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英语练功房

Challenge both your English & minds

 
 
 

日志

 
 

0927  

2007-09-27 07:23:10|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Former ________ Rudolph Giuliani also made brief remarks,

This research center is ___a__ we/I visited last year.

This is the day ______ we spent together last year.

A. what   B. that /which   C. where   D. when

An increasing number of experts believe that migrants will exert positive effects on construction of city. However, this opinion is now ________[ question] by more and more city residents, who complain that the migrants have brought many serious problems like crime and prostitution.

 

 

quiz

 

1.In fact, we have to admit the fact that the quality of life is as important as life ______.
事实上,我们必须承认生命的质量和生命本身一样重要。
2.This is a matter of life and death--a matter no country can ______ to ignore.
这是一个关系到生死的问题,任何国家都不能忽视。
3.  Environmental experts point out that increasing pollution not only causes serious problems such as global warming but also could _______  to end human life on our planet.
环境学家指出:持续增加的污染不仅会导致像全球变暖这样严重的问题,而且还将威胁到人类在这个星球的生存。
4.
Why don't we take a little break?

   Didn't we just have __________?

  Ait Bthat  Cone Dthis 

5. How could I ever ______him to finish unloading the car ______ screaming at me and making a scene in front of the other girls , girls I would have to spend the ______ of the year with? Doors were opening and faces peering out(探出),as Dad walked ______ close behind .  

6.The results show that if a person eats a proper breakfast, he or she will work with better effect ________ if he or she has no breakfast. This fact appears to be ________ (especial) true if a person works _______ his brains.

7 viadominantoffsetcostly

 However, just as everything has two sides, the cell phone also has many disadvantages. To begin with, it's expensive to buy and _____ to pay the bills, especially that of global service. To make matters worse, it's also easy to lose and costly to get it repaired. Worst of all, it's not as clear as a family telephone and sometimes the number dialed is often not available. Last but not least, it's alleged the micro-waves in it might do harm to people's health.
   
In my opinion, with its expenses greatly reduced after China's entry into the WTO, it will face an ever brighter future in its development. Someday most of them will be developed into new Internet-enable mobile phones, which will be as useful as pocket computers. And I believe its advantages will not only _____ its disadvantages, but also far outweigh them.

8. A attended B recalling C appreciation D passion E frequently   

Second, he gave us the greatest gift a teacher can offer an awakening of a ______ for learning. He not only led us to an ______ of the beauty and perfection of Chinese and literature, but also aroused our great interest in exploring something deeper in this field. Finally, I was deeply impressed by the respect he showed for us. As he treated us like friends rather than students, we all liked to visit his home for social activities as well as for academic advice.
             Although it is nearly 10 year since I ______ his last class, he is the talk of our former classmates, and I know part of him has already stayed in my heart.

.9  Some of the top experts then tested them to see _________ they were available. Doctor Zhong Nanshan chose one patient who was seriously ill and had little hope________ picking up and had the new medicine tested on him.

 

Review

名词性从句考点大聚会

 

 

 

  考点之一:考查名词性从句中thatwhat的区别

 

  考例: _______ we can't get seems better than _______ we have.

  A. What; what B. What; that   C. That; that D. That; what

 

  考点之二:考查名词性从句中的it作形式主语或形式宾语

 

  考例1: _______ is a fact that English is being accepted as an international language.

  A. There B. This C. That D. It

 

     考例2: I hate _______ when people talk with their mouths full.

A.      it B. that C. this D. them

 考点之三:考查名词性从句的语序

 

  考例:The photographs will show you _______ .

  A. what does our village look like

  B. what our village looks like

  C. how does our village look like

  D. how our village looks like

  

  考点之四:考查名词性从句中的whether, if以及that的区别

 

  考例1: _______ we'll go camping tomorrow depends on the weather.

  A. If B. Whether C. That D. Where

  

  考例2: What the doctors really doubt is _______ my mother will recover from the serious disease soon.

  A. when B. how C. whether D. why

 

   考例3: It worried her a bit _______ her hair was turning gray.

  A. while B. that C. if D. for

考点之五:考查名词性从句中的疑问词+ever引导的名词性从句及其与no matter+疑问词引导的从句的区别

考例 1:It is generally considered unwise to give a child _______ he or she wants.

  A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever

    考例2: Sarah hopes to become a friend of ______ shares her interests.

  A. anyone B. whomever C. whoever D. no matter who

    考点之六:考查名词性从句的虚拟语气问题

  考例:It is necessary that a college student ______ at least a foreign language.

  A. masters B. should master C. mastered D. will master

  分析:本题选B.句子的意思是:大学生至少应该掌握一门外语。It作形式主语,that引导的主语从句中谓语动词用虚拟语气。

  (1) 主语从句中用来表示惊奇、不相信、惋惜、理应如此等,谓语动词用虚拟语气"(should) +do",常用的句型有:I. It is necessary (important, natural, strange, etc.) that... II. It is a pity(a shame, no wonder, etc.) that... III. It is suggested (requested, proposed, desired, etc.) that...: It is strange that she (should) think so.

  (2) 表示建议、请求、命令、要求、坚持等及物动词后面的宾语从句中要用虚拟语气,常用的这类动词有suggest, propose, insist, desire, demand, request, order, command等。如:

  I insist that she (should) do her work alone.

  (3) 主语是suggestion, proposal, request, decision等表示"建议、请求、要求、决定等"意思的词时,表语从句中谓语动词要用虚拟语气"(should) +do"。如:

  His suggestion is that we (should) hold another meeting to discuss the question.

  (4) 表示"建议、请求、命令、要求、决定等"意思的名词后面的同位语从句中谓语动词要用虚拟语气"(should)+do"。如:

They received orders that the work(should)be done at once.

 

Good Sentences

31. This view is now being questioned by more and more people.
这一观点正受到越来越多人的质疑。
32. Although many people claim that, along with the rapidly economic development, the number of people who use bicycle is decreasing and bicycle is bound to die out. The information I've collected over the recent years leads me to believe that bicycle will continue to play extremely important roles in modern society.
尽管许多人认为随着经济的高速发展,用自行车的人数会减少,自行车可能会消亡, 然而,这几年我收集的一些信息让我相信自行车仍然会继续在现代社会发挥极其重要的作用。
33. Environmental experts point out that increasing pollution not only causes serious problems such as global warming but also could threaten to end human life on our planet.
环境学家指出:持续增加的污染不仅会导致像全球变暖这样严重的问题,而且还将威胁到人类在这个星球的生存。
34. In view of such serious situation, environmental tools of transportation like bicycle are more important than any time before.
考虑到这些严重的状况,我们比以往任何时候更需要像自行车这样的环保型交通工具。
35. Using bicycle contributes greatly to people's physical fitness as well as easing traffic jams.
使用自行车有助于人们的身体健康,并极大地缓解了交通阻塞。
36. Despite many obvious advantages of bicycle, it is not without its problem.
尽管自行车有许多明显的优点,但是它也存在它的问题。
37. Bicycle can't be compared with other means of transportation like car and train for speed and comfort.
在速度和舒适度方面,自行车是无法和汽车、火车这样的交通工具相比的。
38. From what has been discussed abovewe may safely draw the conclusion that advantages of bicycle far outweigh its disadvantages and it will still play essential roles in modern society.
通过以上讨论,我们可以得出结论:自行车的优点远大于缺点,并且在现代社会它仍将发挥重要作用。
39. There is a general discussion these days over education in many colleges and institutes. One of the questions under debate is whether education is a lifetime study.
当前在高校和研究机构对教育存在着大量争论,其中一个问题就是教育是否是个终身学习的过程。
40. This issue has caused wide public concern.
这个问题已经引起了广泛关注
41. It must be noted that learning must be done by a person himself.
必须指出学习只能靠自己。
42. A large number of people tend to live under the illusion that they had completed their education when they finished their schooling. Obviously, they seem to fail to take into account the basic fact that a person's education is a most important aspect of his life.
许多人存在这样的误解,认为离开学校就意味着结束了他们的教育。显然,他们忽视了教育是人生重要部分这一基本事实。
43. As for me, I'm in favor of the opinion that education is not completed with graduation, for the following reasons:
就我而言,我同意教育不应该随着毕业而结束的观点,有以下原因:
44. It is commonly accepted that no college or university can educate its students by the time they graduate.
人们普遍认为高校是不可能在毕业的时候教会他们的学生所有知识的。
45. Even the best possible graduate needs to continue learning before she or he becomes an educated person.
即使最优秀的毕业生,要想成为一个博学的人也要不断地学习。

 

If you visit a big city anywhere in the world, you will probably find a restaurant which serves the food of your native country. Most large__1__in the United States offer an international sample of__2__. Many people enjoy eating the food __3__other nations. This is probably one reason__4__there are so many different kinds of restaurants in the United States. A second is that Americans__5__from all the parts of the world. They enjoy tasting the foods of their__6__lands. In the city of Detroit, __7__, there are many people from Western Europe, Latin America__8__the Far East. There are many restaurants in Detroit__9__serve the foods of these areas. There are many__10__international restaurants, too. Americans not only like the foods in these restaurants but also enjoy the chance to__11__understand the foreign people and their__12__of life.

 

  One of__13__most common international restaurants to be__14__in the US is an Italian restaurant. The restaurant is a small business__15__by a single family. The mother of the__16__cooks all the dishes and the__17__and children serve the customers who come to eat there. Or it may be a__18__restaurant which can__19__many customers during one evening. So a restaurant may be owned__20__one family, one person, or by several different people who work together in the business.

 

 

1. A. cities B. countryside C. nations D. families

 

  2. A. waiters B. restaurants C. foodsD. cooks

 

  3. A. about B. of C. on D. with

 

  4. A. as B. when C. which D. why

 

  5. A. arrive B. come C. go D. leave

 

  6. A. garden B. country C. state D. native

 

  7. A. as B. like C. for example D. such as

 

  8. A. and B. with B. of D. then

 

  9. A. where B. which C. when D. why

 

  10. A. other B. others C. another D. other's

 

  11. A. worse B. better C. hardly D. more

 

  12. A. hope B. wish C. place D. way

 

  13. A. the B. a C. this D. that

 

  14. A. cooked B. enjoyed C. found D. eaten

 

  15. A. built B. run C. driven D. lived

 

  16. A. family B. city C. business D. restaurant

 

  17. A. mother B. guests C. visitors D. father

 

  18. A. small B. large C. tiny D. bad

 

  19. A. deal B. work C. serve D. prepare

 

20. A. by B. with C. of D. for

 

 

 

Read and Fill in the Blanks with Proper Words

 

Career or Family: which is more important?

  When asked about their opinion of career and family, people always respond differently. Some people _______ it more important to pursue their career, _______ there are always other people who argue that family should be the number one in one’s life.

  It goes without any question that career plays a key role in our life. In the very first place, career can give us an aim to live on. Without career, much of our living time will be certainly wasted. What’s more, career can provide us with a means to live _______Most of the people earn their income from a job. On the other hand, family is also an indispensable part of life, as many people will admit. Family is always regarded as a place where we can escape from troubles in life. In addition, we can obtain a sense of belonging to from family. Without it, anyone will feel lonely and desperate.

In my opinion, career and family are not in opposition to each other. Rather, they can enhance each other so that one’s life can become better and better. _______, it’s not a choice between right and wrong, but one between_______  and practical.

 

 

 

Throughout the history of the arts, the nature of creativity has remained constant to artists. No matter what objects they select, artists are to bring forth new forces and forms that cause change-to find poetry where no one has ever seen or experienced it before.

Landscape(风景) is another unchanging element of art. It can be found from ancient times through the 17th-century Dutch painters to the 19th-century romanticists and impressionists. In the 1970s Alfred Leslie, one of the new American realists, continued this practice. Leslie sought out the same place where Thomas Cole, a romanticist, had produced paintings of the same scene a century and a half before. Unlike Cole who insists on a feeling of loneliness and the idea of finding peace in nature, Leslie paints what he actually sees. In his paintings, there is no particular change in emotion, and he includes ordinary things like the highway in the background. He also takes advantage of the latest developments of color photography(摄影术) to help both the eye and the memory when he improves his painting back in his workroom.

Besides, all art begs the age-old question: What is real? Each generation of artists has shown their understanding of reality in one form or another. The impressionists saw reality in brief emotional effects, the realists in everyday subjects and in forest scenes, and the Cro-Magnon cave people in their naturalistic drawings of the animals in the ancient forests. To sum up, understanding reality is a necessary struggle for artists of all periods.

Over thousands of years the function of the arts has remained relatively constant. Past or present, Eastern or Western, the arts are a basic part of our immediate experience. Many and different are the faces of art, and together they express the basic need and hope of human beings.

1. The underlined word poetry most probably means  .

A. an object for artistic creation

B. a collection of poems

C. an unusual quality

D. a natural scene

2. Leslie's paintings are extraordinary because .

A. they are close in style to works in ancient times

B. they look like works by 19th-century painters

C. they draw attention to common things in life

D. they depend heavily on color photography

3. What is the author's opinion of artistic reality?

A. It will not be found in future works of art.

B. It does not have a long-lasting standard.

C. It is expressed in a fixed artistic form.

D. It is lacking in modern works of art.

4. What does the author suggest about the arts in the last paragraph?

A. They express people's curiosity about the past.

B. They make people interested in everyday experience.

C. They are considered important for variety in form.

D. They are regarded as a mirror of the human situation.

5. Which of the following is the main topic of the passage?

A. History of the arts.

B. Basic questions of the arts.

C. New developments in the arts.

D. Use of modern technology in the arts.

 

第一节 短文改错

Last weekend we went mountain-climbing.Even the

heavy rain in the morning could not prevent us go.Setting     76. ___________

off very early,we went along an extreme narrow road,all      77. ___________

in high spirits.On every side of the road were green fields     78. ___________

and some farm house.We could hear the sound of the         79. ___________

rain and our footsteps mixing with our laughter.At noon       80. ___________

we reached the top of the mountain.That surprised us         81. ___________

most there was the beauty of scenes.After having a short      82. ___________

rest there and sharing with the food we had brought,we       83. ___________

started going down.It had rained even harder.We were        84. ___________

wet to the skin,and we still sang and laughed happily.        85. ___________

 

 

 

deem

while

on.

Therefore

ideal

 

 

1C    2C    3B    4D    5B

76. goà going

77. extremeà extremely

78. everyà either/each

79. houseà houses

80. mixing à mixed

81. That àWhat

82. of ^ scenes àthe

83. with去掉

83. had 去掉

84. and àbut

 

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