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英语练功房

Challenge both your English & minds

 
 
 

日志

 
 

0926  

2007-09-24 07:06:30|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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英语大师们讲解英语学习方法

胡文仲

* 学习英语无捷径。要想学好英语只有大量实践,多听多读多说多写。不要被商业广告所误导。

* 说英语一不要怕犯错误,二不要怕别人笑话。要争取一切机会讲英语,和外国人讲,和同学讲,和同事讲,实在没办法的时候和自己讲。例如,可以把自己想说的话录下来,然后再放出来自己听。

* 要多用词典,多用英语词典。如果读词典读的津津有味,就说明学英语已经上路了。

* 英语具有较好的基础以后,通读(注意不是略读或跳读)一本浅易的英语语法书会使你有一种豁然开朗的感觉

 

陶洁

* 学习英语跟做任何学问一样,没有捷径可走,不下苦功夫是不行的。

* 学习英语首先要打好基础。从语音语调做起,多听录音多模仿,一定会有收益。学习语言有一个积累过程,在听、说、写、读四项基本技能中,阅读是关键应该大量阅读简写本文学名著和其他简易读物,培养对英语的感性认识,了解英语社会的文化背景知识。如果把自己感兴趣的文章或诗歌或名篇背下来,那对以后写地道的英语会有很大的好处。

* 学习英语是为了使用。在大量阅读的基础上,要想方设法使用自己学到的东西。最简便的方法是使用英语复述自己感兴趣的阅读材料和用英语写日记。这两种办法可以促使我们在阅读时有意识的寻找我们想用的语言素材和表达方式,而长期坚持的结果会提高我们理解原文的能力和用英语正确表达思想的能力。

 

梅仁毅

* 要学好英语,就要对语言本身及语言所传达的各种文化信息感兴趣当你读到或听到别人用简洁的英语表达深奥的思想时,兴奋不已,立即记住,这就表明你已对语言产生了兴趣。没有这种兴趣,难以在语言学习中登堂入室。

* 学习英语从一开始就要重视语音,语调。发音,语调,重音,停顿,不求完美,但要基本正确。否则,将影响听力及口语,从而是语言失去交流的功能。

* 简易读物对打好基础极有用,要多读。 一是数量要多,至少读四十本。二是要重复读,选出十至十五本,读三遍,读到许多问题印在脑子中。设想一下,别人能用一千五百到两千词汇写出几十本书来,如果我们能把这些表达方式掌握住,能够表达多少内容!

                                                                                     ------李晓彤 推荐

 

 

名词性从句考点大聚会

 

  名词性从句包括主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句.名词性从句一向是NMET中的重要考点.通过对近几年高考试题的分析,我们可以看出NMET名词性从句考点主要有以下六个方面:

 

  考点之一:考查名词性从句中thatwhat的区别

 

  考例: _______ we can't get seems better than _______ we have.

 

  A. What; what B. What; that

 

  C. That; that D. That; what

 

  分析: 在名词性从句中thatwhat的区别是:that在名词性从句中不作句子成分,只起连接作用;what在名词性从句中不仅起连接作用,而且作句子成分.句子的意思是:我们不能得到的似乎比我们已经拥有的要好.此题考查了两个名词性从句:主语从句和宾语从句,what在这两个名词性从句中都作宾语.

 

  考点之二:考查名词性从句中的it作形式主语或形式宾语

 

  考例1: _______ is a fact that English is being accepted as an international language.

 

  A. There B. This C. That D. It

 

  分析:在这种名词性从句中为了保持句子的平衡,往往用先行词it作形式主语或形式宾语,而把真正的主语或宾语放到后面,尤其是that引导的主语从句往往用先行词it作形式主语.此句也可以改写为:That English is being accepted as an international language is a fact.

 

  考例2: I hate _______ when people talk with their mouths full.

 

  A. it B. that C. this D. them

 

  分析:此题考查的是用先行词it作形式宾语,而把真正的宾语从句放到后面.其他几个词均不能作形式宾语.

 

  考点之三:考查名词性从句的语序

 

  考例:The photographs will show you _______ .

 

  A. what does our village look like

 

  B. what our village looks like

 

  C. how does our village look like

 

  D. how our village looks like

 

  分析:在名词性从句中,除了关联词要提到句首之外,一律要用陈述句语序。当关联词含疑问意义时,有的学生就会受习惯影响错误地使用疑问句语序。克服这种错误的关键是要找准从句中的主语和谓语。本题句子的意思是:这些照片会告诉你我们村子是什么样。本题中根据引导词what要作介词like的宾语,而副词how不能作介词like的宾语,所以首先排除CD,A项是疑问句语序,故只能选B

 

  考点之四:考查名词性从句中的whether, if以及that的区别

 

  考例1: _______ we'll go camping tomorrow depends on the weather.

 

  A. If B. Whether C. That D. Where

 

  分析:句子的意思是:我们明天是否去野营要视天气而定. whetherif"是否"讲时的区别是:在引导宾语从句时两者可以互换,但在引导主语从句、表语从句和同位语从句以及介词后面的宾语从句或后面紧跟or not时通常只能用whether,而不能用if.

 

  考例2: What the doctors really doubt is _______ my mother will recover from the serious disease soon.

 

  A. when B. how C. whether D. why

 

  分析:本题句子的意思是:医生真正怀疑的是我母亲是否能很快从重病中恢复过来.whether引导的是表语从句.

 

  考例3: It worried her a bit _______ her hair was turning gray.

 

  A. while B. that C. if D. for

 

  分析:本题句子的意思是:头发变白使她有点儿不安。It作形式主语,that引导的是主语从句。whether, if以及that引导的名词性从句的区别是:whetherif("是否"讲时)引导的名词性从句含有疑问意义;that引导的名词性从句不含有疑问意义。

考点之五:考查名词性从句中的疑问词+ever引导的名词性从句及其与no matter+疑问词引导的从句的区别

  考例 1:It is generally considered unwise to give a child _______ he or she wants.

  A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever

  分析:本题句子的意思是:一般认为孩子要什么就给什么是不明智的.whatever引导的是宾语从句,A. however D. whenever是不能作宾语的;C. whichever表示"无论哪一个、无论哪些",表示在一定范围内的人或事物,此处并不涉及"一定范围内的人或事物",所以也不能选.

  考例2: Sarah hopes to become a friend of ______ shares her interests.

  A. anyone B. whomever C. whoever D. no matter who

  分析:本题句子的意思是:萨拉希望跟自己有共同爱好的人交朋友.疑问词+ever引导的名词性从句与no matter+疑问词引导的从句的区别是:前者既可以引导名词性从句也可以引导让步状语从句;后者只能引导让步状语从句.首先排除D.而选A. anyone则应在其后加who.从句中需要的是主语,所以whomever也不行.

  考点之六:考查名词性从句的虚拟语气问题

  考例:It is necessary that a college student ______ at least a foreign language.

  A. masters B. should master C. mastered D. will master

  分析:本题选B.句子的意思是:大学生至少应该掌握一门外语。It作形式主语,that引导的主语从句中谓语动词用虚拟语气。

  (1) 在主语从句中用来表示惊奇、不相信、惋惜、理应如此等,谓语动词用虚拟语气"(should) +do",常用的句型有:I. It is necessary (important, natural, strange, etc.) that... II. It is a pity(a shame, no wonder, etc.) that... III. It is suggested (requested, proposed, desired, etc.) that...: It is strange that she (should) think so.

  (2) 表示建议、请求、命令、要求、坚持等及物动词后面的宾语从句中要用虚拟语气,常用的这类动词有suggest, propose, insist, desire, demand, request, order, command等。如:

  I insist that she (should) do her work alone.

  (3) 主语是suggestion, proposal, request, decision等表示"建议、请求、要求、决定等"意思的词时,表语从句中谓语动词要用虚拟语气"(should) +do"。如:

  His suggestion is that we (should) hold another meeting to discuss the question.

  (4) 表示"建议、请求、命令、要求、决定等"意思的名词后面的同位语从句中谓语动词要用虚拟语气"(should)+do"。如:

They received orders that the work(should)be done at once.

 

Review

She underwent a thorough examination at the hospital.
  
她在医院里接受了全面检查。
2. I hope that I shall never again have to undergo such unpleasant experience.
  
我希望我永远不会再遭遇到这种不愉快的经历。
3. This city underwent great changes.
  
这座城市经历了巨大的变化。
4. Metals undergo expansion when heated.
  
金属加热时会膨胀。

a climate of unrest.

不安的气氛

political climate

政治气候

undergo great hardship.

遭巨大的苦难

 

 

 

He commanded that the three men ______[be]shot

in command of

has a command of

die away

die down

die out

die off

She sang ____ a piano

dance  ____music

The lesson is difficult to follow

She thrilled at the ambulance bell.

At the news she jumped

thriller

thrilling

thrilled

This wire _____[bend] easily

The enemy struck ____ dawn

I recommended he ____[go]there

She bowed her hair____ shame

The pines bowed ____the wind.

He was armed _____ a bow and arrow.

offer to do sth

prepare for \

in preparation

make preparation for

Bad weather account _____ the delay of the flight

turn  词组

would   used to

He was ill, ______ therefore could not come.

Warming Up

母恐龙

把蛋来hatch(孵)
把周围watch(注视)
把身上scratch(搔)
把虱子catch(捕获)

hatch   vt.
孵出,孵;筹划,图谋,策划;vi.hatch out)(小鸡等)出壳,孵出n.(飞机等的)舱门,(门等的)开口;孵化
watch   v.
注视,观看,看守,监视,照看;小心,当心 n.表;看管,监视  [watch out注意;提防或戒备]
watchful    adj.注意的,警惕的
scratch    v.
抓,搔,扒;刮擦,刻划n.抓,搔,刮;抓痕,划痕
catch    vt.
抓住,接住;偶然撞见,发觉;染上,感染;赶上,追上;听清楚,领会

 

scratch a match擦火柴

scratch where it itches搔痒; []迎合人意

scratch out a hole挖出一个洞

scratch a few lines to a friend潦草地写几句话给一位朋友

That cat will scratch you with its claws. 那猫会用爪子抓你的。


电脑打印机

把软盘put (放置)
把资料input (输入)
结果打印output (输出)

put    vt.放,摆,使处于(某种状态);说,表达;put forward)提出,提交;(put down)记下,写下
input    n.
输入,投入;输入物,输入的数据vt.输入计算机
output   n.
产量;输出,输出功率vt.输出(信息、数据等)

 

Just rememberkeep practising, and succeeding.

 

 

Good Sentences

31. This view is now being questioned by more and more people.
这一观点正受到越来越多人的质疑。
32. Although many people claim that, along with the rapidly economic development, the number of people who use bicycle is decreasing and bicycle is bound to die out. The information I've collected over the recent years leads me to believe that bicycle will continue to play extremely important roles in modern society.
尽管许多人认为随着经济的高速发展,用自行车的人数会减少,自行车可能会消亡, 然而,这几年我收集的一些信息让我相信自行车仍然会继续在现代社会发挥极其重要的作用。
33. Environmental experts point out that increasing pollution not only causes serious problems such as global warming but also could threaten to end human life on our planet.
环境学家指出:持续增加的污染不仅会导致像全球变暖这样严重的问题,而且还将威胁到人类在这个星球的生存。
34. In view of such serious situation, environmental tools of transportation like bicycle are more important than any time before.
考虑到这些严重的状况,我们比以往任何时候更需要像自行车这样的环保型交通工具。
35. Using bicycle contributes greatly to people's physical fitness as well as easing traffic jams.
使用自行车有助于人们的身体健康,并极大地缓解了交通阻塞。
36._______ many obvious advantages of bicycle, it is not without its problem.
尽管自行车有许多明显的优点,但是它也存在它的问题。
37. Bicycle can't be compared with other _______ of transportation like car and train for speed and comfort.
在速度和舒适度方面,自行车是无法和汽车、火车这样的交通工具相比的。
38. From what has been discussed abovewe may safely _______ the conclusion that advantages of bicycle far 
outweigh its disadvantages and it will still play _______roles in modern society.
通过以上讨论,我们可以得出结论:自行车的优点远大于缺点,并且在现代社会它仍将发挥重要作用。
39. There is a general discussion these days over education in many colleges and institutes. One of the questions _______ debate is whether education is a lifetime study.
当前在高校和研究机构对教育存在着大量争论,其中一个问题就是教育是否是个终身学习的过程。
40. This issue has caused _______ public concern.
这个问题已经引起了广泛关注

 

If you visit a big city anywhere in the world, you will probably find a restaurant which serves the food of your native country. Most large__1__in the United States offer an international sample of__2__. Many people enjoy eating the food __3__other nations. This is probably one reason__4__there are so many different kinds of restaurants in the United States. A second is that Americans__5__from all the parts of the world. They enjoy tasting the foods of their__6__lands. In the city of Detroit, __7__, there are many people from Western Europe, Latin America__8__the Far East. There are many restaurants in Detroit__9__serve the foods of these areas. There are many__10__international restaurants, too. Americans not only like the foods in these restaurants but also enjoy the chance to__11__understand the foreign people and their__12__of life.

 

  One of__13__most common international restaurants to be__14__in the US is an Italian restaurant. The restaurant is a small business__15__by a single family. The mother of the__16__cooks all the dishes and the__17__and children serve the customers who come to eat there. Or it may be a__18__restaurant which can__19__many customers during one evening. So a restaurant may be owned__20__one family, one person, or by several different people who work together in the business.

 

 

1. A. cities B. countryside C. nations D. families

 

  2. A. waiters B. restaurants C. foodsD. cooks

 

  3. A. about B. of C. on D. with

 

  4. A. as B. when C. which D. why

 

  5. A. arrive B. come C. go D. leave

 

  6. A. garden B. country C. state D. native

 

  7. A. as B. like C. for example D. such as

 

  8. A. and B. with B. of D. then

 

  9. A. where B. which C. when D. why

 

  10. A. other B. others C. another D. other's

 

  11. A. worse B. better C. hardly D. more

 

  12. A. hope B. wish C. place D. way

 

  13. A. the B. a C. this D. that

 

  14. A. cooked B. enjoyed C. found D. eaten

 

  15. A. built B. run C. driven D. lived

 

  16. A. family B. city C. business D. restaurant

 

  17. A. mother B. guests C. visitors D. father

 

  18. A. small B. large C. tiny D. bad

 

  19. A. deal B. work C. serve D. prepare

 

20. A. by B. with C. of D. for

 

 

    

 

Career or Family: which is more important?

  When asked about their opinion of career and family, people always respond differently. Some people deem it more important to pursue their career, while there are always other people who argue that family should be the number one in one’s life.

  It goes without any question that career plays a key role in our life. In the very first place, career can give us an aim to live on. Without career, much of our living time will be certainly wasted. What’s more, career can provide us with a means to live on. Most of the people earn their income from a job. On the other hand, family is also an indispensable part of life, as many people will admit. Family is always regarded as a place where we can escape from troubles in life. In addition, we can obtain a sense of belonging to from family. Without it, anyone will feel lonely and desperate.

  In my opinion, career and family are not in opposition to each other. Rather, they can enhance each other so that one’s life can become better and better. Therefore, it’s not a choice between right and wrong, but one between ideal and practical.

 

  [答案与解析]

 

1.A 2. C。在美国,多数大城市都提供国际食品的样品。3. B。介词of表所属。4. D。先行词是reason,常用why引导定语从句。5. B。美国人来自于世界各地。6. D。他们喜欢吃有本国风味的食品。7. C。用"for example"举例说明。8. A。最后两个词组之间用and连接。9. B。本空用关系代词which/that引导定语从句,在从句中作主语。10. A。代词other在句中作定语,此时不用复数或所有格形式。11.B 12. D。美国人不仅喜欢这些饭店的食品,而且喜欢有机会更好地了解异国的人民和他们的生活方式。13. A 14. C。在美国可以找到的最普通的一家国际饭店是一家意大利饭店。"one of the +形容词最高级+名词"是常用句型,"最……之一"15. Brun意为"经营"16. A 17. D。妈妈炒菜,爸爸和孩子们为前来用餐的顾客端饭上菜。18. B 19. C。因为这是一个家庭餐馆,"否则的话,它可能是一个大饭店,一个晚上可以招待很多顾客。" 20. Aby用于被动语态中,意为""

 

 

 

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