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英语练功房

Challenge both your English & minds

 
 
 

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2007-09-29 10:03:21|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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41. It must be noted that learning must be done by a person himself.
必须指出学习只能靠自己。
42. A large number of people tend to live under the illusion that they had completed their education when they finished their schooling. Obviously

they seem to fail to take into account the basic fact that a person's education is a most important aspect of his life.
许多人存在这样的误解,认为离开学校就意味着结束了他们的教育。显然,他们忽视了教育是人生重要部分这一基本事实。
43. As for me, I'm in favor of the opinion that education is not completed with graduation, for the following reasons:
就我而言,我同意教育不应该随着毕业而结束的观点,有以下原因:
44. It is commonly accepted that no college or university can educate its students by the time they graduate.
人们普遍认为高校是不可能在毕业的时候教会他们的学生所有知识的。
45. Even the best possible graduate needs to continue learning before she or he becomes an educated person.
即使最优秀的毕业生,要想成为一个博学的人也要不断地学习。
46. It is commonly thought that our society had dramatically changed by modern science and technology, and human had 

made extraordinary progress in knowledge and technology over the recent decades.
人们普遍认为我们的现代科技使我们的社会发生了巨大的变化,近几十年人类在科技方面取得了惊人的进步。
47. Now people in growing numbers are beginning to believe that learning new skills and knowledge contributes directly

 to enhancing their job opportunities or promotion opportunities.
现在越来越多的人开始相信学习新的技术和知识能直接帮助他们获得工作就会或提升的机会。
48. An investigation shows that many older people express a strong desire to continue studying in university or college.
一项调查显示许多老人都有到大学继续学习的愿望。
49. For the majority of people, reading or learning a new skill has become the focus of their lives and the source of their 

happiness and contentment after their retirement.
对大多数人来讲,退休以后,阅读或学习一项新技术已成为他们生活的中心和快乐的来源。
50. For people who want to adopt a healthy and meaningful life style, it is important to find time to learn certain new knowledge.

 Just as an old saying goes: it is never too late to learn.
对于那些想过上健康而有意义的生活的人们来说,找时间学习一些新知识是很重要的,正如那句老话:活到老,学到老。
51. There is a general debate on the campus today over the phenomenon of college or high school students' doing a part-time job.
对于大学或高中生打工这一现象,校园里进行着广泛的争论。
52. By taking a major-related part-job, students can not only improve their academic studies, but gain much experience, 

experience they will never be able to get from the textbooks.
通过做一份和专业相关的工作,学生不仅能够提高他们的专业能力,而且能获得从课本上得不到的经验。
53. Although people’s lives have been dramatically changed over the last decades, it must be admitted that, shortage 

of funds is still the one of the biggest questions that students nowadays have to face because that tuition fees and prices of books are soaring by the day.
近几十年,尽管人们的生活有了惊人的改变,但必须承认,由于学费和书费日益飞涨,资金短缺仍然是学生们面临的最大问题之一。
54. Consequently, the extra money obtained from part-time job will strongly support students to continue to their study life.
因此,业余工作挣来的钱将强有力地支持学生们继续他们的求学生活。
55. From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw a conclusion that part-time job can produce a far-reaching

 impact on students and they should be encouraged to take part-time job, which wil     benefit students and their family, even the society as a whole.

 

 

 

 

 

M0re than I realized, Dad has helped me keep my balance.

When I was growing up, I was embarrassed (尴尬的) to be seen with my father. He was severely disabled and very___1___,and when we would walk together, his hand on my arm f0r___2___, people would stare. I would inwardly feel uncomf0rtable at the unwanted___3___.If he ever noticed 0r was bothered, he never___4___that he knew.

It was__5___to co0rdinate (cooperate ) our steps — his hesitant, mine impatient — and because of that, we didn’t___6___much as we went along. But as we started out, he always said,"You set the___7___.I will try to follow you."

Our usual walk was to 0r from the subway, which was___8___he got to w0rk. He went to w0rk despite illness and nasty weather. He almost never missed a day and would___9___it to the office even if others could not. A matter of___10___.

He never talked about himself as an object of pity, n0r did he show any envy of the m0re f0rtunate 0r___11___. What he looked f0r___12___others was a "good heart", and if he found one, the___13___was good enough f0r him.

Now that I am older, I believe that his idea is a proper___14___by which to judge people, even though I___15___don’t know exactly what a "good heart" is.___ 16___I know the times I don’t have one myself.

He has been gone many years now, but I think of him often. I wonder if he___17___I was unwilling to be seen with him during our___18___. Now that I am older, I’m s0rry that I never told him how s0rry I was f0r my feeling___19___be with him in public and how unw0rthy I felt to be his daughter. I think of him when I complain about trifles (something unimp0rtant ), when I am envious of another’s good f0rtune, and when I don’t possess a "good heart".

At such times I put my hand on his arm to___20___my balance, and say, "You set the pace. I will try to follow you."

 

 

1Astrong     Benergetic     Csh0rt        Dhandsome

2Abalance   Bstrength     Ccomf0rt            Dcourage

3Acare    Battention      Csituation     Dfriendship

4Ahoped     Bfound      Cliked              Dshowed

5Aeasy      Bdifficult       Cpossible     Dnecessary

6Asee       Bpay         Csay               Dgive

7Arule            Btime               Cstep           Dpace

8Ahow      Bwhy               Cwhen               Dwhere

9Aget        Bmake             Ctake               Dwalk

10Ajoy      Bfaith               Cbelief               Dpride

11Arich     Bsuccessful        Cable               Dhardw0rking

12Aon       Bin            Cat           Dwith

13Aowner    Bkeeper        Cwinner       Dother

14Amethod  Bvalue               Cstandard        Dlevel

15Ayet      Balso         Cever              Dstill

16AAnd           BBut         CNow               DThen

17Asensed   Bsmelled       Cagreed       Drecognized

18Awalks     Btalks         Cstays             Dvisits

19Aafraid     Bproud          Cashamed           Ddisappointed

20Afind       Bkeep           Crefill           Dregain

 

 

Meditation in Indonesian Business

写作方法与文章大意

这是一篇新闻报导,讲述印度尼西亚商人如何经营公司。主要采用一般到具体写作手法。一开始就点明他们以独特的方式――不看文件,不听汇报,而是闭上眼睛沉思,向古代帝王的精灵请示来经营。这种神秘主义几乎涉及印尼生活的各个领域,商业也不例外。后面每段都围绕这一主题而写。第二段写来源。第三段,应用于商业方面的具体例子,第四段,和西方管理方法对比。

 

  It looked like a typical business meeting. Six men, neatly dressed in white shirts and ties filed into the boardroom of a small Jakarta company and sat down at a long table. But instead of consulting files or hearing reports, they closed their eyes and began to meditate, consulting the spirits of ancient Javanese kings. Mysticism touches almost every aspect of life in Indonesia and business is no exception. One of the meditators said his weekly meditation sessions are aimed mainly at bringing the peace of mind that makes for good decision-making. But the insight gained from mystic communication with spirits of wise kings has also helped boost the profits of his five companies.

  Mysticism and profits have come together since the 13th century introduction of Islam to Indonesia by Indian Moslem merchants. Those devout traders, called ‘Wali Ullah’ or ‘those close to God, ’ energetically spread both trade and religion by adapting their appeals to the native mysticism of Java. Legends attribute magic power of foreknowledge to the Wali Ullah. These powers were believed to be gained through meditation and fasting.

  Businessman Hadisiko said his group fasts and meditates all night every Thursday to become closer to God and to contact the spirits of the great men of the past. ‘If we want to employ someone at the managerial level, we meditate together and often the message comes that this man can’t hole onto money or he is untrustworthy. Or maybe the spirits will tell us he should be hired.’  Hadiziko hastened to add that his companies also hold modern personnel management systems and that formal qualifications are essential for a candidate even to be considered. Perspective investments also are considered through mystic meditation. ‘With the mind relaxed and open, it is easier to be objective in judging the risk of a new venture. Meditation and contact with the wisdom of the old leaders sharpens your own insight and intuition. Then you have to apply that intuition to the information you have and work hard to be successful. ’ Mystic meditation helped reverse a business slide his companies experienced in the mid-1980. Operating with normal business procedures, he lost more than $ 3 millions in that year alone. Meditation brought back his peace of mind. Putting the right persons in the right jobs and gaining confidence in his business decisions were the keys to a turning around that has brought expansion and profitability. The mysticism in Handspike’s boardroom is part of a growing movement in Indonesia called Kebatinan – the ‘search for the inner self.’

  One of his managers, Yusuf Soemado, who studied business administration at Harvard University, compared the idea of mystic management to western system of positive thinking. ‘Willpower and subconscious mind are recognized as important factors in business. Such approaches as psycho-cybernetics, Carnegie’s think and growth rates, or the power of positive thinking are western attempts to tap the same higher intelligence that we contact through meditation,’ he said.

 

1.  What is the most important factor in their doing business?

[A] Mysticism.

[B] Religion.

[C] Meditation.

[D] Investment.

2.  Whom do they consult?

[A] The spirits of ancient Javanese kings.

[B] Wali Ullah.

[C] Old Kings.

[D] Carnegie.

3.  Why did Hadisike hasten to add ‘his companies also hold modern personnel management systems…’?

[A] He thought Mysticism was not so good as expected.

[B] To show they too focused on qualifications.

[C] To show they hired qualified persons.

[D] To show the possibility of combination of the scientific management with religion.

4.  According to the passage, the function of the meditation is

[A] to gain profit from the god.

[B] to gain peace of mind to make decision.

[C] to gain foreknowledge.

[D] to gain objective conclusion.

5.  What does ‘operating with normal business procedures’ refer to?

[A] Adopting the western way of doing business.

[B] Ordinary way of doing business without meditation and fasting.

[C] Contact with God.

[D] Putting right persons in the right jobs.

 

 

Vocabulary

1.  file into         鱼贯而入,排队进去

2.  Jakarta           雅加达

3.  meditate          沉思,冥想,反省

4.  Java              爪哇

5.  Javanese          爪哇的

6.  mysticism         神秘主义

7.  boost             促进,增加,提高

8.  devout        虔诚的,热诚的

9.  appeal (to)       向……呼吁,求助于,魅力

10. legend        传说,神话

11. fasting           禁食,斋戒

12. hold onto         抓紧,保住

13. personnel management system        人事管理制度

14. perspective investment             远景投资

15. venture           (商业)投机,风险

16. sharpen           使……敏锐/尖锐,磨尖

17. business slide       买卖/企业滑坡,下滑

18. turn around       (生意)好转,转变

19. subconscious      下意识的,潜意识的

20. cybernetics       控制论

21. Carnegie          卡耐基

22. tap           开拓,选择

 

 

难句译注

1.  Mysticism touches almost every aspect of life in Indonesia and business is no exception.

【参考译文】在印尼神秘主义似乎涉及到印尼生活的各个方面,商业也不例外。

2.  Those devout traders, called ‘Wali Ullah’ or ‘those close to God, ’ energetically spread both trade and religion by adapting their appeals to the native mysticism of Java.

【参考译文】这些虔诚的商人,叫做Wali Ullah,或者“接近主的人”,把他们的祈求呼吁跟爪哇当地的神秘主义相结合。他们通过这一途径积极热情地拓展商业买卖和宗教信仰。

3.  Putting the right persons in the right jobs and gaining confidence in his business decisions were the keys to a turning around that has brought expansion and profitability.

【参考译文】恰当的工作岗位使用合适的人选,对企业决策具有信心使形式好转的关键。它给你带来拓展和利润。(或任人唯贤,指挥若定使扭亏增盈,大展宏图的关键。)

4.  Search for the inner self.

【参考译文】探索内心的自我。

5.  Such approaches as psycho-cybernetics, Carnegie’s think and growth rates, or the power of positive thinking are western attempts to tap the same higher intelligence that we contact through meditation.

【参考译文】类似心理控制论、卡耐基思想、增长率、或者积极思考能力等观点是西方开拓高智能的办法,而我们是通过沉思冥想来和高智能联系的。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

KEY15 CABDB   610 CDABD   1115 BBACD    1620 BAACD

答案详解

1.  C 沉思。这在第一断已有说明。

A. 神秘主义。是个总的概念,笼罩生活各方面。而不是具体的做法和重要因素。 B. 宗教。 D. 投资。

2.  A 爪哇古代帝王之精灵。答案在第一段。

B. Wali Ullah是指印度穆斯林商人。这些虔诚的商人叫做Wali Ullah或者成为接近主的人。传说神话也把先知的力量归功于Wali UllahC. 老帝王。D. 卡耐基,1835-1919是生于苏格兰的美国钢铁工业家和慈善家。他有一套管理企业的办法,称为卡耐基思想(管理法)。

3.  B 他们也重视资历、才能。这在第三段中第二行起,商人 Hadisiko讲话清楚说明“如果我们要雇佣管理人员,我们就一起沉思,常常会有这种信息来临:这个人不能管理钱财或者他不可靠。也可能神灵告诉我们应当雇佣他。接着他匆忙补充说他的公司也采用现代人事管理系统,即要考虑雇佣的人员最根本的条件仍是正式资历”。

A. 他认为神秘主义不像想象中那么好。C. 表明他们雇佣人才。上下文说明,他所以补充是说明他们也重视资格。D. 表明科学管理和宗教结合的可能性。Hadisike语中没有这种意思。但不能说他们雇佣人才不管宗教。

4.  B 得到冷静头脑来决策。这在第三段后半部分讲到。“远景的投资也是通过神秘的沉思加以考虑。有着放松和开放的头脑,易于客观地判断新投资的风险。沉思和过去领袖的接触会是你的洞察力和感官变得敏锐。”第一段第五行“其中一位沉思者说每星期的沉思会主要目标是带来一个平静的头脑,作出好决策。”

A. 从上帝那里得到利润。 C. 取得先知。不对,先知的能力归于Wali UllahD. 得到客观的结论。文内只提到,头脑放松容易客观地判断投资风险与否,并不是客观的结论。

5.  B 没有沉思和斋戒的常规作生意。见第三段中,神秘的沉思帮助扭转公司生意滑坡而正常买卖步骤,这一年就损失了300万美元。这两句对比的话说明B项内容。

A. 采用西方买卖方式(交易方式)。文内没有点明正常就是西方方式。C. 和上帝接触。D. 知人善任。

 

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