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1112b  

2007-11-11 18:10:42|  分类: Lectures |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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20. No one can deny the fact that a person's education is the most important aspect of his life.

没有人能否认:教育是人生最重要的一方面。

21. People equate success in life with the ability of operating computer.

人们把会使用计算机与人生成功相提并论。

22. In the last decades, advances in medical technology have made it possible for people to live longer than in the past.

在过去的几十年,先进的医疗技术已经使得人们比过去活的时间更长成为可能。

23. In fact, we have to admit the fact that the quality of life is as important as life itself.

事实上,我们必须承认生命的质量和生命本身一样重要。

24. We should spare no effort to beautify our environment.

我们应该不遗余力地美化我们的环境。

25. People believe that computer skills will enhance their job opportunities or promotion opportunities.

人们相信拥有计算机技术可以获得更多工作或提升的机会。

  26. The information Ive collected over last few years leads me to believe that this knowledge may be less useful than most people think.

  从这几年我搜集的信息来看,这些知识并没有人们想象的那么有用。

  27. Now, it is generally accepted that no college or university can educate its students by the time they graduation.

  现在,人们普遍认为没有一所大学能够在毕业时候教给学生所有的知识。

  28. This is a matter of life and death--a matter no country can afford to ignore.

  这是一个关系到生死的问题,任何国家都不能忽视

  29. For my part, I agree with the latter opinion for the following reasons:

  我同意后者,有如下理由:

  30. Before giving my opinion, I think it is important to look at the arguments on both sides.

  在给出我的观点之前,我想看看双方的观点是重要的。

  

51.  With the worldwide oil crisis, the price of oil has been raised ______ 15%.

     A. about B. with C. of D. by

(  ) 52. The lectures, ______ the current international issues, are well received.

     A. are covered B. covered C. covering D. to cover

(  ) 53. Peter is very angry about ______ of the changed timetable.

     A. not informing  B. not being informed

     C. being not informed D. not to be informed

(  ) 54.  It is ______ that terrorism is a great threat to world peace.

 A. widely accepted  B. widely accepting

 C. wide accepted              D. wide accepting

(  ) 55.  The house built of stone lasts longer than ____ built of wood.

  A. the one B. one C. that D. its

 

 

听力

得体,我的为人之本

 

 

http://down02.putclub.com/virtual/backup/update/multitopic/npr/2007npr11-09&011-Presumption-Decency.mp3

 

很多人会因他人偶尔的冒犯,耿耿于怀,甚至认定对自己心存敌意。其后果往往容易被忿恨的情绪左右,失去对事物理性的判断。其实,大多数人都还是通情达理的

 

 

Welcome to This I Believe-- an NPR series presenting the personal philosophies of remarkable men and women from all walks of life.

 

I believe in mystery

I believe in family.

I believe in being who I am.

I believe in the power of failure.

And I believe normal life is extraordinary.

 

This I believe. I'm Jay Allison for This I Believe. Edward Glaeser is a professor of economics at Harvard. His work has included research on political extremism and how hatred _______ among different groups particularly hatred which has little basis in truth. He says that economists still tend to think of themselves as moral arbiters, and in fact it is in the reticence about judging others that he finds his belief. Here's Edward Glaeser with his _______ for This I Believe.

 

I believe in the presumption of decency. While I'd like to think of myself as being as rational as an economist should be, I can get a little miffed at minor offenses that somehow appear to me, momentarily, as great villainy. In some of my more _______ moments, I've come to see law-abiding and therefore slow cab drivers as violators of the basic standards of taxicab decency, which, in my haste, I have convinced myself demand utterly breakneck speed.

 

While my retribution may be limited to cutting their tips from 15 to 13.25 percent, I have then spent the next hour furious at the cab driver, his dispatcher, his country of origin, and pretty much anything else in my way. Sadly, I have also privately vilified editors who have rejected my research, restaurants that haven't taken my reservations and even politicians who have had the audacity to push policies that I oppose. This is the type of folly that can be avoided with the presumption of decency.

 

Academics can be a little arrogant, and I am certainly among those who are quite comfortable thinking that I am right and that someone else is wrong. But it is one thing to think that someone else is _______and another to think that they are evil. We don't hate the merely annoying or the purely pathetic. Hatred starts by believing someone to be a villain without decency. And hatred is a pretty good emotion to avoid. It is personally painful to hate. Hatred clouds our judgment and can lead us to make despicable decisions that do no one any good.

 

There is a personal value, the presumption of decency, which counteracts the tendency to let hatred befuddle our reason. If we hold tightly to the view that people around us are as decent as ourselves, trying, like us, to muddle _______ through life, it is harder to turn them into villains and to turn ourselves into creatures of irrational judgment. Besides, I'm certainly no more decent than most of mankind.

 

The presumption of decency is not naiveté. Instead, it requires a certain amount of realism. If you expect perfection, you will spend your days being furious at irresponsible teenage babysitters and equally irresponsible politicians. A better _______ is to recognize human frailty and to be generous in our judgments. Today's political dialogues could particularly benefit from the recognition that both parties are led by_______ but not terrible people, whose mistaken policies are more often the result of error than evil.

 

I don't always succeed in presuming the decency of others, but I do my best. Like most people, I'm pretty flawed but trying to be decent, and I'm trying to believe the same about others.

 

Edward Glaeser, with his essay for This I Believe. Glaeser said he bagan thinking about this essay last year after the death of his father, who lived in Nazi Germany and was exposed to evil in its most extreme forms, and yet even after that Glaeser says his father had the mature wisdom to be moderate in his moral judgments about other individuals. We welcome essays from everyone for our series at npr.org/thisibelieve. You can find out more see all the essays we've _______ and that have been submitted. For This I Believe. I'm Jay Allison.

 

This I Believe is _______ produced by Jay Allison, Dan Gediman,John Gregory and Vicki Merrick with Emily Botein.

 

Support for NPR comes from Prudential Retirement, sponsor of This I Believe. Prudential believes every worker can achieve a more secure retirement. Prudential Retirement, where beliefs matter.

 

Support for This I Believe comes from the Cooperation for Public Broadcasting.

 

This I Believe is produced for NPR by This I Believe Incorporated Atlantic Public Media. For more essays in the series, please visit npr.org/thisibelieve.

 

 

下午是自选Project 时间

 

 

51. D  by加百分数或表示数量的名词,表示"相差的程度"

52. C 

53. B

54. A 副词widely表示比喻含义"广泛地";而副词wide表示具体含义"宽地,完全地" 

55. C不定冠词 a 限定名词时,下文one用来代替;而定冠词the限定名词时,下文that用来代替

arises

essay

embarrassing

misled

honorably

approach

imperfect

aired

independently

 

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