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英语练功房

Challenge both your English & minds

 
 
 

日志

 
 

0920  

2007-09-20 07:53:46|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

20. No one can deny the fact that a person's education is the most important aspect of his life.
没有人能否认:教育是人生最重要的一方面。
21. People equate success in life with the ability of operating computer.
人们把会使用计算机与人生成功相提并论。
22. In the last decadesadvances in medical technology have made it possible for people to live longer than in the past.
在过去的几十年,先进的医疗技术已经使得人们比过去活的时间更长成为可能。
23. In fact, we have to admit the fact that the quality of life is as important as life itself.
事实上,我们必须承认生命的质量和生命本身一样重要。
24. We should spare no effort to beautify our environment.
我们应该不遗余力地美化我们的环境。
25. People believe that computer skills will enhance their job opportunities or promotion opportunities.
人们相信拥有计算机技术可以获得更多工作或提升的机会。
26. The information I've collected over last few years leads me to believe that this knowledge may be less useful than most people think.
从这几年我搜集的信息来看,这些知识并没有人们想象的那么有用。
27. Now, it is generally accepted that no college or university can educate its students by the time they graduate.
现在,人们普遍认为没有一所大学能够在毕业时候教给学生所有的知识。
28. This is a matter of life and death--a matter no country can afford to ignore.
这是一个关系到生死的问题,任何国家都不能忽视。
29. For my part, I agree with the latter opinion for the following reasons:
我同意后者,有如下理由:
30. Before giving my opinion, I think it is important to look at the arguments on both sides.
在给出我的观点之前,我想看看双方的观点是重要的。
31. This view is now  _______questioned by more and more people.
这一观点正受到越来越多人的质疑。
32. Although many people claim that, along with the rapidly economic development, the number of people who use bicycle are decreasing 

and bicycle is _______ to die out. The information I've collected over the recent years leads me to believe that bicycle will continue to 

play extremely important roles in modern society.
尽管许多人认为随着经济的高速发展,用自行车的人数会减少,自行车可能会消亡, 然而,这几年我收集的一些信息让我相信自行车仍然会继续在现代社会发挥极其重要的作用。
33. Environmental experts point out that increasing pollution not only causes serious problems such as global warmin

but also could _______  to end human life on our planet.
环境学家指出:持续增加的污染不仅会导致像全球变暖这样严重的问题,而且还将威胁到人类在这个星球的生存。
34. In  _______ of such serious situation, environmental tools of transportation like bicycle are more important than any time before.
考虑到这些严重的状况,我们比以往任何时候更需要像自行车这样的环保型交通工具。
35. Using bicycle contributes greatly to people's physical fitness as well as _______ traffic jams.
使用自行车有助于人们的身体健康,并极大地缓解了交通阻塞。

1The WTO cannot live up to its name ________it does not include a country that is home to

one fifth of mankind.

  Aas long as Bwhile

  Cif Deven though

 

2The managers discussed the plan that they would like to see _______the next year.

  Acarry out Bcarrying out

  Ccarried out Dto carry out

 

3 Why don't we take a little break?

   Didn't we just have __________?

  Ait Bthat

  Cone Dthis

 

4It is the ability to do the job _______matters where you come from or what you are.

  Aone Bthat

  Cwhat Dit

 

5 The reporter said that the UFO ________east to west when he saw it.

  Awas travelling Btravelled

  Chad been traveling Dwas to travel.

II完形填空

 

  

  

I climbed the stairs slowly , carrying a big suitcase , my father following with two more . By the time I got to the third floor , I was 26 and at the same time felling lonely . Worse still , Dad 27 a step and fell , sending my new suitcases 28 down the stairs . "Damn !"he screamed , his face turning red . I knew 29 was ahead . Whenever Dad's face turns red , 30 .

  How could I ever 31 him to finish unloading the car 32 screaming at me and making a scene in front of the other girls , girls I would have to spend the 33 of the year with? Doors were opening and faces peering out(探出),as Dad walked 34 close behind . I felt it in my bones that my college life was getting off to a(n) 35 start.

  " 36 the room , quickly ,"I thought . "Get him into a chair and calmed down ." But 37 , would there be a chair in Room316? Or would it be a(n) 38 room?

  39 I turned the key in the lock and 40 the door open , with Dad 41 .complaining(抱怨)about a hurting knee or something . I put my head in , expecting the 42 . But to my 43 , the room wasn't empty . at all ! It had furniture , curtains , a TV , and seven paintings on the walls.

  And there on a well-made bad sat Amy, my new 44 ,dressed neatly , Greeting me with a nod , she said in a soft voice , "Hi , you must be Cori ." Then , she 45 the music and looked over at 46 ,"And of course , you're Mr . Faber ,"she said 47 ."Would you like a glass of iced tea?" Dad's face turned decidedly 48 before he could bring out a "yes."

  I knew 49 that Amy and I would be 50 and my first year of college would be a success

26Ahelpless Blazy Canxious Dtried

  27Atook Bminded Cmissed D picked

  28Arolling Bpassing Cdropping Dturning

  29Asuffering Bdifficulty Ctrouble Ddanger

  30Ago ahead Blook out Chold on Dgive up

  31Alead Bhelp Cencourage Dget

  32Aafter Bwithout Cwhile Dbesides

  33Abest Bbeginning Cend Drest

  34Awith difficulty Bin a hurry Cwith firm steps Din wonder

  35Afresh Blate Cbad Dunfair

  36ASearch BFind CEnter DBook

  37Ain fact Bby chance Conce more Dthen again

  38Asmall Bempty Cnew Dneat

  39AFinally BMeanwhile CSooner or later DAt the moment

  40Aknocked Bforced Cpushed Dtried

  41Ayet Bonly Ceven Dstill

  42Aworst Bchair Cbest Dtea

  43Aregret Bdisappointment Csurprise Dknowledge

  44Aroommate Bclassmate Cneighbour Dcompanion

  45Aturned on Bturned down Cplayed Denjoyed

  46ADad Bme Cthe door Dthe floor

  47Aquestioning Bwondering Csmiling Dguessing

  48Ared Bless pale Cless red Dpale

  49Asoon Bthere Clater Dthen

  50Asisters Bfriends Cstudents Dfellows

 

 

 

   

Preface

写作方法与文章大意

这是一篇书的序言,作者用夹叙夹议的写作方法介绍了书的涉及面及其功能。

首先提出科学是我们文化的重大主题,但人们也该了解科学家生活的亚文化群,只有懂得一些激励和挫伤科学家的种种情况,才能理解科学的一般特征及其特殊概念。

第二方面指出书的读者对象是对科学一知半解的学生及门外汉。书可作理工科课程的辅助(补充)读物,又可独立自成体系。它可开阔人们科学的视野,真正了解科学、科学家及其工作,理解科学和文化的关系,科学观点和哲学的关系。

第三方面指出亚文化群中妇女增多,贡献巨大,而我们的语言却隐含这性别的歧视,难以充分平等地反映妇女。

最后指出书信息量大又具娱乐性,寓教于乐。

 

  Science is a dominant theme in our culture. Since it touches almost every facet of our life, educated people need at least some acquaintance with its structure and operation. They should also have an understanding of the subculture in which scientists live and the kinds of people they are. An understanding of general characteristics of science as well as specific scientific concepts is easier to attain if one knows something about the things that excite and frustrate the scientist.

  This book is written for the intelligent student or lay person whose acquaintance with science is superficial; for the person who has been presented with science as a musty storehouse of dried facts; for the person who sees the chief objective of science as the production of gadgets; and for the person who views the scientists as some sort of magician. The book can be used to supplement a course in any science, to accompany any course that attempts to give an understanding of the modern world, or – independently of any course – simply to provide a better understanding of science. We hope this book will lead readers to a broader perspective on scientific attitudes and a more realistic view of what science is, who scientists are, and what they do. It will give them an awareness and understanding of the relationship between science and our culture and an appreciation of the roles science may play in our culture. In addition, readers may learn to appreciate the relationship between scientific views and some of the values and philosophies that are pervasive in our culture.

  We have tried to present in this book an accurate and up-to-date picture of the scientific community and the people who populate it. That population has in recent years come to comprise more and more women. This increasing role of women in the scientific subculture is not an unique incident but, rather, part of the trend evident in all segments of society as more women enter traditionally male-dominated fields and make significant contributions. In discussing these changes and contribution, however, we are faced with a language that is implicitly sexist, one that uses male nouns or pronouns in referring to unspecified individuals. To offset this built-in bias, we have adopted the policy of using plural nouns and pronouns whenever possible and, when absolutely necessary, alternating he and she. This policy is far form being ideal, but it is at least an acknowledgment of the inadequacy of our language in treating half of the human race equally.

  We have also tried to make the book entertaining as well as informative. Our approach is usually informal. We feel, as do many other scientists, that we shouldn’t take ourselves too seriously. As the reader may observe, we see science as a delightful pastime rather than as a grim and dreary way to earn a living.

 

1.       According to the passage, ‘scientific subculture’ means
[A] cultural groups that are formed by scientists.
[B] people whose knowledge of science is very limited.
[C] the scientific community.
[D] people who make good contribution to science.

2.       We need to know something about the structure and operation of science because
[A] it is not easy to understand the things that excite and frustrate scientists.
[B] Science affects almost every aspect of our life.
[C] Scientists live in a specific subculture.
[D] It is easier to understand general characteristics of science.

3.       The book mentioned in this passage is written for readers who
[A] are intelligent college students and lay person who do not know much about science.
[B] are good at producing various gadgets.
[C] work in a storehouse of dried facts.
[D] want to have a superficial understanding of science.

4.       According to this passage,
[A] English is a sexist language.
[B] only in the scientific world is the role of women increasing rapidly.
[C] women are making significant contributions to eliminating the inadequacy of our language.
[D] male nouns or pronouns should not be used to refer to scientists.

5.       This passage most probably is
[A] a book review.
[B] the preface of a book.
[C] the postscript of a book.
[D] the concluding part of a book.

 

 

Vocabulary

1.       subculture                     亚文化群(指在一个社会或一种文化内具有独特性的一群人)

2.       superficial              肤浅的,浅薄的,表面的   

3.       lay person               外行,门外汉,俗人

4.       musty                    发毒的,老朽的,陈腐的

5.       gadget                    小玩意儿,小配件,新发明

6.       pervasive                渗透的,弥漫的,遍布的

7.       populate                 居住于……中,在……中占一席之地

8.       implicit                   含蓄的,内含的

9.       unspecified             未特别提出的

10.   offset                            抵消,补偿

 

难句译注

1.       An understanding of general characteristics of science as well as specific scientific concepts is easier to attain if one knows something about the things that excite and frustrate the scientist.
【参考译文】如果一个人知道那些使科学家激动不已和灰心丧气的东西,那就比较容易了解科学的一般(普遍)特征以及特殊科学概念。

2.       We hope this book will lead readers to a broader perspective on scientific attitude and a more realistic view of what science is, who scientists are and what they do.
【参考译文】我们希望这本书能引导读者对科学观念有一个更为广阔的透视;对什么是科学、科学家是些什么人以及他们在干什么有一个更为现实的观点。

3.       In addition, readers may learn to appreciate the relationship between scientific views and some of the values and philosophies that are pervasive in our culture.
【参考译文】另外,读者可学会正确评价科学观点与我们文化中无处不在的某些价值观和哲学思想之间的关系。

4.       This increasing role of women in the scientific subculture is not an unique incident but, rather, part of the trend evident in all segments of society as more women enter traditionally male-dominated fields and make significant contributions.
【参考译文】科学亚文化群中妇女作用越来越大。这不是难得一见的意外事件,而是,确切地说,在社会各部门显著潮流的一部分由于越来越多妇女进入了传统上为男子统治的领域并作出了重大的贡献。

5.       This policy is far from being ideal, but it is at least an acknowledgement of the inadequacy of our language in treating half of human race equally.
【参考译文】这一策略并不理想,但它至少承认了一个事实,那就是在平等对待人类另一半上,我们的语言功能还不全。

 

 

 

being 

 bound

threaten

 view

easing

 

1.C   2.C  3.C  4.B  5.A

26.D 27.C 28.A

  29.C 30.B 31.D 32.B 33.D 34.A 35.C

  36.B 37.D 38.B 39.A 40.C 41.D 42.A

  43.C 44.A 45.B 46.A 47.C 48.C 49.D

50.B


答案详解

1.       C 科学社区。答案在第一段第二句,人们也该了解科学家生活在其中的亚文化群以及他们是什么样的人。第三段又讲到,有关科学社区的画面以及妇女对科学亚文化的贡献。可见科学社区即亚文化。
A.
科学家所组成种种文化群体。  B. 科学知识有限的一些人。  C.  对科学作出很大贡献的人。

2.       B 因为科学几乎影响到我们生活的各个方面。文章开综明旨点出:科学是我们文化中的重要主题,由于它几乎涉及到我们生活的每一方面,有知识的人至少需要熟悉一些结构和作用。
A.
了解激发和挫伤科学家的事情可不太容易。(比较难) C. 科学家生活在特定的亚文化群中。D. 了解科学的一般特性比较容易。

3.       A 不太了解科学的大学生或门外汉。第二段首句就点出了这本书为对科学一知半解的大学生和门外汉所写,为某些人,一直把科学看作干巴巴的事实堆砌的发霉的石屋的人;为那种把科学的主要目的视为生产小配件的人;为那些把科学视为某种魔术的人而写。这说明主要为A项人所写,对科学了解不多的大学生和普通人。
B.
善于生产各种小配件。  C. 在干巴巴的事实堆砌的石屋中工作。 D. 相对科学有肤浅了解的人。

4.       D 不应当用阳性的名词和代词去指科学家。第三段集中讲了这本书提供精确而又现代的有关科学社区(社会)和居住在其中的人的画卷。近年来,越来越多的妇女包括进来,原因是许多妇女进入传统上为男人统治的领域,并作出巨大贡献,所以妇女在科学亚文化群中的增多并不是罕见的偶然事件,而是社会各部门明显趋势的组成部分。在讨论其变化和贡献时,我们面临着隐含性别歧视的语言――用阳性名词和代词来指未指定人物,为了消除这种偏颇,我们在可能和必要时采用了复数名词和代词来取代他或她。
A.
英语是一种性别语言。 B. 只有在科学领域中,妇女的作用增长很快。 C. 妇女在晓民我们语言中的不适当性作出了巨大的贡献。根据此题注释说明这三项都不对。英语不能说成是有性别的语言,其中虽有些词性表示男性或女性。文内明确指科学界妇女增多是整个社会的趋势的组成部分。由于妇女在科学界的贡献,所以不能再用阳性名词或代词去指科学界,并不是在消灭语言……

5.       B 书的前言,见文章大意。
A.
书的评论。 C. 书跋、书的附录。 D. 书的结论部分。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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