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英语练功房

Challenge both your English & minds

 
 
 

日志

 
 

0423  

2008-04-23 07:41:37|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Week 9

1.Report from different groups of independent scientists have clearly warned us that we are _____ toward a global catastrophe and are about to pass the point of no return. ---1411

2.Despite cutting his season short due to a knee injury, Yi said his first NBA journey, in which he averaged 8.6 points and 5.2 rebounds in 25 minutes per game, was a _____[fruit] experience. ----- 1406

3.The sluggish stock market also forced consumers to _____[tight] their purse strings because of the depreciated financial investment."

4.Since the beginning of the year, the benchmark Shanghai Composite Index has shed about 40 percent, partly due to concerns about the profitability of listed companies in a _____[weak] economy  ----1402

5.The report, released by MasterCard Worldwide on Tuesday, said that brands are important to affluent consumers, with those in Shanghai and Guangzhou _____[place] greater emphasis on brand names compared to their Beijing counterparts----1409

6.Some in China and elsewhere anticipate that the blizzards may drag down China's GDP in January _____ one percent. Consequentially, it seems improper for Beijing to stick to a "tight" monetary policy, by announcing more interest rate rises, in contrast to US Federal Reserve's incessant rate cuts during the past two months. ---1305

 

7.Habits, important _____ they are, genes alone are never absolutely responsible for any trait. What we can do is set by the genes, but what we actually do largely determined by the environment. ----1405 Daniel

 

8.选词填空

A guarded B power C burst D numerous

"I _____ into tears when I saw you protect the torch with all your effort. You defend the Olympic spirit," wrote one fan on sohu.com.

She held onto the torch tightly and _____ it with her body. During the struggle her chin and shoulder were scratched.--------14 04

Brazilian striker Romario announced his retirement on Monday at the age of 42, ending a career in which he won the World Cup, was involved in _____ controversies and claimed to have scored more than 1,000 goals.----1407

   The other bad news comes from the home turf【区域;地区】: a blizzard at a scale not seen since 1951 pummeled the southern economic powerhouse of China, paralyzing transportation, crippling【损坏:丧失】_____ supply and making millions of people suffer in extreme cold. 

 

 9. Although John was the eldest in the family, he always let his sister _____ charge of the house.      

 A. take    B. hold    C. make    D. get

10. It isn't quite _____ that he will be present at the meeting.
   A. sure    B. right    C. exact    D. certain

 11. The members of the club wouldn't run a _____ in entrusting(委托) the organization to an unreliable person.  

 A. danger    B. risk    C. hazard    D. chance

12. I know you have to pay bills        you can buy gloves. You know we cant        good people like you as        as we would like to; but we do        and I want you to know how        you are to us .

 

13.We went on climbing down the hill and finally came to a small river which       through a wood. It was easy now to follow the river through the trees. We walked on, probably for about half an hour.        we came to a small farmhouse. Smoke was coming from the chimney and we knocked hard on the door. However, there was no answer.

 

    14     The       was wonderful! It was a baker’s van, and was full of hot bread with the most delicious     . “Hungry?” said the driver. We nodded, and she pulled out a long thin loaf and handed it to us. We were on our way home.

 

 

 

 

A shy BunpleasantC grab D humble

 E guideF cherishG annoyH inspire

 

 

 

To some people who didn’t know Harry, he was just a senior citizen. __36__ me he was an adviser, a good listener, and most of all, my friend. Harry always __37__ time for me when I would __38__ him up on the phone with some plumbing (管道) problems. He would always say, “How are you kid?”

He __39__ on a lot of his plumbing knowledge to me in our __40__ talks and would _______ me to be confident in the things I had learned from him and on the job. I still remember __41__ a customer came into the __42__ looking for help, I stared to _______ away, feeling __43__ of myself. Harry said, “Go ahead, kid, you __44__ do it. Your have to leave the nest sometime and now is the time.” He was right.

Harry was a _______ man. One day I complained when asked to __45__ the floor in the store and Harry told me, “Kid, it’s part of the job and, __46__, you’re being paid.” He would _______ the broom and start singing. I was always __47__ by how this gentle man could __48__ an _______ task into a learning __49__ for me.

I always wanted to be like him. He never __50__ to let little things _______ him. He said, “Life was too__51__ for that.”

I will miss his concern and gentle caring ways, and I will always _______ the moments we had together. I am __52__ for the good parts that Harry __53__ on me and at times I try to pass these __54__ on to others. God must have known that I needed an Angel to _______ me and he __55__ Harry.

36. A. Beyond               B. Within                     C. For                 D. To

37. A. saved                  B. had                   C. spent            D. had

38. A. call                    B. tell                   C. show            D. tell

39. A. took                   B. passed               C. looked                D. carried

40. A. honest                B. formal                     C. frequent    D. patient

41. A. when                  B. that                   C. why             D. whether

42. A. company             B. station               C. market                D. store

43. A. unconscious        B. unclear              C. unsure          D. unhappy

44. A. can                     B. might                C. must            D. should

45. A. wash                  B. sweep               C. repair           D. dry

46. A. except                B. however            C. besides         D. therefore

47. A. attracted             B. amazed             C. excited                D. amazed

48. A. translate              B. throw                C. persuade           D. turn

49. A. skill                   B. lesson               C. practice         D. opportunity

50. A. meant                 B. seemed              C. wished                D. happened

51. A. interesting           B. short                 C. long             D. short

52. A. grateful                     B. anxious             C. responsible       D. sorry

53. A. fixed                  B. put                   C. impressed          D. expressed

54. A. characters           B. gifts                  C. words          D. benefits

55. A. asked            B. decided      C. chose         D. provided  

 

    

I would like to express to you my shock at the way you were attacked in Paris on April 7 when you were holding the Olympic flame. You showed outstanding courage, which honors you, and your country,"  1313

This is another internationally renowned high-tech enterprise to be located in Fu Zhou.  1425                                                                                                                              

 

A crowd of over 100,000 people cheered wildly as Cheng Yonghua - all wet in a downpour - carried the Beijing Olympic Torch to the closing ceremony yesterday. ----1423

 

 

   One netizen explained his viewpoint in terms of reporting attitude on the Xinhua News Agency BBS. "Just demand that CNN quickly withdraw all the offices in China. We are fully justified to expel this kind of media which cannot report news justly."  1420

 

 

71. He stopped his ears with his hands to _____ the terrible noise.
   A. show off    B. cut out    C. keep from    D. shut out

72. My house is the only brick one on the street. It _____ and you can't miss it.
   A. stands up    B. looks out    C. sticks out    D. wipes out

73. After the show, the crowd _____ out of the theater.
   A. poured    B. melted    C. drew    D. dismissed

 

74. Although it is not our normal _____ to give credit, this time I think we should consider the matter more closely.
   A. state    B. intention    C. occasion    D. practice

75. It gave me a strange feeling of excitement to see my name in _____.
   A. news    B. print    C. publication    D. press

 

 

 (Mules)

写作方法与文章大意

       这是一篇介绍走私分子(绰号为骡子)的文章,采用一般到具体的写作手法。先从走私集团对具体走私分子实行单线,单方面联系,分配任务,以免他被逮住后出卖更多的人,危及走私集团。接货地点的人根据各集团自制的识别标志“会员联系信号带”和走私者联系。随后是具体培训走私分子,防范措施及出岔子等一般面谢佐以具体例子作说明,如:贝鲁特走私集团培训和从伦敦运送美金到法兰克福的事件。

 

 

 

       Although the top men in smuggling business must work together, most of a syndicate’s small fry, especially the mules, know only their immediate contacts. If caught there is little they can give away. A mule probably will not even know the name of the person who gives him his instructions, nor how to get in touch with him. Usually he even does not know the person to whom he has to make delivery. He will be told just to sit tight in a certain hotel or bar until someone contacts him. In this way if he is blown, coming through airport customs he cannot unwittingly lead agents to the next link in the chain. All the persons at the receiving end do is to hang around the airport among the waiting crowd, and see that the mule comes through safely. If he does not, he is dimply written off as a loss. To make identification of mules easier, several syndicates have devised their own “club ties” so that a mule wearing one can immediately be picked out.

       Mules often receive careful training before embarking on their first journey. One Beirut organization, for example, uses a room with three airline seats in it. There the trainee mules sit for hours on end wearing weighted smuggling vests beneath their clothes, so that they become accustomed to standing up after a long flight in a natural way, and without revealing what they are carrying. An outfit in Brussels maintained a comfortable apartment where the mules could relax and get a firm grip on themselves on the night before their first journey; they were helped to dress before setting out for the airport in the morning. More often than not a courier will not know precisely where he is going or what flight number is until he is actually handed his tickets at the airport. This prevents the careless boast in some bar or to a girl friend the night before.

       Mules occasionally run off with the goods to keep the profit themselves. As insurance against this, a syndicate often sends a high-up on the same plane to keep a wary eye on couriers, particularly new ones. Even then things can go badly wrong. One international currency smuggler who was having trouble getting money out of Britain was offered help by a group of men who said they were in a position to “fix thing” – for a fee of course. Foolishly, the smuggler agreed to accept their help. When he got to London’s Heathrow Airport, he handed over to one of the men a black suitcase containing nearly $90,000 in cash, destined for Frankfurt. Just to keep an eye on things, the smuggler went along on the same plane. When they landed at Frankfurt he was handed back his suitcase. He beat a straight path to the men’s toilet, opened the case, and found only old clothes. The courier had switched suitcase en route, but the smuggler could hardly run to the police and complain that “the man who was smuggling money out of England for me has stolen it.”

 

1.       What is a “mule”?
[A] A person who sends smuggling goods for a syndicate is called mule.
[B] A person in charge of smuggling goods is called mule.
[C] A person who makes delivery for a syndicate is called mule.
[D] A person who receives instructions from a smuggler is called mule.

2.       The sentence “if he is blown” in line (6) is closest in meaning to
[A] if he is arrested.
[B] if he is recognized, but not necessarily arrested.
[C] if he is recognized and arrested.
[D] if he runs away.

3.       Why does the author give an example in the last paragraph?
[A] To show how a smuggler is caught.
[B] To show a smuggler is afraid of the police.
[C] To show to keep a wary eye on couriers is useless.
[D] To show mules may keep the profit for themselves.

4.       how does a mule work?
[A] Jointly.
[B] Independently.
[C] consciously.
[D] Separately.

 

Vocabulary

1.       fry                                       小鱼群,小生物群。这里的small fry是指辛迪加之子公司,小走私集团或走私者

2.       sit tight                                稳坐不动,坚持下去,这里指一直坐等着,等到有人来和他联系。

3.       blown                                  欠账的,被炸毁的。这里指走私分子“出事”

4.       write off                               销账,被勾销的项目。这里指把出事的骡子从名单上勾掉。

5.       written off as a loss               作为损失销账。

6.       embark (on)                          开始搞,从事,上船。

7.       grip                                     紧握

8.       high up                                高处,这里指高一级走私人

9.       fix thing                               这里指“摆平事情”,解决问题

10.   beat                                     踏上

11.   switch                                  转变,调换

 

难句译注

1.       In this way if he is blown, coming through airport customs he cannot unwittingly lead agents to the next link in the chain.
【结构简析】条件句
【参考译文】这样,一旦在他通过机场检查处时出事,他不可能愚蠢地把检查事务官引到锁链的下一个环节。

2.       There the trainee mules sit for hours on end wearing weighted smuggling vests beneath their clothes, so that they become accustomed to standing up after a long flight in a natural way, and without revealing what they are carrying.
【结构简析】主从句。主句中分词断语wearing修饰trainee。从句中and连接两组介词短语,后有一宾语从句what they are carrying。这实际上是with(without) +v-ing+object基本句型。
【参考译文】在那里,走私者衣服下穿着装有东西的厚厚的走私背心,连续几个小时坐着,所以他们在长时间飞行后,能习惯于很自然地站起来而不暴露他们身上携带的一切。

3.       An outfit in Brussels maintained a comfortable apartment where the mules could relax and get a firm grip on themselves on the night before their first journey; they were helped to dress before setting out for the airport in the morning.
【结构简析】句子结构复杂。Where定语从句修饰apartment,从句中and连接两个谓语动词,后面又用分毫隔开另一句分句。
【参考译文】布鲁塞尔一家走私集团长期包了一套舒适的公寓。在那里走私分子可以休息,在第一次上路前的夜晚,好好控制下自己;早上出发去机场前,有人帮他们穿好衣服。

 

 

Let's give him a hand for failing

(1)   HOW quaint and yet somehow uplifting of Mark Boyle, the self-styled "peace pilgrim", to simply give up. His plan was to walk from Bristol to India relying solely on the kindness of strangers – right up until the moment he arrived in Calais, discovered no one spoke English, and caught the next ferry home.

(2) A round of applause, then, for Mr Boyle. For giving up in the face of adversity, for not

soldiering on, for not maintaining a stiff upper lip, and for not struggling through despite the odds. How refreshing to find a quitter in an age when, if you're told you have a life-threatening illness, it's almost obligatory to make plans to conquer Qomolangma without supplemental oxygen or cycle across the States on your one remaining leg.2

(3) You can barely open a newspaper without finding a courageous, inspirational tale undertaken by a courageous, inspirational individual, but still, sometimes it might be nice to hear about the people with life-threatening illnesses and one leg who decide to stay at home and sit on the sofa.

(4) Folk like Mark Boyle. Who issued press releases, set up a website, left his job, said goodbye to family and friends – the kinds of actions that are usually perceived as irreversible as a toasted teacake passing down a digestive tract. Although he noted [
记录]in his blog that he didn't "receive half the attention when I set off or when everything was going amazingly well... but then, once you stumble they pounce like vultures who smell blood!"

(5) Failure has its own charms. Qomolangma would be an inspiring symbol of nature's majesty rather than a testing ground for men in the throes of a mid-life crisis. And after the first week of statue-cheering and statue-toppling, George W. Bush would have decided occupation looked like a bit of an uphill struggle and brought the boys back home.2

(6) These days life resembles a Barbara Taylor Bradford novel, with every one of us expected to go from rags to riches.3 Our expectations of what life has to offer have succumbed to the narrative demands of prime-time entertainment, in which, from The X Factor to Masterchef, you must be prepared to sacrifice everything – career, self-respect, dignity – in order to pursue success.

(7) Which is strange. Life's winners generally being life's smug bastards. Whose Christmas parties you never feel like going to; whose
2 million houses you'd rather not hear about. Failing is what makes us feel human. Princess Diana the divorcee with disastrous taste in men was so much more compelling than Shy Di the Virgin Bride, 4and Prince Harry had better wake up from his gap year in Afghanistan and realize what we want is pictures of him falling off his tank and shooting himself in the foot. Lose and the world loses with you, Harry. 5Just ask Mark Boyle.

BACKGROUND

Barbara Taylor Bradford: An English novelist. Her 1979 debut, A Woman of Substance, ranks as one of the top 10 bestselling novels in history, with more than 30 million copies in print. She is also the first author in publishing history to record 22 consecutive bestselling novels in both the US and the UK. According to the UK's Telegraph newspaper, a typical Bradford plot "involves beautiful, talented women fighting back the tears in the face of adversity, meeting men with white teeth and rugged (
粗糙的) tans (古铜皮肤), and emerging rich and happy."

 

 

HADCBGFE

 

71[答案] D. shut out.
      [
注释]shut out排除。参看IV.64

show off
炫耀; cut out删掉; keep from; 1) 隐瞒; She kept the truth from me. (她向我隐瞒真相。) 2) 不沾, 避开; He keeps from alcohol. (他滴酒不沾。) 3) 使不做某事:She kept herself from laughing. (她没有笑出来。)

72[答案] C. stick out.
      [
注释]stick out (=protrude, project) 伸出, 突出; 显露, 显眼:1) The doctor asked him to stick his tongue out. 2) Spelling mistakes stick out in this composition. (这篇作文中拼写错误很显眼。) stick out (=endure to the end) 坚持到底; If you can stick out a bit longer ,everything will be all right. (假如你能在坚持一下, 一切都会好起来。
)
wipe out
擦去, 消灭, 参看III.193.注释.

73[答案] A. poured.
[
注释]pour 此处意为:涌出, 涌来, 如:People poured out to the rally. (人们踊跃参加群众大会。

)

74[答案] D. practice.
      [
注释]practice (=way of doing sth. That is common or habitual; sth. done regularly) 做法, 惯例 It is my practice always to rise early. To give credit 让赊欠:No credit is given at this shop. (这家商店概不赊欠。)

75[答案] B. print.
      [
注释]in print是习语, 意指印出来, 发表出来”, 如:She finally saw her novel in print. (她终于看到他的小说出版了。) in print 的另一个意思是在印行, 还在发行”, 如:This book is still in print. (这本书还在发行, 可以买到) 反义词是out of print , 意指不在印行, 买不到了。如:The book you speak of is out of print. (你说到的那本书已不在发行了。)

答案详解

1.       C mule,骡子是为走私集团交货人的称呼,绰号。
A.
是为走私集团具体运送走私货物的人。只运送,不交货不能成为骡子。B.负责走私货物的人。也不对,负责者不一定运送和交货。D.从走私者那里接受指示的人。更不对。

2.       B blown原义为:欠账了的,被炸毁的,坏了等。这里指:走私分子在过海关,机场检查处出事,不一定被逮捕。
A.
逮捕。C.认出,逮捕。D.逃跑。都不符合blown原义。

3.       D 说明走私分子会把利益归己。最后一段第一句“有时,走私分子带着货物逃跑,把利益归己”。走私集团为防范此事,常常派遣高级人物监视走私人,特别是新走私者,也于事无补。这段的具体例子:“走私者和委托人同机飞行,到法兰克福机场,9万美金也是不翼而飞,走私者已经捞到手。”就是说明走私者可以为自己留下财路。
A.
走私者被捕之事,例子中没有提及。B.走私者不去警察局报案,并不易定是害怕警察局,而是报不了。C.监督毫无用处。是副线。

4.       D单个干。这在第一段一开始就点明:“走私商的上层人物(头面人物)必须一起工作,而大多数辛迪加的小组织,特别是走私分子,他们只知道他们的直接联系人。一旦他们被逮捕,就没有什么可以出卖的。一个骡子甚至连给他指示的人的姓名都不知道,也不知道如何和此人联系”。
A.
共同干。B.独立干,走私分子不是独立,大多数是在监督之下。C.有意识地干,上下都是有意识地干。

 

 

 

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