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英语练功房

Challenge both your English & minds

 
 
 

日志

 
 

1127  

2007-11-28 09:25:14|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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It was the night of the full moon, a time which always drives Java' s young people mad with excitement.

Fireworks were lit long before the moon   36  . The big noise brought people out   37   the warm night to enjoy the interesting scene. Everywhere, there were the paper remains of  38__   fireworks lying on the grounDLittle boys   39   more and covered their ears as they waited  _ 40__   for the explosions.

The moon appeared above the horizon(地平线) : huge,   41   ball high above the city, and the  __42   filled with people, as Java began to enjoy one of the year' s greatest _ 43 _ : ' the Night of the Full Moon' , a festival(节日) that is especially popular   44_   young people.

More and more young Javanese   45   together and walked slowly through the   46    Joking and chatting, they moved towards the mountain _ 47   the city. They continued to climb   48   they reached the old temple 寺庙 at the   49   of the mountain.

After they were _ 50   the temple, they drank their water and ate their moon-cakes -- delicious home-made ones,  51   of dried fruit and nuts. Outside, on the mountain, young people   52__   cross-legged in circles, chatting and telling each other jokes. And   53   , in their hundreds, more young people continued to make their way up the mountain to   54   the brightly shining moon.

By midnight, the fireworks had stopped shooting up from the   55  city in the valley below them. But during the night, the sound continued to be heard from the distance.

 

36Alet out                Bgave out                    Ccame out                                      Dset out

37Ainto                    Bat                              Cof                                      Dfrom

38Aburning              Bused                          Cexploding                                      Dbroken

39Alit                      Bbought                      Cpiled                                      Dremoved

40Apatiently             Bcalmly                       Cworriedly                                      Dexcitedly

41Asilver                 Bnew                          Ccolorful                                      Dgold

42Amountains          Bvalleys                       Cstreets                                      Dshops

43Agames                Bmeetings                    Csports                                      Devents

44Afor                     Bto                             Cwith                                      Din

45Adanced               Bgathered                    Cdrank                                      Dshouted

46Avillage                Bscene                        Cnight                                      Dground

47Aon the edge of     Bon the way to             Cin the center of                                      Din the direction of

48Awhile                 Buntil                          Cunless                                      Dthough

49Atip                     Bback                         Ctop                                      Dbottom

50Ainside                 Bnear                          Coff                                      Dacross

51Afond                  Blittle                          Cfull                                      Dfree

52Ajumped               Bsat                            Cstood                                      Dbent

53Aso                      Beven                          Cyet                                      Dstill

54Afollow                Bshow                        Cnotice                                      Dadmire

55Aclean                  Bgray                          Cpeaceful                                      Dempty

 

 

 

  71. This phenomenon has caused wide public concern in many places of world.

  这一现象在全世界许多地方已引起了广泛关注。

  72. Many parents believe that additional educational activities enjoy obvious advantage. By extra studies, they maintain, their children are able to obtain many kinds of practical skills and useful knowledge, which will put them in a beneficial position in the future job markets when they grow up.

  许多家长相信额外的教育活动有许多优点,通过学习,他们的孩子可以获得很多实践技能和有用的知识,当他们长大后,这些对他们就业是大有好处的。

  73. In the first place, extra studies bring about unhealthy impacts on physical growth of children. Educational experts point out that, it is equally important to take some sport activities instead of extra studies when children have spent the whole day in a boring classroom.

  首先,额外的学习对孩子们的身体发育是不利的。教育专家指出,孩子们在枯燥的教室里呆了一整天后,从事一些体育活动,而不是额外的学习,是非常重要的。

  74. Children are undergoing fast physical development; lack of physical exercise may produce disastrous influence on their later life.

  孩子们正处于身体快速发育时期,缺乏体育锻炼可能会对他们未来的生活造成严重的影响。

  75. In the second place, from psychological aspect, the majority of children seem to tend to have an unfavorable attitude toward additional educational activities.

  第二,从心理上讲,大部分孩子似乎对额外的学习没有什么好感。

  76. It is hard to imagine a student focusing their energy on textbook while other children are playing.

  当别的孩子在玩耍的时候,很难想象一个学生能集中精力在课本上。

  77. Moreover, children will have less time to play and communicate with their peers due to extra studies, consequently, it is difficult to develop and cultivate their character and interpersonal skills. They may become more solitary and even suffer from certain mental illness.

  而且,由于要额外地学习,孩子们没有多少时间和同龄的孩子玩耍和交流,很难培养他们的个性和交际能力。他们可能变得孤僻甚至产生某些心理疾病。

  78. From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that, although extra studies indeed enjoy many obvious advantages, its disadvantages shouldnt be ignored and far outweigh its advantages. It is absurd to force children to take extra studies after school.

  通过以上讨论,我们可以得出结论:尽管额外学习的确有很多优点,但它的缺点不可忽视,且远大于它的优点。因此,放学后强迫孩子额外学习是不明智的。

  79. Any parents should place considerable emphasis on their children to keep the balance between play and study. As an old saying goes: All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.

  任何家长都应非常重视保持孩子在学习与玩耍的平衡,正如那句老话:只工作,不玩耍,聪明的孩子会变傻。

  80. There is a growing tendency for parent these days to stay at home to look after their children instead of returning to work earlier.

  现在,父亲或母亲留在家里照顾他们的孩子而不愿过早返回工作岗位正成为增加的趋势。

 

Ban the Band(乐队)

Every year,our school has a dance for all the students.It’s a little funny seeing friends in clean shoes and trousers or colorful __36____,instead of the usual school uniform.

Most of us think the dance is great _37___ ---even the teachers enjoy being there.___38__,two weeks ago someone said that there would be no ___39___ band this year ---only CDs.

“I don’t __40__ it!”Amy cried out during the lunch break.

“Someone said the school couldn’t __41__ a band,and they think it’s too noisy anyway/”added Daniel.

“Well,I don’t think it’s __42__ enough without a band!”declared AngelA”and I’m going to see what can be done.”

Angela was as good as her __43__.In the afternoon she went to see the school headmaster who agreed to give the __44__ some more thought. And he suggested that one __45__for having a band was to increase the price of each ticket from $5 to $10.Angela had to ___46__ out whether the students would like to do that.

“I need all of you to help me,”she __47__to our group before school the next day.”Mr.Berry gave me a list of all the names,and suggested we ask each one their __48__ about the band and the extra cost.”

___49___ the day we asked around as Angela suggested,and wrote down peoples’s feelings about the band and the cost.We were amazed how much __50__ there was for the band and everyone agreed to pay the extra $5.

“I’m surprised,”smiled Mr.Berry,when we gave him the __51__.”I realty thought that only a few people __52__ their band and that the cost would be too high.OK.Angela,your next __53__is to find a good band and line them up for the dance. ”

Angela was all smiles and __54__ the news to Amy and Daniel.”You’re __55__,”smiled Daniel to Angela as he thought how close they came to having a less than perfect dance.

 

36Ashapes   Bdressed          Cflowers       Dpictures

37Afun     Bwork            Ceffort        Dprogress

38ABesides     BOtherwise        CHowever      DTherefore

39Anew        Blive             Cforeign        Dnarching

40Amean       Bneed            Caccept         Dbelieve

41Alead        Bserve            Cafford         Dform

42Agood       Bclear            Cuseful          Deasy

43Alook        Bbehavior         Cmind          Dword

44Aschedule        Bsituation         Cview          Daction

45Apossibility       Bconcern         Cdecision       Dchance

46Acall            Bfind             Ccarry         Dpoint

47Aadmintted       Breplied          Capolpgized     Dannounced

48Aknowledge      Binstruction       Copinion        Dinformation

49AOn            B For            CBy            DDuring

50Atrust           Bmoney          Csupport         Dcare

51Aresults         Bnotices          Cquestions       Dexamples

52Awelcomed      Bwanted          Cdefended       Dinvited

53Atask           Bbusiness         Cexercise        Dduty

54Ashowed        Bwrote           Cbroke          Dread

55Aamusing       Binteresting        Cexciting        Damazing

 

 

 

LESSON 3

 

As a child, Wang Junyan never dreamed ______ becoming a famous person on TV. “I never thought about going on TV because my family didn’t even have one until I was in junior high school!” she explained. Now Wang Junyan is the presenter for Universe TV’s news programmers. I  asked her she had achieved success and she told me that ______curious, working hard, and believing in ______ was true made her the success she is today.

“It was my mother ______ taught me to be curious. She had a great love of everything in the universe and she taught me to be interested in mankind and nature, everything from plants to insects,” Junyan told me. “We would look in old nests to find birds’ feathers and we would even turn ______ stones to look at the little creatures there. I loved doing that,” remembered Junyan. She said, “My mother was a strong character. Although there were lots of difficulties to overcome, she never let her problems defeat her. She worked extremely hard to support me through school and during my time at Fudan University in Shanghai. Her attitude towards life will never stop influencing my thought and actions.”

After gradating from university, Wang Junyan became a reporter for a local newspaper. She said she chose to be a journalist because it is important that people grasp what is going on around them. I asked her if there was any special moment that made her realize this and she replied that it was after she was asked to inspect the company and catch the guilty people. “That is when I realized the importance of being a journalist,” said Junyan.

“Writing that report wasn’t easy, but I realized that people needed to know and so I didn’t give up,” Junyan told me. This paid off because she won an award______ the report. “I discovered then that as ______ as I am committed and never give ______ I will be able to produce high quality reports.” That’s exactly what Wang Junyan had been doing as the face of Universe TV.

I asked Junyan what she liked most about her job and she said that although there wasn’t much glory in a reporter’s existence, she found it interesting and challenging. “I meet a lot of people and go to many different places. I’m never bored with this job!” She added that as a reporter she needed many different skills and was ______ challenged to learn new things. Finally, I asked her if after many years she still felt curious. ______[Smile] brightly, she told me, “Nothing ______ I learned from my mother has ever left me. Today when I’m looking for stories, I still feel like I’m turning over stones to see what might be hiding beneath!”

 

 

LESSON 4  Survival of the fittest

Between now and the 21st century., citizens ______ the world’s richest and most advanced nations will find it more and more difficult to keep up ______ the demand for change. For them, the future will arrive too soon.” So begins Alvin Toffler’s book Future Shock, written back in 1970.

Now people are beginning to pay attention to Toffler’s ideas because the speed of change is becoming increasingly fast. It is sometimes difficult to work out the patterns of change. What should you do? (1)__________. Take a deep breath and try to get a sense of the good things the future has to offer.

You don’t need to be Einstein to predict the job areas which will be most affected by such change. Jobs in farming, coal mining and heavy industry are decreasing rapidly. (2)________________.

______ doubt, the number of jobs in information technology will multiply. There are ______ over 100.000.000 computers in the world and by 2020 there will be 10 times more. (3)__________.

There are also many other important changes taking place. First, fewer and fewer people will have a “job for life”. (4)_____________. According to Mark Hastings of the Institute of Management, in the future, people will organize their working life around a ______ of jobs, instead of working just for one division or branch of accompany.

Similarly, companies will operate in different ways. People will move ______ to do different jobs, rather than moving up in the company as before. Many more people will work for small, dynamic companies which can respond quickly to changes in the market. Other people will give up working for a boss and start their own businesses. All this means that companies will require people who are flexible and can work ______ their own. (5)__________________.

Good communication skills will be extremely important. According to Dr Laurence Lyons of Future Work, women will be envied because they have an advantage in this area. James Traeger, spokesman of government training organization, explains that many men will have to be retrained. “It’s not about making men more like women, but helping men to communicate as well.”

Businesses will certainly become more international. English will probably remain the international business language, so don’t bother ______[learn] Russian or Spanish. (6)_____________.

Above all, a manager will need to feel comfortable working with people form other countries and continents.

     New technology is the driving force behind these rapid changes, so don’t get left behind. You don’t need to become a computer expert, but you must consider improving your computer skills. Work with more than one program ______ case you have to use them at work, and try to read about new technology.

     There is no doubt that all this new technology is changing the way new work and offering many other ways of working. Rather than going into an office, a lot of people are connected to the Internet and now work from home. Working like this allows you to live ______ you want, to continue your studies and to enjoy the comfort of having a lot more free time. However, with all this change, let’s hope that it also helps the in poor countries where slave labour still happens. For the citizens ______ these nations, the future can’t arrive soon enough.

 

 

 

36B  37A  38C  39B  40D  41C  42A    

43D  44B  45A  46B  47D  48C  49D  

50C  51A  52B  53A  54C  55D  

 

 

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