21  to pronounce English words whenever you're  22   alone with a little time to spare, e.g. while waiting for the bus, taking a shower, or surfing the Web. Once your mouth and tongue get   23   to the new sounds, you will not find them   24   at all.

You will need at least some talent for   25   sounds. For instance, if you can imitate people in your own language, it should be easy for you to "do" English   26   . However, if you don't have these   27 , you can achieve a lot with persistence (坚持) and a little technology. One   28  technique is to record your voice and compare it with the correct pronunciation. This way, you can see where your pronunciation is   29   the original and you can   30   make it more native-like.

  

Mr. Smith used to be in prison for three years, which may have you think he is not a good man. But as a matter 36___fact, he is kind-hearted as well as honest. The reason why he was put into prison was not that he himself broke the law, 37  __ that his six-year-old son blew up(使爆炸) the bridge near his home, imitating what he had seen on TV. 38  ____ this little boy did break the law, he was too young to be put in prison. According 39___ the local law, the boy’s parents had to be punished. As a result, Mr. Smith received the punishment. He was arrested and taken to 40  __ police station finally. Most of the people in the town showed pity on him, but it was 41  ____ (use). After all, law is law. Everybody is 42_________ (obey) it. As the proverb goes “When it rains, it pours”, Mrs. Smith was 43  ___ of work before long. She had to move to a southern state, 44  ____ she was born and grew up. Misfortunes(不幸) tell us what fortune is.  45____ the Smiths have experienced does teach us a good lesson.

III. 阅读 (共两节,满分40分)

第一节: 阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

(A)

Jan. 7, 2008 French President Nicolas Sarkozy would marry his girl friend, former supermodel Carla Bruni on Feb. 8 or 9, media reported Monday.

The report said that in December less than a month after Sarkozy met Bruni he gave her a heart-shaped diamond engagement ring.

Carla Bruni, Italian singer, former model and girlfriend of France’s President Nicolas Sarkozy, holds the hand of her son Aurelien while wearing a pink heart-shaped ring during a visit_________the ancient Jordanian _________[ruin] of Petra Jan. 5, 2008. French newspapers reported that Sarkozy would marry her early in February.

Sarkozy and his wife of 11 years, Cecilia, divorced(离婚) in October. Their marital(婚姻的) problems became well _________[know] in May 2005 when she appeared in public at the side of event organizer Richard Attias.

A marriage _________ Bruni, a one-time star of the catwalks who is now a singer, would be Sarkozy’s third: He divorced his first wife, Marie, in the late 80s after he had met and befriended Cecilia.

Political analyst Dominique Moisi said that a Sarkozy proposal to Bruni could be part of his desire to head off any future arguments, and the speed of their visit to the ancient Jordanian ruins of Petra Jan. 5, 2008 would fit with his personality as a busy man in a hurry.

“Apparently, he’s going to marry her, so the problem will be behind him,” Moisi said. “He will increase the opportunities to travel with her, and to say to the French, ‘You see, I must remarry ... You need a first lady.’ ”

Bruni, an Italian-born French citizen, has dated famous men including Mick Jagger and Donald Trump. She has also reportedly been _________[link] to singer Eric Clapton and _________[act] Vincent Perez.

 

(B)

Gene(基因)technology to benefit people

Among all the fast growing science and technology, the research of human genes, or biological engineering as people call it, is drawing more and more attention now. Sometimes it is a hot topic discussed by people.

The greatest thing that gene technology can do is to cure serious diseases that doctors at present can almost do nothing _________, such as cancer and heart disease. Every year, millions of people are murdered by these two killers. And to date, doctors have not found an effective way to cure them. But if the gene technology is applied, not only these two diseases can be cured completely, bringing happiness and more living days to the patients, but also the great amount of money people spend on curing their diseases can be saved, therefore it benefits the economy as well. In addition, human life span(寿命) can be prolonged.

Gene technology can help people to give birth_________more healthy and clever children. Some families, with the English imperial family being a good example, have hereditary(遗传的) diseases. This means their children will for sure have the family disease, which is a great trouble for these families. In the past, doctors could do nothing about hereditary diseases. But gene technology can solve this problem perfectly. The scientist just need to find the wrong gene and correct it, and a healthy child will be born.

Some people are worrying that the gene research can be used to manufacture human beings _________ large quantities. In the past few years, scientists have succeeded in cloning a sheep, therefore these people predict that human babies would soon be cloned. But I believe cloned babies will not come out in large quantities, for most couples in the world can have babies in very normal way. Of course, the governments must take care to control gene technology.

 

(C)

   A peer is a person who is about the same age _________ you. Peers affect your life, whether you know it or not, just by spending time with you. Peers can have a good effect on one another. Maybe another student in your science class taught you an easy way to remember the planets in solar system. Maybe you got others excited about your new favorite book and now everyone’s reading it.

   However, sometimes peers affect one another in another way. For example, one kid in school might try to get another to _________ class with him, your soccer friend might try to persuade you to be mean to another player and never pass her the ball, or a kid in the neighborhood might want you to shoplift with him. Some kids give in to peer pressure because they want to be liked, to fit in, or because they worry that other kids may make fun of them if they don’t go along _________ the group. Others may go along because they are curious to try something new that others are doing. The idea that “everyone’s doing it” may influence some kids to leave their better judgments or their common senses behind.

   Peer pressure can be extremely strong and hard to get rid of. Experiments have shown how peer pressure can influence someone to change her/ his mind from what she/ he knows for sure is a correct answer to the incorrect answer——just because everyone else gives the incorrect answer! That holds true for people _________ any age in peer pressure situations.

   It can be hard to walk away from peer pressure, but it can be done. Paying attention to your own feelings and beliefs about what is right and wrong can help you know the right thing to do. Inner strength and self- confidence can help you stand_________[ firm], walk away and resist _________[do] something when you know better.

 

 

 

1 The fifth generation computers, with artificial intelligence, _________ and perfected now.
A) developed B) have developed
C) are being developed D) will have been developed
 2 This ticket _________ you to a free meal in our new restaurant.
A) gives B) grants
C) entitles D) credits
 3 You __________ her in her office last Friday; she’s been out of town for two weeks.
A) needn’t have seen B) must have seen
C) might have seen D) can’t have seen
 4 That was so serious a matter that I had no choice but ________ the police.
A) called in B) calling in
C) call in D) to call in
 5 She was so ________ in her job that she didn’t hear anybody knocking at the door.
A) attracted B) absorbed
C) drawn D) concentrated

 

 

Taste is such a subjective matter that we don’t usually conduct preference tests for food. The most you can say about anyone’s preference, is that it’s one person’s opinion. But because the two big cola(可口可乐)companies—Coca-Cola and Pepsi Cola are marketed so aggressively, we’ve wondered how big a role taste preference actually plays in brand loyalty. We set up a taste test that challenged people who identified themselves as either Coca-Cola or Pepsi fans: Find your brand in a blind tasting.
We invited staff volunteers who had a strong liking for either Coca-Cola Classic
(传统型)or Pepsi, Diet(低糖的)
Coke, or Diet Pepsi. These were people who thought they’d have no trouble telling their brand from the other brand.
We eventually located 19 regular cola drinkers and 27 diet cola drinkers. Then we fed them four unidentified samples of cola one at a time, regular colas for the one group, diet versions for the other. We asked them to tell us whether each sample was Coke or Pepsi; then we analyzed the records statistically to compare the participants’ choices with what mere guess-work could have accomplished.
Getting all four samples right was a tough test, but not too tough, we thought, for people who believed they could recognize their brand. In the end, only 7 out of 19 regular cola drinkers correctly identified their brand of choice in all four trials. The diet-cola drinkers did a little worse-only 7 of 27 identified all four samples correctly.
While both groups did better than chance would predict, nearly half the participants in each group made the wrong choice two or more times. Two people go all four samples wrong. Overall, half the participants did about as well on the last round of tasting as on the first, so fatigue, or taste burnout, was not a factor. Our preference test results suggest that only a few Pepsi participants and Coke fans may really be able to tell their favorite brand by taste and price.
1. According to the passage the preference test was conducted in order to _______.
A) find out the role taste preference plays in a person’s drinking
B) reveal which cola is more to the liking of the drinkers
C) show that a person’s opinion about taste is mere guess-work
D) compare the ability of the participants in choosing their drinks
2. The statistics recorded in the preference tests show ______.
A) Coca-Cola and Pepsi are people’s two most favorite drinks
B) there is not much difference in taste between Coca-Cola and Pepsi
C) few people had trouble telling Coca-Cola from Pepsi
D) people’s tastes differ from one another
3. It is implied in the first paragraph that _______.
A) the purpose of taste tests is to promote the sale of colas
B) the improvement of quality is the chief concern of the two cola companies
C) the competition between the two colas is very strong
D) blind tasting is necessary for identifying fans
4. The word “burnout” (Line 4, Para.5) here refers to the state of ______.
A) being seriously burnt in the skin
B) being unable to burn for lack of fuel
C) being badly damaged by fire
D) being unable to function because of excessive use
5. The author’s purpose in writing this passage is to ______.
A) show that taste preference is highly subjective
B) argue that taste testing is an important marketing strategy
C) emphasize that taste and price are closely related to each other
D) recommend that blind tasting be introduced in the quality control of colas

 

 

DIY gifts, a drive for creativity

 

 

 

In times when people are seeking innovation -- including the 
extremes, a DIY gift emerges as one possibility, for those
who like to be right in stride with the times,

 

In times when people are seeking innovation -- including the extremes, a DIY gift  ________ as one possibility, for those who like to be right in _______ with the times. A DIY gift may be especially suited to young people seeking to step out of the norm. Do it yourself -- and turn the most _______ elements into wonderfully creative gifts.

A _______ of chocolates can become extra-special for the do-it-yourself innovator. Add a picture and a few words to a cup, and the cup, which translated in Chinese becomes a near homonym for “a lifetime,” can turn good wishes into good spirits.

A self-written newspaper --- soaps fashioned in various shapes -- T-shirts with _______ choices of patterns, can become the kinds of _______ gifts that money can't buy.

Birthday presents, gifts for _______ ones, children’s educational toys and personal accessories -- all offer potential for the _______ creator. Every DIY gift, that sends a special message or conveys a special meaning, is outstanding. That's what creativity is all about.

Young people are keen to absorb concepts of individuality, creativity, fashion, romance and things that touch the emotions. In some cities, DIY handicraft gift shops are doing well and enjoying growing clientele. Do-it-yourself, as an _______ to ready-made gifts, often proves a more effective way to express feelings toward someone you care about.

 

 

 

 

 

1. C  2. C  3. D 4. D  5. B

Reading

. A . B. C. D. A

 

 

emerges

stride

unexpected

handful

unlimited

priceless

loved

imaginative

alternative

 

 

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