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英语练功房

Challenge both your English & minds

 
 
 

日志

 
 

1209  

2008-12-09 09:32:52|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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姓名 名次 第一卷
卢文俊 12 74
胡志伟 127 68
李晓彤 127 68
陈亮宇 127 68
陈宇驰 127 68
萧茂庭 127 68
刘永洋 127 68
容宇璐 127 68
杨海宁 127 68
陈泽华 127 68
黄家驹 127 68
缪志旸 127 68
梁启舜 189 66
张伟兴 189 66
曾琳越 189 66
李绮娜 250 64
刘建聪 250 64
谭则明 250 64
胡迪康 250 64
黄清昕 31 72
董家珍 31 72
许智敏 31 72
林矗 323 62
周嘉健 323 62
蔡哲 323 62
许梓焜 323 62
李俊杰 323 62
黄润均 323 62
黄上曜 323 62
梁振杰 405 60
郑荻苗 405 60
黄启聪 405 60
黄小慧 405 60
叶力如 405 60
彭锐江 405 60
肖宝祺 405 60
戴立维 482 58
黄诗媚 482 58
岑冠枢 482 58
吴嘉辉 482 58
霍达 482 58
莫伟宏 572 56
杨惠全 572 56
李子 572 56
陈冠聪 652 54
陈慧敏 652 54
梁展鸿 652 54
霍松标 652 54
彭瑶 68 70
魏东霖 68 70
许敏结 68 70
李智坚 68 70
马晓曦 716 52
洪嘉丽 775 50
何潮辉 872 46

 

第二部分 语言知识及应用(共两节,满分35分)

第一节  完形填空(共10小题;每小题2分,满分20分)

阅读下面短文,然后从21-30各题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项

 

The experience of jealousy __21__ greatly from age to age, from culture to culture, from couple to couple, from person to person, and can be different within the same person from time to time.  In the United States, particularly among young adults, there has been a ___22___ of attitude toward jealousy in recent years.  “Normal” jealousy, which was once seen as an unavoidable accompaniment of love and support of marriage, has come to be seen by some as evidence of personal insecurity and ___23__ in the relationship, and therefore as a threat to very close partnership.

Most jealous flashes come from feeling ___24__ of an activity involving your partner and another person or other people. When your partner pays attention to another, your first reaction is to note that they are “in” and you are “out”. They are not noticing you, or at least not giving you as much attention as they are giving each other. You feel excluded, ignored, unappreciated.

This kind of experience is ___25___ in our society, and dealing with it gracefully is part of the etiquette(礼节,礼仪)of our time ---- especially as women become more involved in professional and social activities outside the home. The boss wants to dance with your wife; a woman spends most of the evening at a party talking with your ___26__; your partner and a friend both discover they admire Bergman’s films, which you never particularly enjoyed. Such experience results in the jealous flash, but typically they do not ___27___ it into a flame. The jealous feeling usually fade when the bad event is over, although you might still say on the way home, “I can’t imagine what you and Pat could have found anything interesting enough to discuss for so long.”

If you find yourself troubled or upset by having to share your partner in ways normally considered proper __28__ your circle of friends, your feeling of exclusion (排除在外) may be a sign of a potential fear of ___ 29___ , the more serious type of jealousy. If you actually cannot stand to let your partner out of your sight, your jealousy is probably rooted in a lasting fear___30____ the annoyance, which lasts only for a short time.  This is more serious, but it need not be fatal to your self-esteem(自尊) or to your relationship with your partner.

 

21. A. transfers                 B. gets                      C. varies                   D. translates

23. A. greatness                B. determination         C. temper                  D. weakness

24. A. left off                   B. left out                  C. left over                D. left for

25. A. common                 B. usual                    C. particular              D. ordinary

26. A. boss                       B. husband                C. friend                   D. girlfriend

27. A. transform               B. put                      C. made                    D. fan

30. A. other than               B. or rather               C. in that                 D. rather than

 

 

 

 

The experience of jealousy ____ greatly from age to age, from culture to culture, from couple to couple, from person to person, and can be different within the same person from time to time.  In the United States, particularly among young adults, there has been a ______ of attitude toward jealousy in recent years.  “Normal” jealousy, which was once seen as an unavoidable accompaniment of love and support of marriage, ___1____[have]come to be seen by some as evidence of personal insecurity and _____ in the relationship, and therefore as a threat ___2____ very close partnership.

Most jealous flashes come from feeling _____ of an activity involving your partner and another person or other people. When your partner pays attention to another, your first reaction is to note that they are “in” and you are “out”. They are not noticing you, ___3____ at least not giving you as much attention as they are giving each other. You feel excluded, ignored, unappreciated.

This kind of experience is ______ in our society, and dealing with it ___4____[grace] is part of the etiquette(礼节,礼仪)of our time ---- especially as women become more involved in professional and social activities outside the home. The boss wants to dance with your wife; a woman spends most of the evening at a party___5____[ talk] with your _____; your partner and a friend both discover they admire Bergman’s films, which you never particularly enjoyed. Such experience results in the jealous flash, but typically they do not ______ it into a flame. The jealous feeling usually fade when the bad event is over, although you might still say on the way home, “I can’t imagine what you and Pat could have found anything interesting enough to discuss ___6____ so long.”

If you find yourself ___7____[trouble] or upset by having to share your partner in ways normally considered proper ____ your circle of friends, your feeling of exclusion (排除在外) may be a sign of a potential fear of ______ , the more serious type of jealousy. If you actually cannot stand to let your partner out of your sight, your jealousy is probably rooted ____8___ a lasting fear_______ the annoyance, which lasts only for a short time.  This is more serious, but it need not be fatal to your self-esteem(自尊) or to your relationship with your partner.

第二节:语法填空(共10小题,每小题1.5分,满分15分)

Deserts are found where there is little rainfall or__31___ rain for a whole year falls in only a few weeks’ time. Ten inches of rain may be enough for many plants ___32____( survive) if the rain is spread throughout the year. ___33__ it falls within one or two months and the rest of the year is dry, those plants may die and a desert may form.

Sand begins as tiny pieces of rock that get smaller and smaller as wind and weather wear them down.  Sand dune(沙丘)are formed as winds move the sand across the desert. Bit ___34___ bit, the dunes grow over the years, always moving with the winds and changing the shape. Most of them are only a few feet tall, but they can grow to be several hundred feet high.

There is, however, much more to a desert than sands. In the deserts of the ____35____(southwest) United States, cliffs and deep valleys were formed from thick mud that once ____36____(lie) beneath a sea more than millions of years ago. _______ the centuries, the water dried ____37____. Wind, sand, rain, heat and clod all _______[wear] away at the remaining rocks. The faces of the desert mountains are always _______[change]--- very, very slowly---- as these forces of nature continue to work on the rock.

Most deserts have a ___38__ (surprise) variety of life. There are plants, animals and insects that have adapted to life in the desert. During the heat of the day, a visitor may see very few signs of living things, ____39____ as the air begins to cool in the evening, the desert comes to life. As the sun begins to rise again in ___40_____ sky, the desert once again becomes quiet and lonely.

 

第三部分 阅读(共两节,满分40分)

第一节:阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。  

A

When we see well, we do not think about our eyes very often. It is only when we cannot see perfectly that we realize how important our eyes are.

    People who are near-sighted can only see things that are very close to their eyes. Everything else seems blurry. Many people who do a lot of work, such as writing, reading and sewing become near-sighted. People who are far-sighted suffer from just the opposite problem. They can see things that are far away, but they have difficulty in reading a book unless they hold it _______ arm’s length. If they want to do much reading, they must get glasses, too.

    Other people do not see clearly because their eyes are not exactly the right shape. They have what is called astigmatism (散光). This, too, can be corrected by glasses. Some people’s eyes become cloudy because of cataracts (白内障). Long ago these people often became blind. Now, however, it is possible to operate on the cataracts and remove them.

    Having two good eyes is important for judging distances. Each eye sees things from a slightly different angle. To prove this to yourself, look at an object out of one eye; then _______[look] at the same object out of your other eye. You will find the object’s relation to the background and other things around it has changed. The difference between these two different eye views _______[help] us to judge how far away an object is. People who have only one eye cannot judge distances _______ people with two eyes.

 

B

The past fifty years or so have seen the gradual disappearing of animals from this earth, fishes from the sea, trees and plants from the land.

     Many factors result in this unpleasant phenomenon. Among them, hunting is the main factor that _______[danger] wild life. Some people kill wild life for sport. They take pleasure in collecting heads and hides. Yet others specialize in commercial hunting like killing whales.

     Apart from this, the rapidly growing human population threatens wild life on land, too. Towns expand and roads have to be built, so forests are burnt and trees are chopped down. It seems that man needs every inch of land _______ his reach, so he moves on to the natural habitat of wild life. Tigers, lions and leopards slowly die off without the food and shelter that the forests provide.

     In addition, rapid urbanization(城市化)means industrial expansion. Very often, poisonous chemicals, industrial wastes and oil are dumped into the rivers and seas. Fish and birds are threatened.

     Man depends greatly on animals for _______[survive]. He needs their flesh, hides and furs. Thus, man cannot do without wild life; or he himself would become extinct. The public should be made aware that it would be better to shoot the animals with a camera _______ with a gun.  In this way, they can preserve and help wild life to continue living rather than to remove all signs of it .

     Man must learn to farm the sea as he does the land.  He should control the amount and the frequency of his catch.  He should allow fish to breed and multiply(繁殖) before netting them.  Man also needs to build forest reserves, and to pass laws prohibiting the killing of animals, especially those that are already rare. To keep the present animal kingdom, the least _______man can do is to clean the seas and rivers and to prevent pollution.

     The cycle of nature is such that it forms a vicious circle. The pesticides(杀虫剂) that we spray _______ crops can kill the birds and animals that feed on them. When man eats these poisoned animals, he himself can die. We must therefore test the chemicals to be used before they are sprayed or it might mean the death of man!

50.  The last paragraph is mainly about__________.

A. the importance of wild life to human beings          B. how the circle of nature is formed

C. how animals are gradually disappearing form the earth  D. how to solve the problem of pollution

 

C

    The opportunity costs(成本) of choosing a job are especially important to college students. There is a kind of triangular(三角的) relationship between part-time work or work in a secondary job market, work in a primary job market, and a college education.

    Secondary-market jobs are those with low pay, high turnover, little required skill, and little training by employers, such as waiting on tables, pumping gas, or clerking in stores. Primary-market jobs are those involving skill, investment by employers in training, higher pay, avenues (途径)for promotion, career possibilities for employees, and low turnover.

    Frequently, college students take jobs in secondary markets because primary-market jobs require more time than commitment(承担的义务) to a college education will permit. One college student called Kirk took a night job as a security guard in a factory so that he could spend some of the time studying. The job required little skill or training. The company's executives(行政主管人员),who knew Kirk, realized that he was management material, and were ready to promote him to a "primary" job. Kirk preferred to stay where he was in order to finish college.

    The opportunity cost of Kirk's going to college can therefore be estimated as the sum of his college expenses plus the extra income he lost by staying in his security-guard job (rather than taking a better-paying job) plus the chances of promotion he may also have lost. Economists have estimated that half of the cost of going to college is in the form of lost earnings (often called forgone income). Or, to put it another way, the true cost of going to college is double the money costs to students, parents, or taxpayers. Most economists believe that the college degree is worth it, and that investing in one's education has higher return than earned by savings accounts or by financial investments like stocks and bonds(债券).

 

51. According to the passage, what should a college student take into consideration when choosing a

job?

    A. Profitable income.              B. Chances of promotion.

    C. Career possibilities.             D. Opportunities costs.

52. As far as college students are concerned, secondary-market jobs are better than primary-market jobs because ________.

    A. secondary-market jobs require little skill or training

    B. they run little risk of being fired

    C. they can have more time available to study

    D. primary-market job executives are reluctant to employ them by reason of high investment but modest returns

 

53. Attending college, Kirk has to lose all of the following EXCEPT      .

A. payment of school tuitions and fees

B. extra financial rewards he can get by doing a primary-market job

    C. extra financial returns earned by stocks and bonds

    D. a promise of getting promoted

54. According to economists, which of the following statements is TRUE?

A. It is advised that businessmen invest in education rather than in stocks and bonds owing to the former's higher returns.

B. Attending college usually costs far more than what common people tend to assume(假定).

C. Students would rather do a secondary-market job than attend college if they realize their great losses.

D. Students would prefer to choose a profitable and promising primary-market job than attend college.

55. It can be safely concluded from the passage that ___

   A. students should take secondary-market jobs to gather experiences or skills

   B. primary-market jobs are so time-consuming and competitive that students cannot adjust to them

   C. students should be more concerned about the great losses brought on by attending a college

   D. college education is still highly recommended and worthwhile

 

46. (1) He is a strict but kind-hearted father, _______ the children respect but are afraid of.

A. /          B. that        C. for whom         D. one whom

(2)My most famous relative of all, _______ who really left his mark on America, was Rob Sussel, my great-grandfather.

A. one   B. the one  C. he    D. someone

(3) He is a good man, _____ you can trust on all your life.

A. a   B. one   C. that one   D. which

47. (1) Mr. Smith is _______ a good teacher _______ we all respect.

(2) Mr. Smith is _______ a good teacher _______ we all respect him.

A. such, that         B. such, as       C. so, that             D. so, as

(3) I want to buy _____ book _____ he bought yesterday.

A. the same, that  B. the same, as  C. the same, like  D. the same, that

(4) He is _____ teacher _____ the headmaster praised at the meeting in public.

A. the same, that  B. the same, as  C. the same, like  D. the same, that

48. (1) ____ nice, the food was all eaten up soon.

(2) ____ nice, the food should be made by adding more sugar.

A. Tasting          B. Taste          C. Tasted             D. To taste

 

 

 

 

Text 1

One hundred and thirteen million Americans have at least one bank _ issued credit card. They give their owners automatic credit in stores, restaurants, and hotels, at home, across the country, and even abroad, and they make many banking services available as well. More and more of these credit cards can be read automatically, making it possible to withdraw or deposit money in scattered locations, whether or not the local branch bank is open. For many of us thecashless societyis not on the horizon-it's already here.

While computers offer these conveniences to consumers, they have many advantages for sellers too. Electronic cash registers can do much more than simply ring up sales. They can keep a wide range of records, including who sold what, when, and to whom. This information allows businessmen to keep track of their list of goods by showing which items are being sold and how fast they are moving. Decisions to reorder or return goods to suppliers can then be made. At the same time these computers record which hours are busiest and which employees are the most efficient, allowing personnel and staffing assignments to be made accordingly. And they also identify preferred customer for promotional campaigns. Computers are relied on by manufacturers for similar reasons. Computer analyzed marketing reports can help to decide which products to emphasize now, which to develop for the future, and which to drop. Computers keep track of goods in stock, of raw materials on hand, and even of the production process itself.

Numerous other commercial enterprises, from theaters to magazine publishers, from gas and electric utilities to milk processors, bring better and more efficient

services to consumers through the use of computers.

41. According to the passage, the credit card enables its owner to .

Awithdraw as much money from the bank as he wishes

Bobtain more convenient services than order people do

Cenjoy greater trust from the storekeeper

Dcash money where he wishes to

42. From the last sentec of the first paragraph we learn that.

Ain the future all the Americans will use credit cards

Bcredit cards are mainly used in the United States today

Cnowadays many Americans did not pay in cash

Dit is now more convenient or use credit cards than before

43. The phrasering up salesmost probably means .

Amake an order of goods

Brecord sales on a cash register

Ccall the sages manager

Dkeep track of the goods in stock

44. What is this passage mainly about?

AApproaches to the commercial use of computers.

BConveniences brought about by computers in business.

CSignificance of automation in commercial enterprises.

DAdvantage of credit cards in business.

45. It can be inferred that

A Computers will bring disaster.

B Computer industry will not develop faster.

C Computers will bring about more convenience to people's life.

D None.

 

 

46. DBB 47. BABA 48. AD

 41.B 主旨题。此题答案是第一段中心思想,答案根据第一段第二、三句推知。

42.C 推理题。此题答案根据第一段最后一句的cashless society推知。

43.B 推理题。此短语含义根据第二段第二句提到的机器cash registers推知。

44.B 主旨题。文章主题依据文中例举的计算机带来的便利推知,因此ACD选项不对。

45.C 推理题。此题答案根据第三段推知。

 

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