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Challenge both your English & minds





2007-11-05 22:33:44|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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1. According to a recent survey four million people die each year from diseases linked to smoking.


2. The latest surveys show that quite a few children have unpleasant associations with homework.


3. No invention has received more praise and abuse than Internet.


4. People seem to fail to take into account the fact that education does not end with graduation.


5. An increasing number of people are beginning to realize that education is not complete with graduation.



6. when it comes to education, the majority of people believe that education is a lifetime study.


7. many experts point out that physical exercise contributes directly to a person's physical fitness.


8. proper measures must be taken to limit the number of foreign tourists and the great efforts should be made to protect local environment and history from the harmful effects of international tourism.


9. an increasing number of experts believe that migrants will exert positive effects on construction of city. however, this opinion is now being questioned by more and more city residents, who complain that the migrants have brought many serious problems like crime and prostitution.


10. many city residents complain that it is so few buses in their city that they have to spend much more time waiting for a bus, which is usually crowded with a large number of passengers.






(  ) 31. We all think that _____ no need to make laws to prevent the young from getting married during their college life.

  A. it is B. there has C. it has D. there is

(  ) 32. Postage ______, the necklace will cost you at least 650 yuan.

  A. including B. included C. include D. to be included

(  ) 33. With his eyes ______ on the family album, he thought of the fun he had when he lived with his parents.

  A. fixing B. fixed C. to be fixed D. being fixed

(  ) 34. George applied for the position three times ______ he finally got it.

  A. before B. until C. when D. after

(  ) 35. This robot is supposed to save a lot of labor, but it remains a problem if it ______.

A. is B. saves C. does D. has





Lesson 3 An unknown goddess 无名女神

Some time agoan interesting discovery was made by archaeologists on the Aegean island of KeaAn American team explored a temple which stands in an ancient city on the promontory of Ayia IriniThe city at one time must have been prosperousfor it enjoyed a high level of civilizationHouses--often three

storeys high----were built of stoneThey had large rooms with beautifully decorated wallsThe city was even equipped with a drainage systemfor a great many clay pipes were found beneath the narrow   streets

  The temple which the archaeologists explored was used as a place of worship from the fifteenth century B.C. until Roman times. In the most sacred room of the temple, clay fragments of fifteen statues were found. Each of these represented a goddess and had, at one time, been painted. The body of one statue

was found among remains dating from the fifteenth century B.C. Its missing head happened to be among remains of the fifth century B.C.This head must have been found in Classical times and carefully preserved. It was very old and precious even then. When the archaeologists reconstructed the fragments, they were amazed to find that the goddess turned out to be a very modern-looking woman. She stood three feet high and her hands rested on her hip. She was wearing a full-length skirt which swept the ground. Despite her great age, she was very graceful indeed, but, so far,the archaeologists have been unable to discover her identity.







Multiple choice questions


1  The interesting discovery made by the archaeologists was______  .

a. that the city had once been prosperous

b. that the temple had been used as a place of worship

c. they found the fifteen statues had been painted

d. that they were not the first to have found the head of the goddess

2  The city ‘enjoyed a high level of civilization’ . This is confirmed by the fact that  ______       .

a. some of the houses were built only one storey high

b. a great number of fragments were found in the temple

c. the city had been built on clay

d. advanced techniques had been employed in building and decorating

3  In seeking to establish the identity of the reconstructed statue, the archaeologists  ______ .

a. tried to determine which goddess it represented

b. pieced together the fragments they found

c. discovered that it was more modern than any of the other statues

d. wondered whether it belonged to the fifth or the fifteenth century



4  The city had once known ______ .(ll.4-5)

a, a prosperity    b, the prosperous    c. the prosperity    d. prosperity

5  The temple ______ used as a place of worship since Roman times. (ll.9-10)

a. was    b. has not been    c. had been    d. was not

6  They found______that the goddess turned out to be …(ll.14-15)

a. surprisingly    b. with surprise    c. to their surprise    d. a surprise

7 ______being very old, she was very graceful. (ll.16-17)

a. Although    b. In spite of    c. Even    d. Even though

8  So far, the archaeologists ______ to discover her identity. (l.17)

a. have been impossible    b. have not been able    c. cannot have been    d. could not


9  In the most ______room of the temple…(l.10)

a. holy    b. religious    c. frightening    d. colourful

10  The head was carefully preserved. It was ______.(l.13)

a. well done    b. conserved   c. maintained    c. in good condition

11  The goddess______to be a very modern-looking woman. (l.15)

a. appeared    b. proved    c. resolved    d. changed


12  But, ______the archaeologists have been unable…(l.17)

a. beforehand    b. until now    c. for a long time    d. at this distance




31. D There is no need (for sb.) to do sth.是一个固定句型,相当于 It is unnecessary ( for sb.) to do ; sb. have no need to do sth..

32. B postage included 等于including postage

33. B fix one's eyes on / upon 是固定短语,表示"注视"

34. A 强调从句中谓语动词的动作发生的晚,表示"。。。。。。才。。。。。。"

35. C do(es) 是代动词,用来代替上文save a lot of labor



1.  D

It’s missing head happened to be among remains of the fifth century B.C.’

2 d

This is confirmed by the fact that引导同位语从句,补充说明fact 的内容。

be employed in:被应用在…方面

‘…The city at one time must have been prosperousfor it enjoyed a high level of civilizationHouses--often three storeys high-were built of stoneThey had large rooms with beautifully decorated wallsThe city was even equipped with a drainage system…’

3 a

in doing sth: 在…方面

4 d

重点词汇know:知道,认识;经历过,曾经有过(= experience,  这是一个文学用语,比experience更加正式

5 b

since:自从  主句的主干时态为现在完成时

6 c

to their surprise:使某人感到惊讶的是 (在句中可做独立的状语,句子的主语不必是某个人)

with surprise:惊讶地 (首先,必须与行为动词连用,其次,句子的主语必须是某个人)

Eg: To my great disappointment the train had already left.

With satisfaction / delight / dismay

He smoked his cigarette with satisfaction.

He went home with dismay.

To our dismay the party proved to be a failure.

7 b

despite = in spite of (可以和名词、代词、动名词搭配)

8 b

so far  现在完成时的标志

如果用posible / imposible, 要采用形式主语it

it has been impossible for the archaeologists to discover her identity.


9 a

原文中用到了sacred (宗教的,神圣的)

religious 宗教的

frightening 令人害怕的

colourful 丰富多彩的


10 d


well done 侧重强调做得好

conserve = keep from being wasted ,damaged, lost, destroyed


conserve your energy you needed

we nust conserve out forest

maintain: 通过修缮保养,不使…破损(强调动作的过程)“维修,保养”

11 b

turn out = prove

12 b

so far =>until now, up till now

beforehand: (adv.) 事先 = in advance

at this distance (of / in time) 时隔已久

Eg: I can hardly remember him at this distance of time.



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