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英语练功房

Challenge both your English & minds

 
 
 

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0411  

2008-04-11 11:05:55|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Recommendations for fish consumption during pregnancy should take into account the nutritional benefits of fish as well as the potential harms from mercury exposure. ---1316

The sluggish stock market also forced consumers to tighten their purse strings because of the depreciated financial investment."

Since the beginning of the year, the benchmark Shanghai Composite Index has shed about 40 percent, partly due to concerns about the profitability of listed companies in a weakened economy  ----1402

 

42. A teacher who continually draws attention to rewards or who hands out high grades for ordinary achievement ends up with uninspired students, Eisenberger holds.

42. 艾森伯格认为:如果一个老师不断地要求学生把注意力放在奖励上,并对一般的成绩也大方的送以高分,最终只能培养出没有创造力的学生。

43. In earlier grades, the use of so-called token economics, in which students handle challenging problems and receive (performance based ) points towards, shows promise in raising effort and creativity, the Delaware psychologist claims.

43. 德拉华大学心理学家指出:对小学生运用所谓的象征性奖励制度,即学生解决一定要动脑筋才能解决的问题,同时根据表现的好坏得到一定的分数,直到获得宝贵的奖赏,这有望使学生更加努力,更好发挥创造性。

44. The cable was laid, but not until 1866 was the connection made permanent and reliable.

44. 海底电缆好了,但是直到1866年这条通讯线路才最终完成并可靠的运行。

 

51. The workmen made so much _____ that Mrs. Walker had to spend three days cleaning up afterwards.
   A. trouble    B. damage    C. mess    D. nuisance

52. They have held several meetings to _____ next year's production plans.
   A. set down    B. make out    C. work up    D. draw up

53. How can we get this language point _____ to the students.
   A. down    B. round    C. across    D. into

54. This book gives a brief _____ of the history of the castle and details of the art collection in the main hall.
   A. outline    B. reference    C. article    D. outlook

55. Dress warmly, _____ you'll catch cold.
   A. on the contrary    B. or rather    C. or else    D. in no way

 

Watch the video and fill in the blanks

 

 

Handicapped girl wins respect for protecting sacred flame

 

A handicapped girl was forced to protect the sacred flame from _______ assaults by supporters of Tibet Independence separatists during the torch relay in Paris.

Her chin and shoulders were scratched, but she refused to give the torch away. She said her courage also came from the support of the French public.

The courage she showed has won her respect among Chinese netizens. During the torch relays in Paris and London, overseas Chinese united to preserve the dignity of the flame.

Jin was supposed to be the third torchbearer in the Paris relay on Monday, but plans were changed because of the chaotic protests. The torch was _______ passed to her on the banks of the Seine River. Before her torch could be lit, several protestors threw themselves at Jin and her two _______, including one who is blind.

Jin Jing said, "They tried to grab the torch away from me. I dodged from one side to another. When they failed, several others rushed out and tried again. I held the torch with both hands, _______ down in my wheelchair and protected the torch with my back."

Her chin and shoulders were scratched, but she refused to give the torch away. She said her courage also came from the support of the French public.

Jin Jing said, "They told me to hold on."

Jin Jing also spoke out as an athlete.

Jin Jing said, "Their behavior and act tarnished the Olympic spirit. What do athletes want after four years of training? They want to show themselves in the Olympic arena, to compete for the world's top sports _______. The Olympic Games is an event for everyone on the earth. How could they do this to the Olympics? "

Jin, from Shanghai, lost part of her right leg when she was nine after suffering a malignant tumor in her _______. She successfully survived the cancer and became a member of the Chinese national wheelchair fencing team. She has been called the "Smiling Angel in a Wheelchair" and the "Most Beautiful Torchbearer" by netizens after showing incredible courage in protecting the Olympic torch.

When Jin Jing was attacked by protestors, overseas Chinese rushed to her side to help her. One of them recorded the moment with his camera. The face of the person who tried to grab the torch has raised harsh criticism on the internet.

Many Chinese stood out to protect the sacred flame during the torch relay in London and Paris. Pictures on the internet show the touching moments. Visiting Chinese and Chinese living in Europe flooded into London and Paris for the relays, carrying China's national flags and the Olympic _______. One blogger said he was offered money to join the protest, but turned it down and stood with other Chinese to show support for the Beijing Olympics. They overshadowed the protestors with China's national flags as they tried to draw media attention. At Trafalgar Square in London, when two Tibet independence separatists showed up with a banner in the middle of the _______, a Chinese student jumped into the _______ water without hesitation, waving China's national flag. The footage of the picture reads "Let the ugly Tibet Independence separatists know that we are united."

 

  

The speaker, a teacher from a community college, addressed a sympathetic audience. Heads nodded in agreement when he said, “High school English teachers are not doing their jobs.” He described the inadequacies of his students, all high school graduates who can use language only at a grade 9 level. I was unable to determine from his answers to my questions how this grade 9 level had been established.
My topic is not standards nor its decline
(降低). What the speaker was really saying is that eh is no longer young; he has been teaching for sixteen years, and is able to think and speak like a mature adult.
My point is that the frequent complaint of one generation about the one immediately following it is inevitable. It is also human nature to look for the reasons for our dissatisfaction. Before English became a school subject in the late nineteenth century, it was difficult to find the target of the blame for language deficiencies
(缺陷). But since then, English teachers have been under constant attack.
The complainers think they have hit upon an original idea. As their own command of the language improves, they notice that young people do not have this same ability. Unaware that their own ability has developed through the years, they assume the new generation of young people must be hopeless in this respect. To the eyes and ears of sensitive adults the language of the young always seems inadequate.
Since this concern about the decline and fall of the English language is not perceived as a generational phenomenon but rather as something new and peculiar to today’s young people, it naturally follows that today’s English teachers cannot be doing their jobs. Otherwise, young people would not commit offenses against the language.
66. The speaker the author mentioned in the passage believed that ________.
A) the language of the younger generation is usually inferior to that of the older generation
B) the students had a poor command of English because they didn’t work hard enough
C) he was an excellent language teacher because he had been teaching English for sixteen years
D) English teachers should be held responsible for the students’ poor command of English
67. In the author’s opinion, the speaker _______.
A) gave a correct judgement of the English level of the students
B) had exaggerated the language problems of the students
C) was right in saying that English teachers were not doing their jobs
D) could think and speak intelligently
68. The author’s attitude towards the speaker’s remarks is _______.
A) neutral
B) positive
C) critical
D) compromising
69. It can be concluded from the passage that ______.
A) it is justifiable to include English as a school subject
B) the author disagrees with the speaker over the standard of English at Grade 9 level
C) English language teaching is by no means an easy job
D) Language improvement needs time and effort
70. In the passage the author argues that ______.
A) it is unfair to blame the English teachers for the language deficiencies of the students
B) young people would not commit offences against the language is the teachers did their jobs properly
C) to eliminate language deficiencies one must have sensitive eyes and ears
D) to improve the standard of English requires the effort of several generations

 

51[答案] C. mess.
      [
注释]make mess弄得乱七八糟。Make a mess of“......弄得乱七八糟He made a mess of his work. (他把他的工作搞得乱七八糟。)

52[答案] D. draw up.
  

   
本题译文, 他们已开过几次会议来起草明年得生产计划。

53[答案] C. across.
     

本题译文, 我们怎样才能把这个语言点向学生讲清楚?

54[答案] A. outline.
      [
注释]outline 轮廓, 概要; give an outline of sth. 概要说明某事。

55[答案] C. or else.
      [
注释]or else (=otherwise; if not) 否则:Hurry up, or (else) you'll be late.

 

 

repeated

eventually

companions

bent

honors

ankle

banners

fountain

icy

66. D 67. B 68. C 69. D 70. A

mms://winmedia.cctv.com/NewsHour/2008/04/NewsHour_300_20080410_1.wmv

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